Female Genital Tract Affected by Xanthogranulomatous Inflammation: A Series of Four Cases and Review of Literature

JOURNAL TITLE: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research

Author
1. Kallol K Roy
2. Sunesh Kumar
3. Richa Vatsa
4. Jyoti Meena
ISSN
2277-8969
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1336
Volume
53
Issue
4
Publishing Year
2019
Pages
2
Author Affiliations
1. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@626e69ae ,
2. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@31e54490 ,
3. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@4556398f ,
4. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@113bf6cc
Article keywords
Inflammation, Oophoritis, Salpingitis, Xanthogranulomatous

Abstract

Objective: Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a form of chronic inflammation that rarely affects the female genital tract. Endomertium is most commonly involved in the genital tract; ovary and fallopian tube is rarely affected. The purpose of this case series is to make clinicians familiar about this rare condition. Case description: Here we are presenting a series of four cases, three of xanthogranulomatous oophoritis and one of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis each. One of our cases appeared as carcinoma ovary and other as metastasis of carcinoma cervix to ovary. Conclusion: Xanthogranulomatous inflammation of the female genital tract is an uncommon entity, clinical and radiological features of this entity may mimic ovarian tumor, and hence it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of ovarian mass. Histopathological examination is essential for its diagnosis. Awareness of this entity is vital to avoid an incorrect and overdiagnosis of malignancy.

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