Textbook of Nursing Education KP Neeraja
INDEX
Page numbers followed by f refer to figure, fc refer to flowchart, and t refer to table.
A
Abilities and skills 362
Abilities required by nurses 40
Academic credit system 444
Academic libraries 470
Academic transcript 447
Accreditation
process, benefits of 468
types of 85, 468
Achievement test 285, 288, 289fc
construction, steps of 286
functions 285
Active listening 30
Active process 106
Activity and experience 17
principle 191
Activity curriculum 18
Activity, types of 126
Adjunct auto instruction 133
Adjunct programming 133
Administering test 286
Administrability, ease of 279
Admission/placement and entry 52
Adult learning 118
elements of 118t
principles of 118, 118t
Adult-gerontology
acute care nurse practitioner 73
nurse practitioner 75
primary care 75
Advance knowledge 121
Advisory Committee 52
Affective and psychomotor domain,
assessment techniques of 295
Affective learning 109
Affiliation 469
with organizations 82
with scholarship funds 82
Agriculture and industry, education for 42
Ajmer Minto Sister's Scholarship Fund 82
All-round development 18
American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 73
American Nurse Credentialing Center 73
American Psychological Association
Format 453
Analytic approach 155
Analytical learners prefer 114
Andhra Pradesh Nursing Council 80
Andragogical Practices Inventory 118
Andragogy 118
Anecdotal record 299
advantages 300
characteristics 300
disadvantages 300
effectively 300
items in 300
purposes 300
Annotated bibliographies, styles of 452
Appraisal
formats for 319
periodicity of 323
Appraisal criteria, identification of 324
Appraisal format, components of 323
Appraisal interview 322
Appraisal system, techniques of 319
Appraiser's objectives 318
Appraising test 286
Appreciation lesson 220
conducting an 220
Aptitude test 391, 394
administration of 396
types of 396
uses of 395
Arranging workshop, methodology of 163
Art of living, initiating students to 3, 6
Artificial intelligence 35
Assembling test 286
Assignment 173
and continuous evaluation, pattern of 71
method 153
objectives 173
principles 173
types of 153, 173
Associationist theories 110
Assumptions 19
Asthma 74
At end of course 51
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 401
diagnosis of 401
types 402
Attitude scales 297
types 297
Attributes and skills required 341
Audio-devices 254
radio 254
uses 255
Audio-visual aids 228, 259
classification of 231
drawbacks of 231
education value 259
effective use of 234
motion pictures 259
sources of 232
Authentic Democratic School Governance 27
Auto-education 150
Auxiliary and Nurse Midwives
Training Program 455
B
Bachelor in Nursing 48
Bar graph 245
Basic BSc (N) Program 63, 459
Bedside clinic 171
Behavior modification models 226
Behavioral objectives 115, 116
parts of 116
Behaviorally anchored rating scale 321
Behaviorism 21
advantages 21
limitations 21
Bennett mechanical comprehension test 383
Bernard Shaw's view 11
Binet testing of mental ability 393
Biological naturalism 11
Biological pragmatism 17
Biological School of Naturalism 11
Biologists support 4
Board of Research Studies 68, 466
Board, functions of 89
Books, production of 42
Brainstorming 262
method 174
Bridge Program for Registered Nurses and Midwives Seeking Job 70
Bulletin Board 237
principles 238
types 238
uses 237
C
Career ability placement survey 383
Cartoon 246
Case method 173
assignment 173
Cassette 257f
Central Advisory Board of Education 43
Central Government, role of 223
Certificate in Community Health Training Program 71
Certified Nursing Assistant Training
Program 52
Changing demographics and increasing diversity 36
Character development 26
Charts
advantages of 242
types of 241
Chief exponents 16, 19
Child centered curriculum 191
Child's personality, respect for 23
Children apperception test 408
Choosing content 115
Citizenship 2
Civic engagement 27
Classroom
interaction analysis technique 302
microcomputers in 166
multimedia in 235
Client family centered approach 171
Clinical conferences 127, 171
Clinical experiences 168
Clinical instructor
