Psychology for Nurses R Sreevani
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fm1Psychology for Nursesfm2
fm3Psychology for Nurses
Second Edition
R Sreevani MSc (N) Professor and HOD Department of Mental Health Nursing Sri Devaraj Urs College of Nursing Kolar, Karnataka, India
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This book has been published in good faith that the contents provided by the author contained herein are original, and is intended for educational purposes only. While every effort is made to ensure accuracy of information, the publisher and the author specifically disclaim any damage, liability, or loss incurred, directly or indirectly, from the use or application of any of the contents of this work. If not specifically stated, all figures and tables are courtesy of the author. Where appropriate, the readers should consult with a specialist or contact the manufacturer of the drug or device.
Psychology for Nurses
First Edition: 2009
Second Edition: 2013
Printed at:
fm5Foreword to the First Edition
It is a matter of immense pleasure that Ms R Sreevani, MSc (N) has again put her efforts together for the student community by compiling a comprehensive textbook titled Psychology for Nurses and requested me to give foreword for the same. Her previous publication A Guide to Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing has been a phenomenal success and gained much recognition with the student community in particular.
The present publication broadly covers fundamental psychological concepts for the undergraduate and graduate nurses with special focus on nursing implications making it unique. The text is presented in line with the recently introduced Indian Nursing Council (INC) syllabus for GNM, BSc (N) and PC BSc (N) students.
The language used is simple and understandable. Right mix of tables, flow charts and figures has been used to make the concept comprehensible and aid learning. Units on Sensation and Perception, Learning, Memory, Thinking, Intelligence, Motivation, Emotions, Attitudes, Personality, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Guidance and Counseling and Psychological Assessment have been dealt with in depth and incorporated Nursing Implications making it a must-buy for the nursing personnel.
I wish her success in all her future endeavors.
K Reddemma
Professor and HOD
Department of Nursing
National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)
Bengaluru, Karnataka, Indiafm6
fm7Preface to the Second Edition
The first edition of Psychology for Nurses received strong acclaim for its content, approach and organization. While retaining these strengths in the second edition, I have added many more illustrations, figures, flow charts and tables where required. All theoretical aspects and psychological principles are well presented with figures and flow charts. They are immediately followed up with application in nursing practice enabling the students to grasp the concept.
Complex topics are also presented very interestingly. After going through this textbook, the students will be able to manage their examinations on psychology and also meet the psychological needs of patients more effectively.
The second edition is dramatically different from the first edition as it has been aligned as per the revised Indian Nursing Council (INC) syllabus. In the said process, the textbook has been rewritten and reorganized into nine chapters. Some of the noteworthy changes and highlights are as under:
Text Organization
Deals with the history, origin and scope of psychology and also focuses on methods of psychology.
Features the mind-body relationship, influence of heredity and environment on behavior, role of nervous system in behavior. The chapter ends with integrated responses of an organism.
Incorporates a very detailed description of cognitive processes like attention, perception, learning, memory, thinking, intelligence and aptitude.
Covers topics on motivation and emotional processes with a special focus on the related theories. It also includes a detailed description of the stress cycle, sources of stress and adaptation to stress. The chapter ends with a topic on behavior and attitude.
Gives a classic account on theories of personality development and ends with alteration and factors influencing personality.
Has been devoted to developmental psychology and psychology of vulnerable individuals.
Deals with mental hygiene and mental health and also focuses on preventive mental health strategies, mental health services available in our country. The chapter ends with a detailed account on guidance and counseling.
Deals with psychological assessment and tests and role of the nurses.
Focuses on types, causes and nursing implications of individual differences.
Each chapter is followed by certain important questions culled out from the previous examinations. This will allow the students to get an idea of what is expected out of them. Chapter-wise multiple choice questions (MCQs) have been included at the end of the textbook so as to inculcate an active learning exercise. This book also includes an exhaustive glossary of various terms used in psychology which is a must for gaining a broad understanding of the subject. A list of bibliography has been furnished at the end of the textbook for further reading.
Students of general nursing, MSc nursing and other health professionals interested in getting an overview of psychology may also find it useful.
All constructive suggestions from the readers in making this book more valuable and helpful will be earnestly solicited. I am confident that the new edition reflects what instructors want and need: a book that motivates students to understand and apply psychology to their own lives.
R Sreevanifm8
fm9Preface to the First Edition
As per the Indian Nursing Council (INC) syllabus for GNM, BSc (N), PC BSc (N) students, psychology is prescribed as a subject in their academic curriculum. During my teaching experience, I have always found that, though many books have been published on the subject, they do not really cater to the specific needs of the student community, nurses in particular. The students have often sought recommendations for a publication which caters to their complete syllabus. For lack of such a textbook, there was always a high demand for prepared notes which they could use during their examinations. This edition is a genuine effort to mitigate their hardship and also to stimulate academic interest and build an appreciation of the relevance of psychology, motivating and engaging the students.
This edition of Psychology for Nurses though will add to the Psychology section in the book shelves, it will definitely be a special one for the nurse community. In this edition a concerted effort has been made to cover the basic principles of psychology and also focus on applied topics in units such as Sensation and Perception, Learning, Memory, Thinking, Intelligence, Motivation, Emotions, Attitudes, Personality, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Guidance and Counseling and Psychological Assessment. The matter has been produced in a simple language with tables, figures and flow charts so as to directly support learning, easy understanding and retention of the concept. Learning new concepts and theories is of no much value unless the same can be put to use in real-life situations. In a unique effort to bridge the gap between theory and practice, special care has been exercised to incorporate Nursing Implications at all appropriate places, providing ample opportunity for the intelligent nurse to conceptualize her role.
An exhaustive glossary has been provided at the end of the text to aid the student nurse understand the meaning of the keywords and their usage. To facilitate the students from the examination point of view, a set of review questions—long essays, short essays and short answers type have been included at the end of each unit. To assess the level of understanding gained on various topics, a unit-wise question bank (objective) has been provided at the end of the text.
I will be deriving immense satisfaction, if the nursing personnel apply the psychological principles described in this textbook in their day-to-day learning and practice. I am confident that, this book will provide good teaching material for the instructor and moreover motivate the students towards understanding and applying psychology in their job and personal lives as well. Suggestions for improvement will be gratefully acknowledged.
R Sreevanifm10
Deep felt gratitude to:
  • My family which made it all happen. Especially my husband, A Giridhar, who expressed his encouragement and enthusiasm in the project by patiently typing the manuscript and reading through each of the proofs carefully and suggesting valuable additions. My children, Pranith and Daivik, who are the focal point of my life.
  • Dr K Reddemma, Professor and HOD, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, for her suggestions and guidance, and for accepting to give the foreword to the first edition.
  • Ms Prasanthi N, my dear friend, for the abundant support and guidance provided throughout the venture. Her love and encouragement have enthused me and injected the much-needed confidence required in accomplishing the task.
  • All my colleagues, in particular, Mrs Jairakiniaruna, for her valuable suggestions.
  • All the authors, whose books I have referred in the compilation of this text.
  • A word of appreciation for Shri Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman), Mr Ankit Vij (Managing Director) and Mr Tarun Duneja (Director-Publishing) of M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India, for making it possible and putting it on the shelf, and also Mr Venugopal (Manager, Bengaluru Branch), for the unstinting moral and material support.fm12fm13fm14fm15