Trace Elements and Dental Caries Abhinav Singh
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1Trace Elements and Dental Caries2
3Trace Elements and Dental Caries
Abhinav Singh MDS, PGCAED (Smile Designing) Assistant Professor Department of Public Health Dentistry People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Center Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India Foreword Arun P Dupare
4Published by
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Trace Elements and Dental Caries
© 2011, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the author and the publisher.
First Edition: 2011
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5Dedicated to
My parents and My teachers
I feel pleasure in writing foreword for the book Trace Elements and Dental Caries written by Dr Abhinav Singh. The author has been thorough, dedicated and detailed in his academic expression. With lots of passion and great efforts, he has been able to put through in the book, the quantum of knowledge that is to be imparted in the field. The book is an excellent contribution to scientific literature in relation with various trace elements and dental caries. He has defined the structure and effect of different dietary trace elements. I am sure the research students and practicing dentists will welcome this book.
I wish him all the best for this pioneer task and hope this book becomes the benchmark for other books in this discipline.
Arun P Dupare mds, mba, ma
RKDF Dental College and Research Center
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Dental caries, the most prevalent childhood chronic disease in many countries is a major public health problem and is associated with preventable pain and high treatment costs. Dental caries is preventable disease of the mineralized tissues of the teeth with a multifactorial etiology. Trace elements play an important role in human health. Excess or deficiency of these, resulting from exposure to both the natural and manmade environment, can lead to a wide variety of clinical effects. Teeth are reported to be suitable indicators of trace element exposure for a wide range of elements. Since teeth accumulate a variety of trace elements, it is interesting to study the elemental distribution in human teeth to evaluate the effect on dental caries.
Although there was an early start with fluoride, dental research had not considered other trace elements.
Trace elements other than fluoride may account for significant differences in caries prevalence observed in the inhabitants of communities whose diets, living conditions, racial stock and climate are similar. Trace elements may reduce or potentiate caries rates; as in populations ingesting foods and water with a high selenium, copper and cadmium content, are more prone to dental caries; high molybdenum levels in soils or drinking water have been correlated with reduced caries.
There has been a long felt need for a comprehensive book on this subject to bridge the gap between the vast information in this field and a relevant arrangement of useful knowledge. The book Trace Elements and Dental 10Caries is one of its kinds now available in the market. Extensive coverage in depth into various trace elements has been done in order to reduce the task for students, specially postgraduate and other researchers in search of relevant books and journals. As a novel approach, special emphasis has been laid to describe the epidemiological aspects of dental caries.
In matters of style, liberal referencing has been favored. This gives readers a chance to pursue further issues that interest them and references give the basic interpretation of the more contentious issues. I owe a debt of gratitude to those who have helped with materials and other information for this book. I appreciate the assistance provided by my wife and colleague Dr Bharathi MP, without which this work could not have been completed. Dentistry cannot be a bystander as dental caries continue to demand public attention. Change is the only true constant in our uncertain world. Dental professionals require a mindset that permits them to adapt to changing circumstances. I hope that this book will help readers to develop that mindset.
Abhinav Singh
I take this opportunity to express my deep sense of gratitude to Dr Peter S Sequeira, Professor and Head of Department of Community Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, for his invaluable support and guidance.
I am thankful to Dr Anup N, Associate Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal.
I am thankful to Dr Shashidhar Acharya, Associate Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal and Dr Meghashyam, Reader, Department of Community Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal for their constant support and encouragement.
I thank my colleagues Dr Mona Sikka, Dr Pavan, Dr Ashish Kumar, Dr Neeraj Bali, Dr Tanupriya Gupta, Dr Bharti Purohit and Dr Harsh Priya for their cooperation and support.