functions of 169
qualities of 170
Clinical learning experience
principles in selection of 208
rationale for 126
Clinical rotation plan 209
Clinical skill 168
Clinical teaching 168
methods 170
program of 177
Closed group discussion 138
Cognitive abilities test 383
Cognitive learning 109
Cognitive tests 288
Collaboration performance criteria 54
Collaborative practice, interdisciplinary
education for 38
Collecting information, tools for 346
College library, staff pattern for 471
Commonwealth Nurses Federation 81
Communication
performance criteria 54
skills 32
Community Health Program 66
Compact cassette tape-based answering
machine 257f
Compact disk drive 267f
Comparing and contrasting 262
Competent teachers 24
Complete living 2
Complete statement of objectives,
components of 198
Complex Nature of Society 330
Compound light microscope 271f
Compound microscope, optical
components of 272
Comprehensive reform 27
Comprehensiveness and balance,
principle of 191
Computer 265
application 166
basics equipment 267
hardware 267
in nursing 167
potential roles for 266
use of 167
Computer-aided instruction programs, types of 133
Computer-assisted instruction 133
Conative learning 109
Concept mapping 250f
for nursing
education, use of 248
faculty, advantages of 251
students, advantages of 249
limitations of 251
types of 248
Concrete to abstract, proceed from 104
Conditioning theory 110
Conditions for attention, classification of
Conducting performance appraisal,
difficulties in 317
Conference 152, 171
Confidentiality breaching 326
Confidentiality conflicts 326
Conflict, examples of 326
Confocal microscope 273
Constant evaluation 132
Constitution of Council 76, 80, 81
Constructivist learning and teaching,
characteristics of 107
Constructivist pedagogy 26
Contemporary issues-driven 27
Continuing education 412
program 433
research 421
types of 419
Continuing Nursing Education 412
functions of 413
programs 412
research in 420
scope of 413
Controlling group activities 102
Cooperative learning 26
Correlation chart 206
Correspondence education 429
Counseling 337, 339
appraisal service 356
behavioral 352
bereavement 353
client-centered 350
clinical 351
concept 337
crisis 357
dietary 353
eclectic 350
educational 355
facilitative 357
group 352
in health and living conditions 355
in leisure time 356
individual 351
information service 356
interpersonal 353
levels of 338
long-term 350
marriage 351
meaning 338
media of 344
moral, religious, and social 356
motivational 353
nondirective 350
orientation service 356
peer-group 356
personal 347, 355
phases of 348
placement 351
preventive 357
problem-solving 354
process of 344
program in nursing educational institutions 345
psychological 351
psychotherapeutic 351
remedial 357
resources for 347
self-help group 356
short-term 350
student 351
technique 344
types of 349
vocational 351, 355
Counseling center 346
functions 346
Counseling process
elements in 338
issues in 339
phases in 348f
Counseling services 344
ingredients of 349
scope of 338
Counselor 369
characteristics of 341
nature and functions of 342
preparation 343
professional growth of 343
qualities of 341
role of 349
Counselor-centered counseling 349
Countryman, duty of 24
Course
credits assignment 446
duration of 50
plan, content of 212
planning 211
COVID-19
pandemic 65
situations 65
Creating metrics scales 319
Credit system 446
Criterion-referenced assessment 283f
Critical incident
criteria for using 301
record 300
Critical incident method 321
advantages 321
drawbacks 321
Critical reading 31
Critical thinking, tests of 381
Culminating activities 126
Cultural bonds 186
Cultural development 2
Cultural factors 2
Cultural literacy 26
Culture
environment, acquisition and
enrichment of 14
security of 7
Cumulative frequency graphs 246f
Cumulative record 301
Current nursing shortage 38
Curriculum 53, 180
administration, phases in 224f
and pedagogy 44
approaches of 221
construction, steps in 192, 192f
determinants of 188f, 189f
development of 185, 186f
phases in 189
functions 183
general plan for 206
goals and purposes of education 181
implementation of 211
