Science and Religion-Synergy not Skepticism Asim Kurjak, Frank A Chervenak, Laurence B McCullough, Aziz Hasanović
Page numbers followed by f refer to figure and t refer to table.
Acupuncture 154
Adoration 148
Ājnā Chakra 147
Alternative advisory activity 154
Amnion 50f
Amygdala and limbic lobe 8
Anahata chakra 147
Ancient Greek scholars 96
Andromeda galaxy. 233f
Animal rationalis 143
Anthropogony 91
Anthropology without God 141
Anxiety 313
Arab civilization 294
Aristotle's animal rationalis 143
Aristotle's natural philosophy, acceptance of 101
Aromatherapy 154
Astronomia nova (new astronomy) 113
Astronomy 292
Atheism, social effects of 176
Autogenic training 154
Autonomous speech 365
Avicenna 210, 249
Axis mundi 143, 146
Ayurveda 154
Baby astronaut gravity 203
Bach's drops 154
Baconian scientific method 180
Bewitchment by language 57
Bias 180
Bible 320
Biblical anthropology 142
Bio healing 154
Bioenergotherapy 154
Bioethics 332
Bioscience 61
Body, geography of 142
Brahman 146
and dakīnī 146
cavities 147
Brahma-randhra 147
Brahmasthāna 147
Brahmins 208
Brain, earliest detection of 33f
Calendar of Christian era, controversy of 126
Canon of medicine 280
Caste 208
Causa finalis 142, 157, 160
Cerebral cortex, development of 5
Chakra nirvana 147
Chakras in west, reinterpretation of 148
Chaos theory 150
Chemical experiment 17
and pre-school period, early 9
vaccines 59
meditation 158
spirituality 158
Christianity 61
controversy in 95
first centuries of 99
Christians and non-Christians 155
Church 171
Civil engineering and architecture 290
Civilization 280, 281
in Islam, foundations of 281
Clinical controversies 40
Cloning 70
Cognitional theory 91
Cognitive faculties 326, 327
Competing conceptions of truth 91
Complex fetal movements 45f
Computer pulsometry 154
Contemporary muslim world, causes of crisis in 219
Continuity concept, absence of 193
Convergence of
brain 357
mind 357
spirit 357
Copernican heliocentric system 109f
Cosmogony 91
Creation spirituality 158
Creative synergism 359
Criticism and disapproval, fear of 319
Criticism and rejection, fear of 314
Cryptophasia 365
Crystal therapy 154
Culture-bound psychiatric syndromes 362
Curia copernicana 109
Current neuroimaging studies 4
Death 71
fear of 313
Deity, view of 355
Deliberative clinical judgment 182
Demystified 150
Deoxyribonucleic acid 217
Destruction, quality of 297
Deterministic chaos 125
Diseases, international classification of 197
Dissertatio cum nuncio sidereo 114
Drama of subject 226
Earth compared to sun, size of 235f
Earth's chakras 160
Electromagnetic resonance, therapy by 154
Elucidarium 104
Embryo 30, 50f
eleven weeks 33f
legal status of 34
morphology of 49f
transfer 67
Embryonic circulation 31f
Embryonic movements and behavior 44
Emotional brain matures 8
Empathic civilization 366
Empirical claims
in medicine 181
in science 180
Employment, fear of loss of 314
Energy 155
medicine 152
Entrusts 168
Episteme 297
Ethical dilemmas 200
Ethical framework 53, 180
European union 261
Euthanasia 72
people, fear of 314
satanic forces of 320
Exegesis 223
Existential fears 313
Faith 167169, 210
Faith and religion 167
meanings of 167
Faith-healing connection 359
Faith–science-religion 167
Fallopian tube
part of 47f
patency of 47f
Feng Shui and vastu 154
Fertilization 35
Fetal microgravity 203
early 32f
fourteen-week 46f
in second half of pregnancy 30f
Galaxy in universe, small 236f
Gene editing 57
Genetic material to oocyte 49f
German glaube 167
Gestational weeks 199f
Global and mental health promotion 352, 366
Global mind 301
Glossolalia 365
God of energy 152, 160
God's judgment
and eternal destruction, fear of 320
Gregorian calendar
accepting 133
as world civic calendar 135
Growth and healing 158
Halakha 61
Halakha–medicine, relationship of 63
Harmonices mundi (world harmony) 114
Harmonious leaders 268, 275
love consensus 272
Harmonious values 266
Harmony-based leadership model 267f
Healing soul 154
and disease, biopsychosocial concept of 181
system, functioning of 189
problems of 186
related industry 190
Healthy and potentially harmful therapeutic groups, differences between 360t
Herman dalmatian 101
and euclid 102f
anorexia 364
idea of 345
places 217
spirit 158
Homo naturalis 143
Hope and irrational subjectivity 167
absolute freedom of 336
