Handbook of Emergency Room Protocols S Arulrhaj, T Neelambujan, Archana Ambujan, Aarathy Kannan
INDEX
A
Abdomen 54, 130, 132
Abortion 114
complete 115
incomplete 108, 115
induced 107
missed 114
septic 115
threatened 114
types of 114
Accidental electric shock 19
Acid-base
disorders 98
disturbances 91, 95
Acidosis 80, 95
metabolic 95, 98
respiratory 95, 96, 98
severe 96
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 147, 149
Activated partial thromboplastin time 48, 106
Acute disseminated epidermal necrosis 152
Acute respiratory distress syndrome 9
Addison's disease 28, 149
Adenosine 14
Adenovirus 122
Advanced cardiac life support 21
Airway 155
maintenance 118
management 154
Albuminuria 24
Alcohol 28
Alkaline phosphatase 123
Alkalosis 95
hypokalemic 52
metabolic 97, 98
respiratory 95, 97, 98
Alport hereditary nephritis 79
Alzheimer's disease 78, 149
Amenorrhea 108
Amino acids 53
Ammonia hypothesis disaccharides lactulose 52
Amphetamine 147, 149
Amylase 54, 99
Anal diseases 134
Analgesics 59
Anaphylaxis 38, 40
Ancillary therapy 139
Anemia 85
Anesthesia 153
role of 153
Angina 14
Angiodysplasia 134
Angiography, mesenteric 135
Angioplasty 4
Angiotensin
converting enzyme 8, 76
receptor blocker 76
Ankle edema 8
Ankylosing spondylitis 96, 122
Antibiotics 53, 71, 87
Antibody 123
Antidepressants 59, 147
Antiedematics 59, 128
Antiepileptics 59, 71, 128
Antinuclear antibody titer 122
Anxiety 14
Aorta 32
Aortic dissection 2, 24, 28
Aortic stenosis, severe 32
Appendicitis, acute 108, 130
Arrhythmias 11, 13, 28, 80
Arterial blood gas 54, 86, 119
analysis 38
Arterial occlusive disease 124
Arthritis 121
acromegalic 122
septic 122
Artificial ventilation, excessive 97
Ascites 8, 137
Aspiration 38, 40, 44
Aspirin 8
Asthma
acute severe 37, 40, 43
bronchial 39
Atrial fibrillation 2, 1517
management of 16
Atrial septal aneurysm 32
Auditory tests 61
Auscultation 2
Azotemia 24, 52
B
Basic life support 21, 23
Bedside clotting time test 106
Behçet's disease 122
Benzodiazepines 62, 148
Beta-blocker 17
Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin 110
Bilevel positive airway pressure 41
Bilirubin, serum 136
Bladder 52
Blood 58, 70, 82
count, routine 101
glucose levels 85, 86
loss, chronic 28
pressure 2, 8, 37, 113
diastolic 24, 25, 113
systolic 12, 15
sugar 11, 61, 99
tests 139
urea nitrogen 54, 78, 119, 139
Blunt injury 132
Bone disease 80
Bowel function 52
Bradyarrhythmia 28, 30
Bradycardia 21, 90
Brain
abscess 70
computed tomography of 59
concussion 128
natriuretic peptide 9
parenchyma, contusion of 128
temperature 72
Brainstem 66
auditory evoked response 63
infarct 96
Breath sounds 43
Bromocriptine 53
Bronchial lavage 38
Bronchiectasis 35
Brown–Séquard syndrome 126
Brudzinski sign 70
Brugada syndrome 19
B-type natriuretic peptides 37
Buprenorphine 154
Butyrophenones 149
C
Calcium 54
blocker 17
gluconate 81
salts 82
Caloric test 61
Campylobacter jejuni 141
Cancer 149
Carbamazepine 149
Carcinoma 134
Cardiac arrest 20
Cardiac disease 38
Cardiac failure 4
congestive 19, 24, 26, 38, 144
Cardiac free wall rupture 33
Cardiac tamponade 26, 28, 32, 33
Cardiac valves 32
Cardiogenic shock 8, 10
causes of 11
Cardiomyopathy 11, 16, 32
dilated 32
hypertrophic 32
obstructive 27, 32
Cardiopulmonary disease 149
Cardiovascular system 1, 24, 37, 67, 80
Carotid
Doppler ultrasound 67
sinus massage 29
Cauda conus syndrome 126
Cauda equine syndrome 126
