SRB’s Clinical Methods in Surgery Sriram Bhat M
INDEX
A
AAGSV 213
Abdomen, contour 481
Abdominal aneurysms 193
Abdominal compartment syndrome 629
Abdominal crisis 495
Abdominal reflexes 603
Abdominal wall abscess 526
Abdominal wall tumors 526
Abducent nerve 601
Abduction and adduction test 655
Abduction in extension 688
Abduction in flexion 688
Abduction in shoulder joint 679
Abductor pollicis brevis 242
Aberrant obturator artery 412
Aberrant renal artery 570
Aberration in normal development and involution (ANDI) of breast 395
ABPI 44, 183
Abscess alveolar 293
Abscess drainage, Hilton method 720
Abscess lung 609
Abscess, amebic liver 490
Abscess, anorectum 542
Abscess, appendicular 521
Abscess, Brodie's 661, 666
Abscess, cold 142, 339
Abscess, complications 142
Abscess, dental 293
Abscess, external 142
Abscess, extradural 603
Abscess, injection 105
Abscess, internal 142
Abscess, intracerebral 604
Abscess, intracranial 603
Abscess, ischiorectal 542
Abscess, metastatic 144
Abscess, parapharyngeal 340
Abscess, pelvirectal 543
Abscess, perianal 542
Abscess, perinephric 518
Abscess, peritonsillar 300
Abscess, pyemic 142
Abscess, pyogenic 141
Abscess, retropharyngeal 340
Abscess, subdural 603
Abscess, submucous 543
Abscess, subphrenic 513
Accessory auricle 47
Accessory ear 593
Accessory nerve injury 598
Accessory parotid 322
Ace of spades appearance 748
Acetabular angle 690
Achalasia cardia 552
Achilles tendon reflex 361
Achondroplasia 21, 22, 667
Acid phosphatase 578
Acinic cell tumor 319
Acoustic neuroma 605
Acquired cyst 130
Acrocyanosis 194
Acromegaly 22
Acromioclavicular dislocation 639
Actinic cheilitis 263
Actinomycosis 164
Actinomycosis jaw 294
Actinomycosis of mandible 328, 597
Actinomycosis, right iliac fossa 522
Acute abdomen, causes 477
Acute abdomen, children 495
Acute abdomen, investigation 486
Acute appendicitis 487
Acute arterial occlusion 191
Acute cholecystitis 488
Acute compartment syndrome 191
Acute lymphadenitis 231
Acute lymphangitis 234
Acute pancreatitis 488
Acute pancreatitis, Trapnell's classification 488
Acute parotitis 321
Acute peritonitis 489
Acute retropharyngeal abscess 340
Acute suppurative tenosynovitis 659
Adamantinoma 292
Adder-head appearance, IVU finding 569
Addictions 9
Adductor pollicis 244
Adelaid coma scale 618
Adenoid cystic carcinoma 319
Adenoid facies 22
Adenoid facies 594
Adenolymphoma 319
Adenoma, basophil 606
Adenoma, chromophobe 606
Adenoma, eosinophil 606
Adhesions and bands 492
Adiadochokinesia 602
Adiposis dolorosa 133
Admiron's triangular hypothesis 772
Adolescent coax vara 691
Adrenal mass 519
Adrenal tumor 513
Adson's test 179, 341
Adventitious bursae 6, 137, 138
Aggressive fibromatosis 137, 526
Aihnum 195
Air embolism 192
Air plethysmography 211
Aird test 706
Airway 741
Alcohol abuse 8
Alcohol intake 8
Alcohol intake classification 8
Allen's test 179
Alopecia 36
Alopecia andogenic 36
Alopecia areata 36
Alopecia totalis 36
Alopecia universalis 36
Alpha maneuver 539
Alvarodo scoring 487
Alveolar abscess 293
Amastia 398
Amazia 398
Ambiguous tumor 133
Ambulatory venous pressure (AVP) 212
Amebiasis cutis 491
Amebic liver abscess 490, 510, 514
Amebic point 460
Ameloblastoma 292
American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification 70
Amoebama 521
Anagen 35
Anal canal 535
Anal canal carcinoma 533
Anal canal, malignant tumors 544
Anal fissure 542
Anal groove 535
Anal incontinence 545
Anaplastic carcinoma thyroid 366
Anasarca 37
Anatomy of lymphatics of the head and neck 342
Anatomy, larynx 335
Anemia, causes 23
Aneurysm mycotic 193
Aneurysm, Berry 604
Aneurysm, cirsoid 155
Aneurysm, dissecting 193
Aneurysm, intracranial 604
Aneurysmal bone cyst 670
Aneurysms 192
Aneurysms, abdominal 193
Aneurysms, peripheral 193
Angel's sign 440
Angiogram 764
Angiogram, aortic 184
Angiogram, conventional 765
Angiogram, CT 765
Angiogram, digital substraction 765
Angiogram, MR 765
Angiogram, pharmaco 765
Angiogram, renal 566
Angiogram, retrograde transfemoral 184
Angiogram, Seldinger retrograde 765
Angiogram, types 765
Angiography 184
Angiomyoneuroma 134
Angle, Lovibond 29, 30
Angle, Pauwel's 651
Angular stomatitis 284
Ankle brachial pressure index 44
Ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) 183
Ankle clonus 603
Ankle flare 201
Ankle jerk 602
Ankle joint 657
Ankle perforators 213
Ankle pressure 44
Ankyloglossia 50, 267, 279
Ankylosing spondylitis 707
Ankylosis 676
Ankylosis, bony 676
Ankylosis, false 676
Ankylosis, fibrous 676
Ankylosis, true 676
Anomalies of vitellointestinal duct 525
Anorchism 436
Anorectal abscess 542, 543
Anorectal malformations (ARM) 545
Anorectal ring 535
Anorexia 16, 454
Anovaginal bidital examination 538
Antalgic gait 672, 685
Antegrade pyelogram 566
Anterior accessory great saphenous vein (AAGSV) 213
Anterior rhinoscopy 302
Anterior tibial artery 176
Anteverted testis 431
Anthony type A of schwannoma 136
Anthony type B of neurilemmoma 136
Antibioma of breast 396
Anti-thyroglobulin antibodies 363
Anti-TSH receptor antibody 364
Anuria 556, 559
Anvil test 704
Aortic aneurysm 516
Aortic aneurysm ruptured 495
Aortic angiogram 184
Aorto-iliac block 178
Ape thumb deformity 239, 248
Apex beat 608
Aphagia 546
Aphthous stomatitis 283
Aphthous ulcer 262
Apical subungual infection 587
Apley's distraction test 655
Apley's grinding test 655
Apoplectic cyst 129
Apparent shortening of limb 689
Appendicitis, acute 486
Appendicitis, acute non-obstructive 487
Appendicitis, acute obstructive 487
Appendicitis, recurrent 487
Appendicitis, sub-acute 487
Appendicular abscess 487, 521
Appendicular mass 487, 520
Appetite and weight 9
Apple jelly nodule 96
Apple-core lesion 761
APUD cell 366
Apudomas 368
Arachnodactyly 683
Arcus cornealis 45
Arcus senilis 45
Argyll Robertson's pupil 45
Arm foot venous pressure 212
Arterial diseases, examination 166
Arterial occlusion 191
Arterial pile 541
Arteries, diseases of 188
Arteriosclerosis 188
Arteriovenous fistula 195
Arteriovenous fistula, acquired 195
Artery, anterior tibial 176
Artery, axillary 177
Artery, brachial 177
Artery, common carotid 177
Artery, dorsalis pedis 176
Artery, facial 178
Artery, femoral 177
Artery, peroneal 176
Artery, popliteal 177
Artery, posterior tibial 176
Artery, radial 177
Artery, subclavian 173
Artery, superficial temporal 178
Artery, ulnar 177
Arthritis, gouty 675
Arthritis, rheumatoid 675
Arthritis, tuberculous 675
Arthroscopy 633
Arthroscopy 694,
Ascending urethrogram 567, 763
Ascending venogram 211
Ascites, grading 463
Askanazy cells 366
Assessment of specific symptoms 10
Associated symptoms 7
Astereognosis 240
Astrocytoma 605
Atheroma 188
Atherosclerosis 189
Athlete's foot 591
Atkins mammary fistula 398
Atrophic scirrhous carcinoma breast 393
Atrophie blanche 201
Attitude of the patient 20
Auditory nerve 602
Auscultation 51
Auscultopercussion test 465, 504
Avascular necrosis of femoral head 691
Avulsion fracture lesser trochanter 652
Axillary artery 177
Axillary lymph nodes 224
Axillary nerve injury 252
Axillary nodes examination 225
Axillary sampling 391
Axillary tail of Spence 386
Axillary vein thrombosis 215
Axonotmesis 247
Azotemia 556
B
Babcock's triangle 691
Back wash ileitis 475
Bacteremia 144
Bag of worms 432
Baghdad sore 101
Baid test 516
Bairsdale ulcer 94
Balanoposthitis 446
Baldwin's method of renal percussion 562
Baldwing's test 484, 487
Ballance's sign 626
Ballooning of prepuce 445
Ballooning of rectum 485
Ballottement test 644
Ballottment, kidney 561
Bamboo spine 707
Barium enema X-ray 468, 760
Barium enema X-ray, carcinoma colon 761
Barium enema X-ray, Hirschsprung's disease 762
Barium enema X-ray, ileocecal tuberculosis 762
Barium enema X-ray, technique 761
Barium meal follow through X-ray 760
Barium meal X- ray, benign gastric ulcer 758
Barium meal X-ray, duodenal ulcer 758
Barium studies 468
Barium swallow 550
Barium swallow X-ray 757
Barium swallow X-ray, achalasia cardia 757
Barium swallow X-ray, carcinoma esophagus 757
Barium swallow X-ray, carcinoma stomach 760
Barium swallow X-ray, gastric outlet obstruction 758
Barley water fluid 426
Barlow's test 690
Barrel chest 608
Barrett's esophagus 551
Barrett's ulcer 551
Bartholin duct 323
Bartholin glands 538
Basal cell carcinoma 148
Basal cell papilloma 144
Base ball finger 256
Baseballer's elbow 681, 682
Baseballer's elbow 682
Basedow's disease 364
Bassi peroforator 213
Bat ear 46
Bazin's disease 96
Bazin's ulcer 76
BCC 148
Beat's lines 27
Beck's triad 612
Bed sore 93
Bedner's tumor 147
Beefy red tongue 267
Beeturia 71
Belching 453
Belching 546
Bells at evening pealing 464
Belly cleft 526
Bence Jones protein 670
Bendavid classification 413
Benedict's quantitative test 72
Benediction attitude 683
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) 578
Benign subepithelial nodular fibrosis 147
Bennett's fracture dislocation 646
Benzidine test 556
Berg's level of axillary nodes 385
Berg's levels 224
Bernard's aphorism 490, 548
Berry's ligament 352
Berry's sign 359
Biceps jerk 603
Bidigital palpation of anal canal 535
Bidigital palpation of salivary gland 310
Bidigital palpation of submandibular salivary gland 314
Bidigital palpation of the mandible 270, 288
Bidigital palpation of the parotid gland 310
Bifid nose 595
Billiard testis 439
Billing's gate hump 138
Bimanual examination of anorectum 538
Bimanual palpation, upper end of humerus 637
Biopsy 58
Biopsy lymph node 229
Biopsy oral cavity 277
Biopsy types 58
Biopsy, drill 58
Biopsy, excision 59
Biopsy, incision 59
Biopsy, needle 59
Biopsy, open 59
Biopsy, punch 59
Biopsy, trucut 59
Biopsy, wedge 569
BI-RADS 388
Bird beak esophagus 550
Black eye 616
Black hairy tongue 266
Bladder mass 523
Bladder rupture 628
Bladder tumors 571, 577
Bladder, palpation 562
Blandin and Nuhn glands 280
Blaxland ruler test 463
Bleeding per rectum 528
Blind boil 143
Blood pressure 42
Blood pressure apparatus 43
Blood pressure cuff 44
Blood pressure phases 43
Bloodgood cyst 380, 395
Blount's disease 695
Blowouts 200, 205, 209
Blowout fracture 295
Blue line in gums 265
Blue nail 28
Blue nevus 149
Blue toe syndrome 184
Bluedome cyst of Bloodgood 395
Blumer shelf 510, 537, 466
BMI 18
Body mass index (BMI) 18, 19
Body weight 19
Boil 142
Boil, blind 143
Bolus obstruction 494
Bone cutting forceps 742
Bone cyst, aneurysmal 670
Bone cyst, unicameral 670
Bone disease of hyperparathyroidism 667
Bone nibbler 742
Bone tumors 667
Borborygmi 464, 485
Borrmann's classification 472
Bottle nose 147
Boutonniere deformity 257, 683
Bow leg 695
Bow sign 438
Bowel habits 480
Boyd perforator 213
Boyd's grading 167
Boyd's grading of claudication 186
Brachial artery 177
Brachial plexus anatomy 239
Brachial plexus injury 247
Brachioradialis 41
Bradycardia 41
Bradycardia, relative 41
Brain edema 616
Brain injuries, effects 617
Branchial cyst 326, 337
Branchial fistula 328, 337
Branham's sign 181
Brawny edema 378
Breast examination positions 373
Breast mouse 380
Breast quadrants 379
Breast self-examination 387
Breslow's grading 150
Brilliantly transilluminant swellings 434
Brittle bones 632, 667
Broder's grading 277
Brodie's abscess 661, 666
Brodie-Trendelenburg test 203
Bronchoscopy 609
Brown's law 431
Brown's vasomotor index 185
Browse's classification of lymphedema 230
Bruit 125, 181
Brush cytology 58
Bryant's triangle 650
Bubo 100, 235
Bubo, climatic 100
Bubonocele 413
Buccinator 311
Buerger's angle of vascular insufficiency 173, 180
Buerger's disease 189
Buerger's postural test 173, 180
Built 18
Built and nutritional status 18
Bulla 33
Bunion 138, 591
Bunionette 696
Bunnel's ischemic contracture 584
Burch grading 629
Burkitt's lymphoma 233, 293
Bursa anserina 138
Bursa olecranon 138
Bursa psoas 138
Bursa, adventitious 138
Bursa, bicipito-radial 138
Bursa, porter's 138
Bursa, semimembranosus 125, 126, 138, 139
Bursa, subacromial 137
Bursa, subhyoid 137
Bursa, tailor's 138
Bursa, weaver's 138
Bursae 137
Bursae, adventitious 137, 138
Bursae, anatomical 137
Bursitis 137
Bursitis, infrapatellar 138
Bursitis, prepatellar 138
Bursitis, retrocalcaneal 138
Burst fracture 701
Buschke Lowenstein tumor 448
Butcher's wart 145, 584
Button hole deformity 675
C
Cabanas node 224
Cachexia 20, 108, 261
Cachexia, malignant 20
Cadaveric pallor 173
Café au lait spots 33, 135
Calcaneal spur 696, 697
Calcaneus foot 695
Calcinosis cutis 139
Calcitonin 366
Calculus kidney 571
Callaway's test 638
Callosity 140
Callous ulcer 75
Calorie test 602
Calve's disease 708
Campbell de Morgan spot 34, 154
Canal of the Nuck, hydrocele of 435
Cancer en cuirasse 376, 381
Cancer, chimney sweeps 423
Cancer, Kangri 5
Cancer, oropharyngeal 278
Cancer, tear 148
Cancrum oris 194, 265, 283, 284, 597
Canker sore 262
Capillary filling time 173
Capillary refilling 175
Capillary vascular malformation 154
Caput medusa 500
Caput medusae 39, 457
Carbuncle 143
Carbuncle upper lip 263
Carbuncle, renal 144
Carcinoid facies 594
Carcinoma alveolus 280
Carcinoma breast in pregnancy 407
Carcinoma cecum 521
Carcinoma colon 476
Carcinoma colon, metachronous 769
Carcinoma colon, synchronous 769
Carcinoma cuniculatum 149
Carcinoma esophagus 553
Carcinoma Hurthle cell 350
Carcinoma lip 279
Carcinoma lung 611
Carcinoma medullary of breast 392
Carcinoma medullary thyroid 366
Carcinoma of breast 391
Carcinoma of breast, classification 392
Carcinoma of cheek 278
Carcinoma of floor of the mouth 280
Carcinoma of stomach 472
Carcinoma pancreas 480
Carcinoma penis 448
Carcinoma prostate 578
Carcinoma prostate, staging 579
Carcinoma pyriform fossa 298
Carcinoma rectum 540
Carcinoma rectum, Duke's staging 540
Carcinoma rectum, modified Duke's staging 540
Carcinoma sigmoid colon 523
Carcinoma stomach, Borrmann‘s classification 768
Carcinoma stomach, histological types 768
Carcinoma stomach, Japanese classification 768
Carcinoma stomach, Ming‘s classification 768
Carcinoma stomach, TNM classification 768
Carcinoma stomach, WHO pathological classification 768
Carcinoma tongue 279
Carcinoma transverse colon 517
Carcinoma, adenoid cystic 319
Carcinoma, chutta 278
Carcinoma, hard palate 280
Carcinoma, larynx 301
Carcinoma, lip 262
Carcinoma, nasopharyngeal 300
Carcinoma, of posterior third of tongue 280
Carcinoma, primary branchiogenic 340
Carcinoma, scirrhous 392
Carcinoma, scrotum 427
Carcinoma, verrucous 278
Card test 244
Card test 250
Cardiac tamponade 612
Caries sicca 680
Carnett's test 462, 503
Carotid artery aneurysm 326
Carotid body 338
Carotid body syncope 339
Carotid body tumor 326, 338
Carotid body tumor, Shamblin classification 339
Carpal tunnel syndrome 249
Carpal, metacarpal, phalangeal bones 645
Carr's postulates 571
Carrying angle 640, 681
Carrying angle, measurement 641
Cartography 211
Castell's method of splenic dullness 464
Cat scratch fever 235
Catagen 35
Catgut 739
Catgut, chromic 739
Catgut, plain 739
Catheter introducer 736
Catheter, Foley's 734
Catheter, Malecot's 735
Catheter, nonself-retaining 734
Catheter, red rubber 735
Catheter, self-retaining 734
Catheterisation, types 734
Catheters 734
Catheters, metal 735
Catheters, metal, female 736
Catheters, metal, male 735
Cauliflower ear 47, 106
Causalgia 10
Causalgia 238, 248
Causes of lymph node enlargement 231
Causes of nonhealing ulcer 93
Cavernous lymphangioma 338
Cavernous sinus thrombosis 81, 597
CEAP classification of varicose veins 210
Cellular study 58
Cellulitis 140
Cellulitis face 141
Cellulitis, clinical features 140
Cellulitis, orbital 140
Cellulitis, sequelae 140
Cerebellar hemisphere tumor 606
Cerebellar lesion 602
Cerebellar vermis tumor 606
Cerebral concussion 617
Cerebral contusion 617
Cerebral laceration 617
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis 69
Cervical lymph node examination 276
Cervical lymph nodes 226, 332
Cervical rib 341
Cervical rib syndrome 341
Chain of lake appearance 749, 470
Chair test 682
Champagne bottle sign 201
Chance injury 701
Chancre Hunterian 100
Chancre, hard 100
Chancre, Hunterian 282
Chancre, soft 100
Chancroid 100, 235, 443
Charcot's joint 671
Charcot's triad 750
Chassaignac anterior tubercle 177
