Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions Satish Chandra, Shaleen Chandra, Girish Chandra, Mithilesh Chandra, Nidhee Chandra
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1Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions
2Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions
Second Edition
Satish Chandra Best Teacher Awardee Ex-Member, Dental Council of India Director and Professor Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India Ex-Professor and Head of the Department and Dean Dental Faculty, CSM Medical University (Formerly KG Medical College, KG Medical University, UP KG University of Dental Sciences) Lucknow Ex-Professor, Dean, Head and Principal DJ Postgraduate College of Dental Sciences and Research, Modinagar, UP Ex-Professor, Dean, Head and Principal, Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly Paper setter and Examiner for BDS, MDS and PGME Examinations in many Universities Shaleen Chandra Professor & Head of the Deptt., Saraswati Postgraduate Dental College and Hospital, 233 Tiwariganj, Faizabad Road, Juggour, Lucknow, UP, India Ex-Professor & Head of the Deptt., Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow Ex-Assistant Professor, Rama Postgraduate Dental College and Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur Ex-Lecturer, CSM Medical University (Formerly KG Medical College, KG Medical University, UP KG University of Dental Sciences) Lucknow Ex-Lecturer, Budha Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Kankar Bagh, Patna Paper setter and Examiner for BDS, MDS and PGME Examinations in many Universities Mithilesh Chandra Chief Histopathologist, Tissue Path, B-6 Sector 27 Noida, UP, India Girish Chandra Director, Rajendra Nagar Hospital, Lucknow, UP, India Nidhee Chandra Professor & Head of the Deptt., Krishna Dental College & Hospital, Ghaziabad, UP, India
3
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Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions
© 2010, Authors
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author and the publisher.
First Edition: 2004
Second Edition: 2010
9788184487121
Typeset at JPBMP typesetting unit
Printed at
4Thanks to
M/s Medaid (India),
M-1, Raja House, 30-31, Nehru Place, New Delhi-110019 for excellent photomicrographs
Phone: 011-26228228, Mobile: 9811196667
Fax no.: 011-26438503
All Photographs are courtesy of M/s Medaid (India)
Dr Ratish Chandra
Ex-Professor
Rama Dental College and Hospital, Kanpur and All other teachers and students as a mark of our gratitude for their valuable suggestions, inspiration and appreciation
5Contributors 6Foreword
Dr Anil Kohli
bds, mds, (lko) dnbe (usa) mnams
Padmashri
Endodontist and Dental Surgeon
Hony. Dental Surgeon to the President of India
Hony. Dental Adviser to the Ministry of
Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
Ex-Hony. Consultant Armed Forces Medical Services
Consultant Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre
Consultant Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute
President, Dental Council of India
Awardee:
Fellow
American College of Dentists
Ex. President
Indian Endodontic Society
Internation College of Dentists
(India and Shri Lanka Section)
It is a great pleasure for me to write foreword for Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions. This subject is very important and is the foundation for all dental clinical subjects and research. This book fills the gap in the teaching and research of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology.
This book is enriched with plenty of very good colored photomicrographs. In addition, labeled figures have also been extensively given which make the subject more appealing and crystal clear. The language of this book is very simple and easy to understand. This book covers all the topics prescribed by the Dental Council of India and Indian and Foreign Universities.
In the end as exhaustive list of all multiple choice questions is given which covers each and every topics of the subject. It makes this book invaluable for students preparing for various competitive examinations. I very strongly recommended this book to each and every dental student.
Anil Kohli
7Foreword
Dr RK Bali
bds(pb), mph (usa), mfgdp (uk), rcs (Lond)
frsh, fpfa, fadi, facd, fnams, micd
Padmashri Awardee
Dr BC Roy National Awardee,
Ex-President, Dental Council of India,
Hony. Dental Surgeon to the President of India,
President, Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry
I feel pleasure in writing foreword for Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions written by Dr Satish Chandra. This is an important subject and is the foundation for all dental clinical subjects.
The book written in a simple language covers topics of the syllabi laid down by the Dental Council of India and is enriched with color photographs and labeled figures which is an added attraction. Inclusion of exhaustive list of multiple choice questions makes it more useful for dental students.
RK Bali
8Foreword
It is with great pleasure I am writing the foreword for the second edition of Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and MCQs. The first edition was very well received by the students and teachers. All the shortcomings of the first edition have been removed in the second edition. This book is an excellent contribution to dental literature. Authors have updated and included relevant topics in this edition. The multicolored and very well labeled figures make the subject very easy and clear for the students to assimilate.
The second edition is more comprehensive and will definitely help the students as it includes new topics and figures. The authors have to be congratulated for further improving on their innovative excellent format. This book can be regarded as a textbook-cum-atlas and I am glad that it is provided at an affordable cost.
The special feature of the book is the multiple choice questions, which are very useful especially for the students preparing for various competitive examinations.