intellectual development 181
management of 223
meaning and concept 181
need and significance 183
process, cubical form of 182f
purposes 182
revision 223
stages of 191
three facets of 181
tree 211f
Curriculum Committee 189
purposes of 189
Curriculum evaluation 221, 221f
levels of 222
meaning and need of 221
methods and techniques of 222
plan 222
Curriculum organization 193
patterns of 193
Curriculum planning 207
and development 192
learning opportunities 182
levels in 184
Customer service aptitude profile 384
Cybernetics modification models 226
D
Daily class plan
common problems in 218
development of 218
Dale's cone of experience 232f
Dalton plan 150
advantages of 152
method 12
principles of 151
Darwin's view 11
Das-Naglieri cognitive assessment system 384
Dead fuse detection 265
Deductive approach 155
Deep reform daunting ambition 27
Delhi Nursing Council 79
Delivering in-service education,
methods of 433
Democratic citizenship 6
Depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder,
minute test for 400
Designing performance appraisal system 317
Desktop computer 270, 270f
Detailed stakeholder map 444fc
Developing important teaching skills 147
Developmental program, interests in 402
Diabetes 74
Diagnosing mental disability, tests for 398
Differential aptitude tests 385
Digital camera 268f
Dimensional map 249f
Diploma program 56
Directive counseling 349
Disciplinary action 485
Discipline 482
levels 484
policy, setting-up of 485
types 483
Discussion method 138
types 138
Discussion techniques for
large groups 139
small groups 139
Discussion-based curriculum 27
Disease transmission 249
Dissecting microscope 273
Distance education 421, 425
in nursing, role of 428
technological model of 427
Divided bar graph 245f
Doctor of nursing practice 73
Doctor of philosophy in nursing 68, 466
Doctorate program in nursing 48
Document camera, tips for using 254
Documentation 117
Double bar graph 244f
Drive reduction theory 110
E
Early diagnosis and treatment of illness 333
Earning credits 446
Eclectic tendency at work in education 22
Eclecticism 22
Edison cylinder phonograph 1899 257f
Educated consumer 37
alternative therapies, genomics and
palliative care, era of 37
Education 1, 2, 20
aims of 3, 3f, 12, 16, 23, 24
and culture 33
general aims of 2
in humanism, role of 22
individual aims of 4
modern philosophies on 10
multimedia in 234
national aims of 5
naturalism and aims of 11
nature of 16
pragmatism in 17
process of 104
components in 105f
recent developments for 44
stages of 12
technology, contribution of 35
Education and social change 33
relationship between 33
Education Commission 46
Education department, role of 223
Educational activities 200f
Educational applications 17, 21
Educational evaluation, aspects of 276fc
Educational guidance 332
problems in 335
Educational implications 20
Educational institutions,
quality improvement in 86fc
Educational objectives
formulation of 198
purposes of 196f
taxonomy of 196
types of 198
Educational opportunity, equalization of 42
Educational philosophy to teacher,
importance of 10
Educational preparation 361
Educational process, components of 105
Educational Program 280
in Nursing Courses, evaluation of 434
Educational psychology 186
Educational recordings 256
Educational reform 25
comprehensive approaches 25
concepts of 26
examples of 26
Educational spiral 104,104f
Educational structure 43
Educational technology
classification of 35
functions of 35
nature and characteristics of 35
scope of 35
Educational television 259
Educational test 288
Educators who emphasize 3
Effective question
characteristics of 164
dynamics of 165
Effective study, aids to 219
Emotional and intellectual experience 108
Emotional learning 109
Emphasizing advanced placement 26
Emphasizing civil rights 26
Emphasizing standardized tests 26
Employee's aptitude survey 386
Employee's objectives 317
Encounter methods 120
Enrichment television 259
Environmental dimension 105
Environmental sustainability 27
Equalizing educational opportunity 35
Equitable and inclusive education 44
Equivalence Committee 76
Essay test 290
features 290
