MCQs and Viva in Public Health Dentistry Sahana S, Shivakumar GC
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History of Public HealthCHAPTER 1

1. Which of the Vedas developed gradually into science of Ayurvedha?
  1. Atharvaveda
  2. Rigveda
  3. Yajurveda
  4. Samaveda
2. According to this theory, disease is considered to be the invasion of evil spirits:
  1. Germ theory of disease
  2. Supernatural theory of disease
  3. Multifactorial theory
  4. Web of causation
3. Who is considered as the “Father of Indian Surgery”?
  1. Dhanvantri
  2. Charaka
  3. Susruta
  4. Aryabatt
4. Ayurvedha means the:
  1. Knowledge of life
  2. Knowledge of death
  3. Knowledge of disease
  4. Knowledge of people
5. Barefoot doctors and Acupuncture originate from:
  1. Chinese medicine
  2. Egyptian medicine
  3. Greek medicine
  4. Roman medicine
6. Which civilization stressed on sanitary works, with public baths and underground drains?
  1. Roman civilization
  2. Mesopotamian civilization
  3. Egyptian civilization
  4. Greek civilization
7. Babylonian Code of Hammurabi lays down:
  1. Codification of medical practice
  2. Laws of hygiene
  3. Sanitation laws
  4. Medical oath
8. The present day symbol of medicine is after which leader?
  1. Hammurabi
  2. Susruta
  3. Marcus Aurelius
  4. Aesculapius
9. The book titled “On Airs, Waters and Places” is authored by:
  1. Douglas Guthrie
  2. Hippocrates
  3. Aesculapius
  4. Charaka
10. The medieval period (500 – 1500 A.D.) is also called as:
  1. Revival of medicine
  2. Dark Ages of medicine
  3. Sanitary awakening
  4. Birth of preventive medicine
11. Chadwick's report on “The Sanitary Conditions of the Laboring Population” was on:
  1. The plague epidemic
  2. The cholera epidemic
  3. The typhoid epidemic
  4. The diphtheria epidemic
12. The concept of “risk factors” as determinants of chronic diseases were recognized in:
  1. Disease control phase
  2. Health promotional phase
  3. Social engineering phase
  4. Health for all phase
13. Small pox vaccination was discovered by:
  1. James Lind
  2. John Hunter
  3. Edwin Chadwick
  4. Edward Jenner
14. The slogan “A clean tooth never decays” was given by:
  1. G V Black
  2. Leon Williams
  3. McKay
  4. Alfred Jones
15. Which civilization is often referred to as “Cradle of civilization”:
  1. Mesopotomian
  2. Egyptian
  3. Greek
  4. Roman
16. Medical manuscripts, namely “Edwin Smith Papyrus” and “Ebers Papyrus” belonged to which civilization?
  1. Indian medicine
  2. Egyptian medicine
  3. Mesopotomian medicine
  4. Greek medicine
17. Who quoted “ Where there is love for mankind, there is love for the art of healing”?
  1. Aesculapius
  2. Marcus Aurelius
  3. Hippocrates
  4. Galen
18. Geomancy is the:
  1. Interpretation of dreams
  2. Calling of demons
  3. Worshipping gods
  4. Contaminated air
19. The Egyptian God of Health was:
  1. Aesculapius
  2. Horus
  3. Hammurabi
  4. Babylon
20. Which civilization was known for their well built sewerage systems and hospital establishments?
  1. Greek civilization
  2. Egyptian civilization
  3. Mesopotomian civilization
  4. Roman civilization
21. Galen proposed that disease is due to three factors, namely:
  1. Predisposing, exciting and environmental factors
  2. Predisposing, risk and exciting factors
  3. Predisposing, exploratory and causative factors
  4. Predisposing, risk and exploratory factors
22. Which time period is known as the “Dark ages of medicine”?
  1. 500 BC – 1500 BC
  2. 500 AD – 1000 AD
  3. 3500 AD – 1500 AD
  4. 1000 AD – 1500 AD
23. “The Tridosha theory of Ayurvedha” is similar to:
