Comparative Evaluation of the Antibacterial Efficacy of Type II Glass Ionomer Cement, Type IX Glass Ionomer Cement, and AMALGOMER™ Ceramic Reinforcement by Modified “Direct Contact Test”: An in vitro Study

JOURNAL TITLE: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Author
1. Pratibha Kukreja
2. Harsha G Assudani
3. Vidyavathi Patil
ISSN
0974-7052
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1345
Volume
9
Issue
2
Publishing Year
2016
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry KLE Vishwanath Katti Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi Karnataka, India
  • Article keywords
    AMALGOMER™ CR, Glass ionomer cement, Modified direct contact test, Streptococcus mutans

    Abstract

    Background: Streptococcus mutans (ATCC25175) has a profound effect on the incidence of dental decay in the human population. Many studies have been performed to assess the antimicrobial activity of different cements. However, little or no information is available about the antibacterial properties of Type II glass ionomer cement (GIC), Type IX GIC, and AMALGOMER™ ceramic reinforcement (CR). Aim: To comparatively evaluate the antibacterial activity of Type II GIC, Type IX GIC, and AMALGOMER™ CR by modified direct contact test. Materials and methods: The total sample size was 72 which was divided into four study groups. Six wells were coated by each: Type II GIC, Type IX GIC, AMALGOMER™ CR, and control group (only S. mutans). Statistical analysis was done using analysis of variance and the intergroup comparison was done using post hoc Tukey test. Results: AMALGOMER™ CR was found to have a better antibacterial effect as compared with Type II and IX GIC. Conclusion: AMALGOMER™ CR can serve as a valuable cement in pediatric dentistry due to its anticariogenic property. How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Assudani HG, Patil V, Kukreja P, Uppin C, Thakkar P. Comparative Evaluation of the Antibacterial Efficacy of Type II Glass Ionomer Cement, Type IX Glass Ionomer Cement, and AMALGOMER™ Ceramic Reinforcement by Modified “Direct Contact Test”: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):114-117.

    © 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved