Dietary and Lifestyle Modifications among Diabetic Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi: A Cross-sectional Study

JOURNAL TITLE: Journal of Medical Academics

1. Gurmeet Kaur
2. Rajesh Vaidya
3. Jyotismita Pathak
4. Ashok Maan
5. Priya Arora
6. Abhimanyu Kumar
7. Garima Monga
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@7fbe09ad ,
2. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@29c34111 ,
3. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6500ddbc ,
4. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6f5862e4 ,
5. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@6024edc3 ,
6. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@53dce31f ,
7. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@305239e5
Article keywords
Awareness, Diabetes, Dietary Habits, Lifestyle modifications, Physical activity, Urbanization


Background: Modern lifestyle changes combined with urbanization has led to increased prevalence of diabetes. To decrease the morbidity, mortality, and the complications of diabetes, comprehension of diet and physical exercise is a must. Objectives: To assess the degree of awareness of diet, physical exercise, and lifestyle modifications among type 2 diabetics among the urban population of Delhi. Materials and methods: The study was conducted using a pretested questionnaire among 100 type 2 diabetic patients attending the medicine outpatient department of a Tertiary Care Hospital, Delhi. Baseline parameters of the study participants were expounded and their awareness and practice regarding the lifestyle modifications were assessed. Results: The mean age of the study population was found to be 50 ± 9.64. An estimated 74% were well aware of foods to be eluded; 54% were familiar with the quantity of food in food plate. The awareness of lifestyle modifications was good among 29% and practice was followed by 15% of diabetic patients. Conclusion: Despite the clear attitudes of type 2 diabetes patients towards dietary pattern and healthy lifestyle modifications, the lifestyle awareness and practices were poor among the study group.

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