Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2 P Maxwell Courtney
INDEX
Page numbers followed by b refer to box, f refer to figure and t refer to table.
A
Abatacept 41
Acetabular
bone loss 66f
classification 70
dysplasia 13f, 24, 25
fractures 101
hyaline cartilage 26
reconstruction for dysplastic hips 135
reorientation osteotomy 131
retroversion 10, 12
rim trimming 19
surgeries for hip dysplasia 134t
titanium augment 139f
Acetabuloplasty 133
Acetabulum 11, 101
Achilles tendon 72
Acid-fast bacteria 195
Acromioclavicular joint 92
dislocations 98
Activating transcription factor 182
Adalimumab 41
Adductor canal blocks 51
Adhesive capsulitis 93
Adipose-derived stem cells 185
Adverse local tissue reaction 67
ALL, see Anterolateral ligament
Allograft bone, bacterial adhesion to 181f
Allograft prosthesis composite 71
ALL-poly components 158
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 40
American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons 40, 41t
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery 19
American College of Rheumatology 40, 41t
American College of Surgeons 46
American Dental Association 40
American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society 106
American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Score 91
Anakinra 41
Ankle 105
injuries 106
Antibiotic 120
prophylaxis 42, 120
suppression, chronic 68
Antioxidant 55f
Antioxidant impregnated polyethylene 54
Antirheumatic medication 40
perioperative management of 41t
Arava 41
Arthritis, development of 24
Arthroplasty 82
partial 152
register 133
resection 69
revision 63
value-based 162
Arthroscopic matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implants 83
Arthroscopy, role of 10
Articular cartilage defects within knee 81
Augmentation procedures, extra-articular 133
Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry 57
Autologous chondrocyte implantation 82
matrix-induced 17
Autologous matrix-induced chondroplasty 17
Azathioprine 41, 42
B
Basicervical fractures 103
hip 103
Beck score 15
Belimumab 41
Benlysta 41
Biologic agents 41
Biological treatments and technology 16
BMI, see Body mass index
Body mass index 151, 152, 193
Bone
healing 107
loss 73
distal 74
marrow
aspiration concentrate 16
stromal cells 185
mineral density 115
morphogenetic protein 191
removal 2
Bone-patellar tendon-bone 84
Borderline dysplasia 10
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor 178
Bupivacaine pain pumps 51
C
Calcaneus, see also Ankle
Canadian Orthopedic Trauma Society 96, 98
Capsule reconstruction, superior 91
Capsule, repair of 20
Carpal instability 116
Carpal tunnel
release 119
syndrome 118
Carpometacarpal arthritis 124
Carpometacarpal dislocations 117
Cell-based therapies 83
Cells 186f
Cemented fixation 56
Cementless
fixation 56
total knee arthroplasty 56
Center edge angle 8
Certolizumab 41
Chiari osteotomy 133
modified 134f
Chiari pelvic osteotomy 133
Chondral lesion patterns 14
Chondral treatment
algorithm 18
options 15
results 17
Chronic diseases 169
Chronic distal biceps repairs 93
Cimzia 41
Cirrhosis 45
Classic dysplasia 8
Clavicle fractures 96
Cobalt-chromium alloy 144
Collagen molecules on cell function 182
Condylar axis, posterior 58
Consensus statements 39
Contrecoup injury pattern 12
Coronary artery disease 45
Cosentyx 41
C-reactive protein 63
Crossover sign 12
Cruciate ligament
posterior 72, 151, 157
reconstruction, extra-articular anterior 85
Cubital tunnel syndrome 119
Cyclosporine 41, 42
D
Daily living, activity of 192
Deep vein thrombosis 74, 108, 143, 147
Degenerative disk disease 177
cytokine involvement in 177
Dental prophylaxis 40
Deoxyribonucleic acid 172
Distal radius fracture, intra-articular 114f
DMARDs, see Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
Doxycycline 41
Dupuytren's contracture 126
Dupuytren's disease 126
Dysplasia 8
of hip, developmental 173, 174f, 192
Dysplastic acetabulum, reconstruction of 139f
Dysplastic hip 130, 131, 136, 175f
anatomical stems for 140f
E
Eccentric polyethylene wear 66f
Elbow 99
fractures, pediatric 193
Electromyographic evaluation 53
Endoplasmic reticulum 182
English national health service 164
Epicondylar axis 58
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 63
Etanercept 41
Extensor carpi radialis longus 124
Extensor pollicis longus 113
Extensor tendon 121
F
Femoral bone loss 69
severe 58f
Femoral head reduction 25
Femoral head-neck
junction 21f
offset 22f
Femoral neck 26f
angle 174f
fractures 103
shortening 24f
Femoral osteochondral transplantation 16
Femoral osteotomy, derotation 134f
Femoral reconstruction for dysplastic hips 136
Femoral trial prosthesis 146f
Femoral/acetabular bone loss 69
Femoroacetabular impingement 9, 11, 11f, 131, 132b
arthroscopic treatment of 18
intra-articular 11
treatment of 13
Femorotibial joint 145f
Femur reimplantation 57f
Flexion designs, high 151, 154
Flexor carpi radialis tendon 124
Flexor digitorum profundus 113
Flexor pollicis longus 113
Flexor tendon 121
Fractures
fixation of oblique 116
intertrochanteric 102
Frog-leg lateral radiograph 13f
G
Gamma-sterilized-in-air polyethylene 54
Ganz periacetabular osteotomy 131
Gender designed 158
Glenoid
fixation 89
track 92
Glycosaminoglycan 179
Golimumab 41
Growth factor
high-proliferative potential with 186
signaling in tenogenesis 184
H
Hamstring autograft 84
Hand 177
surgery 113
Harris hip scores 10, 24, 39
Head-neck offset 12f
Health outcome measurements, international consortium for 163
Heart failure, congestive 45
Heterotopic ossification 93
Hierarchical organization of tendon tissue 185f
Hip 43, 102, 130, 177, 191
and knee reconstruction, adult 63
arthroplasty 39f, 56, 162
arthroscopy 18, 19, 24
disease 130
pediatric 23
dislocation, surgical 23, 27f
dysplasia 8, 10
autograft for 139f
impingement
extra-articular 8, 20
intra-articular 8
joint preservation surgery 8
lateral, right 24f
pain, cause of 130
postperthes 23
revision, cause of 138f
Human femoral articular bone 171f
Humeral shaft 99
Hybrid fixation 156
Hydroxychloroquine 41
Hypertrophy 10
Hypotension 50
I
Iliac spine
anterior inferior 20, 21f
impingement, anterior inferior 21
Iliopsoas pain 22
Imhauser osteotomy 28
Immunoglobulin protein, binding 182
Implant fracture 38
Infection 64, 74
deep surgical site 74
superficial surgical site 74
Inflammatory arthropathy 159
Inflammatory cells, infiltration of 67
Infliximab 41
Interbody fusion, lateral 4
Intercarpal ligament, dorsal 124
Internal fixation 71
International Society of Arthroplasty Registries 163
Interosseous nerve palsy, posterior 93
Interportal capsulotomy 20
Intra-articular pathology, addressing 9
Intramedullary nail 102
Intraspinous ligaments 1
Ischial osteolysis, amount of 70
Ischial spine sign 12
Ischiofemoral impingement 21
treatment of 22
Ischiofemoral space 21
Ischium 21
J
Jamshidi needle 6
Japanese Hip Society 131
diagnostic guideline 131, 132b
Japanese knee 144
osteoarthritis measure 148
Japanese Orthopaedic Association 134, 148
Japanese Society for Replacement Arthroplasty 134
Joint site-specific genetic loci 177t
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 40
K
Kienbock disease 119
Kingella kingae 196
Knee 143, 177
arthroplasty 4951, 60, 150
revision 49, 56
dysfunction, severe 49
flexion, deep 146f
injury 53, 148
ligament 85
osteoarthritis 143
pain symptoms, anterior 159
reconstruction, adult 49
replacement 51, 151t
surgery 150
society score 53
Kohler's line 70, 71
Korean knee score 148
KSS, see Knee Society Score
L
Labral reconstruction 14
Labral refixation 14
Leflunomide 41
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease 23, 25, 191
of hip 23
Leukocyte neutrophil percentage 64
Ligament
anterior cruciate 81, 194
anterolateral 85, 86
of knee, anterolateral 85
reconstruction, anterior cruciate 83
removal 2
Ligamentum teres 11
Locking plate for high tibial osteotomy 147
Lower extremity 99
Lumbar spine 2f, 6f
Lymphocyte-dominant vasculitis-associated lesion 67
M
Mal tracking, intraoperative 159