  1. Supernatural theory
  2. Germ theory
  3. Humoral theory
  4. Web of causation
24. What measures were undertaken in the disease control phase (1880 – 1920)?
  1. Control of man's physical environment
  2. Health promotion of individuals
  3. Outlook into risk factors
  4. Social and economic equality
25. The concept of health centre was first given in 1920 by:
  1. Lord Mount Batten
  2. Lord Dawson
  3. Lord Chadwick
  4. Lord Alfred
26. The concept of risk factors as determinants of disease was addressed in which phase of public health?
  1. Disease control phase
  2. Health promotional phase
  3. Social engineering phase
  4. Health for all phase
27. Which of these is a unique characteristic of oral diseases?
  1. They have a universal prevalence
  2. They undergo remission if left untreated
  3. They are less time consuming professional treatment
  4. They are less expensive to treat
28. A clean tooth never decays was the idea of:
  1. Leon Williams
  2. GV Black
  3. Guy de Chauliac
  4. Giovani
29. “Medicine is a social science and politics is medicine on a larger scale” was said by:
  1. Virchow
  2. Francis Peabody
  3. Crew
  4. Rene Sand
30. Deprofessionalization of medicine, or laymen started to participate in health care delivery by the practice of:
  1. Health education
  2. Primary health care
  3. Biostatistics
  4. Clinical trials
31. The tool of dental public health concerned with the management of personnel and operations in an efficient manner is:
  1. Principles of administration
  2. Social sciences
  3. Preventive dentistry
  4. Epidemiology
32. The two main areas under principles of administration are:
  1. Progam and analysis
  2. Planning and evaluation
  3. Organization and management
  4. Biostatistics and epidemiology
33. The first step in the present day public dental health procedure is:
  1. Survey
  2. Analysis
  3. Programme planning
  4. Financing
34. The step of analysis in dental public health is comparable to what for an individual patient?
  1. Examination
  2. Diagnosis
  3. 4Treatment planning
  4. Evaluation
35. Assessment of population demographics, economic resources and infrastructure is termed:
  1. Programme planning
  2. Programme operation
  3. Situation Analysis
  4. Evaluation
36. The draft plan for “National Oral health policy” was submitted to the ministry of health, Government of India in:
  1. 1975
  2. 1985
  3. 1995
  4. 2005
History of Public Health
  1. The medical system truly indian in origin is the Ayurvedha and the Siddha System.
  2. Ayurvedha means knowledge of life, which proposes the “tridosha theory of disease”. The doshas or humor are vata, pitta and kapha.
  3. Susruta is considered the Father of Indian Surgery and he compiled Susruta Samhita.
  4. Chinese medicine is based on two priniciples – yang and yin. The barefoot doctors and acupuncture have their origin from in china.
  5. Greek medicine enjoyed the reputation of civilizers of the ancient world. Hippocrates is called the “Father of Medicine. He compiled the “Corpus Hippocraticum” that encompassed all branches of medicine. His oath, “Hippocratic Oath” is the keystone of medical ethics.
  6. Public health is defined as the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical and mental efficiency through organized community efforts—by Charles Edward Winslow, in 1920.
  7. Four distinct phases of public health have been identified:
    1. Disease control phase—Public health aimed to control man's physical environment by bringing sanitary legislation and sanitary reforms.
    2. Health promotional phase—Health promotions was initiated through maternal and child health services, school health services, industrial health services, mental health and rehabilitation services.
    3. Social engineering phase—Social and behavioural aspects of disease and health were given a new priority as the pattern of disease began to change.
    4. Health for all phase—against the backdrop of health inequalities in 1981, WHO pledged for Health for all phase.
  8. There are five tools of dental public health:
    1. Epidemiology
    2. Biostatistics
    3. Social sciences
    4. Principles of administration
  9. Preventive dentistry
  10. The role of dental practitioners in improving public health is by:
    1. Proposal to build a new school building
    2. Fluoridate the drinking water supply
    3. Expansion of recreational facilities for children
    4. 5Building a community health centre
    5. To discuss community health problems
  11. Similarities between personal and community health care or their procedural steps are:
Treatment planning
Programme Planning
Programme Operation
Payment for service
1. (a)
2. (b)
3. (c)
4. (a)
5. (a)
6. (c)
7. (a)
8. (d)
9. (b)
10. (b)
11. (b)
12. (c)
13. (d)
14. (b)
15. (c)
16. (b)
17. (c)
18. (a)
19. (b)
20. (d)
21. (a)
22. (c)
23. (c)
24. (a)
25. (b)
26. (c)
27. (a)
28. (a)
29. (a)
30. (b)
31. (a)
32. (c)
33. (a)
34. (b)
35. (c)
36. (b)