Medical Surgical Nursing (Solved Questions for Undergraduate Nurses) G Vijayalakshmi Venkatesh
INDEX
A
Abdominal paracentesis 153
Achalasia 226
Acid-base balance 210
Acute appendicitis 10
Acute upper GI haemorrhage 109
Allergic bronchitis 99
Amputation 5
Anaesthesia
general 147
local 148
spinal 149
Anaphylactic shock 206
Arthritis 173
Asepsis
medical 212
surgical 211
Atelectasis 128
Audiometry 192
Bekesy 193
evoked (electric) response 193
impedance 193
pure tone 192
speech 193
B
Barium enema 100
Barium meal series 165
Benign prostate hypertrophy 114,185
Bitot's spots 86
Boil (furuncle) 223
Bone marrow aspiration 229
Brachytherapy 120
Bradykinesia 72
Brain abscess 150
Breast self examination 215
Breathing exercises and retraining 189
Bronchial asthma 64
Bronchiectasis 19
Bronchoscope examination 162
Buerger's disease 190
C
Callus formation 82
Cancer
control 135
oral 139
patient reactions 84
prevention 134
seven warning signals 210
Carbuncle 89
Cardiac catheterization 8, 92
preparation of patient for 8
preventive measures 9
probable complication 9
Cardiac pacing 195
complications 197
components 195
indications 195
methods 196
modes 196
types 196
Cataract 51
health education 135
nursing intervention 51
postoperative 52
preoperative 51
Central venous pressure monitoring 228
Cerebrospinal fluid 163
Cerebrovascular accident 23, 127
aetiology 213
medical management 127
Cervical spine compression 236
Chemotherapy 122
routes of administration 123
side effects 124
Chest percussion and vibration 188
Chest physiotherapy 187
Cholelithiasis 112
Chronic renal failure 37, 61
clinical features 38
nursing care 38
Chvostek's sign 225
Cirrhosis of liver 32
Classification of anaemia 47
Closed chest drainage 158
Colostomy 14
irrigation 16
prevention of complications 17
types 14
barreled, loop and end 15
temporary and permanent 14
wet and dry 15
Colostomy care 97
Concept of disease 156
Congestive cardiac failure 17, 45
Conjunctival xerosis 86
Corneal transplantation 235
Corneal xerosis 86
Corticosteroids 104
Coup and counter-coup in head injury 213
CT scan 227
Cutaneous ureterostomy 23
Cystic fibrosis 145
D
Deafness 216
Dehydration 13
Dementia 72
Deviated nasal septum 136
Diabetes insipidus 166
Diabetes mellitus 100
diet and exercises 90
Diabetic ketoacidosis 83
Dialysis 209
Digitalis 18
Digoxin 102, 167
Diuretics 18, 105
Dumping syndrome 224
D-xylose absorption test 193
E
Ear infections 142
Ear syringing 78
Ecthyma 89
Eczema 219
Encephalitis 154
Endocarditis 214
Endometriosis 126
Endoscopy 94
Epilepsy 30, 115, 168
care of the patient 116
health education 115
Epistaxis 137
emergency management 235
Erysipelas 89
F
Fistula 204
Fluid plan 21
Flush therapy 77
Folliculitis 89
Foreign bodies of ear 221
Formulas to calculate fluid for burns 91
Fracture healing 82
Furuncle or boil 89
G
Gangrene 107
Glaucoma 129
acute close angle 130
Glomerulonephritis 67
Goitre 143
H
Haematuria 76
Haemodialysis 7, 61, 175
complications 39
procedure 176
Head injury patient 183
Health education 231
Heart failure 126
medical management 126
Heat gain 80
Heat loss 80
Heat stroke 157
Hepatic coma 101
Hepatitis B 237
Hernias 177
classification 178
clinical manifestation 178
nursing management 179
operative procedure 179
pathophysiology 178
therapeutic management 179
Histamines 170
Hydrocele 87
congenital 88
infantile 88
vaginal 87
