Fundamentals of Psychology for Graduate Nurses P Prakash
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FM1Fundamentals of PSYCHOLOGY FOR GRADUATE NURSESFM2
FM3Fundamentals of PSYCHOLOGY FOR GRADUATE NURSES (Revised INC Syllabus Based Textbook)
P Prakash MBA(HM) MSc(N) Lecturer College of Nursing Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences Puducherry, India
FM4
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© 2016, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
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Fundamentals of Psychology for Graduate Nurses
First Edition: 2016
9789352501571
Printed at:
FM5Dedicated to
My beloved parents, friends and studentsFM6
FM7Preface
Fundamentals of Psychology for Graduate Nurses was compiled based on Revised Indian Nursing Council (INC) syllabus. Numerous books were available in the market but they are not concerned about the ease of understanding at the student's point of view. This book was prepared with the selection of the key points in each unit which will ensure the student to secure best marks in university examinations. Glossary will help the student to be aware of important terms in Psychology. Question bank highlights the various university examination question papers and guides the student to learn frequently asked questions (FAQs). Illustrations, tables, diagrams presented in all the chapters will help students for best presentations. I am confident that the book will provide adequate information to teachers as well as students for understanding the basic concepts of psychology and apply it in our daily life. I suggest to the students that knowledge of psychology will not only be useful to write your examinations but also be useful to live a happy life. So, my humble request to my dear students, if you develop a passion with subject of psychology, you will be the best person to understand yourself and also others. Suggestions from the teachers and students are always welcome (prakash.lalitha88@gmail.com) for improvement in quality content in the textbook.
P PrakashFM8
FM9Syllabus
BSc Nursing: First Year
 
Course of Instruction
S.No.
Subject
Theory (in hours) (Class and Lab)
Practical (in hours) (Clinical)
In hours
1.
English
60
2.
Anatomy
60
3.
Physiology
60
4.
Nutrition
40
20
5.
Biochemistry
60
6.
Nursing Foundations
275+200
550
7.
Psychology
80
8.
Microbiology
60
20
9.
Introduction to Computers
55
20
10.
Library Work/Self-study
50
11.
Co-curricular activities
50
Total hours
950
610
100
Total hours = 1660 hours
 
Scheme of Examination
S.No.
Subject
Assessment
Hours
Internal
University
Total
1.
Theory
Anatomy and Physiology
3
50
100
150
2.
Nutrition and Biochemistry
3
50
100
150
3.
Nursing Foundation
3
50
100
150
FM10
4.
Psychology
3
50
100
150
5.
Microbiology
3
50
100
150
6.
English
3
100
100
7.
Introduction to Computers
3
100
100
Practical and Viva Voce
Nursing Foundation
50
100
150
* The student should get pass marks in each subject (Section A and B)
** The respective colleges will conduct the examinations for Introduction to Computers and English with a minimum pass of 50% and the marks will be sent to the University.
FM11
Psychology: BSc Nursing
Placement: First Year
Time: Theory—80 Hours
Course Description: This course is designed to assist the students to acquire knowledge of fundamentals of psychology and develop an insight into behavior of self and others. Further it is aimed at helping them to practice the principles of mental hygiene for promoting mental health in nursing practice.
 
Course Outline
Unit
Hours
Course content
Chapters
I
2
Introduction
  • History and origin of science of psychology
  • Definitions and scope of psychology
  • Relevance to nursing
  • Methods of psychology
Chapter 1
II
7
Biology of Behavior
  • Body mind relationship-modulation process in health and illness
  • Genetics and behavior: Heredity and environment
  • Brain and behavior: Nervous system, neurons and synapse
  • Association cortex, right and left hemispheres
  • Psychology of sensations
  • Muscular and glandular controls of behavior
  • Nature of behavior of an organism/Integrated responses
Chapter 2
III
24
Cognitive Processes
  • Attention: Types, determinants, duration and degree, alterations
  • Perception: Meaning, principles, factors affecting, errors
  • Learning: Nature, types, learner and learning, factors influencing, laws and theories, process, transfer, study habits
Chapter 3
FM12
  • Memory: Meaning, types, nature factors influencing, development theories and methods of memorizing and forgetting
  • Thinking: Types and levels, stages of development, relationship with language and communication
  • Intelligence: Meaning, classification, uses, theories
  • Aptitude: Concept, types, individual differences and variability
  • Psychometric assessments of cognitive processes
  • Alterations in cognitive processes
  • Applications
IV
12
Motivation and Emotional Processes
  • Motivation: Meaning, concepts, types, theories, motives and behavior, conflicts and frustration, conflict resolution
  • Emotions and stress Emotion: Definition, components, changes in emotions, theories emotional adjustments, emotions in health and illness Stress: Stressors, cycle, effect, adaptation and coping
  • Attitude: Meaning, nature, development, factors affecting, behavior and attitudes
Attitudinal Change
  • Psychometric assessments of emotions and attitudes
  • Alterations in emotions
  • Applications
Chapter 4
V
9
Personality
  • Definitions, topography, types, theories
  • Psychometric assessments of personality
  • Alterations in personality
  • Application
Chapter 5
FM13
VI
9
Developmental Psychology
  • Psychology of people at different ages from infancy to old age
  • Psychology of vulnerable individuals- challenged, women, sick, etc.
  • Psychology of groups
Chapter 6
VII
11
Mental Hygiene and Mental Health
  • Concepts of mental hygiene and mental health
  • Characteristics of mentally healthy person
  • Warning signs of poor mental health
  • Promotive and preventive mental health strategies and services
  • Ego defense mechanisms and implications
  • Personal and social adjustments
  • Guidance and counseling
  • Role of nurse
Chapter 7
VIII
6
Psychological Assessment and Tests
  • Types, development, characteristics, principles, uses, interpretations and role of nurse in psychological assessment
Chapter 8
FM14
Post-Basic BSc Nursing: 1 Year
 