Chassaigne tubercle 173
Cheek carcinoma 278
Cheek, inspection 263
Cheek, mucus cyst 264
Cheek, palpation 270
Cheilosis 263, 284
Chemodectoma 338
Chemosis 351
Cherubism 294
Chest injuries 622
Chest wall tumors 613
Chest wall, shape 608
Chest X-ray 60, 752
Chevassou maneuver 775
Chevrier percussion/Tap sign 207
Chew and spit test 467
Cheyene Stokes respiration 615
Chiba needle 470
Chief complaints 6
Chiene's test 651
Chilaiditi's syndrome 492
Chilblains 94, 195
Child's grading 514
Child's grading, Pugh's modification 514
Chimney sweep's cancer 423
Chin test 329
Chisel 742
Chlamydia 100
Cholecystitis 473
Cholecystitis, acute 488
Cholescintigraphy 485
Cholesterol crystals 433
Cholesteroses 772
Chondroma 668
Chondrosarcoma 670
Chordee 443, 447
Chordoma 140
Chronic cholecystitis 473
Chronic constrictive pericarditis 612
Chronic lymphadenitis 231
Chronic lymphatic leukemia 236
Chronic pancreatitis 473
Chronic retropharyngeal abscess 340
Chronic subdural hematoma 619
Chronic superficial glossitis 282
Chutta carcinoma 378
Chvostek's sign 369
Chylocele 435
Chylolymphatic cyst 519
Chyluria 71
Cimino fistula 195
Circle of death 412
Circumduction gait 685
Cirrhotic face 22
Cirsoid aneurysm 155, 597
Clamp, bulldog 717
Clamp, de Bakey's vascular 718
Clamp, Satinsky vascular 7 18
Clamps, bowel occlusion 729
Clamps, Doyen‘s intestinal occlusion 729
Clamps, Moynihan‘s bowel occlusion 729
Clamps, Payr‘s crushing 729
Clapper in bell 440
Clark's level 151
Classification Fontaine 179
Classification gangrene 187
Classification of diseases 53
Classification Rutherford 179
Classification, Browse's, lymphedema 230
Classification, DeBakey's 193
Classification, Kinmonth 234
Classifications of neck swellings 337
Claudication distance 186
Claudication grading 186
Claudication neurological 178
Claudication venous 178
Claudication, intermittent 185
Claw hand 239, 250, 262, 683
Claw sign 469
Clawing of toes 696
Clear cell carcinoma 776
Cleft lip 261, 594
Cleft palate 261, 268, 594, 595
Clergyman's knee 6, 138, 692
Clicking of jaw 290
Climatic bubo 100, 235
Clinical methods 2,3
Clinician 1
Clinistix 72
Cloquet lymph node 224
Cloquet's deep lymph node 445
Cloquet's hernia 421
Cloquet's lymph node 421
Closed loop obstruction 493
Club foot 591, 697
Clubbing 28
Clubbing causes 28, 29
Clubbing grading 29
Clutton's joint 675
Cobb's angle 708
Cobra head appearance, IVU finding 569
Coccydynia 537
Cock's peculiar tumour 133
Cockett perforator 213
Codman's method of shoulder palpation 678
Codman's triangle 669, 754
Coffman criteria 190
Coin test 709
Cold abscess 142, 232, 339
Cold abscss, hip joint 687
Cold and warm water test 180
Coleman's fracture 297
Colic, appendicular 495
Colic, biliary 495
Colic, intestinal 495
Colic, salivary 306
Colic, ureteric 495
Colicky pain 478, 495
Collapsing pulse 42
Colloid cyst 605
Colon, diverticular disease 523
Colonic mass 516
Colonic tuberculosis 517
Colonoscopy 539
Common carotid artery 177
Common peroneal nerve lesion 251
Complications of neurofibroma 135
Compound nevus 149
Compound palmar ganglion 588, 684
Compressibility 120, 153
Compression test 620, 647
Condyloma acuminata 445, 533
Condyloma lata 533
Congenital anomalies of breast 397
Congenital cyst 129
Congenital dislocation of hip 690
Congenital fissure tongue 267
Congenital manus valgus 643
Congenital short frenum of upper lip 595
Congenital talipes equinovarus 697
Coning 617, 618
Consistency, paradox 115
Constipation 16, 454
Contour of shoulder 637, 677
Contrast X-ray 61
Contre coup injury 617
Cope's obturator test 484, 487
Cope's psoas test 484, 487
Cork screw esophagus 550
Corn 140
Corona phlebectatica 214
Corrigan's pulse 42
Corrosive stricture of esophagus 552
Corrugated supercilii 311
Cortisol ulcer 77
Costoclavicular compression maneuver 178
Costoclavicular space 341
Costovertebral angle 715
Cough impulse, Morrissey's 201, 202, 206
Countryman's lip 259, 279
Coup injury 617
Courvoisier's law 461, 481, 513, 771
Cozen's test 682
Crab flesh white color 293
Cracked lip 262
Cranial nerve examination 598
Craniopharyngiomas 606
Cremesteric reflex 603
Crepitus 50, 116
Crepitus of bone 51
Crepitus of bursitis 51
Crepitus tenosynovitis 51
Crepitus, joint 51
Crepitus, laryngeal 334
Crepitus, subcutaneous emphysema 50
Crest syndrome 190
Cretin 22
Cricket ballbladder 557, 576
Cricketing approach to the abdomen 467
Crile's method 355
Crile's method of palpation of thyroid 329
Crisis porphyria 495
Crisis, diabetic 495
Crisis, thyrotoxic 367
Criteria, Coffman 190
Critical limb ischemia 187
Crohn's disease 521
Crosby Kugler capsule 58
Cross fluctuant 435
Cross fluctuation 118, 429
Cross leg test 180
Cross-fluctuation, ankle joint 696
Cross-fluctuation, elbow joint 682
Cross-fluctuation, knee joint 692
Crurum puellarum frigidum 194
Crusts 33, 73
Crutch palsy 251
Cruveilhier's sign of saphena varix 206
Cry of dying nerves 179
Cryptorchidism 436
CSF otorrhea 618
CSF rhinorrhea 618
CT scan imaging 64
Cubitus valgus 640, 640, 681, 683
Curdy white patches 283
Curdy white tongue 267
Curtain sign 308, 309
Cutaneous T cell lymphoma 233
Cyanosis 24
Cyanosis central 24
Cyanosis peripheral 24
Cylindroma 598
Cylindroma, multiple 147
Cyst dermoid, ear 46
Cyst distension 121
Cyst exudation 121
Cyst of the epididymis 438
Cyst retention 121
Cyst, apoplectic 129
Cyst, Bloodgood 380
Cyst, branchial 326, 337
Cyst, clinical features 130
Cyst, congenital 129
Cyst, degenerative 130
Cyst, dental 288, 292
Cyst, dentigerous 288, 292
Cyst, dermoid 326
Cyst, effects 130
Cyst, epidermal 131
Cyst, false 129
Cyst, lymph 139
Cyst, lymphatic 139
Cyst, Morrant Baker's 125, 126
Cyst, Morrant Baker's 139
Cyst, mucus retention 281
Cyst, mucus, cheek 264
Cyst, parasitic 130
Cyst, periapical 292
Cyst, radicular 292
Cyst, sebaceous 132
Cyst, sequestration dermoid 130
Cyst, simple bone 670
Cyst, thyroid 343
Cyst, traumatic 130
Cyst, true 128
Cyst, unicameral bone 670
Cystadenocarcinoma of pancreas 481, 516
Cysteine stone 572
Cystic hygroma 155, 338
Cystic swellings of breast 387
Cystic tumors 130
Cystitis 575
Cystitis, honeymoon 575
Cystocele 412
Cystosarcoma phylliodes 395
Cystoscopy 568
Cysts 128
Cysts of bone 670
Cysts of embryonic remnants 129
Cysts, acquired 130
Cysts, classification 129
D
Dactylitis 684
Daintree Johnson classification 471
Dangerous zone of face 597
D-dimer test 212
de Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis 684
de Quervain's tenosynovitis 254, 255
de Quervain's thyroiditis 367
DeBakey's classification 193
Deceleration and acceleration injuries 617
Decoy prostate 578
Decubitus of the patient 20
Decubitus ulcer 93
Decubitus, Kneeling prayer 21
Decubitus, left lateral 20
Decubitus, right lateral 20
Decubitus, rigid dorsal 21
Decubitus, squatting 21
Deep inguinal ring 411
Deep palmar space infection 586
Deep ring occlusion test 407
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) 215
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) 198
Defecation 16
Deformities of spine 711
Deformity, intrinsic minus 250
Deformity, intrinsic plus 250
Delayed union 635
Delhi boil 101
Delphian node 359
Deltoid muscle 241
Deming's sign 440
Demodex folliculorum 132
Dental abscess 293
Dental cyst 288, 292
Dentigerous cyst 288, 292
Depressed skull fracture 619
Depressor, Macintosh 724
de-Quervain's thyroiditis 365
Derbyshire neck 344
Dercum's disease 101, 104, 133
Dermal flare 200, 209, 214
Dermal histiocytoma 147
Dermal veins 214
Dermatofibroma 147
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans 147
Dermoid cyst 326
Dermoid cyst, ear 46
Dermoid implantation 105
Dermoid sequestration 123
Dermoid, external angular 130
Dermoid, implantation 131
Dermoid, internal angular 130
Dermoid, submental 131
Dermoid, teratomatous 131
Dermoids 122, 130
Dermoids, sequestration 130
Descending venogram 211
Desmoid tumor 137, 526
Development of face 594
Diabetic crisis 495
Diabetic foot 194
Diagnosis, anatomical 128
Diagnosis, pathological 128
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage 625
Diaphragmatic eventration 612
Diaphragmatic hernia 612
Diaphyseal aclasia 667
Diaphyseal aclasis 668
Diarrhea 16, 454
Diet 8
Dietl's crisis 559, 570
Difference between direct and indirect inguinal hernia 415
Differential diagnosis for neck lymph node enlargement 339
Diffuse esophageal spasm 549
Diffuse hydrocele of the cord 439
Di-George's syndrome 369
Digital examination of anorectum 535, 536
Digital examination of rectum 466, 485, 563
Digital examination of rectum, positions 531
Digital subtraction angiogram (DSA) 184
Digitus quintus varus 696
Dilator, Bake's 730
Dilator, Clutton's 737
Dilator, Lister's urethra l 736
Dilator, tracheal (Trousseau's) 732
Dimple of Venus 713
Diner fork deformity 643, 645
Dinner fork deformity 631
Dip method for ascites 503
Diphtheritic desert sore 101
Diphtheritic ulcer 77
Dipping method for ascites 466
Direct hernia 411
Direct laryngoscopy 301
Disappearing pulse syndrome 180
Disappearing pulse, sign 176, 180
Discharge from the nipple 376
Discharge of nipple 389
Discharge, sinus 157, 159
Disease of Reclus 393
Disease, Buerger's 189
Disease, Dercum's 133
Disease, Eve's 292
Disease, Fordyce's 133
Disease, Marvan's 195
Disease, Milroy's 234
Disease, Mondor's 216, 376
Disease, Mule Spinner's 423
Disease, Parry Romvetg 154
Disease, Schimmelbusch 395
Disease, von Recklinghausen of neurofibroma 135
Diseases of arteries 188
Diseases of larynx 301
Diseases of pharynx 299
Diseases of umbilicus 524
Dislocation 635
Dislocation lunate 646
Dislocation of elbow, posterior 643
Dislocation of hip 652
Dislocation of patella, recurrent 656
Dislocation of shoulder 639
Dislocation of shoulder, posterior 639
Dislocation of shoulder, recurrent 639
Distal run off 184
Distraction test 647
Diverticulitis 517
Dodd perforator 213
Doppler 183
Doppler effect 63
Doppler study 63
Doppler types 63
Doppler, venous 211
Dorsal interossei 244
Dorsal position 531
Dorsalis pedis artery 176
Double barreled aorta 193
Double contrast X-ray 61
Double hernia 419
Down's syndrome 22
Doyen's mouth gag 741
DPL 625
Dragstedt test 466
Drain, closed suction tube 733
Drain, corrugated rubber 733
Drain, glove 733
Drain, tube 733
Drain, wick 733
Drains 733
Dressler's quadrangle 448
Drill biopsy 58
Drinker heavy 8
Drinker light 8
Drinker moderate 6
Drinker occasional 8
Drinker problem 8
Drinker very heavy 8
Driver's bottom 541
Dropped foot 245
Dryness of mouth 49
Ducrey's ulcer 76, 100, 235
Duct carcinoma in situ 389, 392
Duct ectasia 396
Duct papilloma 397
Duct, Stenson's 306, 308
Duct, Wharton's 306, 308, 314
Ductal lavage 389
Ductography 391
Ductoscopy 391
Dugas test 638
Dumb bell tumor 319, 339
Dunhill classification 365
Duodenal ulcer, features of 472
Duplex scan 183
Duplication of renal pelvis 568
Dupuytren's contracture 256, 583
Dupuytren's fracture 658
Dwarfism 18
Dyshormonogenesis 347, 367
Dyspepsia, flatulent 453
Dyspepsia, non-ulcer 453
Dysphagia 546, 548
Dysphagia lusoria 549
Dysphagia, causes 548, 549
Dysphagia, evaluation 549
Dysphagia, history taking 547
Dysphagia, sideropenic 298, 546
Dysuria 555
E
e-thrombosis 198
Ear, bat 46
Ear, cauliflower 47
Ear, keloid 47
Early satiety 9
Ears 46
EAST 341
Ecchondroma 668
Ecchymosis 33
ECOG performance status 54
Ectopia vesicae 575
Ectopic gestation, ruptured 495
Ectopic kidney 522
Ectopic salivary gland 316, 323
Ectopic testis 437
Ectopic thyroid 368
Edema 36, 37
Edema eyelids 46
Edema glottis 301
Edema grading 38
Edge, everted 74
Edge, punched out 74
Edge, raised and beaded 73
Edge, sloping 73, 81
Edge, undermined 73, 82
Elbow flexion test 683
Elbow joint 639
Elbow joint movement 642, 682
Elbow joint, three bony point relationship 641
Elbow tunnel syndrome 683
Elephantiatic neurofibromatosis 135
Elevated arm stress test (EAST) 178, 341
Elusive ulcer 575
Emboli, arterial 191
Embolism 191
Embolism, air 192
Embolism, fat 192
Embolism, features 191
Embolus 188
Embolus, saddle 192
Emphysema, mediastinal 621
Emphysema, surgical 621
Empyema necessitans 609
Empyema thoracis 609
Encephalocele 596
Enchondroma 668
Enchondromatosis 667
Encysted hydrocele 429
Encysted hydrocele of the cord 434
Endemic goiter 344
Endemic hematuria 575
Endocyst 777
Endoscopic esophageal staing 550
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) 470, 763
Endoscopy examination 60
Endosonography 550
Endotoxic shock 144
Endotracheal tube 732
Enlarged spleen 516
Enterocele 412, 415
Enteroclysis 468, 760
Enterogenous cyst 519
Enterohepatic circulation 26
Enuresis 555
Ependymoma 605
Ephelis 150
Epidermal cyst 131
Epidermoid cyst 131
Epididymis, cyst of 438
Epididymitis 439
Epididymitis, tuberculous 427, 439
Epididymo orchitis, filarial 439
Epididymoorchitis, acute 432
Epidiymitis, palpation of 431
Epigastric hernia 418
Epiphora 287
Epispadias 444, 447
Epithelioid cells 232
Epithelioma 98, 148
Epitheliomatous ulcer 82
Epstein pearls 294
Epulis 290, 291
Epulis carcinomatous 292
Epulis, congenital 291
Epulis, fibrosarcomatous 292
Epulis, fibrous 291
Epulis, giant cell 292
Epulis, granulomatous 291
Epulis, myelomatous 291
Epulis, pregnancy 291
Erb's palsy 237, 238, 239
Erb's point 239
Erb-Duchenne palsy 237, 248
Eruptions nonpalpable 30
Erysipelas 141
Erysipeloid disease 141
Erythema induratum 96
Erythema nodosum 25
Erythralgia 191
Erythrocyanosis frigida 96
Erythromelalgia 191
Erythroplakia 264, 281
Erythroplasia Querat 445, 448
Esbach's albuminometer 72
Esbach's reagent 72
Eschar 188
Eskimoma 318
Esophageal manometry 550
Esophageal motility disorders 550
Esophagoscopy 549
Esophagoscopy, fibreoptic/video flexible 550
Esophagus, ‘bird beak’ 550
Esophagus, carcinoma 553
Esophagus, corrosive stricture 552
Esophagus, foreign body 550
Esophagus,'cork screw’ 550
Esthiomene 101
Esthiomene 235
Estrogen receptors 389
Ethmoidal sinusitis 304
e-thrombosis 215
Ethylene 740
Etiology of oral cancers 261
European hernia society classification 413
Eve's disease 292
Eventration of diaphragm 612
Eversion 590
Eversion 657, 658
Ewing's sarcoma 670
Examination by exploration 67
Examination in abdominal injuries 624
Examination in arterial diseases 166
Examination in bone diseases 661
Examination in chronic abdominal conditions 450
Examination in dysphagia 546
Examination in head injuries 614
Examination in injuries around shoulder joint and arm 636
Examination in injuries of ankle joint and foot 657
Examination in injuries of elbow joint and forearm 639
Examination in injuries of knee joint and leg bones 652
Examination in injuries of various joints 636
Examination in injuries of wrist joint and hand 643
Examination in intracranial diseases 600
Examination in pathological knee joint 691
Examination in pathologies of individual joint 677
Examination in rectal and vaginal problems 528
Examination in spine injuries and diseases 698
Examination of acute abdomen 477
Examination of anorectum 531
Examination of axillary nodes 225
Examination of back 710
Examination of bone and joint injuries 630
Examination of breast 370
Examination of cervical lymph nodes 276
Examination of cervical nodes 226
Examination of chest diseases 608
Examination of chest injuries 620
Examination of cranial nerves 600
Examination of face and head 593
Examination of feces 70
Examination of hand 581
Examination of hernia 399
Examination of injuries to pelvis 646
Examination of jaw 285
Examination of larynx 300
Examination of lymphatic system 217
Examination of male external genitalia 442
Examination of muscles, tendons and fasciae 254
Examination of nails 26
Examination of nasal cavities and paranasal air sinuses 302
Examination of nasopharynx 299
Examination of neck 324
Examination of oral cavity 259
Examination of pathological elbow joint 681
Examination of pathological hip joint 685
Examination of pathological joint 671
Examination of pathological wrist and joints of hand 683
Examination of peripheral nervous system 237
Examination of pharynx 298
Examination of pulse 41
Examination of salivary gland 305
Examination of skin and mucous membrane 23
Examination of the tongue 272
