Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing TP Prema, KF Graicy
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1Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing
2Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing
TP Prema BSc (N) MS (USA) PhD Professor and Principal Sanjay Gandhi College of Nursing SGAH & RI (Sanjay Gandhi Accident Hospital and Research Institute), Jaya Nagar East Bangalore KF Graicy BSc (N) MSc(N) Nursing Tutor NIMHANS, Bangalore
3Published by
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Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
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Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing
© 2006, TP Prema, KF Graicy
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the authors and the publisher.
First Edition: 2006
Typeset at JPBMP typesetting unit
Printed at Gopsons Papers Ltd., A-14, Sector 60, Noida
The authors of the book Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing published in 2002 have decided to have another one titled Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. in 2006. Everyone in the medical and paramedical field, knows about the clear relationship between neuro-science and behavioral science. Since the authors work in NIMHANS, the premier institute, which stands as the model for this relationship, they have the right to compile few chapters on psychiatric nursing. Their knowledge in theory and experience in clinicals helped them complete this work. Great leaders in nursing in India and abroad have given their valuable views about Psychiatric Nursing in different texts. But here the authors give their views, based on the previous texts which are prevailing in the market for many years, and their experience in different areas of psychiatry. Their experiences include a acute psychiatry, chronic psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, community psychiatry, psychiatric rehabilitation, etc.
This book is divided into 29 chapters and these 29 chapters are grouped into 6 units.
Ist unit briefs review of psychiatric nursing, concepts of mental health, mental illness, principles of psychiatric nursing and all aspects of history taking in psychiatric nursing.
Second unit consists of 5 chapters and describes the causes, classification and few modalities used to modify the maladaptive behaviors, different techniques of communication and therapeutic interpersonal relationship.
Third unit discusses about the nurses' responsibilities while nursing the individuals with behavioral problems. 5It includes psychotic conditions, neurotic conditions, mental retardation, organic mental disorders and childhood disorders.
Fourth unit has 4 chapters. It includes the admission- discharge procedures, legal responsibilities of nurses, the difference between Indian Lunacy Act (1912) and Mental Health Act (1987). It also gives the importance of records and reports in psychiatric nursing.
Fifth unit describes the nurses' responsibilities in emergency care of individuals with maladaptive behaviors and nurses' role in rehabilitating them. Pharmacotherapy has an important role in the field of psychiatry. This unit talks about the nurses' role while nursing these individuals when they are on medications. The nurses should have knowledge about the names of drugs, dosages, routes of administration, indications and contraindications, etc. They also should have knowledge about the side effects and their immediate treatment. So these chapters give the information about the drugs used for these patients.
Sixth and last unit gives the common nursing problems found in psychiatric wards and their interventions. This era is the era of community nursing. The psychiatry also heading towards the community to get the resources available to prevent, treat and rehabilitate the psychiatric patients.
A glossary is enclosed at the end of this book.
We acknowledge everyone who helped and encouraged us directly or indirectly to complete this work. Above all we are grateful to His providence for inspiration and guidance throughout this work.
TP Prema
KF Graicy