A

Age classification 300

Age specific

fertility rates in India in 2015 320t

mortality rates in India 330t

population and deaths 348t

Alternative hypothesis of significant difference 175

Alternative method 48

Alzheimer's diagnosis 157

Alzheimer's disease 157

Anemia giving bimodal curve, types of 110f

Application 123

and use

of biostatistics as figures 6

of biostatistics as science 3

of percentiles 61

of SEp 222

of Chi square 230

of computers

in biostatistics 389

in community management 389

in hospital establishments 390

of rates and ratios of vital indices 335

of standard error

of differences 197

of mean in large samples 191

of T test 202

Appointments, scheduling of 391

Arithmetical method of finding value 58

Arithmetical progression method 308

B

Bayes’ theorem 152

Bernoulli trial 160

Bilirubin 70

Binary logistic regression analysis 436f

Binomial

classification 218

experiment 160

formula 161

law of probability 148

probability distribution function 160

problems 163

samples 231

Biological phenomenon 65

Biometer of population 343

Biostatistics 1

Body mass index 446

Borderline leprosy 362

Boys and girls attending school, percentage of 36f

C

Calculating sample size, formulae for 121

Calculation by formula 79

Cancer death rate 334

Case fatality rate 335

Case processing summary 438t

Cause-specific death rate 333

Central processing unit 388

Charts and graphs in excel, preparation of 398f

Chi square

distribution 230

probability table of 456

demonstrate application of 238

of independence 422

restrictions in application of 236

value, calculation of 234

Child-women ratio 336

Cholesterol 70

Code method 48

Collection of data, clusters for 134

Collinearity diagnostics 430

Committing type II error 181f

Common statistical terms 7

Community medicine and public health 5

Comparative efficacy of drugs 238t

Compilation and presentation 299

Compound bar diagram 37

Comprehensive indicators measure health 339

Computer application in biostatistical analysis 394

Computers in medicine 388

Computers in research, use of 392

Consistency of relationship 253

Constant 7

Constipation 224

Contingency table 25

Contingency table of two qualitative data 25

Coronary heart disease death rate 334

Correlation and regression 248

Correlation coefficient 248

calculation of 257t

from grouped series, calculation of 259

from ungrouped series, calculation of 254

table probability 457

Correlation diagram 34

Critical ratio 105

D

collection

forms 18

methods of 15

tools for 18

compilation 18

editor window

data view 399f

variable view 399f

editor with value label at variable view window 410f

entry

in excel, two ways of 396f

in MS excel 395

format 426

sources 11

and presentation of 11

types of 13

Datum 1

Decennial population in India 306t

Deliveries by trained birth attendants, percentage of 341

Demographic data, collection of 282

Demography statistics 282

Descriptive cross-sectional study 121

Design effect 133

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane 297

Diet in group of individuals, composition of 39f

Directional hypothesis 177

Directorate General of Health Services 283

Distribution single-tail, table of unit normal 449

Documents 17

Dot diagram 26

Drawing inference 168

Drug and placebo, treatment with 232t

Dynamic demography 282

E

Effective couple protection rate, percentage of 341

Eligible couples per thousand population 338

Erythrocyte sedimentation rates 43

Estimated infant mortality rates−2011 40f

Estimated population by age-group and sex, 2009 315t

Excel output 446

Excel spreadsheet view 395f

F

Fasting blood sugar 70

Female life expectancy 358f

Figures, science of 1

Fisher's table 233

Frequency graph, continuous 104

Frequency theory of probability 143

G

Gender in slum population 21t

Gender in tertiary care hospital 21t

General marital fertility rate 319

Geometrical progression method 309

Goodness of fit, test of 232

Grading weight of children 62f

Graphs and diagrams 26

Gross reproduction rate 321

Group statistics 420

I

Illegitimacy rates 322

Immaturity (prematurity) 290

Incidence rates 324

Individual variability 66

Instrumental error 68

Integrated Child Development Service Scheme 390

Integrated Disease Surveillance Program 390

Intellegence test score and marks 257f

Intelligence test score, marks in examination with 256t

International form of medical certificate of cause of death (modified) 293

Interpretation of regression result/output 433

Interval between onset and death 295

L

Lepromatous leprosy 361

Life expectancy at birth 341

analysis

categorical covariates in 437f

dependent variables in 437f

independent variables in 437f

options in 438f

Lottery method 128

M

Making frequency distribution table, rules for 24

Malnutrition, level of 21t

Mantoux test 26

Marginal probability 141

Marital status of men and women in India 323t

Maternal deaths 291

Mathematical explanation of normal distribution 110

MCH services, monitoring of 338

McNemear's test 184

Mean 42

age at

sterilization 338

women 338

and probability, difference between 154f

deviation 72

of large samples by Z test 193

of more than two samples by F-test and ANOVA 212

of small samples by student's T-test 201

parity at time of sterilization 338

significance of difference in 189

Measure of

central tendency–averages 42

fertility 318

location

averages and percentiles 41

percentiles 56

marital status 323

morbidity 323

mortality 327

population 305

statistics 305

variability 69

Median 43

and quartiles of continuous series (formula based) 86

calculation of 54

questions related to 94

Medical certification of cause of death 291

Medical data, collection of 15

Medical statistics 3

Menstrual cycle 70

Midarm circumference 364

Model registration scheme 286

Model summary 433

Monthly hospital abstract, format for 301t

MS excel, basics of 394

Multinomial classification 218

Multinomial samples 231

Multiphase sampling 135

Multiple regression 268

N

National AIDS Control Program 390

National Blindness Prevention and Control Program 390

National Deafness Control Program 390

National Health Mission 390

National Health Programs 390

National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program 390

National Leprosy Eradication Program 390

National Program for Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes, Cancer and Stroke 390