Central nervous system 24, 58, 61
infection 65
signs 99
Central sleep apnea 35
Central venous pressure 119
Cerebral artery
anterior 66
posterior 66
Cerebrospinal fluid 72
Cerebrovascular accident 65, 68, 147
Cesarean section, lower segment 117
Charcot's triad 131
Chemotherapy 141
Chest
injury 121
pain 20, 31, 43
acute retrosternal 1
trauma 121
wound 118
X-ray 3, 9, 11, 24, 27, 38, 45, 90
Chocolate cyst, ruptured 108
Cholangitis 54
Cholecystitis 2, 54, 130
Cholesterol 54
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 16, 38, 41, 96
acute exacerbation of 9, 39, 41, 43
Chronic renal disease
causes of 79
stages of 79
Chronic renal failure 78, 79
treatment of 81
Cirrhosis 137
Citicoline 68
Clopidogrel 8
Clostridium difficile 56
Cold perspiration 1
Coma 24, 63
metabolic 65, 90
Comatose 127
Complete blood count 61
Computed tomography 59, 69, 72, 106, 127, 129, 149
scan 27, 55
Confusion 96
Consciousness
altered 70
level of 64
sudden loss of 20
Constipation 130
Continuous positive airway pressure 41
Contraceptives 107
Convulsions 111
Coronary angiography 7
Coronary artery 32
bypass graft 13
disease 6, 16
Corrosive poisoning 101
Cortical venous thrombosis 68
Corticosteroids 147, 149
Cough 27, 40, 43
Cranial bruit 67
Creatine kinase 3
Creatinine 119, 139
Cricothyroid membrane 35
Crohn's disease 56
Culdocentesis 109
Cushing disease 149
Cyanosis 11, 40, 43
peripheral 8
Cyproheptadine 149
Cysteine stones 82
D
Dapsone 149
Deep vein thrombosis 124
Defecation 27
Dehydration 56, 138, 139
features of 138
prevention of 139
severe 140
signs of 56
treatment of 139
Delirium 74
Delusion disorder 75
Dementia 75
Depression 58, 75
respiratory 126
severe 58, 148
Dexamethasone 71
Dextrose 66
Diabetes 7, 96, 149
hypertension 79
insipidus 93
partial central 93
mellitus
type 1 86
type 2 86
Dialysis, indication for 79
Diarrhea 56, 130
acute 138141
antibiotic acute 56
bacterial 141
protozoal 141
Diazepam 153
Diffuse interstitial lung disease 35
Digoxin 17
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs 123
Diverticular diseases 134
Diverticulitis 54
Dizziness 1
Dobutamine 4
Dopamine 4
Douglas pouch 109, 115
Drowsiness 69, 96
Drug therapies 52
Dry mucous membrane 77
Duodenal ulcer 54
Dyspnea 8, 20, 31, 37, 43
E
Ear discharge 58
Ebstein's anomaly 33
Echocardiogram 6, 9, 18, 24, 27, 29, 67
guided pericardial aspiration 33
Echocardiography 11, 31, 37, 45, 90
Eclampsia 24, 111
antepartum 111
intrapartum 111
postpartum 111
Edema
cardiogenic pulmonary 35
coma 90
pulmonary 8, 80, 97
Electrocardiography 1, 3, 7, 21, 23, 38, 48, 86, 99
Electroconvulsive therapy 149, 150
Electroencephalography 51, 142
Electrolyte 86, 89, 91
Electronystagmography 61, 63
Emergency intercostal chest drain 118
Encephalitis 70, 111
Encephalopathy 50, 51
hypertensive 24
metabolic 51, 67
Endocrine disorders 84
Endometriosis 107
Endoscopic management 48
Endoscopic variceal ligation 48
Endotracheal tube 35, 118, 155
Enoxaparin 3
Entamoeba histolytica 141
Enzymes, cardiac 11
Epilepsy 111, 149
Erosive esophagitis 46
Erythema multiforme 152
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 57, 58, 122, 123
Escherichia coli, enteroinvasive 141
Esmolol 25
Esophagogastritis, severe 2
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy 102
Ethylene glycol 96
Euglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome 88
Exploratory thoracotomy, indications of 121
Extracellular fluid 76
Extrauterine ectopic pregnancy 107
Eye
examination of 64
movement 65
F
Face mask 35
Fainting 108
Febrile convulsions 142
Feeding, management of 141
Femoral nerve stretch test 124
Fentanyl 154
Fever 58, 101, 130, 131, 136
rheumatic 122
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy 45
Fibroids 107
Fibrothorax 96
Fissures 134
Flank pain 78
Flapping tremors 51
Fleeting polyarthritis 122
Fluid
administration 87
and electrolyte
correction 52
disturbances 80
replacement 89
Flumazenil zinc 53
Foley's catheter 135
Fractures, elevated 128
Fundal height 117
Fundus 70
examination 112
Fungal meningitis 71
G
Gallop rhythm 11
Gastric suction 97
Gastroduodenal erosions 46
Gastroesophageal varices 46
Gastrointestinal bleeding, acute 80, 134
Gastrointestinal tract 46
Generalized necrotic skin lesions 152
Genital infection 108
Gerstmann syndrome 66
Giddiness 108
Gitelman syndrome 97
Glasgow Coma Scale 127129
Glomerular filtration rate 76
Glomeruli 77
Glomerulonephritis, chronic 79
Glucagon 85
Glucose 81
Glycemic control 81
Glycoprotein 7
Gonococcal arthropathy 122
Gonococci arthritis 123
Gout arthritis 123
Guillain–Barré syndrome 96
H
Hallucinations 111
Head injury 127
Headache 24, 59, 70
severe 58, 69
Hearing loss 60
Heart
block
second degree 28
third degree 28
disease
hypertensive 16
ischemic 32
valvular 11, 32
failure 8, 14, 32
acute 8
chronic 8
etiology of 10
signs of 8
rate 77
Hematemesis 44
Hematocrit 11
Hematoma
epidural 59, 128, 129
subdural 128, 129
Hemochromatosis 122
Hemoglobin 9, 119, 122
Hemoptysis 43, 44
Hemorrhage 59
acute subarachnoid 24
intracerebral 58, 128, 129
intraventricular 128, 129
massive 133
subarachnoid 58, 70, 128, 129
subdural 58, 69
Hemorrhoids 134
Hemotoxicity 105
Hepatic coma 85
Hepatic encephalopathy 50, 52
acute liver failure-associated 50
therapy for 52
Hepatitis
B 122
C 122
Hepatorenal syndrome 52
Hernia, obstructed 135
His bundle 13
Hollow viscus injuries 134
Holter monitor 29
Human immunodeficiency virus 58
Hydralazine 25
Hydration 38, 83
Hydrothorax 96
Hyperaldosteronism, primary 93
Hyperammonemia 88
Hyperbilirubinemia 9
Hypercapnia 35
Hyperglycemia 88
Hyperkalemia 82, 94
Hypernatremia 92
Hyperosmolar coma 86
Hyperparathyroidism 149
Hyperreflexia 111
Hypertension 8, 24, 31, 32, 58, 67, 78, 111
malignant 24
pulmonary 27
severe pulmonary 32
Hypertensive intracerebral bleeding 24
Hyperventilation
hysterical 97
syndrome 28
Hypocalcemia, treatment of 81
Hypoglycemia 28, 84, 86, 88, 90, 149
fasting 85
functional 85
iatrogenic 84
Hypokalemia 93
Hyponatremia 9, 80, 85, 88, 9092
Hypoparathyroidism 149
Hypoperfusion, systemic 10
Hypotension 4, 11, 14, 33, 43, 90
postural 28
Hypothermia 90
Hypothyroidism 149
Hypoventilation 94
Hypoxemia 35
Hypoxia 41, 97
Hysteria 28, 111
I
Ibuprofen 149
Icterus 8
Imminent eclampsia, signs of 111
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator 19
Implantable loop recorder 29
In vitro fertilization 107, 115
Indigestion, acute 1
Infections 52, 90
Inflammatory bowel diseases 134
Inguinal orifices 135
Insulin therapy 87, 89
Intensive care unit 7, 36, 69
Interstitial fibrosis, advanced 96
Interstitial nephritis, acute 78
Intestinal obstruction, acute 130
Intra-aortic balloon pump 13
Intracranial lesions 52
Intracranial pressure 97
Intracranial tumors 111
Intrahepatic biliary radical dilatation 137
Intrauterine contraceptive devices 107