scoring problem 290
types 290
Essay-type examination 290
Essential characteristics 175
Essential qualities 154
Establishing learning objectives 115
Establishing priorities 115
Estimating discrimination index
Ethical responsibilities toward
colleagues 28
family 28
students 28
Evaluating nurse-patient interaction
Evaluating performance, management
problems in 324
Evaluating test 288
Evaluation 275
and administrator 280
and control 315
and students 280
and teacher 280
concept of 221
functions of 280
instrument, characteristics of
meaning 276
methods of 117, 288, 289fc
principles of 279
process of 288
psychology of 277
purposes of 279, 419
scope of 276
tools 288
types of 281
Evaluation techniques 54
formats of 319
Examination
guidelines for 65
scheme of 58, 64, 68
Executive Committee of Council
Executive Committee, functions
Executive members, responsibilities
Exercise and repetition 112
Existentialism 19, 20
limitations in 20
Experience 201
cone of 248
reconstruction of 7, 18
Experimental pragmatism 17
Explicitly stated objectives 132
Exponents 13
Expository methods 120
External factors 112
External recruitment
advantages of 314
disadvantages of 314
Extrinsic programming 133
Eye contact 123
F
Factors affecting learning 111
Factors determining educational aims 2
Factors influencing
change in curriculum 222
curriculum planning 185
in selection of audio-visual aids 233
scaling phenomenon 295
self discipline 484
Factors intrinsic to teacher 99
Faculties of education in universities, role of 223
Faculty role 100
in clinical postings 211
Family nurse practitioner 73
Fatigue 112
Field trips 247, 252, 252f
Flander's interaction analysis
category system 302
Flash cards 240
Florence Nightingale Fund for Research
in Nursing 83
Fluorescence microscope 273
Forced distribution technique 319
Fosters initiative, self-reliance and
self-discipline 152
Foundational literacy and numeracy 44
Free and compulsory education 41
Free discipline 23
Freedom
and responsibility 20
principle of 151
Frequency polygon 246f
Frobel's educational principles 148
Froebel 3
Functional assignment 173
G
Games and sports 43
Genealogy chart 242f
General discipline, principles of 483
General information 388
General intelligence, spearman test of 394
General mental ability, tests of 381
General Nursing and Midwifery 48
Training Program 48, 56, 456
General Teacher Education Programs
challenges in 378
critical analysis of 378
Gestures 123
Gifted rating scales 386
Good achievement test, characteristics of 285
Good assignment, criteria of 153
Good citizenship, guidance for 331
Good clinical instruction, essentials for 169
Good evaluation instrument,
characteristics of 277
Good for low and high ability students 152
Good group discussion 141
essentials of 141
Good lesson plan
elements of 217
prerequisites for making 217
Good project method, characteristics of 159
Good project, essentials of 159
Good teacher, qualities of 99
Good teaching aids, characteristics of 232
Governing bodies 91
Government Committees and Councils,
affiliation with 82
Government recognition 82
Grading system 446
Gradual and developmental process 106
Graduate nursing education 49
Gramophone record 256
uses 257
Graphic 31
materials 240
rating scale 321
Group conference 171
Group discussion 174
guidelines for 174
scoring maximum results from 141
values of 140
Group interaction, principle of 151
Groups for group guidance, kinds of 337
Guardians 24
Guidance
educational 334
objectives 335
principles 335
group 336
principles 336
techniques 336
recreational 336
related to health 333
types of 334
Guidance and counseling 327
areas of 332
bases of 341
basic principles 329
characteristics 329
differences between 340
elements 328
marital guidance 334
moral guidance 334
nature 329
personal guidance 334
relationship of 340
scope of guidance 332
H
Hard disk drive 270
Harmonious personality development 2
Headphone 268f
Health and personal appearance 342
Health care, cost of 38
Health education 249
Health Policy and Regulation, impact of 38
Health supervisor training 48
Health talks 176
Healthy environment 24
