Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates Ophthalmology K Mohan Raj
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_1Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates Ophthalmology_2
_3Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates Ophthalmology
Dr K Mohan Raj MS DO Professor and HOD (Ophthalmology) Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital Chromepet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Formerly Director and Superintendent Regional Institute of Ophthalmology Government Ophthalmic Hospital Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates Ophthalmology
First Edition: 2016
Printed at
Almighty, my parents, and students who were my source of inspiration_6
Eye is the window of the world. It is the most important sensory organ. As our longevity has increased, we have to take care of our eyes till our death to make our lives worth living. Hence, ophthalmology is one of the most important specialties about which, every MBBS doctor should have adequate knowledge.
During the final year of MBBS, students are posted in various departments and they do not have enough time to prepare for part I examinations. Studying this book three months before the examinations will amount to a comprehensive study of different textbooks.
Numerous textbooks have come out but the students find it difficult to answer the questions relevant to the theory, clinical and oral examinations. This manual is aimed to help the student in facing the examinations with confidence.
This book is mainly from my PowerPoint lectures given to the students. Each and every effort has been made to include the answers what the examiners expect. Even though this book is mainly for undergraduates, it will also be useful for the postgraduates and residents in ophthalmology in order to learn the basic aspects of the subject. Recent concepts have been included in all chapters. For further improvements in future, I welcome suggestions from the readers to my email id, mohanrajdr@yahoo.com.
Dr K Mohan Raj
I would like to thank my undergraduate student Ms Jayadharshini, and postgraduate student Dr Ramyaa of Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital in preparing this manual. I would also like to thank my wife Uma and my daughters Nisanti and Vandhana for their encouragement and support. I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the Vice-Chancellor of Bharath University and the management for their motivation in writing this book. Some of the materials of this book are taken from Kanski's Clinical Ophthalmology, Parson's Diseases of the Eye, and Textbooks of Ophthalmology by Dr Khurana, Dr Nema and Dr Renu Jogi, I would like to offer my gratitude to them.
I convey my sincere thanks to Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India for their efforts and suggestions, especially Mr Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman), Ms Chetna Vohra (Associate Director), and Ms Payal Bharti (Project Manager) for helping me through my idea.