National Vector Borne Disease Control Program 390

Natural growth rate 341

Natural increase method 307

Negative correlation, perfect 250

Negative predictive value 157

Nonrandom selection 127

Normal curve 103

Normal deviate 225

Normal distribution 99

and normal curve 99

demonstration of 102

of height 102t

of sample values (means) 169f

problems on 113

Normality, limits of 4

Null hypothesis 175

distributed in

left tail, rejection region for 177f

right tail, rejection region for 177f

Nursing homes and clinics 390

O

Observational unit 8

Observer error 68

Obtaining simple scatter diagram 426

Ogive 33

Omnibus tests of model coefficients 439t

One percentile value of variable, comparison of 61

One-sample statistics 415

One-sample test 415

Open data files 401

Open file dialog box 401f

Option dialog box 413f

P

Part and partial correlations 429

Participant observation 16

Pearson's correlation coefficient 254

Percentile 56

from cumulative frequency table 58

in range of variable, graphic method of location of 57

Perinatal deaths 290

Periodic publications 298

Periodical variability 67

Poisson probability distribution function 160

Polynomial classification 218

and health, indicators of 318

and sample values, notations for 10

census 283

density 313

distribution by age and sex in India 314

mean 193

trend in India 31f

Power of test 183

basics on 141

in assessing screening test, use of 155

of calculated values from tables 154

of larger value of ‘T’ 452

of sample results 168

proportional to size 136

sampling 127

techniques 128

terms in 140

Proper inventory control 391

Proportions, test of 230

Public health care and management 389

Q

Quantitative medicine 2

Quartiles 56

Quinquennial projections of population 313t

Quintiles 56

Quota sampling 136

R

R squared change 429

Random samples 202

Registration of vital statistics, shortcomings in 296

Relationship, characteristics of 253

Relative deviate 105

Reproduction rate 321

Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child Plus Adolescent Health Program 390

Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program 390

S

Sample 116

bias 125

mean 193

registration bulletin (biannual) 298

size 202

determination 117

space 141

Sampling 115

convenience or availability 137

defects 69

distribution 168

frame 116

techniques 125

variability and significance 167

Save as data 405

Save modified data files 402

Screening/diagnostic test 122

Semi-interquartile range 71

Sex ratio at birth 322

Sex specific death rate 333

Simple calculations in excel 397f

Simple linear regression 260

Simple scatter plot 426

Simultaneous method 435

Single scatter plot dialog box 426f

Skewed binomial distribution 163f

Smallpox death rate 334

Smoking with and without lung cancer, exposure to 25t

Snowball sampling 137

Social class and microfilaria positivity 232t

Solutions to exercises 405

Spearman's rank order correlation coefficient 259

Special surveys, reports of 297

Specific death rates 329

Specific fertility rates in 1981 and 1991 37f

Specify value labels 409

calculation of 74

for ungrouped data 96

in grouped series, calculation of 81

in ungrouped series, calculation of 78

of Y measurements 263f

uses of 74

calculation of 226

of correlation 252

of difference between two

means 195

means, calculation of 196

of estimate 265

of mean 189

calculation of 190

in large samples, uses of 191

of proportion 220

with binomial confidence limits 221

Standard forms for vital events registration 291

Standard mathematical techniques 66

Standardized death rates 328

Standardized normal probability density function 111

Standardizing factor 328

State health directorates 283

Static demography 282

Statistical

expert system 393

hypothesis 175

methods 2

package for social sciences 398

basics of 398

Step-deviation method 86

Steps of conducting test of significance 185

Stratified random sampling 131

Strength of relationship 253

Student's T test 201

Study population

to height of study subjects, distribution of 22t

to number of family members, distribution of 22t

Substance abuse adult population of city 146t

T

analyze/compare means/independent-samples 418

analyze/compare means/one-sample 414

analyze/compare means/paired-samples 421

criteria for applying 202

dialog box

one sample 414f

paired-sample 421f

for difference between sample mean and population mean 202

for small samples 189

one-sample 414

paired 208

unpaired 203

Table of ‘T’ 452

Tabulation 20

Test of significance, types of 184

Testing of hypothesis, results of 180t

Testing significance of difference 209

Trends in population of India 1901 to 2011 306f

Tuberculoid leprosy 361

Two sample means 195

Type I and II errors 179

V

Vaccination, result with 240t

Value labels displayed in data editor 403f

Variable 7

continuous 248

in equation 439t

labels displayed in data editor 402f

names in variable view 405f

normally distributed 202

selected for analysis 404f

Viewer window 405f

Volunteer sampling 138