Jitendar P Vij
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
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Pediatric Drug Doses
© 2010, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author and the publisher.
First Edition: 2010
Typeset at JPBMP typesetting unit
Printed at Ajanta Offset and Packagins Ltd., New DelhiDedicated
In the memory of
late (Prof) Dr VJ Rajpoot Sir (Indore),
who taught me the art of pediatrics
I am pleased to have the opportunity to write this first edition of “Pediatric Drug Doses”. It is not intended to compete with the already well-established books. This book is designed to be a practical and convenient guide to the dosing and usage of medications in children.
Pediatric doses vary with the age, weight, surface area and disease, etc. Overdosing may lead to side effects and under-dosing will lead to unsatisfactory response or development of resistance in cases of antibiotics.
I did not confine myself to doses only, but expended to provide indications which is a must before knowing doses, and also included the information such as size of feeding tubes, Foley's catheters, endotracheal tubes, laryngoscope blades, oxygen mask according to age and weight; approximate weight and surface area charts; fluid resuscitation formula for burn patients; so that residents do not have to consult too many books while dealing with patients bedside. The aim is to improve the practical utility of the book.
I have made all efforts to check for any mistakes in the text and drug doses, but nobody can be perfect. If you are in any doubt about a treatment or drug doses, always check with another formulary. Due to constant research, it is advised to consult package insert especially for infrequently used drugs and drugs with narrow therapeutic index.
I have written this book for pediatric house officers and registrars particularly keeping in mind but it will also be useful for consultant practicing pediatricians.
First of all I would like to thank my wife Rashmi and my kids Dhruv and Shlok who spare me to spend, from their share of valuable time, in writing this book. She was always encouraging me to make my dream come true.
I sincerely thank Mr Bhoopesh Arora, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi and their staff for publishing this book.
I would like to thank Mr Sanjeev Pandey for his professional and personal support.
Last but not the least, I would like to thank Dr Sharad Thora, Dr Hemant Jain, Dr Mahesh Meheswari, Dr Sameer Agarwal, Dr Nivedita Kapoor for their guidance and support.Structure of the Book
All the drugs are listed in their respective group and are covered in short to make the book user friendly. Drug information is presented in a consistent format and provides the following.
Generic Name: Indian adopted name.
Uses: Information pertaining to appropriate indications or use of the drug.
Usual Dosages: The amount of drug to be typically given or taken during therapy in general and in certain specific conditions. For selected drugs, the dosing adjustment in renal and/or hepatic impairment should be made accordingly.
Brand Names: Common trade names available in India.
Combinations: If any.
So, if one has reached to the final or probable diagnosis, then this book will provide the remaining information - drugs which can be prescribed, dosages, brands and forms available, and mode of administration.Symbols and Abbreviations ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAEDs
Anti Epileptic DrugsAIDS
Acquired Immuno Deficiency SyndromeAOM
Acute Otitis MediaAPTT
Activated Partial Thromboplastin TimeBA
Twice a dayCHF
Congestive Heart FailureCMV
Central Nervous SystemCSF
Diffuse Cutaneous LeishmaniasisDM
Disseminated Intravascular CoagulationET
Gastroesophageal Reflux DiseaseGI
Herpes Simplex VirusHT
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic PurpuraIV
Juvenile Rheumatoid ArthritisKg
Lactic Acid BacillusLCL
Localized Cutaneous LeishmaniasisLMWH
Low Molecular Weight HeparinLRTI
Lower Respiratory Tract Infectionmcg
Milliliter / Mucosal LeishmaniasisNB
Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory DrugOD
Once a dayOM
Patent Ductus ArteriosusPNA
Four times per dayRDA
Recommended Daily AllowanceRTI
Respiratory Tract InfectionSC
Systemic Lupus ErythematosusSSTI
Skin and Soft Tissue InfectionTB
Thrice a dayTPN
Total Parenteral NutritionURTI
Upper Respiratory Tract InfectionUTI
Urinary Tract InfectionVL
Varicella Zoster Virus<
Less than or equal to≥
Greater than or equal to