I have observed that the book has completely covered the syllabi proposed by the Dental Council of India and followed by all the Universities. Overall this is an excellent book. The book is very strongly recommended to all BDS and MDS students, teachers, researchers and the practitioners.
I wish the authors and this book all success.
Dr TS Bastian
MDS, MBA (Hospital Management)
Professor & Head
Deptt. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of
Dental and Medical Sciences
Chaudhary Vihar, Utrethia,
Rai Bareli Road, Lucknow
9Acknowledgments
Many persons have contributed their valuable time, special talents, expert knowledge and illustrative material to help in the completion of this book. Various chapters have been read and corrected by many persons; we extend our profound gratitude to them.
We are grateful to Dr Anil Singh, Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, for his valuable suggestions for the improvements in the book.
We acknowledge with thanks the efforts of Dr AK Jain, Assistant Director, Institute of Pathology, New Delhi, for providing the electronmicrographs for our book. Our thanks are also due to Dr Mohit Chandra, for his help and Shri Lalbabu, technician for preparation of excellent sections.
The undertaking of this book would have been impossible without the sacrifices made by our spouses and children. They have been a constant source of inspiration to us. To them, a special gratitude is offered for their patience and support.
We bow in gratitude to the Almighty God for His blessings.
Finally we acknowledge our sincere thanks to M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd., New Delhi and Shri Jitendar P Vij (Chairman and Managing Director) and Mr Tarun Duneja (Director Publishing) for their acceptance and endeavor to bring out this text in an excellent book form.
10Preface to the Second Edition
It is with immense pleasure and satisfaction that we present the second edition of book for use by the students, researchers and practitioners in dental sciences. Thorough knowledge of basic sciences is very essential for a more rationale foundation of clinical procedures.
The book has been designed in such a way that the students, teachers, research scholars and practitioners will get full and clear mental picture of the subject. To achieve this high quality colored and labeled photomicrographs have been given along with elaborate well-labeled schematic diagrams.
Almost all the figures have been improved and have been made multicolored to make them more clear and easy to understand. A new chapter, ‘Introduction to oral and dental tissues’ have been added to facilitate easy and clear understanding of the subject matter by the beginners. The chapter on development and growth has been enlarged to include the development of palate, maxilla, mandible and tongue in detail.
The importance of molecular biological aspects including gene therapy and tissue engineering which regulate the structure, functions, healing and rebuilding the oral and dental tissues have been included. These will be very useful for future managements of oral and dental diseases. The subject matter has been made very clear, by easy and lucid language and fully-labeled colored figures. At a glance all figures make subject matter very clear.
There is an increasing trend for giving MCQs in the regular university examination question papers of BDS course. In some of the universities it has been made compulsory to include a part in the question paper on MCQs. For the benefit of the students of such universities and for the students appearing for various competitive examinations more than 450 multiple choice questions with answers on every topic have been included. Plenty of MCQs on recent advances have been added. For the benefit of the clinicians, clinical considerations have been added at the end of the chapters.
It is hoped that this book will be extremely useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers, researchers and clinicians. Our aim has been to provide a high quality book-cum-atlas on the subject.
Your suggestions for further improvements are most welcome.
Authors
11Preface to the First Edition
It is with immense pleasure that we present this Textbook of Dental and Oral Histology with Embryology and Multiple Choice Questions for use by the students, researchers and practitioners in dental sciences. Dental and oral histology with embryology is very important basic science and lays down the foundation for all clinical subjects and paraclinical subjects.
Thorough knowledge of basic sciences is very essential for a more rationale foundation of clinical procedures. A better understanding of basic sciences can make a difference between an inventor-cum-researcher and one with outdated knowledge, between an excellent clinician and another clinician who treats the patients only like a technician, between one who leads and another one who follows. For research on any clinical problem detailed knowledge of basic sciences is a must.
Our aim has been to provide a high quality book on the subject. Need of such a book was being felt for a long time specially by the students, teachers and researchers.
This book has been designed in such a way that the students, teachers, research scholars and practitioners will get full and clear mental picture of the subject. To achieve this high quality color-labeled photomicrographs have been given along with elaborate well-labelled schematic diagrams. Special stains have also been used for best results. The tooth histology has been shown by using high quality photomicrographs of ground sections as well as decalcified sections. Some of the photomicrographs included in the book are extremely rare.
There is an increasing trend for giving MCQs in the regular university examination question papers of BDS course. In some of the universities it has been made compulsory to include a part of the questions papers as MCQs. For the benefit of the students of such universities and for the students appearing for various competitive examinations more than 500 multiple choice questions with answers on every topic have been included in the book. For the benefit of the clinicians, clinical considerations have been added at the end of the chapters.
The subject matter has been made very clear, by easy and lucid language and very well-labeled colored figures. At a glance all figures make subject matter very clear.
It is hoped that this book will be extremely useful for undergraduate & postgraduate students, teachers, researchers and clinicians.
Authors