Short Textbook on PG Introductory Course in Health Sciences GN Prabhakara
Analysis of the study 37
Animal ethical committee 25
Areas of normal curve 114
Arithmetic mean 57
Averages 57
Bioethics 16
Blinding 40
Case control study 35
Clinical trial 38
Coefficient of variation 61
Co-guide 45
Cohort study 36
Content 47
Correlation 75
Pearson product moment coefficient ( ) 75
Spearman rank correlation test (Rho) (ρ) 76
Cross table 53
Cumulative distribution of Chi-square 113
Data 51
Declaration of Helsinki 90
Descriptive study 33
Design in research 29
Design of the study 37, 39
Disinfection procedure 80
Dissertation evaluation sheet 107
Ethical review committee 24
Guide 45
HIV/AIDS prevention 82
Hospital waste disposal 81
IMC act 19
Introductory course 2
Journal club 5
Lesson plan 10, 85
Level of significance 67
Library reference record 87
Line diagram 55
Master plan of the course 12
Material and methods 44
MCI code of ethics 19
Mean deviation 59
Measures of variability 58
Median 58
Medical ethics 16
Methods of sterilisation 80
Mode 58
Multi variable tables 53
Multiple bar diagram 54
Need of the study 43
Nuremberg code 18
Objective of the study 44
Organ donation 22
P value 67
Pedagogy 8
Pictogram 56
Pie diagram 56
Plan for dissertation work 88
Protection against SARS 84
Randomised clinical trial 39
Range 58
Reference 45, 49
guidelines for writing 110
Harvard 50
Vancouver 50
Review of literature 44, 48
model 109
Routine 4
Sample size 61
determination 112
Simple bar diagram 53
Simple table 52
Standard deviation 60
Steps in designing 31
Subject seminar 7
Synopsis 42
model 97, 102
proforma 95
‘t’ test 72
Tests of significance 66
The Hippocratic oath 89
Title of the topic 43, 48
Two tailed tests 115
Universal precaution 82
X2 test (Chi square) 69
Z test 70
Chapter Notes

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During the entire postgraduate course of three years, day to day activity recording (Diary) help the postgraduate to accomplish a course of action in the event of anticipated duty, academic achievement, knowledge and skills.
Acquaintance of department routine include the steps in prevention of hospital acquired infections, Ethical and Bio-ethical issues in relation to patient management, designing a research and conducting a study for dissertation, basic application of statistics in interpretation of collected data.
1.1 Felt Need
The beginning of the course need refining by gradual exposure to postgraduate training. If a concept of introductory note on postgraduate course is available, acquiring knowledge becomes simple and the balance of time can be diverted to the area of study.
Each postgraduate should:
  • Acquire routine formal procedure in his department/hospital
  • Know, how library reference to be made
  • Know, how samples/specimens are collected
  • Know, how collected sample/specimen is transported for laboratory examination
  • Acquaint with universal precautions to be taken for HIV/AIDS
  • Learn research methods required for dissertation
  • Learn basic statistics for data analysis
  • Know existing medical and bioethical code of conduct
  • Help the Institution in carrying out national health programme.
1.2 Why Require Introductory Course
Introductory course is required to tune up a postgraduate in the following areas:
  • Initially he is not well versed in participating in journal club, subject seminar and other academic activities
  • Art of taking undergraduate small group classes need learning
  • He will not be in a position to plan out a schedule to complete dissertation work in time
  • Professional ethics would not have been known
  • Within six months of admission, preparing the synopsis of his dissertation for submitting to university may become difficult
  • When the synopsis is approved, how to go about the study with study design seems to be a herculian task
  • Without guidance, postgraduate feel difficulty in data analysis and application of significant tests
  • Much more so he should protect himself from hospital acquired infections, since he is a risk group as health care worker.
1.3 What is Expected of a Post Graduate?
Postgraduate student when admitted need to attend graded responsibility in:
  • Diagnosis and treatment of cases
  • Participation in seminar
  • Participation in group discussion
  • Attend hospital ward rounds
  • Skills in case demonstration
  • Active participation in case clinics
  • Participate in journal club
  • Attend the scheduled clinical meetings
  • Attend the clinicopathological conferences
  • Involve in undergraduate teaching in small batches.
Postgraduate training Include:
  • Imparting knowledge through theory class, research work, and academic activities
  • Imparting skills through laboratory work, experiments and case clinics.
Following item analysis and understanding is a must for a post graduate in Health Science course:
  • Development of competence in his field
  • Keeping abreast of recent development
  • Learn to develop research methods
  • Learn to interpret data and decision
  • Maintenance of professional ethics
  • Recognition of our society need.