Course of Instruction
S.No.
Subject
Hours Theory
Hours Practical
Hours
1.
Nursing Foundation
60
2.
Nutrition and Dietetics
50
20
3.
Biochemistry and Biophysics
80
4.
Psychology
80
20
5.
Maternal Nursing
90
300
6.
Child Health Nursing
90
300
7.
Microbiology
70
30
8.
Medical and Surgical Nursing
120
300
9.
English
60
10.
Library
30
Total
700
970
30
 
Scheme of Examination
 
Theory
S.No.
Subject
Duration
Internal
University
Total marks
1.
Nursing Foundation
2
50
50
100
2.
Nutrition and Dietetics
2
50
50
100
3.
Biochemistry and Biophysics
3
50
100
150
4.
Psychology
3
50
100
150
5.
Maternal Nursing
3
50
100
150
6.
Child Health Nursing
3
50
100
150
7.
Microbiology
3
50
100
150
FM15
8.
Medical and Surgical Nursing
3
50
100
150
9.
English
100
100
10.
Library
30
Total
700
970
30
 
Practical
S.No.
Subject
Duration
Internal
University
Total Marks
1.
Maternal Nursing
50
50
100
2.
Child Health Nursing
50
50
100
3.
Medical and Surgical Nursing
50
50
100
* The student should get pass marks in each subject (Section A and B)
** The respective colleges will conduct examinations for English and the marks will be sent to the University.
FM16
Psychology: Post Basic BSc Nursing
Placement: First Year
Time allotted: Theory—80 Hours
Practical—20 Hours
Course description: This course is designed to reorient and widen the student knowledge of fundamentals of psychology. The student is offered an opportunity to apply the theoretical concepts in the clinical setting and thereby understand the psychodynamics of patient behavior. The course would also help the student to develop an insight into her own behavior.
 
Objectives
At the end of the course, the student will:
  • Apply psychological principles while performing nursing duties.
  • Distinguish the psychological processes during health and sickness.
  • Analyze own behavior patterns.
  • Tabulate the psychological needs of the patients for planning nursing care.
  • Participate in psychometric assessment of the client.
 
Course Contents
Unit
Hours
Course content
Chapters
I
6
Introduction
  • Definition of psychology, scope and methods of psychology
  • Relationship with other subjects
Chapter 1
II
Theory-06 Hours Practical-05 Hours
Sensation attention and perception
  • Definitions
  • Sensory processes: Normal and abnormal
  • Attention and distraction: Contributory factors
  • Characteristics of perception
  • Perception: Normal and abnormal
Chapter 2 and 3
III
6
Motivation
  • Definition and nature of motivation
Chapter 4
FM17
  • Biological and social motives
  • Frustration and conflicts
  • Self-actualization
IV
6
Emotions
  • Definition of emotions, expression and perception
  • Emotions in sickness
  • Theories—emotion and feelings
  • Psychosomatic disorders
Chapter 4
V
Theory-06 Hours Practical-05 Hours
Personality
  • Definition constituents of personality
  • Personality in sickness and nursing
  • Theory
  • Assessment
Chapter 5
VI
8
Psychological Aspects of Nursing
  • Behavior and sickness
  • Psychological needs of-Child and adolescents-Adult-Aged-Attendants-Chronically ill individual
Chapter 6
VII
5
Individual Differences
  • Significance of individual differences
  • Heredity and environment
  • Role of individual differences both in health and sickness
  • Implications of individual differences in nursing
Chapter 9
VIII
Theory-08 Hours Practical-10 Hours
Intelligence and Abilities
  • Definition
  • Intelligence and abilities during sickness
  • Measurement of intelligence and abilities
Chapter 3
FM18
IX
6
Learning
  • Definition
  • Conditions of learning
  • Laws of learning
  • Learning during health and sickness
Chapter 3
X
6
Memory and Forgetting
  • Definition and nature of memory
  • Memory during health and sickness
  • Forgetting during health and sickness
Chapter 3
XI
6
Attitudes
  • Definition development and modification
  • Role of attitudes in health and sickness
Chapter 4
XII
6
Mental Health and Illness
  • Concept of mental hygiene and mental health
  • Characteristics of a mentally health person
  • Defense mechanisms
Chapter 7
XIII
5
Lifespan development
  • Growth and development
  • Prenatal period to old age
Chapter 2, 6 and 9
 
Practicum
  • Simple experiments on:
    • Perception
    • Measuring thresholds
    • Reaction time.
  • Administration of psychological tests
  • Observation and recording data:
    • Field observation
    • Interview
    • Case study
    • Self-rating.
    FM19FM20FM21