Correlation of the Protein to Creatinine Ratio with the 24-hour Urine Protein Level in Pregnancy Complicated by Hypertension

JOURNAL TITLE: Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Author
1. Hanumant V Nipanal
2. Susmitha S Reddy
3. Dilip Kumar Maurry
4. Ravindra P Nagendra
ISSN
0974-8938
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1695
Volume
11
Issue
4
Publishing Year
2019
Pages
3
Author Affiliations
1. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@49b95cd1 ,
2. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@1a3098f0 ,
3. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@611fbae ,
4. com.mps.common.model.Contributor@5e2abaa1
Article keywords
Hypertension in pregnancy, Protein to creatinine ratio, Proteinuria in pregnancy

Abstract

Objectives: This study was undertaken to compare the urine protein to creatinine ratio with 24-hour urine protein estimation in pregnancy complicated by hypertension and to establish the cutoff value of the urine protein to creatinine ratio for predicting significant 24-hour proteinuria. Design: This is a comparative study and consists of a single group of 240 subjects. Setting: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India, from February 2011 to January 2013. Population: The subjects included 240 pregnant women admitted after 20 weeks of gestation to the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Hospital with hypertension (≥140/90 mm Hg). Patients with known cases of renal diseases, diabetes, and urinary tract infection were excluded. Materials and methods: A first voided morning sample was obtained for urine protein and creatinine estimation, and urine culture. Subsequent urine samples were collected for the 24-hour urine protein estimation. Main outcome measures: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio and 24-hour urine protein were significantly correlated (r = 0.98; p < 0.0001). The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285. The sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 99.02%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 99%, respectively. Results: The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285 with significant correlation. Conclusion: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio is valuable for clinical purposes.

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