Matrix metalloproteinases 172
Mechanically assisted crevice corrosion 67
Mental health 109
Mesenchymal stem cells 15, 185, 186f
Messenger ribonucleic acid 172
Metacarpophalangeal joints 117
Metal artifact reduction sequence 64
Metaphyseal augmentation 56
Metaphyseal sleeves 56, 58f
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 68, 196
Methotrexate 41
Microfracture 15
Microfragmented adipose tissue transplantation 17, 18
Microsatellite instability 195
Midshaft clavicle fractures 96
Minimally invasive
approaches 52, 53
lumbar decompression 2
surgery 50, 52, 150, 155
transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion 2, 3
Misfolded collagen mutants 183f
Mobile bearing designs 153
Modular neck system 139
Monoblock titanium stem 39f
Multicenter orthopedic 84
Multimodal perioperative care protocols 50
Multiple-radius femoral implant 154
Musculoskeletal infection 195
Mutant chondrocytes 183f
Mycophenolate mofetil 41, 42
N
Narcotic analgesia, patient-controlled 50
National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 45
Natural knee movement 146f
Nausea 50
Needle aponeurotomy 126
Nerve 118
growth factor 178
Neurogenic claudication, severe 5f
Neurotrophins 178, 179
Neurovascular injury 74
Neutropenia 42
severe 42
Nonaccidental trauma 193
O
Obesity 159
Obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic 45
Opioid 109
Oral bacteremia 42
Orencia 41
Orthopedic 130, 143
science 169
surgeons 159
surgery, control of infection in 179
trauma 96
general 107
treatment of 96
Osteoarthritis 8, 53, 148, 171f, 173, 177
diagnosis of 173
of hip 130
etiology of 130
prevalence of 130
pathogenesis of 169
post-traumatic 172
Osteochondral
allograft transplantation 82
autograft 16, 81
defects 24
graft 16
Osteochondritis dissecans 16, 194
Osteochondroplasty 13
Osteolysis 65
degree of 64
location of 64
Osteoprotegerin 173
Outerbridge classification system 14
Outpatient hip replacement 164
Oxford hip scores 38
Oxford shoulder scores 98
P
Pain 50
generation, cellular involvement in 178
management, postoperative 115
PAO, see Periacetabular osteotomy
Patella 103
Patellar tendon 72
Patellofemoral
joint 82, 159
prosthesis 153f
Pediatric orthopedics 191
Pediatric sports medicine surgeon, role of 194
Pedicle screw instrumentation 4
Pelvic
radiograph, anteroposterior 12f
ring 99
Pelvis, anteroposterior 24f, 28f
Percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation 5
Periacetabular osteotomy 810
Perilunate injuries 116
Periprosthetic
femoral fracture 65
fracture 38, 65, 71
infection 69f
joint infection 64, 68
osteolysis 65
Perthes disease 24
treatment of 25
Physical therapy, formal 165
PIN, see Posterior interosseous nerve
PIP, see Proximal interphalangeal
Plate position 113
Platelet-rich plasma 90
Polyethylene
crosslinked 158
wear 65
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis, pathophysiology of 172
Potential complications 74
Propionibacterium acnes 65, 90
Protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase 182
Protein response, unfolded 182
Proximal femoral metaphysis 26
Proximal femur 21, 136
deformity 24f
Proximal fracture of humerus evaluation 98
Proximal humerus 98
Proximal interphalangeal joint
fracture dislocations 117
injury 117
Proximal phalanx fractures 117
Psoas tendon 11
Pulmonary embolism 74, 147
Pyrolitic carbon 125
Q
Quadriceps tendon 72
R
Radial head, fractures of 99
Radicular pain 177
Radiographic union score for tibias 104
Radioulnar joint, distal 114, 118
RAO, see Rotational acetabular osteotomy
Remicade 41
Residual acetabular dysplasia 192
Resurfacing patella 151, 159
Retinacular flap 27
Retroverted hips 8
Rheumatic diseases 41t
Rheumatoid arthritis 40, 42, 159
diagnosis of 40
Rheumatologic disorders 40
Rituxan 41
Rituximab 41
Robotic applications 60
Robotic assistance 60
Root ganglion, dorsal 179
Rotational acetabular osteotomy 131, 133f, 134
Rotator cuff 90
Russe technique, modified 116
S
Scaphoid 115
fractures 116
waist 116
Scapholunate reconstruction 120