Herbartian lesson plan 219
Heuristic method 156
Hierarchy model 251
Higher education 44
program 359
Hinder counseling process 339
Hindi language 41
HIPAA competency 53
Histogram 244, 245, 245f
Holism 27
Holistic health 111
Holtzman inkblot test 407
Horizontal bar graph 244f
Hostel facilities 458
Hubs 269f
Human bonds 186
Human personality, exaltation of 14
Human relation dimension 105
Humanism 21
attitude 21
directions 21
principles 21
Humanistic pragmatism 17
I
Idealism 13
and aims in education 14
and curriculum 14
and discipline 15
and methods of teaching 15
and teacher 15
chief assertions of 13
in education 14
weaknesses of 15
Ideational learning 109
Imagination and judgmental ability 134
Implementation 116
Increased productivity, education for 3, 6
Indian Nursing Council 48, 75
Individual aims, limitations of 4
Individual and social development 23
Individual conference 139, 171
Individual differences, principle of 191
Individual process 106
Individual role 100
Individual rotation plan 210
Individual work, principle of 151
Individualized instruction 35, 136
characteristics 136
methods 137
objectives 136
Individualized methods 120
Infection control competency 54
Influence adult learning 118
Informal learning, characteristics of 106
Information
immediate feedback of 132
processing models 225
In-service education 432
Insight 112
Inspirational methods 120
Instruction
course of 50, 57
scheme of 58
Instructional curriculum 185
Instructional media 228
Instructional role 100
Instructional television 259
educational value of 260
Instruments and information sources 377
Integrated supervisory internship 59
Integration, principle of 18
Intellectual development 331
Intellectual functioning 381
tests for 381, 392
Intellectual testing, types of 393
Intellectual training 14
Intelligence 391
and aptitude, differences between 392t
distribution of 392
quotient 392, 393
types 391
Intelligence tests 391, 392
advantages of 393
disadvantages of 393
Interest 111
Internal experience 105
Internal recruitment, methods of 312
International Council of Nurses 81, 88
affiliation with 82
structure of 89
International languages 41
Interneeship 169
Interpersonal skills 32
Interview
procedure for 352
types of 351
Inventive and creative powers,
development of 14
J
Jack and phono leads 265
Job
accountability 29, 50
compatibility questionnaire 315
training, evaluation of 51
K
Kapadia Memorial Scholarship Fund 82
Karnataka State Nursing Council 77, 469
Kaufman Adolescent and
Adult Intelligence Test 386
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test 386
Kaufman Functional Academic Skills Test 387
Kerala State Nursing Council 78
Kerala University of Health Sciences 93
Keyboard 269f
Kindergarten method 148
Kinesthetic learning 27
Knowledge 2, 112
lesson 219
nature of 188
objectives of 197f
Kothari Commission 46
Kothari Education Commission 6
L
Laboratory experiences 169
Laboratory method 124, 175
in nursing education 126
introductory phase 125
technique 125
values 125
work period 125
Laboratory procedure, guidelines for
effective use of 128
Lady Health Visitor Training 48
Program 48
Lady Linlithgow Scholarship Fund 82
Lady Minto Nursing Scholarship Fund 83
Lamarck's view 11
Landscape concept map 249f
Languages, development of 41
Large venue systems 263
Law of association 110
Law of effect 110
Law of exercise 109
Law of experience 110
Law of intensity 110
Law of motivation 110
Law of readiness 110
Law of recency 110
Law of relevancy 110
Law of repetition 110
Laws of learning 109
Leadership
ability 99
development of 3, 6
training for 7, 433
Leading group 102
Learner-controlled instruction 137
Learners 108
prefer 114
Learning 105, 106, 117
areas of 115
by observation and imitation 110
by trial and error 110
characteristics of 106
environment 107
individual and social 106
instructional media for 204
material 204
methods 204
nature of 108
needs, assessment of 420
purposive and active 106
self-active 106
situation 112
teacher-directress of 150
theories of 110
types of 109
Learning experience 200, 201
criteria for selection of 201
levels of 204
objectives of 201
