Interpretation of Chest X-ray: An Illustrated Companion G Balachandran
Page numbers followed by ‘f’ indicate figures
ASD 91
Air bronchogram signs 24
Air under diaphragm 111
aneurysm 103
regurgitation 94
stenosis 93
Application of silhouette sign 22
Basic radiographic
contrast 10
density 9
Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy 58
Boot shaped heart in Fallot's tetralogy 85
Box shaped heart in Ebstein's anomaly 86
Bronchiectasis 70
Calcific pericarditis 99
Cardiac chamber
atrial enlargement 83
ventricle enlargement 81
Cervical rib 106
Chest lateral 15f
Chest tubes/catheters 115f
Chilaiditi syndrome 112
Congestive cardiac failure 61, 102f
Costophrenic angles 18f
Deep sulcus sign 66
Depth of respiration 6
hernia 109f
rupture 108f
Dilated cardiomyopathy 100
Eventration of diaphragm 106
Extrapleural sign 27
Fibrous-cavernous tuberculosis 55f, 67
Figure of eight in TAPVD 84f
Giant bulla 70f
Golden's “S” sign 41
Hiatus hernia 109f
Inspiratory/expiratory film 7f
Isolated dextrocardia 87f
Kartagener syndrome 87
Kerley B lines 61
Left lung
central mass 46
peripheral mass 48
left upper lobe collapse 38f
middle lobe consolidation 35f
upper lobe consolidation 36f
right upper lobe collapse 39f
Luftsichel sign 42
abscess 67
cavitation 67f
lobes orientation 16f
zones 17f
collapse 32
consolidation 33
pleural effusion 31
Mediastinal lymphoma 60f
Miliary mottling 52
nodules 52
regurgitation 95
stenosis 96
Multiple lung secondaries 49
cardiac silhouette with lung lobes 24f
chest X-ray PA erect 14f
chest X-ray for cardiac structures 19f
CTR measurement 19f
left heart structures 21f
right heart structures 20f
Pancoast tumor 46
positioning 4f
rotation 7
PDA in failure 89, 90f
Penetration 5
Pericardial effusion 98
Pleural effusion 45
Pneumatocele 69
Pneumothorax 64
Post-pneumonectomy 34f
complex 56
pulmonary hypertension 92
Pulmonary edema,
butterfly's wing pattern 63
Rib fracture 105
Rib orientation 18f
Sarcoidosis 58
Senile lung emphysema
lateral view 73f
PA view 72f
Solitary pulmonary nodule 51f
Subcutaneous emphysema 113
Tram lines 26
Tuberculoma 51
Typical 3-sign in coarctation of aorta 89f
VSD 90
Interpretation of Chest X-ray: An Illustrated Companion
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1Interpretation of CHEST X-RAY2
3Interpretation of CHEST X-RAY: An Illustrated Companion
G Balachandran MD DNB DMRD Associate Professor Department of Radiology Sri Manakula Vinayakar Medical College and Hospital Puducherry, India
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Interpretation of Chest X-ray: An Illustrated Companion
First Edition: 2014
Printed at
This book is meant for all those doctors who want to gain an inside knowledge about how X-rays are interpreted. The book is written in simple medical language so that even medical students would be able to understand the principles of chest X-ray interpretation. There has never been an Indian radiology book devoted exclusively to the principles of chest X-ray interpretation and, meant for medical students. The unique feature of this book is that almost all chest X-rays are accompanied by corresponding line diagrams, some in color, in order to make the salient findings easy to understand. This book contains over 100 chest X-rays and similar number of line diagrams. The book is lavishly studded with tables to enhance the knowledge of the reader. Every effort has been made to ensure that only common diseases are dealt with. I hope and trust that this book will cater to the needs of all medical (MBBS) students belonging to all the Indian medical universities. The postgraduate medical students like MD general medicine and residents in radiology will also find this book very useful.
G Balachandran