Intravenous fluids 102
Intravenous valproic acid 144
Intrinsic acute renal failure, causes of 77
Intrinsic liver disease 50
Invasive mechanical ventilation 38
Ischemia 134
Isoniazid 147, 149
J
Jaundice 131, 136
Jugular venous pressure 2, 77
K
Kehr's sign 133
Kernig's sign 70
Ketamine 154
Ketoacidosis 88, 96
diabetic 86, 93
Ketonemia, absence of 88
Ketorolac 154
Kussmaul's breathing 86
Kussmaul's respiration 96
Kyphoscoliosis 96
L
Labyrinthitis 60
Lactic acidosis 96
Lactitol 52
Laparoscopy 109
Laryngeal mask airway 155
Lasègue's sign 124
L-aspartate 53
Left main coronary artery 13
Left ventricular
ejection fraction 7
function appearance 2
thrombus 32
Leg pain 124
Levine sign 2
Lipase 54
Liver 133
cell failure, signs of 136
enzymes 54, 137
function test 51, 113, 123
profile 48
Lorazepam 142, 153
Lumbar puncture 59, 71, 72
indications for 143
Lumbar root compression 124
Lung disease, end-stage 35
Lymphangitis 124
Lymphatic system 124
Lymphedema 124
M
Magnesium repletion 88
Magnetic resonance
cholangiopancreatography 55
imaging 27, 72, 120, 127, 149
Malaria, cerebral 111
Malignancy 46
Mallory–Weiss tear 46
Mania 147
rating scales 147
Massive pulmonary embolism 11, 32, 33
McBurney's point 130
Mean arterial pressure 24
Mechanical ventilation 155
Ménière's disease 60
Meningeal irritation, signs of 143
Meningitis 58, 111
acute 70
carcinomatous 70
Merkel's diverticulitis 134
Mesenteric artery thrombosis 54
Metabolic acidosis 95, 98
causes of 96
treatment 82
Metabolic alkalosis 97, 98
causes of 97
Methanol 96
Methyldopa 149
Methylprednisolone 127
Metoclopramide 149
Metronidazole 53, 149
Micturition 27
Midazolam 153
Middle cerebral artery 66
Migraine 58
Miosis 99
Mitral annular calcification 32
Mitral regurgitation 11
Mitral stenosis 16
severe 32
Mitral valve prolapse 32
Monoplegia 126
Mood stabilizers 148
Morphine 3, 154
Muscarinic signs 99
Muscle guarding 130
Muscular dystrophy 96
Myasthenia 35
Myocardial function 96
Myocardial infarction 12, 13, 19, 54, 90
acute 1, 24, 27, 32
atypical presentations of 1
extensive 33
mechanical complications of 33
right ventricular 2, 26
silent 1
Myocarditis 11
Myocardium 32
Myxedema 96
Myxoma 32
atrial 27
N
Naloxone 66, 154
Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation 9
Nausea 1, 24, 60, 108
Neck stiffness 69
Neomycin 53
Neonatal seizures 141
acute management of 142
Nephrotoxicity 105
Nerve stimulation 59
Neuralgias 58
Neuromuscular disorders 35
Neuronitis, vestibular 60
Neuropathy, diabetic autonomic 28
Neuropsychiatric disorders 52
Neurosyphilis 147
Neurotoxicity 105
Nicotinic signs 99
Nitroglycerine infusion 4
Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation 38, 41
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction 5, 7
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 76, 123, 151, 154
Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, medical management of 48
Nuchal rigidity 70
Nutrition 52, 79
O
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome 96
Obstructive sleep apnea 35
Oleander poisoning 103
Oliguria 24, 111
Opioids 147
Optic neuritis 59
Oral contraceptive pills 107, 149
Oral glucose 85
Oral hypoglycemic agent 84, 104
Organophosphorus poisoning 99
Ornithine 53
Oropharyngeal airway 118
Orthostatic syncope 28, 30
Ovulation induction 107
Oxygen 38
P
Pain 108, 121, 124, 130, 131
abdominal 130
acute severe 124
atypical location of 1
epigastric 111