Examination of thyroid 342
Examination of urine 71, 564
Examination of varicose veins 197
Examination on injuries of hip and thigh 648
Excessive hair growth 36
Exomphalos 526
Exomphalos major 526
Exomphalos minor 526
Exophthalmos 349, 352
Exophthalmos 45
Exophthalmos, malignant 349
Expansile impulse 112
Expansile impulse on coughing 120, 403, 406
Expansile pulsation 120, 508
Exstrophy of bladder 576
Extensor muscles of the wrist 241
External genitalia, examination 507
Extra dural hematoma 618
Extravasation of urine 440
Exuberant granulation tissue 92
Eyelid edema 46
Eyes 45
F
Face and head, benign lesions 597
Face and head, infective lesions 597
Face and head, malignant lesion 598
Face and head, traumatic problems 596
Face lemon yellow 22
Face look 22
Face of myasthenia gravis 594
Face, cirrhotic 22
Face, in Addison's disease 22
Face, in myxedema 22
Face, in primary polycythemia 22
Face, in Wilson's disease 22
Face, mask 22
Face, moon red 22
Facial artery 178
Facial cleft 595
Facial nerve 310, 602
Facial nerve anatomy 322
Facial nerve examination 310
Facial nerve palsy 312
Facial nodes 342
Facies 22
Facies of congenital syphilis 594
Facies of cretinism 594
Facies of hepatic cirrhosis 594
Facies of Punch and Judy 22
Facies, adenoid 22
Facies, Hippocratica 480
Facies, tabetic 22
Factitia, thyrotoxicosis 365
Factitious ulcer 77
Falconer test 178
Falling of hair 35
Familial adenomatous polyp (FAP) 475
Family history and genetic history 9
FAP 475
FAST 625
Fat embolism 192, 634
Fatigue 16
Fatigue fracture 592
Febrile convulsions 48
Feces examination 70
Fegan's test 206
Felon 585
Felty's syndrome 518
Femoral artery 177
Femoral canal, anatomy 420
Femoral head, palpation 687
Femoral hernia 416, 420
Femoral nerve 424
Femoral nerve stretch test 706
Femoral swellings 423
Ferguson Smith syndrome 149
Fetor oris 279
Fever 47
Fever causes 46
Fever grading 46
Fever, continuous 48
Fever, glandular 235
Fever, intermittent 48
Fever, Pel Ebstein 48, 220
Fever, relapsing 48
Fever, remittent 48
Fever, types 48
Fibroadenoma breast 395
Fibroadenoma, giant 379
Fibrocystadenosis of breast 395
Fibroepithelial polyp 282
Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus 148
Fibroma 137
Fibroma hard 137
Fibroma soft 137
Fibroma true 137
Fibroma, ossifying 292
Fibrosarcoma 152
Fibrous dysplasia 292
Filarial lymphadenitis 235
Final diagnosis 53
Finger invagination test 407
Finkelstein test 684
Fish handler's disease 141
Fissure in ano 532, 542
Fistula 157
Fistula in ano 532, 536, 543
Fistula, branchial 337
Fistula, Cimino 195
Fistula, classification 163
Fistula, different discharges 161
Fistula, high level 543, 544
Fistula, intestinal classification 159
Fistula, low level 543, 544
Fistula, Park's classification 543
Fistula, salivary 307
Fistula, standard classification 543
Fistulogram 162
Fixed abduction and adduction deformity of hip 686
Fixed flexion deformity of hip 686
Fixed medial or lateral rotation deformity of hip 687
Flail chest 620, 622, 608
Flat foot 590
Flatulence 16
Flatulent dyspepsia 453
Flexor carpi ulnaris 243
Flexor digitorum profundus 243
Flexor digitorum superrficialis 243
Flexor pollicis longus 242
Floating nail 586
Floating prostate 629
Floor of the mouth, inspection 268
Floor of the mouth, palpation 273
Flower vase, IVU finding 568
Fluctuation 116
Fluctuation, by three finger test 118
Fluctuation, cross 118, 429
Fluctuation, standard 117
Fluid collections in the skin 33
Fluid thrill 463, 509
Fluorescence scan 363
Flush venogram 567
FNAC breast 389
FNNAC breast 389
Focused abdominal sonar trauma 625
Follicular carcinoma 292, 366
Fontaine classification 179
Food bolus 495
Foot drop 239, 245, 256, 264
Foot ulcers 101
Footballer's ulcer 76, 101
Foramen Langer 386
Forcep's, Kocher's 719
Forceps (Lister's) sinus 720
Forceps, Adson's 720
Forceps, Allis‘ tissue holding 719
Forceps, artery 717
Forceps, Babcock's 719
Forceps, bone cutting 742
Forceps, Cheatle's 716
Forceps, cord holding/ring (Cunningham's) 738
Forceps, Desjardin's choledocholithotomy 730
Forceps, dissecting 720
Forceps, dissecting, non-toothed 720
Forceps, dissecting, toothed 720
Forceps, Duval's lung-holding 726
Forceps, Fergusson's bone-holding/Lion 742
Forceps, Lane's tissue holding 719
Forceps, Magill's 733
Forceps, Moran-Baker's appendix holding 720
Forceps, mosquito 717
Forceps, right angle, Meigster's/Lahey's 718
Forceps, sequestrectomy 742
Forceps, sequestrum holding 742
Forceps, sponge-holding (Rampley's) 716
Forceps, Victor-Bonney's 720
Fordyce's disease 133
Foreign body in esophagus 550
Foreign body nose 304
Foreign body, esophagus 755
Foreign body, trachea 755
Fossa of Rosenmuller 300
Fournier's gangrene 432
Fracture 633
Fracture clavicle 639
Fracture complications 634
Fracture Cotton's 660
Fracture dislocation Monteggia 640, 641, 643
Fracture hangman 701
Fracture humerus 639
Fracture humerus, greater tuberosity 639
Fracture humerus, neck of humerus 639
Fracture humerus, shaft of humerus 639
Fracture mandible 297
Fracture maxilla 296
Fracture middle third face 295
Fracture neck of femur 651
Fracture of nasal bone 303
Fracture of pelvic ring, stable 648
Fracture of pelvic ring, unstable 648
Fracture pelvis 646
Fracture reverse Monteggia 643
Fracture scapula 639
Fracture shaft of tibia 657
Fracture spine 700
Fracture zygomatic complex 295
Fracture, ‘Bumper’ 656
Fracture, avulsion 634, 648
Fracture, Barton's 645
Fracture, blow-out 295
Fracture, burst 701
Fracture, calcaneal 660
Fracture, causes 633
Fracture, Chauffeur's 645
Fracture, Clay Shoveller's 701
Fracture, clinical features 635
Fracture, closed 631, 633
Fracture, Colle's 630, 644, 645
Fracture, comminuted 634
Fracture, complications 634
Fracture, compound 631, 634
Fracture, depressed 634
Fracture, Don Juan's 660
Fracture, Dupuytren's 660
Fracture, factors affecting healing 634
Fracture, femoral condyles 656
Fracture, Galeazzi 645
Fracture, Green stick 630, 633
Fracture, Guardsman 297
Fracture, Guerin 296
Fracture, Hume's 643
Fracture, intertrochanteric 652
Fracture, Jefferson 701
Fracture, Jone's 659
Fracture, Lover's 660
Fracture, Malgaigne 648
Fracture, march 631
Fracture, oblique 634
Fracture, open 631, 634
Fracture, patella 656
Fracture, pathological 632
Fracture, Pott's 660
Fracture, pyramidal 296
Fracture, scaphoid 646
Fracture, simple 631
Fracture, Smith's 644 728
Fracture, spiral 634
Fracture, stages of healing 634
Fracture, stellate 634
Fracture, subtrochanteric 652
Fracture, supracondylar 642, 656
Fracture, T/Y 643
Fracture, Tillaux 659
Fracture, transverse 634
Fracture, trilamellar 660
Fracture, types 633
Fracture, vertical compression of tibia 660
Fracture, Wood Jones 701
Fracture/injury Chopart's 659
Fracture/injury Lisfranc's 659
Fractures around ankle joint 659
Fractures due to fall of outstretched hand 646
Fragility test 518
Freckle 150
Frei's test 101
Freiberg's disease 592, 676
Frequency of urine 555
Frey's syndrome 320
Frie's test 230, 235
Frog hand 585, 587
Froment's sign 245, 250
Froment's test 245
Frontal sinusitis 304
Frostberg reverse“3” sign 758
Frostbite 94, 195
Frozen chest 609, 635
Frozen section biopsy of breast 389
Frozen shoulder 680
Fruchaud's myopectineal orifice 412
Fuchsig's test 180
Functional limb ischemia 186
Funicular hernia 421
Funiculitis 439
Funnel chest 608
Furuncle 142
G
Gaertner's vein 40
Gag reflux 602
Gait 589, 685
Gait of the patient 21
Gait, circumduction 22
Gait, festinating 22
Gait, high stepping 21
Gait, Trendelenburg 21
Gait, Waddling 21
Gaiter's area 199, 201
Gaiter's zone 215
Galactocele 396
Galactorrhea 397
Galactorrhea, primary 397
Galactorrhea, secondary 397
Galeazzi fracture 645
Galezia triad 256
Gallbaldder, Limey 750
Gallbladder, palpable mass 513
Gallbladder, palpation 462, 504
Gallbladder, porcelain 750
Gallstone ileus 495
Gallstones 473
Ganglion 136
Ganglioneuroma 136
Gangrene 168, 187
Gangrene, classification 187
Gangrene, dry 188
Gangrene, Fournier's 433
Gangrene, gas 194
Gangrene, infective 194
Gangrene, wet 188
Garden spade deformity 643, 645
Gardner's syndrome 137, 475
Garrod's pads 256
Gas gangrene 194
Gas under diaphragm 744
Gastric antral vascular ectasia 452
Gastric function tests 466
Gastric outlet obstruction 472
Gastric outlet obstruction, features of 472
Gastric ulcer 471
Gastric ulcer classification 471
Gastric ulcer, benign 767
Gastric ulcer, Johnson's classification 767
Gastric ulcer, malignant 767
Gastrinoma 480
Gastroesophageal reflux disease 550
Gastroschisis 526
Gastroscopy 470
General examination 17
General history 4
Generalized lymphadenopathy 227, 231
Genslen's test 707
Genu valgum 653, 694, 695
Genu varum 653, 694, 695
Geographic tongue 282
Geographical tongue 266
GERD 550
Gerhardt's test 72
Get above the swelling 405
Giacomini Cruveilhier vein 213
Giant cell reparative granuloma 293
Giant cell tumor 668
Giant fibroadenoma 379
Giant hernia 404
Gibbus 708
Gibert's classification 413
Gigantism 18
Gigli's saw 743
Gille's test 707
Gimbernat's ligament 420
Gingivae and gums 265
Giordano's sign 715
Girdle pain 671
Glands of Blandin and Nuhn 280
Glandular fever 235
Glasgow coma scale 617
Gliding test 121, 381
Gliomas 605
Globus pharyngeus 546
Glomangioma 134
Glomus tumor 134
Glossitis migrans 266
Glossitis, chronic superficial 282
Glossitis, median rhomboid 282
Glossopharyngeal nerve 602
Glottis, edema 301
Glucaganoma 480
Godwin's tumor 318
Goiter in infancy 368
Goldstein saline load test 472
Golf hole ureter 774
Golfer's elbow 258, 681, 682
Golf-hole ureter 569
Goodsall's rule 532, 533, 584
Goose foot 310, 322
Goose's foot 138
GORD 550
Gordon's biological test 230
Gornall's test 410
Gouty arthritis 675
Grading Breslow's 150
Grading of ascites 463
Grading of trismus 264
Grading, Boyd's 167
Graham Cole test 469
Grainger's method 459
Granulation tissue 92
Granulation tissue, exuberant 92
Granulation tissue, healthy 92
Granule 30
Granuloma pyogenicum 144
Granuloma, giant cell reparative 293
Granuloma, pyogenic 92
Grape-cluster appearance 765
Grave's disease 364
Grawitz tumor 574, 776
Great saphenous vein 212
Greater trochanter, palpation 649, 687
Greater trochanter, position 649
Grey Turner's method 462
Groin 399
Groin abscess 416, 424
Groin hernia 411
Groin hernia, Bendavid classification 413
Groin hernia, Gilbert's classification 413
Groin hernia, Nyhus classification 413
Groin, lymph nodes 224
Grynfelt Lesgaff triangle 422
GTNM staging 151
Guardsman fracture 297
Guerin fracture 296
Gumboil 291
Gumma of testis 439
Gumma, syphilitic 282
Gums and teeth, palpation 270
Gums, scurvy 265
Gunstock deformity 681
Gustatory sweating 320
Guttered veins 173
Guttering of vein 173, 180
Guyon's canal 250
Gynecomastia 397
H
Haematoma ear 106
Haemophillus Ducreyi 235
Hair 35
Hairs, Lanugo 35
Hairy mole 149
Halitosis 260, 261
Halitosis 279
Hallus valgus 696
Hallux rigidus 591
Hallux valgus 591
Hallux varus 696
Halo nevus 150
Halsted maneuver 179
Halsted nodes 385
Hamartoma 153
Hamilton ruler test 638
Hammer toe 592
Hammer toe deformity 696
Hamptom's line 758
Hand chancre 100
Hand diseases 584
Hand infections 585
Hand injuries 588
Hand-knee gait 692
Handle, Bard Parker's 727
Hang nail 586
Hard chancre 443
Hard liver with multiple nodules 512
Hard palate 268
Hard swellings in the breast 387
Harvey's venous refilling test 175
Hashimoto's thyroiditis 366
Hatch perforator 213
Hay's test 72
Head injury, mechanism 616
Head of radius, palpation 640
Head of the femur, position 649, 650
Healy's classification of lymph nodes 332
Heart burn 16, 453, 546
Heberden's nodes 257, 684
Helicobacter pylori 472
Heller's test 72
Hemangioma 153
Hemangioma, capillary 153
Hemangioma, cavernous 153
Hemangioma, oral cavity 282
Hemangioma, strawberry 153
Hematemesis 15, 452, 479
Hematemesis, causes 452
Hematocele 435
Hematoma 33
Hematoma scalp 596
Hematoma, extradural 618
Hematoma, nasal septum 304
Hematoma, subdural 619
Hematomyelia 701
Hematorrachis 694
Hematuria 556
Hematuria, early 556
Hematuria, gross 556
Hematuria, isolated 556
Hematuria, microscopic 556
Hematuria, nephronal 556
Hematuria, silent 556
Hematuria, terminal 556, 559
Hematuria, total 556
Hemianopia 601
Hemoglobinuria 556
Hemorrhage superficial conjunctival 616
Hemorrhage, pontine triad 616
Hemorrhage, subconjunctival 616
Hemorrhages, splinter 27
Hemorrhoids 541
Hemorrhoids, primary 541
Hemorrhoids, secondary 541
Hemostat 717
Hemothorax 623
Hepar lobatum 512
Hepatocellular carcinoma 512
Hepatojugular reflux 40
Hepatoma 510
Hepatorenal pouch 490
Herald Style's technique 385
Hereditary spherocytosis 517
Hernia funicular 421
Hernia inspection 403
Hernia orifices 482
Hernia palpation 405
Hernia recurrent 417
Hernia testis 427
Hernia through foramen, Bochdalek 612
Hernia through foramen, Morgagni 612
Hernia, clinical classification 412
Hernia, Cloquet's 421
Hernia, deep ring occlusion test 407
Hernia, diaphragmatic 612
Hernia, direct 414
Hernia, double 419
Hernia, epigastric 418
Hernia, femoral 420
Hernia, femoral Narath's 421
Hernia, finger invagination test 407
Hernia, giant 404
Hernia, Gilbert's classification 413
Hernia, hiatus 551
Hernia, history 400
Hernia, incarcerated 412
Hernia, incisional 417
Hernia, infantile 422
Hernia, inflamed 412
Hernia, irreducibility 401
Hernia, irreducible 412
Hernia, lumbar 422
Hernia, Maydl's 420
Hernia, obstructed 412
Hernia, obstruction 401
Hernia, obturator 421
Hernia, occult 413
Hernia, pantaloons 417, 419
Hernia, paraesophageal 551
Hernia, paraumbilical 418
Hernia, phantom 422
Hernia, reducibility 401, 405
Hernia, reducible 412
Hernia, Richter's 419
Hernia, rolling 551
Hernia, Romberg 419
Hernia, saddle 419
Hernia, sliding 406, 419, 420
Hernia, sliding femoral 421
Hernia, Spigelian 421
Hernia, strangulated 412, 420
Hernia, strangulation 401
Hernia, Swiss cheese 419
Hernia, umbilical 419
Hernia, ventral 419
Hernia, Zieman's test 406
Hess test 518
Hesselbach's triangle 415
Hiatus hernia 551
Hibernoma 133
Hiccough 546
Hiccup 14
Hidradenitis suppurativa 143
Hidradenoma 141
Hip dislocation 652
Hip joint movements 651
Hip tuberculosis 691
Hippocrates facies 488
Hippocratic facies 22, 491, 593
Hirschsprung's disease 474
Hirsutism 35, 36
History of present illness 6
History taking 4
HO's triangle 300
Hodgkin's lymphoma 233
Holdswath test 700
Hollander's insulin test 467
Homan's test 207, 215
Honeymoon cystitis 575
Hood sign 367
Hook sign 461
Hooked nail 592
Hormone assay 68
Horner's syndrome 46, 222, 333, 339
Horse-shoe kidney 568
Hot potato voice 280
Hounsfield number 64
Housemaid's knee 6, 138, 692
Hudson's brace with perforator and burr 743
Human papilloma virus 261
Humby's knife 741
Hunger pain 11
Hunger pain 451
Hunner's ulcer 575
Huntarian chancre 443
Hunter's disease 667
Hunter's perforator 213
Hunterian chancre 100, 282
Hurler's disease 667
Hurricane type 437
Hurthle cell carcinoma 366
Hutchinson's freckle 149
Hutchinson's pupil 616
Hutchinson's teeth 265
Hydatid of Morgagni 438
Hydatid thrill 118, 509, 777
Hydrocele 416, 424, 433
Hydrocele en bisac 435
Hydrocele fluid 432
Hydrocele of canal of Nuck 410
Hydrocele of the canal of the Nuck 435
Hydrocele of the cord, encysted 434
Hydrocele of the hernia sac 435
Hydrocele, bilocular 435
Hydrocele, complications of 435
Hydrocele, congenital 434, 434
Hydrocele, filarial 435
Hydrocele, infantile 417, 434
Hydrocele, post-herniorrhaphy 435
Hydrocele, primary vaginal 434
Hydrocele, secondary 435
Hydrocephalous 595
Hydrohepatosis 460, 474, 510
Hydronephrosis 570
Hydronephrosis specimen 773
Hydrops gallbladder 522
Hyperabduction maneuver 179
Hypercarotinemia 26
Hypernephroma 574, 776
Hyperparathyroidism 368
Hyperpyrexia 48
Hypertension 43
Hyperthermia malignant 48
Hyperthyroidism 346, 365
Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy 30
Hypertrophic scar 105, 145
Hypoglossal nerve 602
Hypoglossal nerve compression 222
Hypoglossal nerve injury 599
Hypoglossal nerve palsy 241, 267
Hypopharynx 298
Hypospadias 444, 447
Hypotension 43, 44
Hypotonic duodenography 469
I
Ian-Arid test 206
Icterus 25, 453
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) 518
