Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of heart. Physicians specializing in this field of medicine are called as cardiologist. The term cardiology is derived from the Greek word Kardia, which means heart or inner self.
Cardiac nursing is a nursing specialty that works with patients who suffer from various conditions of cardiovascular system. Cardiac nurse help to treat conditions such as unstable angina, cardiac myopathies, coronary artery diseases, myocardial ischemia or infarction, cardiac arrhythmias and congestive heart failure under the directions of cardiologist. According to the Center for Disease Control, the heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Cardiac nurse give care to a wide variety of patient, from children to the elderly, in surgical or ambulatory setting.
Cardiac nurse perform postoperative care in a surgical unit and also performs cardiac monitoring and health assessment. Cardiac nurse works in many different environments including intensive care unit (ICU), cardiac catheterization laboratory, coronary care unit (CCU), operation theater, cardiac rehabilitations center, clinical research, cardiac surgery ward, cardiovascular ICU and cardiac medical ward.
Cardiac nurse must have basic life support and advanced cardiac life support certification. In addition, cardiac nurse must possess specialized skills including electrocardiogram monitoring, defibrillation and medication administration that contains intravenous drip.