Hydronephrosis 238
Hyperkalaemia 151
Hyperoxaluria 172
Hypertension 73
causes 73
primary/essential 74
secondary 74
complications 59
diet 233
medical treatment 74
nursing management 75
pathophysiology 74
Hyperthermia 51
Hypokalaemia 13, 117, 155
Hypokinesia 72
Hypothermia 51, 80
I
Impacted wax or cerumen 220
Impetigo contagiosa 88
Increased intracranial pressure 110
Intensive care 203
psychological considerations 236
records 204
Intervertebral disc prolapse 159
cervical disc 160
lumbar disc 161
Intestinal obstruction 12, 79
Intravenous pyelography 161
Iron deficiency anaemia 95
Irrigation of ear 137
K
Keratomalacia 86
Kidney stones 199
L
Leukaemia 141, 200
Ligatures or sutures 207
Lobectomy 232
Lump 26
M
Mastectomy 26
Mc Burney's point 10
Meningitis 1
causes 150
Myocardial infarction 39
Myopia 215
N
Nasal polyps 218
Nephrotic syndrome
causes 44
dietary management 45
Neurogenic bladder 238
Night blindness 86
Nursing care 62
postoperative 180
primary level 62
secondary level 63
tertiary level 63
O
Oesophageal varices 109
Operating room 152
Oral hypoglycaemic drugs 168
Ossification 82
Osteoporosis 33
health teaching 34
major complications 34
specific diagnostic
investigations 33
Oxygen therapy in COPD 98
P
Pain 76
PAP smear 235
Papilloedema 111
Parasitic infestations 83
Parkinson's disease 71
Parotitis 209
Peptic ulcer 53
aetiological factors 56
causes 53
complications 54
medical management of 56
postoperative nursing care 54
signs and symptoms 53
Percutaneous transluminal
coronary and angioplasty 194
Peritonitis 91, 199
Pharyngitis 206
acute 238
Phenergan 237
Plaster cast 117
care of the patient 118
Plastic and re-constructive surgery 159
Pleural effusion 214
Pneumothorax 164
Poll rolling 72
Potassium permanganate solution 200
Preoperative teaching 182
Presbyopia 215
Prevention of food poisoning 85
Primary nursing 230
Progressive patient care 228
Prostatectomy 58, 186
Psoriasis 199, 223
medical management 224
Pulmonary oedema 236
Pulmonary tuberculosis 60
Pyoderma 88
Pyrexia 13
Q
Quinsy (peritonsillar abscess) 221
R
Radiation therapy 29, 120
health education 30
side effects 121
steps to delivery 121
types 29
Rehabilitation 24
Renal stones 172
Respiratory acidosis 144
Respiratory failure
nursing care 36
potential complications 37
prevention of complications 37
Rheumatic heart disease 226
Rovsing's sign 10
Rule of nines 21, 49
S
Scoliosis 234
Sinus tachycardia 146
Sinusitis 128
Sitz bath 200
Skin graft
Slit-lamp examination 239
Snellen's chart 190
Stapedectomy 140
Status asthmaticus 65
nursing management 66
pathophysiology 66
Stomatitis 206
Strangury 76
T
Teletherapy 120
Tetanus 170
Thyroid storm 239
Thyroidectomy 68, 108
complications 68, 108
immediate postop care 69
indications 68
Thyrotoxic crisis 239
Tracheostomy 191
Traction 201
nursing care
skeletal traction 201
skin traction 203
principles 201
purposes 201
types of skin traction 234
T-tube 237
Tumours of the colon 55
Tympanometry 193
Types of fracture 214
Types of head injury 180
U
Ulcerative colitis 239
Unconsciousness 42
Ureterosigmoidostomy 23
Urinary diversion 23
Urinary tract infection 106, 207, 237
Urine test for albumin and sugar 100
V
Varicose veins 118
Vasodilators 169
Vitamin A deficiency 85, 86
von Willebrand's disease 225
W
Wound healing 78
stages 86
X
Xerophthalmia 86
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