Ileocecal tuberculosis 521
Iliac lymph node mass 522
Iliopsoas abscess 522
ILS 300
Immunological evaluation 68
Impetigo 144
Implantation dermoid 105, 131
Imprint cytology 58
In transit nodule 151
Incarcerated hernia 401
Incisional herni a 417
Incontinence of urine 555,560
Incontinence, false 560
Incontinence, stress 560
Incontinence, true 560
Incontinence, urge 560
Indirect inguinal hernia 411
Indirect laryngoscopy 300
Induratio penis plastic 447
Infantile body frame 18
Infantile hernia 422
Infections of bone 665
Infectious mononucleosis 235
Inferior radioulnar joint, assessment 644
Inferior venacaval obstruction 39, 500
Inflammatory carcinoma of breast 393
Infrapatellar bursitis 138
Infusion IVU 565
Ingrowing toe nail 28, 592
Inguinal canal 411
Inguinal canal anatomy 411
Inguinal canal, boundaries and anatomy 411
Inguinal defence 411
Inguinal hernia 399
Inguinal hernia in females 410
Inguinal hernia, indirect, hernia 413
Inguinal lymphadenopathy 416
Inguinal region, land marks 404
Inguinoscrotal and scrotal swellings 423
Injection abscess 105
Injuries around ankle 659
Injuries in kidney 627
Injuries to cruciate ligaments of knee 656
Injuries to medial collateral ligaments of knee 656
Injuries to medial semilunar cartilages of knee 656
Inner Waldeyer's ring 332
Innervation of various joints with muscle actions 253
Inspection 51
Inspiratory arrest 459
Intercostal tenderness 460
Intermittent claudcation 167, 185
Intermittent hydronephrosis 570
Internal angular dermoids 130
Internist tumor 574, 776
Interossei, dorsal 244
Interossei, palmar 243, 244
Interstitial cystitis 575
Intervertebral disc prolapse (IVDP) 708
Intestinal obstruction 492
Intestinal obstruction, adynamic 746
Intestinal obstruction, causes 746, 747
Intestinal obstruction, congenital 747
Intestinal obstruction, dynamic 746
Intra-abdominal mass 514
Intracranial abscess 603
Intracranial tumors 605
Intradermal nevus 149
Intramuscular hematoma 257
Intravenous cholangiography 469
Intravenous urogram 565, 762
Intravenous urogram, hydronephrosis 762
Intrinsic minus deformity 250
Intrinsic plus deformity 250
Intussusception 517, 520
Intussusception, acute 494
Inversion 590, 657, 658
Inverted beer bottle sign 201
Inverted foot 695
Inverted testis 431
Invertogram 545
Investigation types 57
Investigations 56
Investigations for arterial diseases 183
Investigations, for varicose veins 211
Involucrum 163, 666
Irving and Beadle's classification 159
Ischemia, critical limb 187
Ischemia, features 188
Ischemia, features of severe 183
Ischemia, functional limb 186
Ischemia, limb 186
Ischemia, upper limb 195
Ischiorectal abscess 542
Isotope 66
Isotope lymphoscintigraphy 230
Isotope renography 567, 571
Itching 15
IVC obstruction 39, 457, 486
J
Jack knife injury 701
Jaffe tumor 293
Jaundice 25, 453
Jaundice, obstructive 513
Jaundice, surgical 513
Jaw diseases investigations 290
Jaw tumors 290
Jaw tumors, lower 293
Jaw tumors, upper 293
Jaw, clicking 290
Jeep bottom 541
Jod-Basedow thyrotoxicosis 365
Johansson Larsen disease 676
Jugular venous pressure 39
Jugulodigastic nodes 342
Jugulo-omohyoid nodes 342
Junctional nevus 149
Juvenile melanoma 149
JVP 39
K
Kangri cancer 5
Kaposi's sarcoma 152
Karnofsky performance status (KPS) 54, 55
Kay's augmented histamine test 467
Kehr's sign 624, 627
Kehr's T tube 730
Kelly's point 545
Keloid 105, 145
Keloid, ear 47
Kenaway's sign 465
Keratoacanthoma 146, 263
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca 321
Kernohan's notch 618
Kernohan's notch effect 618
Ketone bodies 72
Kidney shadow 757
Kidney, ballottability 507
Kidney, bimanual palpation 506
Kidney, palpable mass 518
Kidney, palpation 506
Kienbock's disease 646, 676
Killian's dehiscence 338
Kingsbury test 72
Kinmonth classification 234
Kissing tonsils 298
Klap sign 160
Klatskin tumor 513
Klinefelter's syndrome 21
Klumpke's paralysis 237, 239, 248
Knee elbow position 508
Knee jerk 603
Knee-elbow position 531
Knie's sign 351
Knock knee 695
Knows in clinical practice 55
Knuckle 703, 708
Kocher's test 330, 357
Kohler's disease 592, 676
Kolionychia 27
Korotkoff's sound 42
Krukenberg tumor 466
Kussmaul's sign 41
Kveim Siltzbach test 236
Kyphosis 703, 708
Kyphosis, angular 711
Kyphosis, knuckle 711
Kyphosis, postural 708
Kyphosis, round 711
Kyphosis, rounded 709
Kyphosis, senile 708
L
Laboratory investigations 68
Lactating carcinomatosis 393
Lactional abscess of breast 396
Ladd's band 612
Lahey's method 330, 356
LAHS classification of cleft disorders 595
Langhans giant cells 229
Lanugo hairs 35
Laryngeal carcinoma 301
Laryngeal crepitus 334
Laryngocele 125, 331, 338
Laryngopharynx 298
Laryngoscopy, direct 301
Laryngoscopy, indirect 300
Larynx, anatomy 335
Larynx, diseases of 301
Larynx, examination of 300
Latent period of Bandit 627
Lateral aberrant thyroid 359
Lateral decubitus X-ray 744
Lather bottle stomach 472
Lauren's classification 472
Law, Brown's 431
Law, Courvoisier's 461
Le Fort classification 296
Leather bottle stomach 760
Lederhose's disease 256
Left hypochondrium, mass 517
Left iliac fossa, mass 523
Leg ulcers 101
Leiomyosarcoma 152
Lemeierre's syndrome 342
Lemon yellow face 22
Leonard vein 201
Leriche's syndrome 169, 186
Letssier-Meige's syndrome 234
Leukemia, chronic lymphatic 236
Leukonychia punctate 28
Leukonychia striata 28
Leukoplakia 263, 266, 281
Levator anguli oris 311
Levels of evidences 54
Lewis test 181
LGV 100
Lichen planus 266
Lid lag 352
Lid retraction 349, 350, 352
Liebermiester rule 41
Ligament, Berry's 352
Ligneous thyroiditis 367
Limb ischemia 186
Lime juice test 314
Limp 22
Lindsay line 28
Line of demarcation 172, 188
Line, Lindsay 28
Line, Nelaton's 650
Line, Onghren's 80
Line, Perkin's 690
Line, Schoemaker's 650
Line, Shenton's 651
Lingual thyroid 348, 368, 50
Linitis plastica 472
Linton's test 208, 215
Lip anatomy 261
Lip, carcinoma 262, 279
Lip, cleft 261
Lip, countryman's 259
Lip, cracked 262
Lip, inspection 261
Lip, palpation 270
Lip, upper, carbuncle 263
Lipodermatosclerosis 202, 214
Lipoma 133
Lipoma clinical features 126
Lipoma of the cord 416
Lipoma, telangiectasis 134
Liposarcoma 152
Lisch nodules 135
Lithotomy position 531
Litter's hernia 412
Liver dullness 463, 508
Liver dullness obliteration 484
Liver injury 626
Liver palpation 503
Liver span 503
Liver, palpable left lobe 515
Liver, palpation 460
Liver, surface marking 460
Lobular carcinoma in situ 393
Local examination 51
Locally advanced carcinoma of breast (LACB) 394
Locking 692
Locking of knee 653
Long thoracic nerve injury 252
Loose bodies in knee joint 656
Lordosis 703, 704
Loss of weight 454
Lovibond angle 29, 30
Lower end of forearm, palpation 644
Lower end of humerus, palpation 640
Lucid interval 614
Ludwig's angina 141, 340
Lumbar hernia 422
Lumbar puncture 603
Lumbrical muscles 243, 244
Lump 103
Lunate dislocation 646
Lung abscess 609
Lupus vulgaris 96, 597
Luxatio in erecta 639
Lymph cyst 139
Lymph node, biopsy 229
Lymph node, Cabanas 224
Lymph node, Cloquet 224
Lymph node, epitrochlear 227
Lymph node, microanatomy 217
Lymph node, Sigmund 227
Lymph nodes 217
Lymph nodes of groin 224
Lymph nodes, axilla 224
Lymph nodes, cervical 226
Lymph nodes, cervical, Sloan Kettering levels 226
Lymph nodes, Cloquet's deep 445
Lymph nodes, popliteal 227
Lymph nodes, submandibular 342
Lymph scrotum 427, 439
Lymph varix 429, 439
Lymphadenitis, filarial 235
Lymphadenitis, tuberculous 229, 232
Lymphadenopathy, generalized 227, 231
Lymphangiography 230
Lymphangioma 155
Lymphangioma circumscripta 155
Lymphangioma diffusum 155
Lymphangioma, capillary 155
Lymphangioma, cavernous 155
Lymphangitis, acute 234
Lymphatic cyst 139
Lymphatic system, examination 217
Lymphatic, watershed area 217
Lymphedema 234
Lymphedema ab agne 155
Lymphedema congenita 234
Lymphedema praecox 234
Lymphedema secondary 234
Lymphedema, classification, Browse's 230
Lymphedema, primary 234
Lymphogranuloma inguinale 100, 235
Lymphoma 232
Lymphomas 232
Lymphorrhagia 427
Lyre sign 339
M
Maccullum-Cola Pinto classification 629
Machinery murmur 125, 181, 196
Macrocheilia 262
Macrodactyly 683
Macroglossia 49, 266
Macrostoma 595
Macule 30
Madelung deformity 643, 645
Madura foot 164
Madura hand 165
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) 470
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 65
Magnuson's test 706
Malakoplakia 576
Malgaigne bulging 407
Malgaigne fracture 648
Malignant bone tumors 669
Malignant cachexia 20, 455
Malignant conditions of face and head 597
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) 152
Malignant hypertension 44, 48
Malignant lymphoma thyroid 366
Mallet 743
Mallet finger 256, 643
Mallet Guy's sign 462
Mallet's finger 643
Mallory Weiss syndrome 452
Malunion 635
Mammary dysplasia 395
Mammary fistula of Atkins 398
Mammography 388, 755
Mandible anatomy 285
Mandible, bidifital palpation of 270
Mandibular cleft 595
Mantoux test 57
Marble bones 632
March fracture 592, 660
Marfan's syndrome 21, 667
Marie Strumpell arthritis 707
Marion's disease 576
Marjolin's ulcer 78, 148
Martorell's hypertensive ulcer 76
Martorelle's ulcer 94
Maryfield introducer 734, 736
Mask face 22
Mass 103
Mass abdomen 496
Mass abdomen, intrinsic mobility 502
Mass abdomen, mobility 502
Mass in ascending colon 518
Mass in hypochondrium 523
Mass in lumbar region 518
Mass in the epigastrium 514
Mass in the hypogastrium 523
Massive enlargement of breast 387
Mastalgia 371, 397
Mastalgia, cyclical 395
Mastalgia, non-cyclical 397
Mastitis 396
Mastitis carcinomatosis 393, 407
Mastitis intramammary 396
Mastitis retromammary 396
Mastitis, subareolar 396
Matchstick test 118
Maxilla anatomy 286
Maxillary sinusitis 304
Maxillary tumors 291
Maxillo facial injuries 295
May or Kuster perforator 213
May's vein 40
Maydl's hernia 420
Mc Burney's point 483
Mc Burney's tenderness 483
McBurney's point 460
McMurray's test 655
MEA syndrome 368
Measurement of level of styloid process 644
Measurement, hip joint 689
Meatal ulcer 449
Meckel's diverticulum 492, 525
Meckler's triad 551
Meconium 71
Medial popliteal nerve 252
Median mental sinus 163
Median nerve injury 248
Median rhomboid glossitis 266, 282
Mediastinal emphysema 621
Mediastinal flutter 622
Mediastinal tumors 610
Medullary carcinoma of breast 392
Medullary carcinoma thyroid 366
Medulloblastoma 605
Megalodactyly 683
Megaloglossia 266
Meglumine iothalamate 565
Melanoglossia 49
Melanoma 150
Melanoma, ABCDE 151
Melanoma, acral lentiginous 150
Melanoma, amelanotic 150
Melanoma, desmoplastic 150
Melanoma, juvenile 149
Melanoma, lentigo maligna 150
Melanoma, nodular 150
Melanoma, subungual 150
Melanoma, superficial spreading 150
Melemesis 15
Melena 71, 453
Meleney's progressive gangrene 527
Meleney's ulcer 77
Melon seed bodies 588
Membrane reunions 709
MEN syndrome 347, 368
Meningiomas 605
Meningocele 596, 709
Meningo-encephalocele 596
Meniscus injury 656
Mental status 17
Mental status, grading 18
Mesenteric adenitis, acute nonspecific 495
Mesenteric cyst 519
Mesenteric lymph node mass 522
Metastatic carcinoma of breast 395
Methods of contractions of different muscles 124
Michaelis Gutmann bodies 576
Microalbuminuria 556
Microdactyly 683
Micrognathia 294
Micturating cystourethrography 567, 763
Middleton's maneuver 461
Midpalmar space 586
Mid-stream urine 564
Migraine 11
Mikulicz disease 322, 323
Mikulicz triad 322
Milian's ear sign 141
Milker's nodes 588
Mill's maneuver 682
Milroy's disease 234
Miner's bursa 681
Miner's elbow 138
Minor salivary gland 323
Minor salivary gland swellings, examination 316
Minor salivary gland tumor 320
Minute IVU 565
Mittelschmerz pain 12
Mixed salivary tumor 318
Mobile kidney 522
Mode of onset of symptom 6
Modified Adson's test 179, 341
Modified Perthes test 207
Modified Roos test 341
Modified Verdan zone in hand 585
MODS 144
Mole 149
Mole, hairy 149
Mole, non-hairy 149
Molluscum sebaceum 146
Mondor's disease 216, 376, 396
Mongolism 22
Monilial stomatitis 283
Monk's localization 624
Monteggia fracture dislocation 640, 641, 643
Montgomery's gland 376
Moodley's sign 40
Moon face of Cushing's syndrome 594
Moon's molar 265
Moor red face 22
Morgagni follicles infection 449
Morquio Braisfold's disease 667
Morrant Baker's cyst 125, 126, 139
Morrant Baker's cyst 692
Morris bitrochanteric test 651
Morrisey's cough impulse 201, 202, 206
Morrison's kidney pouch 490
Morton's metatarsalgia 592
Morvan's disease 195
Mose's sign 207, 215
Moulding 116
Mouth dryness 49
Movement in hip joint 687
Movement with deglutition 326
Movement, knee joint 693
Movements of ankle joint 658
Movements of elbow joint 642
Movements of knee joint 655
Movements of shoulder joint 679
Movements of spine 705
Movements of vocal cord 301
Moyniham's aphorism 750
Moynihan's method 460
Moynihan's sign 460
MRI of breast 391
MRI uses 65
Mucoepidermoid tumor 319
Mucous patches 282
Mucous retention cyst 281
Mucus cyst, cheek 264
Mulberry stone 573, 572
Mule spinner's disease 423
Multilocular cystic disease of jaw 292
Multiple air fluid levels 493, 746
Multiple chondromatosis 668
Multiple cylindroma 147
Multiple exostosis 667
Multiple fistula in ano 533
Multiple myeloma 670
Multiple tourniquet test 204
Murphy's kidney punch 507, 561
Murphy's point 483
Murphy's sign 459, 473
Murugassu's technique 545
Muscle guarding 458, 483
Muscle guarding and rigidity 483
Muscle hernia 257
Muscle power 181
Muscle power checking 241
Muscle power grading 176, 241
Muscle wasting 172
Myasthenia gravis 22
Myasthenia smile 22
Mycetoma pedis 164
Mycotic aneurysm 604
Myelocele 709
Myelomeningocele 709
Myopectineal orifice 412
Myositis ossificans 258, 635
Myotic aneurysm 193
Myxedema 368
Myxedema coma 368
Myxedema, pretibial 348
N
Naevus flammeus 154
Naevus of Ota 150
Naffziger's test for spine 706
Nail 26
Nail bed infarcts 27
Nail pterygium 28
Nail, anatomy of 27
Nail, blue 28
Nail, deformities of 27
Nail, red 28
Nail, toe, ingrowing 28
Nail, white 28
Nails, examination of 26
Narath's femoral hernia 421
Narath's sign 177
Nasal bone, fracture 303
Nasal cavities, paranasal sinuses examination 335
Nasopalatine cyst 294
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma 300
Nasopharynx palpation 335
Nasopharynx, examination of 298
Naunyn's sign 459
Nausea 15, 451, 546
Necrosis 188
Needle holder 727
Needle, aneurysm 728
Needle, Chiba 470
Needle, Okuda 470
Needles, atraumatic 726
Needles, blunt pointed 727
Needles, cutting 726
Needles, JB 727
Needles, port closure 727
Needles, reverse cutting 726
Needles, round body 726
Needles, ski 727
Needles, surgical 726
Needles, surgical, parts 727
Needles, taper cut 726
Needles, traumatic 726
Negative confirmative evidence 57
Negus esophagoscope 549
Nelaton's line 650
Neonatal thyrotoxicosis 365
Nerve of Bell 252
Nerve, facial 310
Nerve, hypoglossal, compression 222
Neuhof's sign 208, 215
Neurilemmoma 136
Neurofiborma, nodular 135
Neurofibroma 134
Neurofibroma, complications of 135
Neurofibroma, disease, von Recklinghausen's of 135
Neurofibroma, generalized 135
Neurofibroma, plexiform 135
Neurolipoma 126
Neuroma 136
Neuroma, end 136
Neuroma, false 136
Neuroma, lateral 136
Neuroma, myelinic 136
Neuroma, side 136
Neuroma, true 136
Neuropraxia 246
Neurotmesis 247
Nevi 149
Neville J Nicholson manoeuvre 459
Nevolipoma 134
Nevus 149
Nevus of Ito 150
Nevus speckled lentiginous 150
Nevus spilus 150
Nevus, blue 149
Nevus, compound 149
Nevus, halo 150
Nevus, intradermal 149
Nevus, junctional 149
Nevus, spider 155
Nevus, spindle cell 150
Nevus, Spitz 149
Niche 758
Nicoladoni's sign 181
Night cramps 199
Night cry 671
Nipple deviation 383
Nipple retraction 375, 382
Nipple, discharges of 376, 378
Nipple, palpation of 382
Nixon's method of splenic dullness 464
No man's land in hand 585
Nocturia 555
Node, Cloquet 224
Node, Delphian 359
Nodular goiter 364
Nodule 31
Nodule, in transit 151
Nodule, Lisch 135
Nodule, satellite 151
Noma 194, 265, 283, 284, 597
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 233
Non ulcer dyspepsia 453
Non-chromaffin paraganglioma 338
None-Milroy's disease 234
