Dietary and Lifestyle Modifications among Diabetic Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi: A Cross-sectional Study

JOURNAL TITLE: Journal of Medical Academics

Author
1. Gurmeet Kaur
2. Rajesh Vaidya
3. Jyotismita Pathak
4. Ashok Maan
5. Priya Arora
6. Abhimanyu Kumar
7. Garima Monga
ISSN
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10070-0031
Volume
2
Issue
1
Publishing Year
2019
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
1. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@7fbe09ad ,
2. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@29c34111 ,
3. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6500ddbc ,
4. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6f5862e4 ,
5. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6024edc3 ,
6. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@53dce31f ,
7. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@305239e5
Article keywords
Awareness, Diabetes, Dietary Habits, Lifestyle modifications, Physical activity, Urbanization

Abstract

Background: Modern lifestyle changes combined with urbanization has led to increased prevalence of diabetes. To decrease the morbidity, mortality, and the complications of diabetes, comprehension of diet and physical exercise is a must. Objectives: To assess the degree of awareness of diet, physical exercise, and lifestyle modifications among type 2 diabetics among the urban population of Delhi. Materials and methods: The study was conducted using a pretested questionnaire among 100 type 2 diabetic patients attending the medicine outpatient department of a Tertiary Care Hospital, Delhi. Baseline parameters of the study participants were expounded and their awareness and practice regarding the lifestyle modifications were assessed. Results: The mean age of the study population was found to be 50 ± 9.64. An estimated 74% were well aware of foods to be eluded; 54% were familiar with the quantity of food in food plate. The awareness of lifestyle modifications was good among 29% and practice was followed by 15% of diabetic patients. Conclusion: Despite the clear attitudes of type 2 diabetes patients towards dietary pattern and healthy lifestyle modifications, the lifestyle awareness and practices were poor among the study group.

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