organization of 205, 208
selection of 126, 203, 205
Learning process 98
characteristics of 105
variables in 204
Learning skill 30
importance of 30
Lecture method 122
advantages 124
disadvantages 124
outline and students' notes 123
preparation of 123
purposes 122
technique of 123
Leisure 3
principle of 191
time activities, utilization of 332
Lesson plan 215
components 216
essentials of 217
format of 218
objectives 217
purposes 216
steps 217
types of 219
Liberal education 431
Liberally educated person,
characteristics of 431
Librarian in library building planning, role of 474
Library Advisory Committee 473
Library personnel 471fc
Library services 470
Licensed Practice Nursing 54
Training Program 54
Life activities
effective preparation for 187
involved in curriculum 187f
Lifelong learning and workforce
development, opportunities for 38
Line graph 245f
Linear program 133
steps in 134
Liquid crystal display projectors 262
Listening technique 165
Literacy and adult education, spread of 43
Logical bonds 186
Logical sequence 132
Long-line public address 263
Loyalties, principle of 191
M
Maharashtra Nursing Council 80
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences 89
Make notes 31
Managed care cost of health care, challenge of 38
Management skills 32, 433
Manager 30
Managerial skills 368
Manipal Academy of Higher Education 49
Mapping test 394
Margaret Jehan Scholarship Fund 82
Mass education, meeting problem of 35
Mass shootings 7
Master of Nursing 67
Master of Philosophy in Nursing 68
Master of Science in Nursing 72
Master Rotation Plan 207
principles of 177
Mathetics programming 133
Maturation 111
Maturity, principle of 191
Mc Daugall's view 11
Measuring interest, tools for 402
Mechanical naturalism 11
Medical rounds 172
Medical sciences 466
Medium of instruction 50
and examination 52
Mental ability 380
modern hierarchical structure of 394
testing 382, 387
Mental age 392
Mental disability 397
Mental health in teacher 101
Mental status examination 388
Mentor 29
Merit rating scale 321
Methodological teaching, maxims of 103
Microfilm 254
Microphone 265, 268f
Microprojector 254
Microscope 271, 273
bending of light 271
condenser of 272f
lenses 271
stereo 273
types of 271
using 273
Micro-teaching 144, 145
advantages of 146
apparatus needed in 146
cycle 145f
limitations of 147
objectives in 146
phases of 146
procedures adopted in 146
steps in 146
strategy of 145, 145f
Mid-level health providers 66
Military nursing service scholarship fund 83
Mini courses 226
objectives 226
Mini-mental status examination 390
Minimum educational qualification 60
Minnesota multiphasic personality
inventory 409
Minorities, education of 43
Mission statement 92
Modern Contemporary Philosophies
of Education 19
Modernization, education for 3, 6
Monitor 267f
Montessori method 149
Moral sense, powers and rationality,
development of 14
Motivation and learning 112
Motor education 150
Mouse 267f
Mudaliar Commission 46
Multimedia, elements of 234
Multiple-choice items 291
Multipurpose Health Assistant Training 51
Multipurpose health worker 48
Museum 247
Mutual correction, pupil for 153
Mutual impact 35
N
Narrative story type 251f
National culture and philosophy of life 23
National education 24
National Education Policy 6, 40, 44
revision of 43
National Health Service 74
National integration 7
National Policy on Education 44
National Program for Education of Girls 44
Natural bonds 186
Natural discipline 484
Natural learning method 120
Naturalism 10
and curriculum 12
and discipline 13
and education 11
weaknesses of 13
and methods of teaching 12
and teacher 12
development of 11
Naturalists' support 4
Nature 182
Nature of teacher
education programs 359
evaluation 377
Negative reinforcement 111
Net generation learner,
characteristics of 250f
Newly Visualized Teacher Education
Program 360
Newspapers 246
Nonprojected aids 236
blackboard 236
illustrations 236
photographs 236
printed aids and materials 236
Nonverbal intelligence, comprehensive
test of 384
Normal adult activity 118
Normal bell curve 283f
NTR University of Health Sciences 90
Nurse educator, role of 205
