Formula to convert fahrenheit into celsius: C = (F–32) × 5/9
Formula to convert celsius into fahrenheit: F = (C × 9/5) + 32
CLASSIFICATION OF BODY TEMPERATURE
- Rate: 60 to 90 beats per minute is normal
- Tachycardia (decreased pulse rate)
- Bradycardia (increased pulse rate)
- Rhythm: Regular or irregular pulse (arrhythmia—irregular or abnormal rhythm)
- Volume: Strength or intensity of pulse
- Described in terms: Strong, bounding, thready, weak and feeble.
SITES OF PULSE
- Radial: Medial ventral wrist below the base of thumb
- Ulnar: Located on medial of the wrist
- Temporal: Anterior to upper third of year
- Carotid: Below angle of jaw on each sides of trachea
- Femoral: In groin between pubis and hip bone
- Dorsal pedalis: Medial dorsal of foot
- Posterior tibial: Below posterior malleolus of foot
- Popliteal: Popliteal fossa behind knee
- Brachial: Medial antecubital fossa
0 – Absent
1 – Weak
2 – Normal
3 – Full
4 – Bounding
MONITORING BLOOD PRESSURE
- Instrument used—sphygmomanometer
- If the patient done any strenuous activity (e.g. exercises) check BP after 15 minutes (remember strenuous activities will show BP raised)
- BP apparatus has to be kept in patients chest level
- Tie BP cuff in left hand (if not contraindicated) to get accurate BP since heart was present towards the left side
- Cuff has to be tied 2 inches above the antecubital fossa and ensure that tubings are crossing over antecubital fossa
- Palpate the radial pulse, inflate BP cuff and when you does not feel the radial pulse, then use stethoscope to hear Korotkoff's sounds
- First sound where you started to hear is systolic BP and where the sound completely vanish is diastolic BP
- Document it immediately.
Saturation of oxygen measured using pulse oximeter.
- Numerical score ranges from 0 to 10.
- Descriptive pain scale ratings are no pain, mild pain, moderate pain, severe pain, very severe pain.
TYPES OF PAIN
- Acute pain
- Chronic pain
- Depends on where it felts: Somatic, visceral and neuropathic.
- Phantom pain: Pain felt in part of body which has been lost (common in amputated clients).
- Psychogenic pain (psychalgia or somatoform pain): Pain due to mental, emotional or behavioral factors.
- Breakthrough pain: Severe pain able to ‘breakthrough’ medications (e.g. cancer pain).
Glucometer: Equipment used to measure Blood Glucose.