Radiology of Positioning and Applied Anatomy (For Students and Practitioners) GS Garkal
INDEX
A
Abdomen 96
anteroposterior view 96
erect view 97
KUB—anteroposterior view 96
lateral view 98
prone oblique view 97
Abdomen 99
for pregnancy 99
anteroposterior view 99
prone oblique view 99
Acromioclavicular joint 127
AP scapular plane position 128
central ray 128
exposure settings 129
PA axial oblique position 127
central ray 128
exposure settings 128
Acromioclavicular joint 43
Ankle joint 54
ankle joint (lateral view) 56
anteroposterior view 54
right ankle—AP view 55
right ankle—lateral view 56
Arm (Humerus) 39
anteroposterior view 39
central ray 39
exposure settings 39
Atypical orthopedic radiographic techniques 119
B
Bronchography 160
contrast media 161
technique 162
preparation 162 route used 162
Calcaneum 53
axial view 53
central ray 54
exposure settings 54
lateral view 53 central ray 53
exposure settings 53
left calcaneum axial view 54
Chest 76
antero-oblique view 78
anterolateral portion of ribs 90
above diaphragm 90
anteroposterior 85
apicogram 80
chest lateral decubitus position 94
for ribs—anteroposterior view 81
lateral portion of ribs 90
through diaphragm 90
lateral view 76
lateroposterior portion of ribs 87
through diaphragm 87
posterior portion of ribs 83
above diaphragm 83
through diaphragm 83
posteroanterior view 76
ribs lateral-oblique view 82
Clavicle 45
anterioposterior 45
posterioanterior view 45
central ray 45
exposure settings 45
Common radiological investi- gations 137
techniques of 137
D
Double contrast barium enema 155
technique 155
cleansing the colon 155
instillation of barium 156
E
Elbow 131
axial lateral position 131
central ray 131
exposure settings 132
Elbow joint 37
anteroposterior view 37
central ray 37
exposure settings 37
lateral view 37
central ray 38
exposure settings 38
Esophagus 152
F
Fibula 132
oblique view 132
central ray 133
exposure settings 133
Fingers 30
posteroanterior view 30
central ray 31
exposure settings 32
Foot 49
anteroposterior (AP) 49
greater toe (lateral view) 52
left foot (oblique view) 50
right foot—anteroposterior view 50
toe (oblique view) 52
toes (anteroposterior view) 51
Forearm 35
anteroposterior view 35
central ray 36
exposure settings 36
lateral view 36
exposure factors 37
H
Hand 29
posteroanterior view 29
central ray 29
exposure settings 29
Hip 70
anteroposterior view 70
hip joint (lateral view) 72
hip joint—lateral view (frog posi- tion) 72
right hip—AP view 71
Hysterosalpingography 156
technique 157
roentgenographic findings 158 fallopian tubes 158
uterus 158
I
Intravenous pyelography 139
normal appearance 140
cystogram 141
nephrogram 140
pyelogram 140
ureters 141
rapid sequence pyelography 142
standardized technique 140
K
Knee joint 58
anteroposterior view 58
intercondyloid space 61
knee joint (oblique view) 61
lateral view 59
L
Laryngopharynx 151
radiography of 151
barium swallow 151
Left wrist 34
lateral view 35
wrist bending position 35
radial deviation 35
ulnar deviation 35
Leg 57
anteroposterior view 57
lateral view 57
Lower extremity 49
M
Mastoid 16
central ray 16
exposure settings 16
Metacarpals 120
AP and PA oblique positions 120
central ray 120
exposure settings 121
Micturating cystourethography 142
male urethrography 143
anatomy 143
N
Nasal bone 27
lateral view 27
central ray 27
exposure settings 28
O
Optic foramen 17
central ray 17
exposure settings 20
lateral oblique view 20
P
Patella 66
axial (skylene) view 68
axial view 67
posteroanterior view 66
central ray 66
exposure settings 67
Patella 133
flexion lateral position 134
tangential position 133
Pelvis 73
lateral view 74
Plain radiography abdomen 137
normal plain abdomen 137
extraurinary shadows 139
plain film 138
optimal bowel preparation 137
Posthepatic bile-collecting system 143
radiography of 143
anatomy 143
intravenous cholangio- graphy 145
oral cholesystography 145
radiographic considerations 144
R
Radiological examination 146
of the heart 146
correct position 146
S
Sacrum 113
anteroposterior view 113
lateral view 114
oblique view (anterior) 116
sacrum and coccyx—lateral view 115
Scaphoid 121
PA axial ulnar flexion position 121
central ray 122
exposure settings 122
Scapula 129
lateral scapular plane position 129
central ray 130
exposure settings 130
Scapula 43
antero-oblique (AO) view 43
central ray 44
exposure settings 44
lateral view 44
Shoulder joint 124
AP axial position 124
central ray 124
Shoulder joint 40
anteroposterior view 40
central ray 41
exposure settings 41
Sialography 158
contrast media 159
radiography 160
technique 159
Sinography 158
technique 158
Skull 1
view 1
base 10
Caldwell 3
lateral 8
posteroanterior 1
Towne 6
Waters’ 13
Small intestine 154
Spine 101
cervical 101
anteroposterior view 101
cervical spine—lateral view 103
atlas and axis—anteropos terior 104
dorsal 105
anteroposterior view 105
lateral view 107
lumbar 108
anteroposterior view 108
lateral view 108
lumbosacral 111
anteroposterior view 111
lateral view 111
Spine 116
coccyx 116
anteroposterior view 116
lateral view 118
Sternoclavicular articulation 46
unilateral posterioanterior position 46
central ray 46
exposure settings 47
Styloid process 26
anteroposterior view 26
central ray 26
exposure settings 27
T
Temporomandibular (TM) joint 21
anteroposterior view 24
lateral view 21
central ray 22
exposure settings 22
orbit view 22
Thigh 68
anteroposterior view 68
lateral view 69
central ray 70
exposure settings 70
Thumb 119
PA stress projection 119
central ray 120
Exposure settings 120
Thumb 32
anteroposterior view 32
central ray 32
exposure settings 32
U
Upper extremity 29
Upper GI Tract 153
barium meal 153
W
Wrist 122
lateral positions 122
central ray 123
exposure settings 123
Wrist joint 33
lateral view 33
central ray 34
exposure settings 34
posteroanterior view 33
central ray 33
exposure settings 33
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Chapter Notes

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