Scoliosis, early onset 196
Scratch collapse test 118
Screw length 113
Secukinumab 41
Septic
arthritis 196
failure 64
Shoulder
and elbow surgery 89
angle, critical 90
arthroplasty 89
girdle 96
Skeletal
diseases, cellular pathomechanisms of 184
tissues 182
Skilled nursing facility 45
Slap tears 92
SLE, see Systemic lupus erythematosus
Sliding hip screw 102
Southwick osteotomy 28
Spinal surgery 1
Spine 177, 196
Spinous processes 1
Spondyloarthritis 40
Sports medicine 81, 194
Staphylococcus
aureus 180
epidermis 180
Stelara 41
Stem cell 16, 185, 186
transplantation, matrix-associated 17
Subchondral bone 169, 170, 171f
Subchondral cystic formation 21f
Subsequent bone loss 65
Sulfasalazine 41
Supraspinous ligaments 1
Surgical approaches 151
Surgical dislocation 13
Suspensionplasty, suture-button 124
Swelling 50
Systemic lupus erythematosus 40
T
Tacrolimus 41, 42
Teardrop destruction, degree of 70
Tendon 121
arthroplasty 124
repair 121
tissue engineering 185
environment 186f
Tension band wire 103
TFCC, see Triangular fibrocartilage complex
Thromboembolic disease 74
Thromboprophylaxis 108
Thumb
basal joint arthroplasty 125f
basilar joint of 124
ulnar collateral ligament injury 117
Tibia 104
Tibial osteotomy, high 147
TKA, see Total knee arthroplasty
Tocilizumab 41
Tofacitinib 41
Tonnis angle, abnormal 174f
Topography 180
Total hip and knee arthroplasty 40, 45
Total hip arthroplasty 8, 37, 39, 43, 63, 131, 133, 135, 162
causes of 135
eventual 29
revision 37, 64
Total joint arthroplasty 49, 51, 51b, 55f, 63, 145, 150, 151, 156f
outpatient 45
Total knee arthroplasty
revision 71
surgical device for 145
Total knee prostheses 143, 145f
Total knee system 143, 144
bi-surface 144
Total shoulder replacement, reverse 89
Trabecular metal cones 56, 57f
Tranexamic acid 50, 52
Trapeziometacarpal
arthritis 124
joint 125
thumb, arthritis of 124
Trauma 113, 192
Triangular fibrocartilage complex 118, 123
tears 123
Tribrid unicompartmental knee system 146
Trigger fingers 122
Trunnionosis 67
Tubercle osteotomy 82
Tubular retractor 4
spinal decompression 1
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha 172
U
Ulnar collateral ligament 117
Ulnar sided wrist pain 123
Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene 54, 145
Unicompartmental arthroplasty 152, 153f
Unicompartmental knee
arthroplasty 134
prosthesis 146
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 109
Upper extremity 96
Ustekinumab 41
V
Valgus deformity, severe 152f
Vancouver classification 71
Vascular endothelial growth factor 170
Vastus medialis obliquus 53
Venous thromboembolism 74
Vertebral body 4
Visual analog scale scores 52
Vitamin E structure 55f
W
Wall sign, posterior 12
White blood cell count 63
Wide-awake local anesthesia 120
X
Xeljanz 41
Z
Zimmer cable-ready cable pin system 103
Zirconia ceramics 143f
×
Chapter Notes

Save Clear


Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2
Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2
Editor P Maxwell Courtney MD Assistant Professor Department of Orthopedic Surgery Thomas Jefferson University Rothman Institute Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
Headquarters
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
4838/24, Ansari Road, Daryaganj
New Delhi 110 002, India
Phone: +91-11-43574357
Fax: +91-11-43574314
Overseas Offices
JP Medical Ltd
83 Victoria Street, London
SW1H 0HW (UK)
Phone: +44 20 3170 8910
Fax: +44 (0)20 3008 6180
Jaypee-Highlights Medical Publishers Inc
City of Knowledge, Bld. 235, 2nd Floor, Clayton
Panama City, Panama
Phone: +1 507-301-0496
Fax: +1 507-301-0499
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
17/1-B Babar Road, Block-B, Shyamoli
Mohammadpur, Dhaka-1207
Bangladesh
Mobile: +08801912003485
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd
Bhotahity, Kathmandu, Nepal
Phone +977-9741283608
© 2018, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