neck 70
relief 3, 153
Pallor 8
Palpitation 1, 20, 31
sudden onset of 14
Pancreatitis
acute 2, 53, 130132
mild acute 55
severe acute 55
Panic attack 28
Papillary muscle rupture 33
Papilledema 59
Paradoxical embolism 32
Paraplegia 126
Parenchymal injury, diffuse 133
Parkinson's disease 149
Parvovirus-B19 122
Peak expiratory flow rate 37
Peak flow meter 38
Pediatrics 138
Peduncular hallucinosis 75
Pelvic inflammatory disease 107
Pentaplegia 126
Pentazocine 154
Peptic ulcer 46
Percutaneous coronary intervention 4, 5, 13
Perforation 130, 131
Pericarditis, constrictive 32
Pericardium 32
Peripheral pulses 67
Peritonitis, spontaneous bacterial 52
Pethidine 154
Phenobarbital 142
Phenothiazines 149
Phentolamine 25
Phenylbutazone 149
Phenytoin 71, 142, 149
Phosphate 88
Phosphorus restriction 81
Photophobia 69, 70
Phrenic nerve injury 96
Physiotherapy 125
Placenta previa 116
Plasma
osmolality 88
sodium 92
Pneumonia 97
community-acquired 35
Pneumothorax 9, 38, 40, 43, 118
Poisoning 96, 99
Poisonous snakes, types of 105
Poliomyelitis 96
Polyarthritis 121
asymmetrical 122
symmetrical inflammatory 122
Polycystic kidney disease 79
autosomal dominant 78
Polyps, large 134
Polyradiculopathies 126
Polytrauma 118
management of 118
Positive airway pressure 9
Positron emission tomography 149
Postictal Todd's paresis 67
Postpartum mania 147
Post-traumatic respiratory failure 35
Potassium repletion 87
Preeclampsia, severe 112
Pregnancy
ectopic 107
molar 115
ruptured ectopic 108
unruptured ectopic 108
uterine ectopic 107
Premature ovarian ageing 115
Prerenal acute renal failure, causes of 76
Pressure, sensation of 60
Primary autonomic failure syndrome 28
Prochlorperazine 62
Progesterone, serum 109
Prominent neck veins 11
Prophylactic antibiotics vasopressin analogs 48
Propofol 144, 154
Propranolol 149
Prosthetic valve thrombosis 32
Protein 111
restriction 81
Prothrombin time 45, 48, 106
Proton pump inhibitor 50, 102
Proximal aortic dissection 32
Pseudocholinesterase 99
Pseudohypokalemia 93
Pseudohyponatremia 91
Psoriatic arthritis 122
Psychosis 1
postpartum 111
Puerperal cerebral venous thrombosis 111
Pulmonary embolism 2, 9, 27, 38, 40, 43
Pulmonary function test 38
Pulse 2
oximetry 38
Pulseless arrest 22
Pure tone audiometry 61
Pyelonephritis
acute bilateral 78
chronic 79
Pyridoxine 142
Pyrophosphate arthropathy 122
Q
Quadriplegia 126
R
Radiation enteritis 134
Random blood sugar 119
Recent hemorrhage, stigmata of 50
Red blood cell 78
Refractory acidosis 82
Reiter's syndrome 122
Renal artery thrombosis 77
Renal bone disease, treatment of 82
Renal disease, chronic 79
Renal failure
acute 9, 76
advance 96
chronic 78, 79
Renal function
reduced 7
test 113
Renal transplantation 82
Respiratory acidosis 95, 96, 98
causes of 96
Respiratory alkalosis 95, 97, 98
causes of 97
Respiratory failure
acute 35, 41, 96, 97
causes of 42
chronic 97
hypercapnic 35
Respiratory rate 113
Respiratory system 37, 67
Resuscitation 47
cardiopulmonary 20, 23
Reticulocyte count 137
Rheumatic heart disease 16
Rheumatoid arthritis 122
Right ventricular dysplasia 33
Rigor 131
Ringer's lactate solution 94
Rotation test 61
Rovsing's sign 130
Ruptured corpus luteal cyst 108
S
Salbutamol 149
Salicylate 96
Salmonella 141
bacteremia 57
Scalp injury 128
Schizophrenia, acute 75
Sclerotherapy 48
endoscopic 48
Sclerotic aortic valve 32
Sedation 52, 153
Seizures 24, 28, 58, 67, 70, 80, 88, 141, 142