Non-hairy mole 149
Non-lactional abscess of breast 396
Nonpalpable eruptions 30
Nonspecific mesenteric adenitis, acute 495
Nonunion 635
Nose 46
Nose, bottle 147
Nose, foreign body 304
Nose, potato 147
Nose, saddle 46
Notch 758
Nottingham prognostic index 389
Novafil 740
Nutrition 18
Nutrition assessment 18
Nutritional assay 68
Nyhus classification 413
Nystagmus 602
O
Obstetrician paralysis 238
Obstruction inferior vena cava 39
Obstruction superior vena cava 39
Obturator 738
Obturator hernia 421
Occipitofrontalis frontal belly 311
Occulomotor nerve 601
Occult primary 340
Ochsner's clasping test 242, 248
Odontomes 291
Odynophagia 546, 548
Okuda needle 470
Olecranon, palpation 640
Olfactory nerve 601
Oligodendroglioma 605
Oliguria 556, 559
Ollier's disease 667
Omental cyst 520
Omental mass 516
Omentocele 412, 415
Omphalocele 526
Onghren's line 80
Onion peel appearance 670
Onychauxis 28
Onychia 28
Onychocryptosis 592
Onychogryphosis 27, 592
Onycholysis 28
Onychomycosis 591
Onychorrhexis 28
Oothopantomogram (OPG) 277
OPG 316
Ophthalmoplegia 351
Opponens pollicis 243
Optic nerve 601
Oral carcinoma precipitating factors 278
Oral carcinoma, features of 278
Oral carcinoma, general features 277
Oral carcinoma, risk factors 278
Oral cavity, premalignant conditions 281
Oral cholecystography 469
Oral submucosal fibrosis 281
Oral thrush 283, 549
Orbicularis oculi 311
Orbital cellulitis 140
Orchitis 432
Orchitis, syphilitic 439
ORF 585
Organ of Geraldes 438
Oriental sore 101
Oropharyngeal cancer 278
Oropharynx 298
Orphan Annie eye nuclei 366
Orr Chair test 431, 438
Orthopantomogram 290, 316, 754
Ortolani's test 690
Oschner's Mahoner's test 204
Osgood Schlatter disease 676
Ossifying fibroma 292
Osteitis deformans 666
Osteitis fibrosa cystica 667
Osteoarthritis of hip 691
Osteoarthrosis 675
Osteoarthrosis, primary 675
Osteoarthrosis, secondary 675
Osteochondritis 676
Osteochondritis, crushing 676
Osteochondritis, splitting 676
Osteochondritis, traction 676
Osteochondroma 668
Osteoclastoma 668
Osteoclastoma, mandible 293
Osteogenesis imperfect 667
Osteoma 598, 668
Osteomalacia 667
Osteomyelitis jaw 294
Osteomyelitis, acute 665
Osteomyelitis, chronic 159, 666
Osteoporosis 667
Osteosarcoma 669
Osteotome 742
Other drinking habits 8
Other habits 9
Other relevant history 10
Outer Walderyer's ring 332
Oxalate stones 572
P
Pachyglossia 266
Paget's disease of bone 598, 666
Paget's disease of breast 376, 393
Paget's test 116, 117
Paget's, recurrent fibroid of 137
Pain 10
Pain hunger 11
Pain in the anus 528
Pain mode of onset 11
Pain, acute onset 12
Pain, aggravating factors 13
Pain, central 10
Pain, chronic onset 12
Pain, colicky 12, 478, 495
Pain, constricting 12
Pain, deep 10
Pain, distension 12
Pain, duration 13
Pain, expression of 11
Pain, features of 11
Pain, grading 14
Pain, migration 479
Pain, migratory 14
Pain, Mittelschmerz 12
Pain, nature 12
Pain, original site 11
Pain, periodicity 13
Pain, progression 12
Pain, prostatic 558
Pain, psychogenic 10
Pain, radiation 13, 479
Pain, referred 13, 479
Pain, relieving factors 13
Pain, renal 558
Pain, segmental 10
Pain, severity 12
Pain, shifting 14
Pain, superficial 10
Pain, ureteric 558
Pain, urethral 558
Pain, vesical 558
Painful arc syndrome 258, 639, 679, 681
Painful heel 592
Palate 268
Palate diseases 294
Palate, cleft 261, 268
Palate, hard 268
Palate, palpation 273
Palate, soft 269
Palatine tonsil 298
Pallor 22
Pallor, cadaveric 173
Palmar interossei 243, 244
Palmoplantar keratoderma 553
Palpable gallbladder 513
Palpable liver mass 510
Palpation 51
Palpation of axillary lymph nodes 383
Palpation of blood vessels 176
Palpation of cheek 270
Palpation of colon 462
Palpation of gallbladder 461
Palpation of kidney 462, 561
Palpation of liver 460
Palpation of nipple 382
Palpation of palate 273
Palpation of pancreas 462
Palpation of posterior third of tongue 271
Palpation of prostate 563
Palpation of spleen 460
Palpation of the floor of the mouth 273
Palpation of tonsils and fauces 274
Palpation tongue 271
Palpation, Clavicle 637
Palpation, scapula 637
Palpation, upper end of humerus 637
Palsy, Saturday night 251
Palsy, tourniquet 251
Pancoast syndrome 611
Pancoast tumor 611
Pancreas, palpation 462
Pancreatic mass 505
Pancreatic trauma 627, 474
Pancreaticoduodenal injury, classification 627
Pancreatitis, acute 488
Panda sign 297
Panendoscopy 277
Pannus 675, 695
Pantaloon hernia 419
Papillary carcinoma 365
Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum 319
Papilloma 74, 145
Papilloma infective 75
Papilloma pedunculated 74
Papilloma true 74
Papilloma, basal cell 144
Papilloma, larynx 301
Papilloma, oral cavity 282
Papilloma, pedunculated 146
Papilloma, true 146
Papiloma, infective 146
Papule 30
Para-Achilian perforator 213
Para-aortic lymph node mass 516
Paradidymis 438
Paradox in consistency 115
Paradoxic aciduria 472
Paradoxical respiration 622
Parafollicular C cells 366
Paranasal sinuses, examination 303
Parapharyngeal abscess 340
Paraphimosis 442, 444, 446
Paraplegia in extension 709
Paraplegia in flexion 709
Paraspinal spasm 712
Paraumbilical hernia 418
Parona's space 660
Paronychia, acute 586
Paronychia, chronic 586
Parotid abscess 321
Parotid enlargement, differential diagnosis 313
Parotid fistula 321
Parotid gland anatomy 322
Parotid lymphoma 320
Parotid swelling, features of 308
Parotid, palpation 313
Parotitis 321
Parotitis acute 321
Parotitis chronic 321
Parotitis recurrent, childhood 321
Parry Romberg disease 151
Pascal's law 116
Passavant's ridge 298
Past history 7
Pasternicki's sign 715
Patch, skin 30
Patellar clonus 603
Patellar fracture 656
Patellar tap 654, 692
Patent urachus 525
Patey's vascular plane 322
Pathological status of bones 672
Pathologist's wart 145
Patient 1
Paul Bunnel test 235
Pauwel's angle 651
Payr's crushing clamp 729
PDS suture 739
Peaud’ orange 376, 381
Pectus carinatum 608
Pectus excavatum 608
Pel Ebstein fever 220
Pellegrani Steida's disease 256, 656
Pelvi rectal abscess 543
Pelvic fracture, classification 647
Pelvic injuries 647
Pelvic masses 522
Pemberton's sign 358
Pen test 243, 248
Penis, Ram's horn 428, 444
Pentagastrin test 466
Per rectal examination, positions 535
Per vaginal examination 510
Percussion 51
Percussion, free fluid 509
Percussion, renal angle 509
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) 470
Perforated duodenal ulcer 491
Perforated typhoid ulcer 492
Perforator Hatch 213
Perforator, Bassi 213
Perforator, Boyd 213
Perforator, Cockett 213
Perforator, Dodd 213
Perforator, Hunter's 213
Perforator, May or Kuster 213
Perforator, Sherman 213
Perforators, ankle 213
Perianal abscess 542
Periapical cyst 292
Pericarditis 612
Pericarditis, constrictive 612
Pericholecystic mass 513
Pericyst 777
Perineal urethrostomy 443
Perinephric abscess 518, 569
Peripheral nerve injuries 246
Peristalsis, step ladder pattern 457
Peristalsis, visible 457
Peristalsis, visible gastric 460
Peritonitis, acute 489
Peritonitis, primary 489
Peritonitis, secondary 489
Peritonitis, tertiary 489
Peritonsillar abscess 300
Perkin's line 690
Perleche 263, 284
Perniosis 88, 195
Peroneal artery 176
Per-rectal examination 510
Personal history 8
Perthes test 207
Perthes’ disease 691
Pes anserinus 310, 322
Pes cavus 591, 696
Pes planus 590, 696
Petechiae 33
Petit's triangle 422
Peutz-Jegher syndrome 770
Peyronie's disease 447
Phagedena 81, 94, 265
Phagophobia 546
Phalen's test 684
Phalen's test, reverse 684
Phantom hernia 422
Pharyngeal pouch 338
Pharyngitis 300
Pharynx, anatomy 335
Pharynx, diseases of 299
Phenomenon, Raynaud's 167
Philtrum 261
Phimosis 442, 444, 446
Phlebography 211
Phlegmasia alba dollens 201
Phlegmasia cerulea dollens 202
Phosphate stone 572
Photo plethysmography 211
Phylloides tumor 395
Pick's disease 612
Picker position 432, 531, 537, 563
Pigeon chest 608
Pigmentation of skin 24
Pigmented lesions in the skin 34
Pile, arterial 541
Pile, sentinel 542, 543
Piles 534, 541
Pilonidal sinus 533, 541
Pin point pupil 616
Pinched skin 34
Pinching test 381
Pinhole meatus 444, 449
Pinhole meatus, acquired 449
Pipe stem stool 530
Pitcher's elbow 681
Pitted nails 27
Pituitary tumors 605, 606
Pizillo's method 353, 355
Pizzillo's method 355
Plain X-ray abdomen 744
Plain X-ray KUB 564
Plane of the swelling 121
Plane swelling 503
Plantar fasciitis 258
Plantar wart 145
Plaque 31
Plasma cell mastitis 396
Platynychia 22
Platysma 311
Pleomorphic adenoma 318
Plethysmography 184, 211
Plethysmography air 211
Plethysmography, photo 211
Plica polonica 35
Plummer's sign 347
Plummer-Vinson syndrome 546
Plunging ranula 268, 280
Pneumaturia 556
Pneumopyelography 566
Pneumothorax 622
Pneumothorax, tension 623
Point tenderness 482
Pointing index 239, 242
Pointing sign 624
Pointing test 478
Poker's back 707
Policeman receiving tip 238, 239
Polycystic kidney 518
Polycystic kidney disease 568
Polycythemia 25
Polydactyly 683
Polymazia 398
Polymide 740
Polyp, vocal 301
Polythelia 398
Polyuria 555
Pons asinorum 574
Pontine hemorrhage 616
Popliteal artery 177
Popliteal lymph nodes 227
Porphyria 71
Porphyria crisis 495
Port wine stain 154
Portal hypertension 513
Porter's bursa 138
Porter's tip hand 238
Position of ease, wrist joint 683
Position of ease/rest 673
Position, Picker 432
Positions various, in the body 51
Positive confirmative evidence 57
Positron emission tomography scan (PET scan) 67
Post-Achilles bursitis 696
Posterior arch vein 201
Posterior rhinoscopy 303
Posterior tibial artery 176
Posterior urethral valve 576
Postoperative synergistic gangrene 95
Postoperative T-tube cholangiogram 764
Post-traumatic amnesia 614
Post-traumatic amnesia, grading 614
Postural test 303
Posture of the patient 21
Potato nose 147
Potato tumor 338
Pott's disease 708
Pott's puffy tumor 144, 597
Pratt's test 205
Pre-Achilles bursitis 696
Preanesthetic assessment 67
Preanesthetic investigations, recommended 70
Preauricular sinus 596
Pregangrene 172, 187
Prehn's sign 440
Premalignant conditions of oral cavity 281
Prepatellar bursitis 138
Pressure sore 93
Pressure sore staging 88
Pretibial myxedema 346, 348
Priapism 447
Primary brain tumor 605
Primary branchiogenic carcinoma 340
Primary syphilitic chancre 262
Pringle 626
Probe test 162
Procidentia 530
Proctalgia fugax 545
Proctitis 545
Proctoscope (Kelley's) 738
Proctoscope, Kelly's 539
Proctoscopy 539
Proctoscopy, positions 539
Proctoscopy, technique 539
Prognathism 294
Prognathous deformity 289
Progress of the disease 5
Prolapse rectum 534
Prolene 740
Prostate 562
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 578
Prostate, palpation 537
Prostatic abscess 576
Prostatic pain 558
Prostatism 578
Prostatitis 576
Protein bound iodide 361
Proteinuria 556
Proteinuria tests 72
Proteinuria, orthostatic 556
Proud flesh 92
Pruritus 15
Pruritus ani 530
Psammoma bodies 365
Pseudo diarrhea 454
Pseudo pneumoperitoneum 746
Pseudoclubbing 30
Pseudocyst 777
Pseudocyst of the pancreas 516
Pseudofluctuation 117
Pseudohematemesis 452
Pseudolipoma 133
Pseudolocking of knee 653
Pseudomalignancy 146
Pseudopolyposis 475, 771
Pseudosynapsis 320
Psittacosis 235
Psoas abscess 421
Psoas bursa 421
Psoas shadow 757
Psoriasis 31
PSP test 631
Pterygium nail 28
PTFE 740
Ptosis 45
Ptyalism 306
Pubo coccygeal line 545
Puddle sign 464
Pugh's modification 514
Pulled elbow 643
Pulmonary complications, postoperative period 611
Pulmonary embolism 610
Pulsatile mass 503
Pulsatility 120
Pulsation expansile 111
Pulsation transmitted 111
Pulsation, expansile 120
Pulsation, expansile abdomen 182
Pulsation, transmitted 120
Pulse 41
Pulse anacrotic wave 42
Pulse assessment 41
Pulse, collapsing 42
Pulse, Corrigan's 42
Pulse, dicrotic 42
Pulse, unmasking 176, 180
Pulse, Waterhammer 42
Pulseless arteritis 190
Pulsus bigeminus 42
Pulsus paradoxus 42, 612
Pulsus parvus 41
Pump handle test 647, 707
Punch biopsy 59
Punctum 113, 132
PUO 49
Purpura 33
Pustules 33
Putrefaction 172
Pyemia 144
Pyemic abscess 142
Pyocele 436
Pyoderma gangrenosum 95
Pyogenic arthritis, acute 674
Pyogenic arthritis, chronic 675
Pyogenic granuloma 92, 144
Pyonephrosis 518, 571
Pyramidal frature 296
Pyrexia of unknown origin 49
Pyriform fossa 298
Pyriform fossa, carcinoma 298
Pyrosis 453, 546
Pyuria 555
Q
Quadrants in abdomen 496
Qualities of a good surgeon 1
R
Radial artery 177
Radial bursa 587
Radial nerve lesions 250
Radical nephrectomy, structures removed 776
Radicular cyst 292
Radioactive fibrinogen test 212
Radioisotope scan 633
Radionuclide imaging 66
Raju test 207
Ram's horn nail 591
Ram's horn penis 428, 444, 447
Randall's plaque theory 571
Ranula 268, 280, 316
Rapunzel syndrome 473
Raspatory, Doyen's rib 724
Raspatory, Faraboeuf's (Periosteal elevator) 725
Raspberry tongue 267
Raspberry tumor 525
Ray fungus 164
Raynaud's disease 190
Raynaud's phenomenon 167, 190
Raynaud's syndrome 190
Reactive hyperemia time test 181
Reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes 231
Reagent, Esbach's 762
REAL classification 232
Real shortening of limb 689
Rebound tenderness 10, 483
Rectal carcinoma 536
Rectal prolapse 540
Rectal prolapse, complete 540
Rectal prolapse, partial 540
Rectum, olyp 537
Rectus sheath hematoma 526
Recurrent fibroid of Paget's 137
Red currant jelly 494
Red nail 28
Red-currant jelly 770
Reducibility 119
Reed Sternberg cells 233
Reed Sternberg giant cells 229
Reflexes 602
Reflexes, tendons 245
Reflux esophagitis 553
Regaud tumor 300
Regions in the abdomen 496
Regurgitation 16, 546
Reiter's disease 675
Related symptoms suggestive of complications 7
Relative bradycardia 41
Renal angiogram 763
Renal angle 561, 715
Renal angle tenderness 507
Renal angle, percussion 464
Renal calculus 571
Renal carbuncle 144, 570
Renal cell carcinoma 518, 574
Renal cyst 636
Renal function tests 564
Renal mass 562
Renal pain 558
Renal rickets 667
Renal tuberculosis 569
Residual urine 575
Respiration 45
Respiration Cheyne-Stokes 45
Rest pain 167, 186
Resting salivary flow 322
Retching 546
Retention of urine 557, 560
Retention of urine, acute 557
Retention of urine, acute on chronic 557
Retention of urine, chronic 557
Reticular varices 214
Reticular veins 201, 209, 214
Retractile testis, test for 431
Retraction of nipple 375
Retractor, Allison's lung 723
Retractor, Alm 724
Retractor, Balfour's self-retaining 723
Retractor, Czerney's 721
Retractor, Deaver's 722
Retractor, Doyen's 723
Retractor, Finochietto (rib spreader) 725
Retractor, hernia 721
Retractor, Joll's thyroid 723
Retractor, Keyland's 722
Retractor, Langenbeck's 721
Retractor, Macintosh 724
Retractor, Millin's self-retaining 724
Retractor, Mollison's mastoid 723
Retractor, Morris 722
Retractor, rib (Tuffier's) 724
Retractor, right angle 722
Retractors 721
Retractors, self-retaining 721
Retractors, Volkmann's 721
Retrocalcaneal bursitis 138
Retrocaval ureter 569, 763
Retrograde pyelogram 566
Retrograde pyelography 763
Retromolar trigone 270
Retroperitoneal cysts 519
Retroperitoneal mass 508
Retroperitoneal tumors 519
Retropharyngeal abscess 340
Retropharyngeal abscess acute, chronic 340
Retrosternal goiter 331
Reverse smokers 280
Reverse smoking 260
Reynold's pentad 750
Rhabdomyosarcoma 152
Rhagades 263, 282
Rhesus sardonicus face 594
Rheumatoid arthritis 675, 755
Rheumatoid arthritis of the hand 256
Rhinophyma 45, 147
Rhinoscopy, anterior 302
Rhinoscopy, posterior 303
Rhinosporidiosis 304
Rib approximator 725
Rib shear (Bone cutter/rib cutter) 725
Richter's hernia 412, 419
Ricketic chest 608
Ricketic rosary 608, 667
Rickets 21, 666
Riedel's lobe of liver 510
Riedel's thyroiditis 367
Right hypochondrium, mass 510
Right iliac fossa, mass 520
Rinne's test 602
Rippled artery 184
Risus sardonicus 22
Robertson's giant limb 195
Rodent ulcer 82, 99, 148
Rolling hernia 551
Roos test 178
Roseolar 30
Rotator cuff 680
Rothera's test 72
Rotter's nodes 384
Roundworm bolus mass 522
Rouviere zones 224
Rovsing's sign 484, 487
Rule of 7 in the neck 325
Rule of eighty 336
Rule of seven 325
Rule, Goodsall's 584
Rule, Liebermiester 41
Rupture bladder 628
Rupture of tendo-Achilles 658
Rupture spleen 626
