Objectives: This study was undertaken to compare the urine protein to creatinine ratio with 24-hour urine protein estimation in pregnancy complicated by hypertension and to establish the cutoff value of the urine protein to creatinine ratio for predicting significant 24-hour proteinuria.
Design: This is a comparative study and consists of a single group of 240 subjects.
Setting: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India, from February 2011 to January 2013.
Population: The subjects included 240 pregnant women admitted after 20 weeks of gestation to the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Hospital with hypertension (≥140/90 mm Hg). Patients with known cases of renal diseases, diabetes, and urinary tract infection were excluded.
Materials and methods: A first voided morning sample was obtained for urine protein and creatinine estimation, and urine culture. Subsequent urine samples were collected for the 24-hour urine protein estimation.
Main outcome measures: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio and 24-hour urine protein were significantly correlated (r = 0.98; p < 0.0001). The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285. The sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 99.02%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 99%, respectively.
Results: The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285 with significant correlation.
Conclusion: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio is valuable for clinical purposes.