brain 5f, 6f
chorionic gonadotropin tests 37
death 71
early 48
visualization of early 42
embryo, status of 68
embryogenesis 26
embryologic cloning 55
life 24, 35, 35f
at fertilization 36
beginning of 21, 26f, 65
nature, view of 355
Humility 54
Idioglossia 365
Idols 180
Ill-fated pursuit of perfection 16
In vitro fertilization 67
Incurable illness
fear of 313
Infants 196
care for 200
Integral anthropology 309, 310f
Intergravissimas 131
Interactive dualism 332
Interreligious 157
Intrauterine life, environmental hypothesis of 203
Iridology 154
Islam 61
new scientific culture 299
reform of 227
science and politics 248
Islamic civilization 284
in Spain 279, 285
spheres of 288
to west, gateway for 291
Islamic perspective 346
Islamic science 305
Italian fede 167
Ivan Vitez of Sredna in Hungary, monument of 107f
Janus Pannonius in Hungary, monument of 107f
Jewish law 61
and reproduction 64
Jīvanmukta 148
Jīvātman 147
John Gregory's professional medical ethics 173
Judaism 61
Judeo-Christian personalistic anthropology 142
Julian calendar reform 129
Juraj Dragišić 129f
Justice 53
Kabbalistic anthropology 144
Kant's categorical imperative 332
Karma 148
Kepler's discoveries 231
Kepler's laws 231
Kepler's theorem 118
Kinesiology 154
Kirlians photography 152
Knock-out arguments 175
Kundalini 146
energy 158
in Mūlādhāra chakra 148
Lākinī, agni 147
Law 170
Lehrenfreiheit 174
Life 23
after death, view of 356
science 61
Light, color and sound therapy 154
Literature and language 290
Los Angeles divine science Church 155
Losing close and beloved person, fear of 319
Losing work and fear of poverty, fear of 319
Love and tolerance on earth 234
Loved one, fear of loss of 313
Lux pannoniae 106
Macroethic of responsibility 342
Macroparadigmatic epistemological priori 302
Magic recipe 186
Manipura chakra 147
Mantra lam 146, 147
Manual massage 154
Massive civilizational effort 301
Maternal-embryonal circulation 49f
Mathematics 292
Medical ethics, journal of 334
Medical science 61
and Jewish law 61
Medicine 178, 292
and religion 180
John Gregory on boundary between 175
preventing conflict between 183
professionally managing boundaries between 53, 173
evidence-based 152
massage 154
new 185
normative claims in 181
of person 359
teaches 177
about human suffering 177
Mental distress 313
Mental health literacy 368
Microgravity, role of 203
Midgestational cortical circuitry 6
Mikrótheos 160
Milky way galaxy 236f
Millennial doubts about earth's moving 105
Mishnah 62
Mocha 148, 157
Modern man and nature, relationship between 342
Monotheism 61
Moral status 54
Morality, view of 356
Muktā-trivenī 148
Muladhara chakra 146
Mundi axis 144
Muslim world 219, 222
Mysterium cosmographicum 113
Nadia 146
Naturae integrae 144 157
status of 148
Natural medicine 154
Natural philosophy, mathematical principles of 117
Natural to human mind 175
Nature-based religion 333
Neonatal intensive care units 198
Newborn, right of 202
Newton's law of gravity 231
Nicolaus copernicus 108
Nirvâna chakra 147
Noah's ark points 215
Normative claims 181
Obesity 188
Origin of religion 4
calendar 135
and scientific issues 82
standpoint of 78
standpoint 79
Osteopathy 154
Oxygenation hypothesis 203
Pannonia, light of 106
Paradigm 326
Paramaśiva and hākinī 147
Personality 28
Personalized medicine 192
Philosophia 297
naturalis principia mathematica 117
naturalis theoria 118f
Philosophical perspectives 180
Philosophy, theistic versus theistic 355
Physician, lectures on duties and qualifications of 173
Pingalā 148
Pneuma 150
Political islam 247
Political-administrative space 227
Polymerase chain reaction 69
Possession disorders 364
Post-talmudic codes 63
Potential personal human life 24
Poverty, fear of 314
Powerful cosmetic 17
Pranic healing 154
Pravrtti 157
cryopreservation of 68
research 70
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis 69
Premature infants
management of 202
survival rate of 198f
Prima facie 182
Professional virtue
of compassion 177
of integrity 178
Prthivī 146
Pseudoscience 150, 334
Psych cybernetics 154
and religion 352
postsecular (theistic) versus secular (atheistic) 355
Ptolemaic geocentric system 98f, 100
Purpose of life 355
Purusa 147
Quantum theory 150
Quark theory 150
Radiestesia 154
Rebirth 154