Ruptured extensor pollicis longus 256
Ruptured muscle fibers 257
Rutherford classification 179
Rutherford Morrison's kidney pouch 490
Rye's classification 233
S
Sacrococcygeal teratoma 105
Saddle embolus 192
Saddle hernia 419
Saddle nose 46
Salivary calculus 320
Salivary colic 306
Salivary diseases, investigations 316
Salivary fistula 307, 321
Salivary neoplasms 318
Salmon patch 154
Salpingitis, acute 495
Saphena 212
Saphena varix 202, 209, 421
Sarcoidosis 236
Sarcoma 151
Sarcoma, Kaposi's 152
Sarcoma, synovial 152
Satellite nodule 151
Satiety 454, 498
Satiety early 9
Saturday night palsy 251
Sbdeltoid bursitiss 677
Scab 82
Scabbard trachea 357
Scalene syndrome 341
Scalene triangle 340
Scales 33
Scaphoid bone palpation 644
Scarpa's triangle 649
SCC 148
Schatzki rings 553
Scheuermann's disease 676, 708
Schimmelbusch's disease 395
Schirmer test 321
Schistosoma haematobium 575
Schmincke tumor 300
Schmorl's nodes 708
Schoemaker's line 650
Schwannoma 136, 605
Schwartz test 205
Scintiscan 66
Scirrhous carcinoma breast 392
Scissor, Lister's bandage cutting 728, 729
Scissor, Mcindo 729
Scissor, Metzenbaum 729
Scissor, Pott's Smith 728
Scissors, Heath's suture cuting 728, 729
Scissors, Mayo's 729
Scissors, Steele's 729
Scleroderma 22
Sclerosing angioma 147
Scoliosis 608, 708, 711
Scoliosis capitis 339
Screwdriver tooth 265
Scrotal carcinoma 427
Scrotum lymph 427, 439
Scrumpox 144
Scurvy 667
Scurvy gums 265
Seagesser's tender point 627
Seatbelt injury 624, 701
Sebaceous cyst 132
Sebaceous horn 133
Seborrheic keratosis 35, 144
Seborrheic wart 144
Secondaries in lymph nodes 233
Secondaries in neck lymph nodes 339
Secondaries in spine 710
Secretomotor fibers of submandibular salivary gland 322
Secretomotor fibers parotid gland 322
Seddon's classification 246
Segmental pressure measurement 184
Seldinger angiography 184
Selective urine sampling 631
Selenium scan 363
Semimembranosus bursa 125, 126, 138, 139
Semimembranosus bursa 692
Seminal vesicles 563
Senile keratosis 145
Sensation, testicular 431
Sentinel node biopsy (SLNB) 391
Sentinel pile 542, 543
Septal deviation 304
Septicemia 144
Sequestration dermoid 130
Sequestrum 163
Serocystic disease of Brodie 395
Serpiginous ulcer 81
Serratus anterior muscle 241
Serum calcitonin estimation 364
Serum thyroglobulin 363
Sestamibi scan 366
Sever's disease 592, 676
Sezzary syndrome 233
Shambling classification 339
Shenton's line 651, 690
Shepherd crook deformity 635
Sherman perforator 213
Sherren's triangle 482
Shianoya's criteria 189
Shifting dullness 464, 509
Shock lung 610
Shock, endotoxic 144
Short-limb gait 685
Shoulder girdle 636
Shoulder hand syndrome 645
Shoulder joint movement 638
Sialadenitis 320
Sialectasis 285, 320
Sialectasis snowstorm punctuate 321
Sialogram 765
Sialography 317
Sialorrhea 322
Sialosis 320
Siderophenic dysphagia 298, 546
Sigmoid volvulus 494, 748
Sigmoidoscopy 539
Sigmund lymph node 227
Sign 3, 4
Sign accessory 4
Sign antecedent 4
Sign assident 3
Sign Berry's 366
Sign Cruveilhier's 421
Sign de Dance 494
Sign diagnostic 4
Sign Frostberg's reverse ‘3’ periampullary 468
Sign Mallet Guy's 462
Sign Nicoladoni's 196
Sign of disappearing pulse 176
Sign of vas 437
Sign pathognomonic 4
Sign Schamroth's 29
Sign Tanyol's 456, 463
Sign Terry's 27
Sign Tinel 246, 247
Sign, ‘V’ 659
Sign, ‘V’ of Nacleiro 551
Sign, Angel's 440
Sign, Arm-drop 679
Sign, Babinski's 615
Sign, Balance's 626
Sign, Baldwing's 484, 487
Sign, Ballance's 625, 626
Sign, Ballet's 351, 615
Sign, Becker's 351
Sign, Berry's 358, 359
Sign, bird-beak 748
Sign, Blumberg's 483, 487
Sign, Boas's 483, 488
Sign, Boston's 351
Sign, Bow 438
Sign, Branham's 181, 196
Sign, Bryant's 638
Sign, bull's eye 469, 762
Sign, Capener's 691
Sign, Carmanns meniscus 760
Sign, champagne bottle 201
Sign, champagne glass of sigmoid diverticula 469
Sign, Chevrier percussion/Tap 207
Sign, Chvostek's 369
Sign, claw 469, 608, 762
Sign, coffee bean 494
Sign, coiled spring 762
Sign, Coleman's 297
Sign, Cowen's 351
Sign, Cruveilhier's of saphena varix 206
Sign, Cullen's 482, 488, 499
Sign, Cupola 492, 746
Sign, curtain 308, 309
Sign, DA Patel's 650
Sign, Dahl Froment's 748
Sign, Dalrymple's 350
Sign, Deming's 440
Sign, Destot's 647
Sign, Donder's 352
Sign, Drawer 655
Sign, Earle 647
Sign, Enroth 351
Sign, Faget's 41
Sign, Fleischner's 469
Sign, Football 492, 746
Sign, Fox 488
Sign, Froment's 245, 250
Sign, Gaur 420
Sign, Gifford's 351
Sign, Giordano's 715
Sign, Goldthwaite's 647
Sign, Goldzieher's 351, 352
Sign, Grey Turner's 482, 488
Sign, Griffith's 351
Sign, Grove's 351
Sign, Hammam's 551
Sign, hood 367
Sign, hook 461, 587
Sign, inverted ‘V’ 492
Sign, inverted beer bottle 201
Sign, inverted umbrella 469
Sign, inverted, V 746
Sign, Jellinek's 351
Sign, Joffroy's 350
Sign, Johnston 499
Sign, Kamenchik's 488
Sign, Kanavel 583
Sign, Kehr's 624, 627
Sign, Kenaway's 465
Sign, Kernig's 692
Sign, Klap 160
Sign, Klien's 495
Sign, Knie's 351
Sign, Kocher's 351
Sign, Korte's 488
Sign, Kussmaul's 41
Sign, Lanquer's 647
Sign, Lassegue's 706
Sign, Lhermitte's 706
Sign, Loewi's 351
Sign, London's 624
Sign, Ludloff's 652
Sign, Lyre 339
Sign, Mathe's 569
Sign, Mayo Robin's 488
Sign, Mean's 351
Sign, Milian's eat 141
Sign, Moebius 350, 352
Sign, Moodley's 40
Sign, Mose's 208, 215
Sign, Moynihan's 460, 504
Sign, Murphy's 459, 473, 504
Sign, Naffziger's 350
Sign, Narath's 177, 651, 652, 687, 690
Sign, Naunyn's 459
Sign, Neuhof's 208, 215
Sign, Nicolodani's 181
Sign, of (string) Kanter 469
Sign, omega 494
Sign, Panda 297
Sign, Pandiaraja'a 488
Sign, Pasternicke 715
Sign, Payne's 351, 352
Sign, Pemberton's 358
Sign, Plummer's 347
Sign, pointing 624
Sign, Prehn's 440
Sign, pseudokidney 469, 762
Sign, puddle 464, 509
Sign, Reisser's 708
Sign, release 484
Sign, reverse ‘J’ 569
Sign, Riglers 492, 746
Sign, Rochin's 351
Sign, Romberg's 602
Sign, Rosenbach's 351
Sign, Roux 647
Sign, Rovsing's 484, 487
Sign, Sainton's 351
Sign, Scottish terrier 708
Sign, shouldering 554, 757
Sign, slik glove 408
Sign, slip 114, 134
Sign, Snellen 351, 352
Sign, Srinivasan costal 456
Sign, stacked coin 469
Sign, steel 730
Sign, Stellwag's 349
Sign, Stemmer's 234
Sign, Sterlein 469
Sign, stethoscope 487
Sign, Suker's 351, 352
Sign, Tanyol 499
Sign, target 469, 762
Sign, Terry's 27
Sign, thumb print 469
Sign, trail 358
Sign, Trethowan's 691
Sign, Triangle 492, 746
Sign, Troisier's 465, 510
Sign, Trousseau's 216, 369
Sign, Trousseau's eye 352
Sign, Trousseau's of pancreas/GI cancers 474
Sign, vas deferens 432
Sign, Victor Horsley's 615
Sign, Vigouroux 351
Sign, Volkmann's 254, 258
Sign, Wilder 351, 352
Silent abdomen 484
Silk glove sign 408
Sim's position 531
Simian thumb deformity 248
Singultus 14, 546
Sinus 157
Sinus, causes of persistence 157
Sinus, classification 163
Sinus, clinical features 157
Sinus, different discharges 161
Sinus, median mental 163
Sinus, sites 160
Sinusitis 304
Sinusitis, ethmoidal 304
Sinusitis, frontal 304
Sinusitis, maxillary 304
Sinusogram CT 162
Sipple's disease 368
SIRS 144
Sister Joseph Mary tumor 526
Sister Joseph nodules 499
Sitophobia 454, 546
Six ‘S’ of oral cancers 261
Sjogren's syndrome 321
Sjogren's syndrome, primary 321
Sjogren's syndrome, secondary 321
Skin adnexal tumors 147
Skin changes and eruptions 30
Skin markers 25
Skin, pigmentation 24
Skin, pigmented lesions 34
Skin, pinched 34
Skin, texture of 34
Skip lesions 172
Sleep habits 9
Sleeping pulse rate 348
Sliding femoral hernia 421
Sliding hernia 419, 420
Slip sign 114, 134
Slipped femoral epiphysis 691
Sloan Kettering levels of neck nodes 226
Sloan Kettering Memorial Hospital 332
Sloping edge 81
Slough 73, 82, 84, 188
Slough, wash leather 82, 84
Slough, wet chamois leather 82
Small bowel enema 468, 760
Small bowel mass 507
Small saphenous vein 212
Smbmandibular salivary gland, examination 313
Smiling umbilicus 37
Smoke svreen translucency 293
Smoker classification 8
Smoking 8
Smoking, reverse 260
Snail track ulcers 282
Snapping elbow 682
Snapping thumb 255
Social status 6
Soft chancre 100
Soft palate 269
Soft palate, paralysis 269
Soft sore 235, 443
Solar keratosis 145
Solitary bone cyst 292
Solitary renal cyst 568
Solitary secondary in liver 512
Solitary thyroid nodule 364
Solitary ulcer syndrome 544
Sound waves 61
Space of Bogros 412
Space of Burns 326
Space of Retzius 412
Specimen of appendix 766
Specimen of carcinoma esophagus 767
Specimen of carcinoma gallbladder 773
Specimen of carcinoma of breast 777
Specimen of carcinoma rectum 769
Specimen of colon, carcinoma 768
Specimen of colon, multiple polyposis of 770
Specimen of colon, ulcerative colitis 771
Specimen of gallbladder with gallstones 772
Specimen of hydatid cyst of liver 777
Specimen of intestinal gangrene 771
Specimen of intestine showing Crohn's disease 769
Specimen of intestine showing intussusception 770
Specimen of intestine showing round worms 769
Specimen of kidney showing hydronephrosis 773
Specimen of kidney with renal cell carcinoma 776
Specimen of periampullary carcinoma of pancreas 771
Specimen of renal tuberculosis 774
Specimen of secondaries in neck lymph nodes 776
Specimen of staghorn calculus of kidney 773
Specimen of stomach-benign gastric ulcer 767
Specimen of stomach-carcinoma 768
Specimen of testicular tumor 774
Specimen of transitional cell carcinoma of bladder 775
Specimen of tuberculous lymphadenitis 775
Speckled lentiginous nevus 150
Speculum, Thudicum's 302
Spermatic cord, contents 412
Spermatocele 426, 438
Sphygmomanometer 42
Sphygmomanometer, aneroid 41
Sphygmomanometer, mercury 41
Spider leg pattern, IVU finding 568
Spider naevi 25
Spider nevus 155
Spigelian hernia 421
Spina bifida 105, 709
Spina bifida, aperta 709
Spina bifida, occulta 709
Spina ventosa 588
Spinal accessory nerve 602
Spinal cord injuries 701
Spinal cord tumors 710
Spinal diseases 702
Spindle cell nevus 150
Spitz nevus 149
Spleen, palpation 461, 505
Spleen, surface marking 461
Splenic dullness 464
Splenic injury 626
Splenic rub 465
Splenomegaly, causes 461
Spliter hemorrhages 27
Spondylolisthesis 708
Spongioblastoma polare 605
Spread of carcinoma of breast 393
Springing of fibula 654, 658
Springing of radius 631, 640
Springing of tibia 654
Springing the radius 644
Sprouting granulation tissue 157
Spurious diarrhea 530
Sputum examination 69
Squamous cell carcinoma 148
Srinivasan costal sign 456
Stability of spine 700
Stacked coin appearance 469
Stafne bone cyst 323
Staghorn calculus 572, 773
Staging, GTNM 151
Starch iodine test 320
Stationary ulcer 75
Stature of the patient 21
Steatorrhea 16
Steering wheel injury 621
Stemmer's sign 234
Stenosing tenosynovitis 255, 269
Stenson's duct 306, 308
Stenson's duct 322
Stephen classification 569
Stephen's line 545
Sterile pyuria 555
Steriognosis 602
Sternoclavicular dislocation 639
Sternomastoid tumor 339
Stewart-Treves syndrome 395
Stiff hip gait 685
Stiff lung 610
Stomach mass 504, 515
Stomach, carcinoma of 472
Stomach, carcinoma, Borrmann‘s classification 768
Stomach, carcinoma, histological types 768
Stomach, carcinoma, Japanese classification 768
Stomach, carcinoma, Ming‘s classification 768
Stomach, carcinoma, TNM classification 768
Stomach, carcinoma, WHO pathological classification 768
Stomach, leather bottle 472
Stomach, palpation 504
Stomach, specimen, carcinoma of 768
Stomach, tiger stripe 452
Stomach, Water melon 452
Stomatitis 283
Stomatitis, angular 284
Stomatitis, aphthous 283
Stomatitis, catarrhal 283
Stomatitis, monilial 283
Stomatitis, ulcerative 283
Stool examination 69
Stool, pipe stem 71
Stool, toothpaste 71
Stork bite 154
Stove in ches t 622
Straight leg raising (SLR) 706
Straight leg rising test 651
Strangury 555
Strawberry hemangioma 153
Strawberry tongue 267
Stream of urine 560
Stress fracture 592
Stress fracture tibia 657
Stress test to check ankle joint mobility 659
Stricture rectum 536
Stricture urethra 579
Stricture urethra, complications 580
Stridor 357
Stridor at rest 345
String sign of Kanter 469
Struma lymphomatosum 366
Struvite stone 572
Student's elbow 6, 138, 681
Styloid process, method of palpation 644
Subacromial bursitis 677
Subarachnoid hemorrhage 604
Subclavian artery 177
Subclavian steal syndrome 190
Subconjunctival hemorrhage 616
Subcutaneous emphysema 50
Subdural hematoma 619
Subdural hematoma, acute 619
Subdural hematoma, chronic 619
Subdural hygroma 619
Subhyoid bursitis 341
Sublingual dermoid 268, 280
Subluxation of head of radius 643
Submandibular salivary gland 322
Submandibular salivary gland enlargement, differential diagnosis 316
Submandibular salivary gland tumors 319
Submandibular salivary gland tumors, benign 319
Submandibular salivary gland tumors, malignant 319
Submental dermoid 131
Submucosal fibrosis, oral 281
Submucous abscess 543
Subperiosteal hematoma 596
Subphrenic abscess 513
Subphrenic spaces and abscesses 488
Subphrenis abscess 513
Subtalar joint 657
Succession splash 504, 465
Sucquet-Hoyer canals 134
Suction instruments 730
Suction tip, Adson's fine 731
Suction tip, Poole's multiperforated 731
Suction tip, Yankauer 731
Suction tips 731
Sudeck's osteodystrophy 635
Sulphur granules 164
Sunderland's classification 247
Superficial cervical nodes 342
Superficial conjunctival hemorrhage 616
Superficial inguinal ring 411
Superficial temporal artery 178
Superficial thrombophlebitis 216
Superior venacaval obstruction 39, 500
Suprapubic cystostomy 735
Supraspinatus tendinitis 258, 679
Supratrochlear lymph node 682
Surgical blade 728
Surgical emphysema 621
Suture materials 739
Suture materials, absorbable 739
Suture materials, braided 740
Suture materials, monofilament 740
Suture materials, multifilament 740
Suture materials, natural 740
Suture materials, non-absorbable 740
Suture materials, synthetic 740
Suture materials, twisted 740
SVC obstruction 39, 457
Swaging 726
Swan neck deformity 256, 257, 675, 683
Swelling 103
Swelling history 103
Swelling inspection 109
Swelling palpation 113
Swelling recurrence 108
Swelling, consistency 115
Swelling, differential diagnosis 128
Swelling, edge 111
Swelling, fixity 121
Swelling, gliding test 121
Swelling, mobility 122
Swelling, plane of 121
Swelling, pulsatility 120
Swelling, reducibility 119
Swellings, classification of 129
Swiss cheese hernia 419
Symbiotic effect 95
Symptoms 3
Symptoms, associated 7
Symptoms, related, suggestive of complications 7
Syndactyly 588, 683
Syndrome Chilaiditi's 492
Syndrome Criggler Najjar 25
Syndrome Cruveilhier Baumgarten 465
Syndrome Cushing's 22
Syndrome Dubin-Johnson's 25
Syndrome Gilbert's 25
Syndrome Heerfordt's 293
Syndrome Horner's 359
Syndrome Marfan's 21
Syndrome MEN II 366
Syndrome Munchausen's 495
Syndrome painful arc 258
Syndrome Pendred's 367
Syndrome Pendred's 398
Syndrome Pierre Robin 294
Syndrome Plummer-Vinson 553
Syndrome Rotor's 25
Syndrome Sjogren's 305
Syndrome, abdominal compartment 629
Syndrome, acute compartment 101
Syndrome, Albright's 293
Syndrome, anterior cord 701
Syndrome, auriculotemporal 320
Syndrome, Beckwith-Weidemann 266
Syndrome, blue toe 184
Syndrome, Boerhaave's 549, 551
Syndrome, Brown Sequerd 701
Syndrome, carpal tunnel 249
Syndrome, central cord 701
Syndrome, cervical rib 341
Syndrome, Chilladiti 744
Syndrome, CREST 190
Syndrome, Di-George's 369
Syndrome, disappearing pulse 180
Syndrome, Down's 21
Syndrome, Felty's 518
Syndrome, Ferguson Smith 149
Syndrome, Frey's 320
Syndrome, Froin's 710
Syndrome, Frolich's 606
Syndrome, Gardner's 137, 475, 526
Syndrome, Horner's 46, 222, 339
Syndrome, Klinefelter's 21
Syndrome, Klippel Trenauny Weber 154
Syndrome, Lemeierre's 342
Syndrome, Leriche 169
Syndrome, Letssier Meige's 234
Syndrome, Maffucci 153
Syndrome, Mallory Weiss 452, 552
Syndrome, MEA 368
Syndrome, MEN 133, 347, 368
Syndrome, Mikulicz 305
Syndrome, Murphy's 479
Syndrome, pancoast 611
Syndrome, Paterson Kelly 267, 553
Syndrome, Peutz Jegher 770
Syndrome, Pierre-Robin 594
Syndrome, Plummer-Vinson 267, 549
Syndrome, Poland's 398
Syndrome, Proteus 154
Syndrome, Rapunzel 473
Syndrome, Raynaud's 190
Syndrome, Sezzary 233
Syndrome, Shprintzen's 594
