Manual of Practical Physiology and MCQs Book Debasis Pramanik
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Fifth Edition
Debasis Pramanik MD (Cal) Professor and HOD Department of Physiology College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital West Bengal University of Health Sciences Formerly, Associate Professor of Physiology Medical College, Kolkata West Bengal, India
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Manual of Practical Physiology and MCQS Book
Fifth Edition: 2015
Printed at
5Dedicated to
My beloved students who have been a constant source of inspiration to me6
Physiology is a fascinating subject. It gives us a glimpse into the intricate bodily functions and the complex mechanisms involved. Continuous research is going on to find a solution to the fundamental queries boggling the inquisitive minds.
It is difficult to keep pace with the ongoing research and new discoveries. However, one feels the need to acquaint the students with the newer concepts and interesting information.
Against this background, I have ventured to come up with a new edition of my book. I hope, the students will find it more interesting, helpful and student-friendly.
A novel feature of this edition is introduction of colored boxes in the text. The tit-bits of physiology have been presented in cyan-colored boxes while some advanced topics have been described in skin-colored boxes.
Another interesting feature is inclusion of a number of additional flow charts and tables which should be helpful to the students in understanding the difficult physiological concepts.
I am grateful to Shri Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman) for always remaining by my side to overcome all problems that arose during the process of preparing this book, and also to Mr Ankit Vij (Group President) and Mr Tarun Duneja (Director-Publishing) of M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India, for their help in publishing this book.
I must thank Mr Sandip Gupta and Mr Sabyasachi Hazra for their contribution towards this book. I also thank all members of Kolkata Production Unit for their whole-hearted effort to make this edition a success.
Last but not least, I must express my gratitude to my wife Aparna Pramanik and daughter Dr Chandrima Pramanik for their patience, cooperation and much-needed support.
Debasis Pramanik
As my book was first published, I was flooded with words of advice and encouragement from respected senior teachers, affectionate colleagues and close compatriots.
I particularly recall with gratitude useful suggestions mixed with blessings from Prof PK Dasgupta, Prof TM Roy, Prof Rita Bora, Prof Aparna Roy Sarkar, Prof Salil Mandal, Prof Amitava Chakrabarti and Prof Arun Dey.
I also gratefully acknowledge direct or indirect support and encouragement received from Prof Debjani Basu Chakrabarti, Prof Ananda Mukhopadhyay, Prof MG Debnath, Prof Kakali Roy, Prof Achyut Ghosal, Prof Aniruddha Neogi, Prof Ashok Sau, Prof Surajit Mukherji, Prof Debasis Adhya, Prof Gautam Banerji, Dr Kakali Das, Dr Shoeb Khan, Dr Indranil Basu, Dr Dipa Saha, Dr Piyali Das, Dr Krishna Sarkar—to name a few.
I have been benefitted from the suggestions of a lot of young colleagues and I must mention the names of Dr Chiranjit Bal, Dr Biman Roy, Dr Debajyoti Das, Dr Anish Bhowmick, Dr Aparajita Das, Dr Anindya Roy and many others.
I had the good fortune of receiving prudent advice and valued opinion from close associates like Dr Alok Chakrabarti, Dr Alosikha Barua, Dr Srimanta Das, Dr Sushil Shit and many others.
I am grateful to my departmental colleagues who were always by my side to offer help whenever required. I particularly acknowledge the kind patronage of Prof Sarit K Chaudhuri, Dr Ranjana Mandal, Dr Aparna Mandal, Dr Supratik Bhattacharyya, Dr Bikas Muhuri, Dr Sukanta Das, Dr Tahera Khatun and Dr Rita Biswas.
I acknowledge the contributions of my beloved students who have often enlightened me with piercing queries and relevant suggestions.
It is an impossible job to include all the names who have benefitted me within a short span and surely there are many who have done so even beyond my knowledge. The list is never exhaustive and I must tender my sincerest apologies to any person whom I have omitted through oversight.10