Reductionist model in medicine 193
Reflex therapy 154
Reformation 247
Regressotherapy 154
Reiki 154
Relativistic cosmology 122
Relativity theory 150
Reliability 327
Religio perennis 297
Religion 61, 167, 263, 298, 332, 352
and faith 167
and law 290
and medicine, synergy between 20
and politics, relationship between 244
and psychiatry, cooperation between 366
vs scientific findings 232
Religion and science 209, 296
during formative periods of islamic culture 296
in medicine 16
complex relationship 331
problem of relation between 73
relation between 73
relationship between 240
and spiritual problems 362
healing ceremonies and rituals 365
naturalism 333
politics 247
prayer 154
sciences 305
systems encourage knowledge 209
teachings 38, 208
visions 365
human embryologic cloning 56
technologies, development of assisted 65
Resides brahman 147
Responsa 63
Righteousness 282
Rigveda 213
Roessler's chaotic attractor 126f
Roger Boscovich, portrait of 119f
Sacred energies 150
Sacred knowledge 303
Sahashrāra 147
chakra 147, 148
padma 147
Śākinī and sādaśiva 147
Samādhi 147
Samsāri 148
Satyaloka 147
School age, early 9
Science 61, 180, 263, 297, 332
and faith, relationship between 1
and pseudoscience, post-truth era psychiatry and religion between 353
and scientific method 326
history of 300
into religion 209
Science and religion 141
challenge of tantric anthropology for 149
clash of 230
current conflicts between 211
past conflicts between 210
relationship between 209, 215, 336
unique horizon of 304
warfare thesis between 323
Scientific truths 337
Scientific-technological sense, modern science in 339
Shakti 146
Shiatsu massage 154
Siddhi 148, 155
Snowlion psychoenergy therapy 154
Solar system 204
larger planets of 235f
smaller planets of 234f
Solve et coagulum 154
Soul 152
Soulwork 154
Speaking in tongues 365
Spermatozoa and oocyte 25f
Spiral galaxy 237f
Spirit instrument 2
Spirit, anatomy of 159
circumstances 296
evolution 148
medicine 154
psychiatry 359
in psychiatry 357
in religion 357
in science 357
view of 356
Starry messenger 114
Status naturae integrals 153, 157
Sticker game 9
Strannik 154
Stratum 229
Subtle center 146
Susumnā 148
Svàdhisthana chakra 147
Tabulae directorium 108
Tabular smaragdina 154
Tantric anthropology
based on chakra 145
challenge of 156
facing challenges of 141
Tao of physics 151
Teilhard's variation of pantheism 333
Teology of nature 336
Term and infancy period 8
Theism 327
Theology of nature 344
Theophysics 151
Therapeutic human embryologic cloning 56
Thermoregulation 203
Theta healing 154
Thinking about God, developmental origin of 4
Thoughts, final 347
Three-dimensional sonography 45f
Transpersonal psychology 156
in humanities, concepts of 90
in religion, concepts of 90
in sciences, concepts of 90
Unique biological code 159
Universal obsessional neurosis of humanity 353
largest galaxies in 237f
organization of 121
small star in 236f
theory of self-organization of 150
Uterus, early embryo to 47f
Value-fact, distinction of 240
Vedas 208
Videha kaivalya 148
Vishna and rākinī 147
Viśudha chakra 147
Warfare 323
model 323, 326328
Western medicine, criticism of 185
Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe 124
Yoga 154
prostitute sacred science of 157
Youth, vulnerability of 176
Yuktā-trivenī 148
Zadar's astronomical calendar 101f
Chapter Notes

Save Clear

On the Relationship between Science and FaithCHAPTER 1

Muhamed Filipović
The question posed in the title of this short essay is, on the one hand, a question regarding the relationship between the two most important forms of human knowledge of the world and understanding of our relationship toward the world in which we exist and toward other people. On the other hand, this is one of the most important and essential, and, at the same time, most complex and most difficult questions for the entire human race that human thought can pose. Given the scope of the relationship between science and religion and the challenges of its complexity, it is no surprise that, despite all our efforts, a satisfactory solution has not been found. There still exist some doubts regarding this relationship, because of differences in the nature of these two basic types of attempts to understand our position in the world and our human tasks in it.