Syndrome, solitary ulcer 544
Syndrome, Stewart-Treves 395
Syndrome, Stickler's 594
Syndrome, Sturge Weber 154
Syndrome, subclavian steal 190
Syndrome, thoracic outlet 340
Syndrome, Tietze's 397
Syndrome, Treacher Collins 294
Syndrome, Turcot's 475
Syndrome, Turner's 21
Syndrome, Verner Morrison 474
Syndrome, Wallenberg 701
Syndrome, Wermer's 368
Syndrome, yellow nail 28
Synovial sarcoma 152
Syphilis 99
Syphilitic chancre, primary 262
Syphilitic fissure tongue 267
Syphilitic gumma 282
Syphilitic lesions of oral cavity 282
Syphilitic ulcer 99
Syphitic chancre, primary 262
Syphitic stigmas 100
Syringomyelia 195
Syringomyelocele 709
Systemic examination 52
Systolic bladder 575
T
T3 resin uptake study 361
T3 toxicosis 365
Tabes mesentrica 520
Tabetic facies 22
Tachycardia 41
Tailor's ankle 697
Tailor's bursa 138
Takayasu's arteritis 190
Talipes calcaneovalgus 591
Talipes calcaneus 591
Talipes equino varus 245, 591
Talipes equino vulgus 245, 591
Talipes equinus 591
Talipes valgus 591
Talipes varus 591
Tanyol's sign 456, 463
TAO 189
Tape-like stool 530
Tartar 264
Taste sensation 312
Taxis 406
TBPI 45, 183
Tear cancer 148
Technetium 99m 66
Teeth and gums, inspection of 264
Teetotaler 8
Telescopic test 651, 690
Telogen 35
Temporomandibular joint 286
Tenderness 10
Tenderness, rebound 10
Tenesmus 479, 530
Tennis elbow 258, 681
Tension pneumothorax 622
Teratomatous dermoid 131
Terminal hair 35
Terminal hematuria 575
Terminal pulp space infection 586
Terrible triad of elbow 643
Test Fegan's 206
Test Heller's 69
Test Rothera's 72
Test, Adson's 179
Test, Adson's, modified 179
Test, Allen's 179
Test, Anvil 704
Test, Arid 706
Test, Baid 516
Test, Baldwing's 484
Test, Barlow's 690
Test, Benedict's 72
Test, Blaxland ruler 524
Test, Brodie-Trendelenburg 203
Test, Buerger's postural 180
Test, Callaway's 638
Test, Calorie 602
Test, card 244, 250
Test, Carnett's 462
Test, chew and split 467
Test, Chiene's 651
Test, chin 329
Test, Coin 709
Test, compression 647
Test, Cope's obturator 484, 487
Test, Cope's psoas 484, 487
Test, cross leg 180
Test, D-dimer 212
Test, distraction 647
Test, Dragstedt 466
Test, Dugas’ 638
Test, Elevated arm stress test 178
Test, Falconer 178
Test, femoral nerve stretch 706
Test, fragility 518
Test, Frie's 101, 230, 235
Test, Froment's 245
Test, Fuchsig's 180
Test, Genslen's 707
Test, Gerhardt's 72
Test, Gille's 707
Test, gliding 121, 381
Test, Goldstein saline load 472
Test, Gordon's biological 230
Test, Graham Cole 469
Test, Hamilton ruler 638
Test, Harvey's 175
Test, Hay's 72
Test, Heller's 72
Test, Hess 518
Test, Holdswath 700
Test, Hollander's insulin 467
Test, Homan's 207, 215
Test, Ian-Arid 206
Test, Kay's segmented histamine 467
Test, Kingsbury 72
Test, Kocher's 330, 357
Test, Kveim Siltzbach 236
Test, Lewis 181
Test, lime juice 314
Test, Linton's 208, 215
Test, Magnuson's 706
Test, matchstick 118
Test, modified Adson's 179
Test, modified Perthe's 207
Test, Morris bitrochanteric 651
Test, multiple tourniquet 204
Test, Naffziger's for spine 706
Test, Ochsner's clasping 242
Test, Orr Chair 431, 438
Test, Ortolani's 690
Test, Oschner's Mahoner 204
Test, Paget's 117
Test, Paul Bunnel 235
Test, pen 243
Test, pentagastrin 467
Test, Perthe's 207
Test, Phalen's 684
Test, Phalen's, reverse 684
Test, pinching 381
Test, Pratt's 205
Test, probe 162
Test, pump handle 647, 707
Test, Raju 207
Test, reactive hyperemia time 181
Test, Rinne's 602
Test, Roos 178
Test, Schwartz 205
Test, straight leg raising 651
Test, telescopic 651, 690
Test, three finger 777
Test, three swab 162
Test, tourniquet for short saphenous vein 203
Test, traction 430
Test, Wever's tuning fork 602
Test, Wright 179
Test, Zieman's 406
Testicular sensation 431
Testicular sensation, loss of 435
Testicular tumors 427, 436
Testis, anteverted 431
Testis, billiard 439
Testis, ectopic 437
Testis, gumma of 439
Testis, hernia 427
Testis, imperfectly descended 436
Testis, inverted 431
Testis, maldescended 436
Testis, retractile test for 431
Testis, seminoma 437
Testis, teratoma 437
Testis, third 426
Testis, torsion 426, 440
Testis, undescended 427, 436
Texture of the skin 34
Thenar space 586
Thermography 391
Thimble bladder 575, 774
Third testis 426
Thomas test 686
Thompson's test 658
Thoracic inlet syndrome 341
Thoracic outlet syndrome 340
Thread veins 214
Three finger test 118, 777
Three glass urine test 564
Three swab test 162
Thrill 121
Thrill, hydatid 118
Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) 189
Thrombophlebitis, migratory superficial 474
Thrombophlebitis, superficial 216
Thrombosed piles 536
Thrush, oral 283
Thudicum's speculum 302
Thyrocardiac 365
Thyroglossal cyst 367
Thyroglossal fistula 328, 353, 367
Thyroid acropachy 348
Thyroid cyst 343
Thyroid function test 361
Thyroid neoplasms 365
Thyroid nodule, solitary 364
Thyroid paradox 356
Thyroid steal 367
Thyroid storm 367
Thyroid, lingual 348, 368
Thyroiditis 367
Thyroidography 363
Thyrotoxic crisis 367
Thyrotoxicosis 365
Thyrotoxicosis factitia 365
Thyrotoxicosis, Jod Basedow 365
Thyrotoxicosis, neonatal 365
Thyrotoxicosis, primary 346
Thyrotoxicosis, secondary 346
Tietz's syndrome 397
Tiger stripe stomach 452
Tillaux's triad 519
Tinea pedis 591
Tinel's sign 246, 247
TNM staging carcinoma rectum 540
TNM staging of carcinoma of breast (2018) 394
Tobacco chewing 261
Toe brachial pressure index (TBPI) 45, 183
TOF 552
Tongue 49
Tongue anatomy 265
Tongue depresser 741
Tongue tie 266
Tongue tremor 268
Tongue ulcers 50
Tongue, abnormal pigmentations 50
Tongue, bald 49, 267
Tongue, beefy red 267
Tongue, benign tumors 282
Tongue, black hairy 49
Tongue, carcinoma 279
Tongue, curdy white 267
Tongue, dry brown 49
Tongue, fissuring 50
Tongue, furring 49
Tongue, geographic 282
Tongue, inspection 265
Tongue, leukoplakia 49
Tongue, palpation 271
Tongue, posteror third palpation 271
Tongue, raspberry 267
Tongue, strawberry 267
Tongur, geographical 266
Tonsil, carcinoma 300
Tonsil, palatine 298
Tonsil, tubal 298
Tonsillar carcinoma 300
Tonsillitis 299
Tonsils and fauces palpation 288
Tonsils and fauces, inspection 269
Tonsils, kissing 299
Tooth, screwdriver 265
Tophi 77, 675
Torsion testis 426, 440
Torticollis 331, 339, 703
Torus palatine 294
Tourniquet palsy 251
Tourniquet test for short saphenous vein 203
Towel clip 717
Towel clip, Backhaus’ 717
Towel clip, Doyen's 717
Towel clip, Moynihan's tetra 717
Toxic dilatation of colon 475
Toxic nodule 365
Toxic thyroid, cardinal signs 346
Toxoplasmosis 235
Trachea, examination 334
Tracheal tug 548
Tracheoesophageal fistula 552
Tracheomalacia 331, 357
Tracheostomy tube 731
Tracheostomy tube, Fuller's bivalved 731
Tracheostomy tube, Jackson's 731
Tracheostomy tube, PVC 731
Tracheostomy tube, red-rubber 731
Tracheostomy, indication 731
Traction test 430
Trail sign 358
Transcutaneous oximetry 185
Transillumination 118
Transillumination test, maxillary sinus 303
Transilluminoscope 119, 430
Transmitted pulsation 120, 508
Transpyloric plane 496
Transtubercular line 496
Trapezius 241
Traube's area 464
Traumatic fat necrosis of breast 396
Treadmill test 184
Tremor 348
Tremor tongue 49
Tremors of hands and tongue 348, 349
Trench mouth 265
Trendelenburg gait 672, 685, 690
Trendelenburg test 686
Treponema pallidum 90
Treponema pertenue 101
TRH stimulation test 361
Triad, Tillaux's 519
Triad, Trotter's 300
Triage 623
Triangle HO's 300
Triangle of doom 412
Triangle of pain 412
Triangle, Codman's 754
Triceps bursitis 682
Triceps jerk 603
Trichobezoar 473
Trident hand 667
Trifoleate duodenum 758
Trigeminal nerve 601
Trigger finger 255
Trigger thumb 255
Trigger zones of Patrick 601
Trigone, retromolar 270
Triple ABC technique 387
Triple assessment 391
Triple deformity 695
Triple displacement 692
Triple endoscopy 277
Triple phosphate stone 573
Trismus 264, 289, 306
Trismus, grading 264
Trocar and cannula 738
Trochlear nerve 601
Troisier's sign 465
Trophic ulcer 76, 93
Tropical bubo 235
Tropical ulcer 76, 95
Trotter's triad 300
Trousseau's sign 216, 369
Trousseau's sign of pancreas 474
Trucut biopsy 59
Tubal tonsil 298
Tube, endotracheal 732
Tube, flatus 738
Tube, Kehr's ‘T’ 730
Tube, nasogastric 737
Tube, nasogastric, complications 737
Tube, Ryle's 737
Tube, tracheostomy 731
Tuber joint angle 659
Tubercle, carotid 177
Tubercle, Chassaignac anterior 177
Tuberculosis of breast 397
Tuberculosis of hip 691
Tuberculosis of knee 695
Tuberculosis of shoulder joint 680
Tuberculosis of spine 708
Tuberculosis, ankle 697
Tuberculosis, colonic 517
Tuberculous arthritis 675, 755
Tuberculous dactylitis 588
Tuberculous lymphadenitis 229, 232, 313
Tuberculous lymphadenitis, stages 232
Tuberculous ulcer, tongue 283
Tubulodermoids 129, 131
Tumor, acinic cell 319
Tumor, ambiguous 133
Tumor, Bedner's 147
Tumor, carotid body 338
Tumor, desmoid 137
Tumor, dumb bell 319
Tumor, glomus 134
Tumor, Godwin's 318
Tumor, Grawitz 776
Tumor, Klatskin 513
Tumor, Krukenberg 466
Tumor, minor salivary gland 320
Tumor, mucoepidermoid 319
Tumor, pancoast 610
Tumor, phyloides 395
Tumor, potato 338
Tumor, Pott's puffy 144
Tumor, Regaud 300
Tumor, Schmincke 300
Tumor, skin adnexal 147
Tumor, sternomastoid 339
Tumor, turban 147
Tumor, ubiquitous 133
Tumor, universal 133
Tumor, Warthin's 319
Tumors, spinal cord 710
Tumors, testicular 436
Tumour, Cock's peculiar 133
Turban tumor 147
Turcot's syndrome 475
Turner's syndrome 21
Tyeeth, Hutchinson's 265
Tylosis 553
Tyson's gland infection 449
U
Ubiquitous tumor 133
Ulce, Marjolin's 148
Ulcer 73
Ulcer base 85
Ulcer becoming chronic causes 73
Ulcer Buruli 40
Ulcer classification, Wagner's 77
Ulcer definition 73
Ulcer dental 282
Ulcer discharges 77
Ulcer Ducrey's 100
Ulcer due to chilblains 94
Ulcer floor 82
Ulcer induration 85, 92
Ulcer nonspecific 76
Ulcer parts 73
Ulcer penetrating 87
Ulcer perforating 87
Ulcer serpiginous 81
Ulcer syphilitic 72
Ulcer, acute 77, 78
Ulcer, aphthous 262, 282
Ulcer, arterial 76, 97
Ulcer, assessment 91
Ulcer, Bairnsdale 94
Ulcer, Barrett's 551
Ulcer, base 74
Ulcer, Bazin's 76
Ulcer, biopsy, oral cavity 277
Ulcer, bone thickening 86
Ulcer, callous 75
Ulcer, carcinomatous 98
Ulcer, causes of nonhealing 93
Ulcer, chronic 77
Ulcer, classifications 75
Ulcer, cortisol 77
Ulcer, decubitus 93
Ulcer, diabetic 94
Ulcer, diphtheritic 77
Ulcer, discharge 84
Ulcer, discharge study 90
Ulcer, Ducrey's 76, 235
Ulcer, edge 73, 81, 85
Ulcer, epitheliomatous 82
Ulcer, factitious 77
Ulcer, floor 74
Ulcer, footballer's 76, 101
Ulcer, general examination 80
Ulcer, granulation tissue 92
Ulcer, gravitational 97
Ulcer, gummatous, syphilitic 427
Ulcer, healing 75
Ulcer, history 77
Ulcer, imaging 90
Ulcer, ischemic 97
Ulcer, local examination 80
Ulcer, margin 81
Ulcer, Marjolin's 78, 97, 98
Ulcer, Martorell's hypertensive 76
Ulcer, Martorelle's 94
Ulcer, meatus 449
Ulcer, melanotic 99
Ulcer, Meleney's 77, 95
Ulcer, neuropathic 76
Ulcer, nonhealing 75
Ulcer, post-pertussis 283
Ulcer, rodent 82
Ulcer, rodent 99
Ulcer, spreading 75, 82
Ulcer, stationary 75
Ulcer, surrounding skin and area 84
Ulcer, syphilitic 99
Ulcer, traumatic 76, 96
Ulcer, trophic 76, 93
Ulcer, tropical 76, 94
Ulcer, tuberculous 95
Ulcer, vela 77
Ulcer, venous 97, 214
Ulcer, wedge biopsy 90
Ulcerative colitis 475
Ulcers, foot 102
Ulcers, leg 101
Ulcers, snail track 282
Ulcers, specific 75
Ulcers, syphilitic 283
Ulcers, tongue 50
Ulnar artery 177
Ulnar bursa 587
Ulnar drift 256
Ulnar nerve injury 249
Ulnar nerve, palpation 682
Ulnar paradox 250
Ultrasound examination 61
Ultrasound gray scale 62
Ultrasound of breast 388
Ultrasound real time 62
Ultrasound uses 62
Umbilical adenoma 525
Umbilical fistula 525
Umbilical granuloma 524
Umbilical hernia 419
Umbilical region, mass 519
Umbilical sinus 525
Umbilicus 481
Umbilicus examination 461
Umbilicus, smiling 37
Umbolith 562
Undermined edge 82
Undescended testis 416, 427, 522
Unicameral bone cyst 670
Universal tumor 133
Unmasking the pulse 176, 180
Upper end of ulna, palpation 640
Upper limb ischemia 195
Urachal cyst 525
Urachal diverticulum 525
Urachal fistula 525
Urachal sinus 525
Urate stone 572
Ureter, gof hole 774
Ureter, retrocaval 763
Ureteric calculi 572
Ureteric line 757
Ureteric pain 558
Urethra 563
Urethral calculi 576
Urethral discharge 560
Urethral injury 629
Urethral pain 558
Urethral stricture 579
Urethritis 576
Urethrogram, ascending 567
Urethroscopy 568
Urethrostomy, perineal 443
Urgency 555
Uric acid stone 572, 573
Urinary bilharziasis 575
Urinary bladder diverticulum 523
Urinary fistulas 576
Urinary frequency 558
Urinary stream 560
Urine examination 71, 564
Urine microscopic examination 72
Urine pH 72
Urine protein, 24 hours 72
Urine, extravasation of 440
Urine-specific gravity 72
Urograffin 565
Uterine mass 523
V
V sign of Nacleiro 551
VACTER anomalies 552
Vaginal examination 538
Vagus nerve 602
Valgus deformity 673
Valgus foot 695
Valvulae conniventes 494
Van Nuy's prognostic index 389
Varicocele 417, 429, 438
Varicocele, grading 438
Varicography 212
Varicose vein 197, 213
Varicose veins, CEAP classification 210
Varicose veins, complications 210
Varicose veins, examination 197
Varicose veins, signs 208
Varicose veins, symptoms 208
Various positions 51
Varus deformity 673
Varus foot 695
Vas deferens sign 432
Vascular malformation, capillary 154
Vascular malformations 153, 154
Vein, anterior accessory great saphenous 213
Vein, Giacomini Cruveilhier 213
Vein, posterior arch 201
Veins superficial 201
Veins, Gaertner's 40
Veins, guttered 173
Veins, May's 40
Veins, reticular 201
Vela sore 77
Vela ulcer 77
Vellus 35
Venereal warts 448
Venography 211
Venous Doppler 211
Venous hemodynamic mapping 211
Venous refilling time 173
Venous ulcer 97, 214
Venous ulcer, complications 210
Ventral hernia 419
Verdan modified zone in hand 585
Vermilion border 261
Verruca plantaris 145
Verrucous carcinoma 98, 149, 278
Vesical calculus 572
Vesical pain 558
Vesicles 33
Vesicoureteric reflux 567
Vesicovaginal fistula 576
VHM 211
Vicryl 739
Victor Riddell method 380
Villonodular synovitis 697
Vin Rose patch 34, 154
Vincent's angina 283
Vincent's gingivitis 265
Vipoma 474
Virchow's node 465, 466
Virchow's triad 215
Virile facies 594
Virus, human papilloma 261
Visible gastric peristalsis 460
Visible gastric peristalsis (VGP) 500
Visible intestinal peristalsis (VIP) 500
Visible peristalsis 457, 482
Visible pulsation abdomen 458
Visible veins 38
Visual acuity 601
Visual fields 601
Vlkmann's sign 254, 258
Vocal cords, movements of 301
Vocal fremitus 608
Vocal nodules 301
Vocal polyp 301
Voice change 325
Voice, hot potato 280
Volkmann's ischemic contracture 254, 258
Volkmann's ischemic contracture 584
Volkmann's scoop 743
Volvulus 494
Volvulus, caecal 494
Volvulus, sigmoid 494
Vomiting 14, 452, 479
Vomiting, causes 15
Vomitus 15
Von Recklinghausen's disease of bone 368, 667
Von Recklinghausen's disease of neurofibroma 135
Von Rosen femoral lines 690
W
Waddling gait 22, 672, 685
Waldeyer Pirogov ring 227
Waldeyer ring 227
Waldeyer's ring 217
Waldeyer's ring, inner 342
Waldeyer's ring, outer 342
Wandering acetabulum 691
Wart 145
Wart butcher's 145
Wart, pathologist's 145
Wart, plantar 145
Warthin's tumor 319
Wash leather slough 72, 82, 84
Wasting 19
Wasting of limb muscle assessment 181
Water melon stomach 452
Water shed area 500
Waterbrash 546
Watering can perineum 160, 424, 428
Weaver's bursa 138
Web space infection 586
Weber's tuning fork test 602
Wedge biopsy, ulcer 90
Weigert Meyer law 569
Weight gain 19
Weight loss 19
Weight loss, significant definition 19
Wen 132
Wermer's syndrome 368
Westermark sign 611
Wet chamois leather slough 82
Wharton's duct 306, 308, 314, 322
Wheal 33
Whiplash injury 701
Whipple's operation 772
Whipple's triad 474
Whitaker test 571
White nail 28
Wilm's tumor 573
Wilm's tumor, staging 574
Wilm's tumor, triad 573
Wind sweep deformities of toes 696
Winging of scapula 239, 252, 253
Wingspread classification 545
Witch milk 397
Woody thyroiditis 367
Wound imaging 91
Wound perimeter 91
Wright test 179
Wrist drop 239, 251, 683
Wrist flexion test 684
Wrist joint line, palpation 644
