English for Nurses Mallika Balu
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1ENGLISH FOR NURSES
2ENGLISH FOR NURSES
Mallika Balu MA ENG Lecturer Department of English Surana College, Bengaluru, India Foreword R Shashidhar
3Published by
Jitendar P Vij
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
Corporate Office
4838/24 Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi- 110002, India, Phone: +91-11-43574357, Fax: +91-11-43574314
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English for Nurses
© 2011, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author and the publisher.
First Edition: 2011
9789350251003
Typeset at JPBMP typesetting unit
Printed at
4To
Late Prof Sham Iyengar
who was my mentor
in the Open Science Lab
and guided me in developing
a positive approach to research
5Foreword
English for Nurses begins with a historical perspective of the English language and gradually moves onto delineate its evolution, over the centuries, into the present non-native English. Subtly, but gradually, the author refers to the way it has acquired the status of a global language and the need for learning it as an important tool to communicate not only in our day-to-day transactions but also for communicating in professional contexts. One of the salient aspects of the book is providing the landscape of language to the text, before the author ventures into her main concern.
The first part of the book treks through challenging terrains of English Grammar with consummate ease and it familiarises the users to these aspects of Grammar in the context of the special purpose that the book addresses at the world level.
The second part deals with ‘Sentence’ and its varieties. The third part aims at developing other major language learning skills—particularly Reading and Writing. The various chapters in the book are meaningfully integrated with the field of nursing and medicine. Every item of Grammar introduced and illustrated is accompanied by exercises and tasks, which are meant to reinforce learning.
These exercises are drawn abundantly from the field of nursing and medicine besides from day-to-day life situations, which makes the text highly comprehensive. This synthesis of the professional and real-life situations makes the acquisition of the target language “immediate” to the learner. Quite often, the author takes pain to go into the etymology of certain terms to avoid the mechanical use of the terms by learners. This is a very rare quality in a book of the nature.
The minuteness of details that the author provides wherever necessary, the fluid movement from one stage to another in the text, the lucidity of style and clarity of thought make the book user-friendly and fulfill the need of the hour.
I will not be surprised if this well-researched, highly organized, meticulously written English for Nurses compels a place for itself in academic libraries, all over.
R Shashidhar
Faculty
Regional Institute of English, South India
Jhanabharathi Campus
Bengaluru, India
6Preface
To write any book involves insightful hard work. But, if the book in question happens to be a book on Grammar, it is challenging. So has it been the writing of this book English for Nurses. When I accepted to write this book, I faced two major facts. One, I had to incorporate the wonderful healing world of a student nurse. Two, it is very different from teaching Literature and General English as I have been doing all these years. The ordinary college world of fun-loving teenagers is far removed from the interesting, dedicated and scientific terminology wielding world of the nursing staff. It was interesting to do this project as I learnt a lot.
Any student nurse belonging to a non-English-speaking country faces a terrible ordeal in not knowing the English language. Added to this confusion, there are new subjects both in theory and practicals to cope up with. The many techniques that have been incorporated in my classes have had the chance to be included here. The basic information on the English language, the breakdown of various topics and a detailed explanation wherever necessary have been given. This kind of explanation is vital to remove any form of doubts students get while learning a new language. At the same time, all this makes the student more interested in doing the necessary exercises. At the end or in the middle of a chapter, a chart has been provided. This helps in easy recall of the topics at hand. It also helps the students in being informed about different methods they can learn to remember and recall the information they are taking in. The repetitive reminders about a certain Grammar point helps in correct learning.
A student nurse encounters multiple worlds. One world is that of learning, the other world is that of emotionally growing into a responsible and mature adult and yet another world, that of communication. In the present age, this third world is the most unpredictable one as international boundaries have receded in people interaction. Here the knowledge of science, medicine and language has to be mixed well with the empathy and firmness in dealing with live situations. This book has been designed to help in dealing with this world of communication. A mixture of the scientific world as well as the general life outside the hospital is given while learning English in this book. Learning any language, more so English, is not limited to just one world (classroom and textbooks) of a student nurse. Thus, the general life—going to a movie, shopping, etc. are also featured here to help you in using your new found knowledge.
This book has been divided into parts. Each part helps the learner to attain confidence by learning in a methodical manner. Every aspect of Grammar is important in language learning. Skipping any one may lead to confusion or wrong usage by the learner. The passages given in this book throw insight into various aspects of life and when read aloud, these passages help in improving pronunciation.
The teachers may use all the exercises as given here or lessen them in class as the demands of time are met. But writing all the exercises helps a learner to become well-versed in the target language.
I sincerely hope that you will enjoy learning English in a painless way. I do stress that practice makes a learner perfect. So leave no exercise incomplete; and read, write and speak English as much as you can.
Wish you all the best.
Mallika Balu
7Acknowledgements
A project of this magnitude requires a lot of people interaction. When I went ahead with the task at hand, various people contributed for its success. I take this opportunity to thank them all.
My mother, Smt Kamala MS Balu, has been a pillar of strength throughout. Many were the times, I took her help in knowing whether details sounded right. She helped in typing quite a few chapters as well. My father for taking care of my pet as I was busy reading, writing and meeting people for this project.
My students Preetam, Vedavrata, Sudeep, Sushma, Supreeta of final year BA (OE); Brinda from II year BA (OE) Priya and Preeti from final year BCom, NS Toushit from II year BBM for typing many chapters and giving vital inputs by reminding me of many techniques I had used in class which I have incorporated here.
My colleague Rakshith for the grammar discussions we had, without which I could have gone into too unwanted details.
Dr Jayakumar, Prof and Head, Department of Neuro-Radiology, Senior Consultant, Khoula Hospital, Muscat, for all the technical information and corrections.
Dr Suresh for clearing the little doubts I had and sharing a few anecdotes that are here.
Smt Gowri MS for giving me first-hand information of the nursing students who struggle with English.
My friend Savitha BG helped me in typing four main chapters and Savitha GV for typing the first chapter.
Mr Srinivas, HOD, Ravi Havanur, Sathya Sujay Kumar and Ravi Shankar of the Computer Department in Surana College where help was given whenever I asked for.
Prof Manu Chakravarthi for encouraging me and directing me to Dr R Shashidhar.
Dr R Shashidhar for reading through the entire work and agreeing to write the Foreword.
Last but not least, M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, for entrusting me with such a challenging project and opening my horizons to another profession that is very different from the teaching profession I am in. All the staff there with whom I have interacted for this project.
I thank all of them for the pleasant time I had in completing this project.8910