It is clear that we are, in every sense, a part of the world in which we exist as creatures. On this simple fact science and religion agree. Consider first the scientific perspective on what it means to be part of the world. Science offers us an understanding of the physical nature of our being and the world, including biological structure and function. The scope of science is ambitious, aiming to understand the boundaries suggested by the world as a whole, or what we call nature in its entirety: its entire structure, laws, and the modes of existence governed by those laws. Science aims to understand the fundamental and comprehensive law that determines all forms of existence of the world and its laws, what quantum mechanics or astrophysics calls the formula encompassing all laws of the relationship between the modes of existence in nature and all its emanations. Science stands on the threshold of gaining knowledge about the origin of the cosmos as a whole and the basic law of its existence—its dissemination from the primal, for us unavailable, unit of the existence, which is the source of the so-called Big Bang, as consequence of which everything been unfolding for billions of years, including everything from subatomic and atomic particles to the stars and planets. 2A recent experiment conducted in Switzerland in a large particle accelerator within a powerful electromagnetic field was an attempt to produce an event in the laboratory the conditions thought to have held at the time of the Big Bang.
From a scientific perspective, we are only a very small part of this infinitely large, unrestricted and unstoppable movement called natural process and the laws that govern them. However, the source of existence itself remains out of reach and possibility of definition. This raises the question of whether the origin of the universe is indeed material or of some other type and mode of existence, of such power that it could produce the post-Big Bang effects. The current state of science cannot rule out this possibility.
Perhaps the source of the Big Bang is ineffable. This opens us to sources of belief that have no basis in objective data, but rather in the actual experience of being human and therefore in human nature. Such belief allows us to connect the fundamentals of understanding the nature of the cosmic phenomena and beliefs and the whole world of culture as our way of being. The aim is to harmonize the Bing Bang phenomenon, on the one hand, and, on the other, the phenomenon and wonder of the human mode of being.
This is a special mode of being that appears as the basis for the emergence of a special world in which different laws, namely spiritual, cultural and moral laws, also govern human nature. Such beliefs do not have and need not have an immediate evident and objective foundation. As such, they are not established scientifically, as beings in the world given to us as objects of thought. Instead, such beliefs must, in some way, be derived from the mode of our existence, since it is the only mode provided to us. It is only on such a basis that one can pose the question of how we should deal with the world as the medium of our existence. In such a world, human rather than natural laws govern. The task becomes exploring whether our relationship to others as human beings should be understood to differ from the mode of existence of other beings as objects in the world.
From this perspective, science is a special and fundamental form of our relationship with the world as a material object, a pre-given entity and mode of being that our thinking has the power to describe and analyze. Answers to scientific questions can be given. But there is more to human experience of the world than the descriptions and analyses of science. This is because the beliefs described above cannot depend solely on validity that comes from the natural law, that is, from the way that everything takes place in the natural medium.
These beliefs also depend on miracles, taken as evidence of the existence of a human world that derives from the act of creation, in which world the “spirit instrument,” that is, the word, plays an immense role. Thus, we find both in the Bible and the Holy Qur'an that “in the beginning was the word 3and the word was with God.” The word, the central act of the spiritual mode of being, is the source of existence. For example, there is the announcement of the divine truth in the Qur'an by the word Iqra, that is, read, speak. This means that that the truth of human existence starts with speech coming from Allah (SWT).
The world defined by the word of God separates religious thinking and its sources in the sphere of belief from the sphere of science. The result is two different forms of belief: (a) beliefs about the cultural world created by the Word of God; and (b) beliefs generated by the scientific investigation. The former are about mastering natural laws of civilization and its creation. The latter are about mastering natural laws that govern the material world.
The relationship between religion and science should be understood in these terms. The ambition of science is to master the material world. The ambition of faith is to master man. From the difference between these two ambitions emerges the difference between science and faith arises and it is my belief that, by its very nature, this difference can never be overcome. The scientific way of thinking and forming a relationship with the world that derives from science leads us to the attitude of ruling with the world, but only within the world. The religious way of thinking and forming a relationship with the world leads us to an attitude of peace through reconciliation with the world and among human beings, which requires the absence and rejection of any kind of violence. Science and religion should therefore be understood as two important, but very different, forms of human cognition. Science requires that the immediate, evident and realistic data are carefully observed and then mathematically processed on the way to determine the properties of material things. The sciences have established a special language that defines, explains and determines their subject and that language is called mathematics. In other words, the language of science is mathematics. Religion requires faithfulness to the revealed Word of God. This Word is the language of faith, which is starkly quite different from mathematical quantification. The language of faith is qualitative cognition, which means experiencing and understanding the Word of God, which cannot be measured.