childhood 143
generalized epilepsy partial 143
neonatal 141
refractory 144
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor 149, 150
Sensorium, altered 24, 80
Sepsis 52, 88
Septicemia 122
Serum electrolytes 9, 54, 90, 99
Shock 2, 33, 101
appearance 2
cardiogenic 8, 10
circulatory 14
hemorrhagic 11
hypovolemic 11
post-traumatic 119
septic 11
Sick sinus syndrome 28
Single-photon emission computed tomography techniques 149
Sinus
bradycardia 2
tachycardia 2
Skeletal injuries 120
Skull bone fissure 128
Sleep apnea 96
Snake bite 105
Sodium
benzoate 53
nitroprusside 25
Solitary rectal ulcer 134
Spinal injury 125
Splenectomy 133
Splenorrhaphy 133
ST elevation myocardial infarction 1, 5
Staghorn calculus 82
Statins 8
Status epilepticus 72, 143
Stenosis
aortic 27
severe pulmonary 32
Sterilization 107
Steroids 59
Stevens–Johnson syndrome 152
Stroke 1, 66
hemorrhagic 67, 68
ischemic 66, 67
Sudden cardiac death 20
Sudden mania 1
Supraventricular tachycardia 13, 23, 28
types of 13
Surgery 107, 136
general 130
indications for 134
Syncope 1, 14, 20, 27, 32
cardiac 27
causes of 27
noncardiogenic 27
orthostatic 28, 30
psychogenic 28
recurrent 31
Synovial fluid aspiration and analysis 123
Systemic lupus erythematosus 122
T
Tachyarrhythmia 28, 30
Tachycardia 11, 14, 43, 101
accelerated junctional 13
atrial 13
severe pulmonary 43
ventricular 18, 19, 23, 28
Tachypnea 8, 11, 14, 40, 101
Tamponade 32
Temporal arteritis 58
Tenderness 78
Tension pneumothorax 43, 44
Thiamine 66
Thiopentone 144, 154
Thrombolysis 4, 67
in myocardial infarction risk scoring 6
Thyroid function test 90
Thyrotoxicosis 16
Tilt-table testing 29
Tinnitus 60
Torsade de pointes 28
Tracheal deviation 43
Tracheostomy 118
tube 35
Tramadol 154
Transesophageal echocardiogram 17
Transient ischemic attack 67
Trauma 58, 90, 118, 121
abdominal 54
Treadmill test 7
Triglycerides 54
Trimethoprim 149
Tubal defects 107
Tubal surgeries 107
Tuberculosis 58, 59, 107
Tubo–ovarian mass 108
Tubulointerstitial disease 79
Tumors 67
cardiac 32
Twisted ovarian cyst 108
U
Ultrasonography 108, 110, 115, 117
Unstable angina 5, 7
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding 46
acute
nonvariceal 50
variceal 49
Uremia 88, 147
Uremic pericarditis 82
Uremic syndrome 82
Ureteric colic 82
Uric acid
serum 122
stones 82
Urinary tract infection 52
Urine 82, 139
analysis 24
beta-human chorionic gonadotropin 108
ketone 86
samples 134
Uterine anomalies 108
V
Vaginal bleeding 108
Vancomycin 53
Variceal band ligation 48
Variceal bleeding 48, 49
Variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, medical management of 48
Vascular injury 133
Vascular steel syndrome 28
Vasculitis 77, 151
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide 135
Vasodilatation, peripheral 96
Ventilation, types of 35
Ventricular fibrillation 18, 19
Ventricular premature complex 2
Ventricular septal defect, murmur of 11
Ventricular septum, rupture of 33
Verapamil 14
Vertigo 59
acute severe 59
benign positional 60
pathological 60
post-traumatic 60
types of 60
visual 60
Vestibular tests 61
Vestibulo-ocular reflex 65
Vibrio cholera 139, 141
Video nystagmography 61
Vincristine 149
Viral arthritis 122
Visual disturbances 111
Visual loss 24
Vitamin
B12 deficiency 147
deficiencies 149
Vomiting 1, 24, 60, 69, 108
W
Wernicke's encephalopathy 85
X
X-ray 54, 61, 125
Z
Zidovudine 149
×
Chapter Notes

Save Clear