Wrist joint, movement 644, 645, 684
Wrist, palpation of joint line 644
Wryneck 339
X
Xanthelasma 46
Xanthine stone 572
Xanthomas 25, 321, 323
Xerostomia 323
X-ray and imaging 60
X-ray, anorectal malformation 755
X-ray, cannon ball secondaries 752
X-ray, cervical rib 753
X-ray, chest 60
X-ray, contrast 61
X-ray, diaphragmatic eventration 756
X-ray, diaphragmatic hernia 756
X-ray, double contrast 61
X-ray, ectopia vesicae 754
X-ray, hydropneumothorax 752
X-ray, KUB 756
X-ray, massive effusion 752
X-ray, mediastinal tumor 752
X-ray, osteoblastic secondaries 753
X-ray, osteochondroma 753
X-ray, osteoclastoma 754
X-ray, osteolytic secondaries 753
X-ray, osteomyelitis 754
X-ray, osteosarcoma 754
X-ray, pathological fracture 753
X-ray, sacrococcygeal 754
X-ray, salt and pepper appearance 753
X-ray, stents in CBD 756
X-ray, subcutaneous emphysema 752
X-ray, submandibular salivary gland 755
X-ray, vesical calculus 757
X-ray, water-lily appearance 752
Y
Yaws 101
Yellow nail syndrome 28
Z
Zieman's test 406
Zones of Rouviere 224
×
Chapter Notes

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SRB's Clinical Methods in SURGERY
SRB's Clinical Methods in SURGERY
Third Edition
Sriram Bhat M MS (General Surgery) Professor and Head Department of Surgery Kasturba Medical College Mangaluru, Karnataka, India Honorary Surgeon Government Wenlock District Hospital Mangaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India meera_sriram2003@yahoo.com Forewords CR Ballal Narayanaswamy Srinivasan Harish Rao
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SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery
First Edition : 2010
Second Edition : 2015
Third Edition: 2019
9789352705450
Printed at
Contributors Foreword
Dr Sriram Bhat M, Professor of Surgery, Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India, is a very popular teacher and I have known him for more than three decades. He has always been interested in teaching and his emphasis was on the fundamentals of good clinical examination. At a time when imaging and other methods of investigations are becoming popular than methodical and a well-executed clinical examination, a well-written book on clinical surgery is most welcome. Dr Bhat has tried to emphasize as very systemic examination so that one could arrive at a working diagnosis at the end of a good history and physical examination. The value of this book has been enhanced by a very large number of highly illustrative pictorial descriptions. Unfortunately, the number and the variety of patients in many teaching hospitals across the country are unfavorable as far as undergraduates and postgraduates are concerned. I am sure, this book will find a place in the armamentarium of all the students.
Dr Bhat is already the author of a popular textbook of surgery. I have no hesitation to believe that this book on clinical surgery will be equally popular.
CR Ballal MS
Professor Emeritus
Department of Surgery
Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
Foreword
When Professor Sriram Bhat M, from Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India, has requested me to write a foreword for the current edition of his clinical book SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery, I readily accepted it because I know him since few years if not personally because of his popular well-known book SRB's Manual of Surgery and SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery, first edition and regular communications through phone and e-mail.
This book carries its own merit by lucid presentation, detailed methods of clinical examinations with excellent clinical photographs and illustrations. Even though present era is of imaging, this book stresses the need for proper clinical examination to clinch the proper diagnosis, treatment plans and during follow-up. This book has covered all topics including clinical examination in orthopedics. As by his request, I have given permission to publish the sign which I have invented, i.e. ‘Srinivasan costal sign’ and I also felt it is my honor to get the sign published in SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery, current edition.
This book will become probably an essential one to all undergraduates and postgraduates to get a clear idea of clinical methods. Accompanying online videos on emedicine360.com contain clinical examinations of all important topics with background voice explanation of the author.
This is also very useful to practicing clinicians and surgeons worldwide to understand the surgical conditions and to achieve proper clinical diagnosis.
I appreciate dedication and determination of Professor Sriram Bhat M in bringing out the current edition of SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery and wish him a grand success and also recommend this clinical book to all undergraduates, postgraduates and clinicians to make use of it in clinical practice or learning or in examinations.
Narayanaswamy Srinivasan MS FRCS (Glasgow)
Medical Superintendent
Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences
Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
Former Dean and Director
Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Foreword
“Observe, record, tabulate, and communicate. Use your five senses. Learn to see, learn to hear, learn to feel, learn to smell, and know that by practice alone you can become an expert”.
—Sir William Osler
Great advice from a doyen of the past. Today, in the age of ultrasound, CT, MRI and PET scans, clinical examination seems redundant. Yet with all the available sophistry, we seem to be making more mistakes than in the past. We have made diagnosis a costly exercise. In our mad rush towards super-specialization, the art of history taking and eliciting clinical signs is rapidly fading. Yet many times, it is not the scans that help us come to the conclusion nor battery of tests but simple old-fashioned clinical examination.
Dr Sriram Bhat M has been working tirelessly to preserve and perpetuate this art for the past several years. The result is this new and improved version of his clinical textbook. I am sure enthusiasts of this subject will delight in reading and learning from this book. It is a great privilege to be writing the foreword for this book that is virtually a Bible amongst surgical students both in India and abroad. The text is lucidly written, explanations are brought to current levels of knowledge and the illustrations and photographs are of superb quality. This book is a must read for the undergraduates and postgraduates of surgery so that they can be better clinicians.
“From inability to leave well alone; from too much zeal for the new and contempt for what is old; from putting knowledge before wisdom and science before art, and cleverness before common sense; from treating patients as cases; and from making the cure of the disease more grievous than the endurance of the same, Good Lord, deliver us”.
—Sir Robert Hutchinson
There in lies the gist of what this book is trying to do. For the sake of clinical surgery I wish this book all the best and many many reprints in the coming years.
Harish Rao MS
Professor and Ex-Head
Department of Surgery
Kasturba Medical college
Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
Preface to the Third Edition
It is since four years after the second edition of SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery I decided to come out with the third edition. The main aim of this edition is to reduce the pages of the book so that the students can carry it easily to the patient's bedside and make the best use of it without altering or reducing the essential contents. All the aspects of history taking and clinical examinations of surgical cases are described in detail with good photographs so as to make it understandable for the students. Many new photographs are added. In the discussion part, various differential diagnoses are discussed and accordingly a lot of changes are made so as to reduce the unnecessary text which I found is beyond the scope of this book.
Separate chapters to discuss X-rays, instruments, and exam-oriented specimens are included briefly in this book.
I want all the students including undergraduate and postgraduate students to make the best use of this book and increase their clinical knowledge. Healthy constructive criticism by affectionate readers to improve the quality of the book is very well accepted.
Sriram Bhat M
Preface to the First Edition
It was my long time dream to bring out a good surgical clinical book for undergraduates, postgraduates and practicing surgeons. Even though I have written surgical manual for students of MBBS, Dental and Nursing category, I had an aspiration to write an adequate sufficient clinical book which can cover all category of students who need to learn clinical surgery properly. I have covered every aspect of clinical surgery with good illustrations in all chapters. This contains methods of basic clinical surgery for medical students. Clinical approaches, clinical analysis and clinical diagnosis with differential diagnosis are discussed in each chapter. However, therapeutic aspects, controversies and recent advances are not a part of this book. Students who want to learn in detail in these aspects are requested to refer to my textbook SRB's Manual of Surgery, 3rd edition or any other surgical books of their choice. I have taken enough care to discuss different clinical methods and signs. I have also referred standard clinical books and surgery books prior to writing this book. Many methods and signs which are old are well accepted but still many methods are controversial. But whatever given in this are commonly followed one; individual opinions and controversies are not highlighted here.
I hope this book will be useful for all those who are keen to learn clinical surgery.
I sincerely appreciate everyone who has helped me. I thank M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, for their support to bring out this book.
Any constructive criticisms are most welcome.
Sriram Bhat M
Acknowledgments
I am happy to bring out the third edition of SRB's Clinical Methods in Surgery after four years of the previous edition. This is due to constant help and support of many.
I thank our Chancellor Dr Ramdas M Pai, Pro-Chancellor Dr HS Ballal, Vice-Chancellor of Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) Dr Vinod Bhat, Pro-Vice-Chancellor Dr Poornima Baliga, and Dr Surendra Shetty, our beloved Dean Professor Dr Venkatraya Prabhu. I also thank Associate Deans Dr Alfred Augustine, Dr Nuthan Kamath, and Dr Unnikrishnan, for their guidance.
I thank my beloved teacher, a great clinician and senior surgeon Dr Professor CR Ballal, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India, for accepting my request to give foreword to the clinical book. I owe a lot to him.
I thank Professor Narayanaswamy Srinivasan, MS, FRCS (Glasgow), Former Dean and Director, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka; presently, Medical Superintendent, Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India, for writing foreword to the book and contributing to the book with ‘Srinivasan costal sign’.
My immense acknowledgment to Professor Harish Rao, Ex-Head, Department of Surgery, Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangaluru, for writting foreword to this edition and also for his affectionate guidance.
I always remember my senior teachers, Professor Suresh Kamath, Professor K Prakash Rao, and Dr Jayaprakash Rao, for their constant help.
I thank Professor GG Laxman Prabhu, Urologist, KMC, Mangaluru. He has contributed ‘Examination of Back’ of Chapter 40: Approaches and Examinations in Spine Injuries and Diseases.
I thank Professor Dr Sribatsa Kumar Mohapatra, MS, FRCS, DNB, Veer Surendra Sai (VSS) Medical College, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha, India contributed his new approaches in breast and abdomen examination—an innovative triple ABC technique (Sribatsa Mohapatra Clinical Technique), for clinical breast examination (CBE) for breast disorders and a cricketing approach to the abdomen.
I thank Professor Ramlingam, Kamineni Institution of Medical Sciences, Narkatpally, Karnataka, for contributing with many photographs. I thank many other senior consultants and professors in different medical colleges across the country for contributing towards this in the form of opinions, photographs and corrections.
I thank many professors and teachers, who guided, corrected, helped me, and contributed in different forms like clinical photographs towards this edition of the book.
Professors, Department of Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Mangaluru namely Dr BM Nayak, Dr Thangam Varghese, Dr Jayaram Shenoy, Dr Anand Kini (MCh), Dr Ramachandra Pai, Dr SP Rai, Dr Yogish Kumar, and Dr Shivananda Prabhu H, are always supportive for my work and are worth to be remembered always.
I am grateful to all my teachers and colleagues in surgery department, who directly or indirectly helped me to bring out this book.
I appreciate District Medical Officer and Resident Medical Officer of Government Wenlock District Hospital, Mangaluru, for their kind help.
I will never forget my close associates Dr Ganapathy, MD, Director, Mangala Hospital, Kadri, Mangaluru, and Dr Ashok Pandith, MCh, Consultant Urologist, Yenepoya Hospital, Kodialbail, Mangaluru, for their affectionate help and encouragement in all my endeavors. They always stood with me in my difficulties.
I thank Dr Manohar Pai, Dr Ashfaque Mohammed, Dr Poornachandra Tejaswi, Dr Shibumon MM, Dr Rahul Bhat, Dr Bharath Kumar Bhat, Dr Kalpana Sridhar, Dr Keshava Prasad, Dr Sunilkumar Shetty, Dr Ranjith Rao, Dr Ventakesh Shanbogh, Dr Vivek MA, Dr Aromal Chakavar, Dr Guruprasad Reddy, Dr Sunil Matt, Dr Anand, Dr Aravindan R, Dr Jawahar BK, Dr Shushruth Shetty, Dr Achaleshwar Dayal, Dr Raghav Pandey, Dr Rupen Shah, Dr Ashwin Mallya, Dr Praveen, Dr Ashok Hegde, Dr Rajesh Ballal, Dr Devidas Shetty, Dr Venkatesh Sanjeeva, Dr Sunil, Dr Harish Nayak, Dr Subraya Kamath, Dr Shubanshu, Dr Chaithanya, Dr Nandakishore, Dr Shrishail, and Dr Sampath, for their help in various aspects.
I thank my friends, Dr Manjunath Shenoy (Urologist) and Dr Jagadish, MDS, for their contributions to photographs and X-rays and opinion on dental and faciomaxillary topics; Dr Harsharaj (Orthopedician, Mangaluru) and Dr Ishwarakeerthi (Spine Specialist, Mangaluru), for their help. I thank Dr Balasaraswathy (Consultant Dermatologist, Mangaluru), for providing rare photographs.
My wife, Dr Meera Karanth, helped me day and night in editing this new book and without her help this could not have been possible. My beloved daughter, Ananya, helped me in drawing and diagrams artistically. I enjoy her love and affection towards me.
I thank all my students especially postgraduates, Department of Surgery, who were helping regularly in bringing out this third edition.
Words are not sufficient to remember all my patients who are the main material for the book. I pray for their good health always.
I appreciate Shri Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman), Mr Ankit Vij (Managing Director), Mr MS Mani (Group President), Ms Ritu Sharma (Director–Content Strategy), Ms Sunita Katla (Executive Assistant to Group Chairman and Publishing Manager), Ms Pooja Bhandari (Production Head), and all the staff namely Mr Rajesh Sharma (Production Coordinator), Ms Seema Dogra (Cover Visualizer), Mr Laxmidhar Padhiary (Proofreader), Mr Kapil Dev Sharma and Mr Kulwant Singh (Typesetters), and Mr Gopal Kirola (Graphic Designer) of M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India, for doing appreciable work in their respective field of printing and publishing. I also thank manager and staff of Bengaluru branch of M/s Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.