Evaluation of the Relevance of Piaget's Cognitive Principles among Parented and Orphan Children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India: A Comparative Study

JOURNAL TITLE: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Author
1. Pratibha Kukreja
2. Harsha G Assudani
3. Niraj Gokhale
ISSN
0974-7052
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1463
Volume
10
Issue
4
Publishing Year
2017
Pages
5
  • Article keywords

    Abstract

    Aim

    To determine and compare the relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among 4- to 7-year-old parented and orphan children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India.

    Materials and methods

    This study was conducted on 240 children between the ages of 4 to 7 years who were equally divided into two groups of 120 parented and 120 orphan children. These were subdivided into four groups of 30 children each. Various characteristics like egocentrism, concept of cardinal numbers based on centration, lack of conservation, and reversibility were assessed, using experiments and comparison of their prevalence between two groups was carried out.

    Results

    There is a statistically significant difference in the cognitive development among parented and orphan children age 4 to 7 years.

    Conclusion

    There is a significantly better cognitive development among parented children as compared with orphan children in Belagavi city.

    Clinical significance

    A child is not a miniature adult but rather can think and perceive the world differently from an adult. Understanding a child's intellectual level can enable a pedodontist to deliver improved quality care to children. According to Jean Piaget, in the preoperational period, children think symbolically and their reasoning is based more on appearance rather than logic. It is often rightly said that a child's behavior is a reflection of his parents. However, Piaget did not consider the effect of social setting and culture on the cognitive development. This study was carried out as there is not much literature available to describe the cognitive development of children in the Indian scenario and the influence of parental presence on the same.

    How to cite this article

    Badakar CM, Thakkar PJ, Hugar SM, Kukreja P, Assudani HG, Gokhale N. Evaluation of the Relevance of Piaget's Cognitive Principles among Parented and Orphan Children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India: A Comparative Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):346-350.

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