The views and opinions expressed in this book are solely those of the original contributor(s)/author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of editor(s) of the book.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission in writing of the publishers.
All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.
Medical knowledge and practice change constantly. This book is designed to provide accurate, authoritative information about the subject matter in question. However, readers are advised to check the most current information available on procedures included and check information from the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose, formula, method and duration of administration, adverse effects and contraindications. It is the responsibility of the practitioner to take all appropriate safety precautions. Neither the publisher nor the author(s)/editor(s) assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from or related to use of material in this book.
This book is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in providing professional medical services. If such advice or services are required, the services of a competent medical professional should be sought.
Every effort has been made where necessary to contact holders of copyright to obtain permission to reproduce copyright material. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publisher will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity. The CD/DVD-ROM (if any) provided in the sealed envelope with this book is complimentary and free of cost. Not meant for sale.
Inquiries for bulk sales may be solicited at: jaypee@jaypeebrothers.com
Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2
First Edition: 2018
9789352702879
Printed at
My wife, Courtney
for her patience, love and unending support
Contributors Preface
Thank you for your interest in Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2. This series is intended to serve as a practical source for the general orthopedic surgeon, both in practice and still in training. Surgeons with a subspecialty focus will also find this book of value. Our goal was to provide the reader with a broad understanding on the “hot topics” in each orthopedic subspecialty with a special emphasis on current debates in the field of adult reconstruction.
Like the first volume, we have sought to provide the reader with an informed perspective on the most important subjects in orthopedics, written by renowned thought leaders in their specialty. This new edition highlights topics including minimally invasive approaches to the spine, new developments in cartilage basic science, implant selection in revision arthroplasty and surgical techniques in joint preservation. We are both honored and excited to have contributions from internationally recognized surgeons in South America and Asia. We hope these chapters can give the reader new insight on challenges faced by orthopedic surgeons all over the world.
It is our sincerest hope that this edition of Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2 will serve as a compendium of the newest advances in orthopedic surgery. We hope that you will find this to be a unique, practical source for the latest information as you care for your patients.
P Maxwell Courtney MD
Acknowledgments
I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the talented contributors to Recent Advances in Orthopedics-2, without whom this wonderful work would not be possible. I would also like to thank, the editors of the first volume of this book, who helped build the foundation for a successful series.
I especially appreciate the constant support and encouragement of Mr Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman) and Mr Ankit Vij (Group President), Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India in publishing this textbook and also their associates particularly Ms Chetna Malhotra Vohra (Associate Director—Content Strategy) and Ms Angima Shree (Senior Development Editor) who have been prompt, efficient and most helpful.