Nurse Practitioner Certifications 73
Nurse Practitioner Educational Programs 72
Nurse Practitioner Program 72
Nurse Practitioner Training Program 72
Nurses and midwives, annual list of 78
Nurses, diversified roles for 79
Nursing administration 167
Nursing administrator 371
Nursing Boards 94
Nursing care conference 171
Nursing care plan 127
Nursing care study 161
Nursing Council Act 48
Nursing curriculum, administration of 434
Nursing Education 48, 167
and nursing service 438
Committee 76
development and patterns of 48
dynamic factors of 188f
future trends and issues in 39
influence curriculum development in 185
levels of 48
problems in 325
Programs, registration/recognition of 87
trends in 36
Nursing educational institution 364
accreditation of 84
affiliation of 87
management of 454
nursing faculty in 362
Nursing faculty
dual role of 372
functions/roles/responsibilities of 364
Nursing process, steps in 250f
Nursing programs 49
Nursing regulation 88
Nursing research society 84
Nursing rounds 172
advantages 172
disadvantages 172
procedure 172
types 172
Nursing science
and research, significant advances in 39
institutes of 49
Nursing staff in clinical area,
responsibilities of 210
Nursing through distance education,
degree in 49
Nursing tutor 370
O
Objective structured clinical examination 306
Objective type test, forms of 291
Observation 176
and learning 112
Opaque projector advantages 251
Oral examinations 293
Oral nursing care study 162
Organization chart 251f
Organizational behavior 109
Organizational structure 76
Organizational Structure of Indian Nursing
Council 76f
Organizing clinical experience,
principles for 178
Organizing Continuing Nursing Education
Programs, resources for 421
Organizing learning activities 102
Organizing learning experience,
process of 212
Overhead projector 253, 253f
advantages 253
disadvantages 253
P
Palliative and end-of-life care 37
Panel discussion 140
Partial block system 207
Particular to general, proceed from 104
Parts learning 112
Part-time education and
correspondence courses 43
Pediatric nurse
certification board 74
practitioner 74
Peer appraisal method 299
principles 299
technique 299
Peer review, evaluation of 284
People, management of 32
Perceptual strengths 114
Performance appraisal
approaches in 318
evaluation of 284
system, process of 318
Periodic inspection 76
Personal and social adjustment 17
Personal attributes 99
Personal guidance 336
Personal models 225
Personality 405
assessment of 405
techniques of 406
characteristics of 405
development of 6
inventories 409
nature of 405
Personalized system of instruction 137
Persuasive argument concept map 250f
Pestalozzi 3
Phase contrast microscope 273
Phases and steps, interrelationship
between 192f
Philosophical determinants 188
Philosophical enquiry 8
Philosophical view 104
Philosophy 8, 10, 49, 51, 52, 54, 56, 59, 67, 68
and aims of education 9
and curriculum 9
and discipline 10
and education, relationship between 8, 8t
and evaluation 10
and method of teaching 9
and teacher 10
and textbooks 9
Determines Broad Aspects of Education 9
major branches of 8
of evaluation 277
of life 2
of nursing education 185
of recruiting 315
of teacher education 30
propagation of 9
Physical naturalism 11
Physical, intellectual, moral, aesthetic,
social, and spiritual 2
Physical, social and spiritual development 1
Pictures 247
Pie graph 243f
Plan suitable for middle and high classes 152
Planning 32, 115
Planning and organization of clinical
experience 208
Planning clinical assignments 209
Planning clinical rotation 177
basic principles in 210
principles in 177
Planning learning and educational
activities 98
Planning teaching and learning activities 102
Planning unit, essential activities in 214
Planning-teaching, principle of 103
Players, types of 264
Policy-related problems 324
Positive reinforcement 111
Post-basic Diploma in Cardiothoracic
Nursing 67
Post-basic Diploma in Critical Care Nursing 66
Post-basic Diploma in Emergency and
Disaster Nursing 66
Post-basic Diploma in Neonatal Nursing 66
Post-basic Diploma in Neuroscience
Nursing 67
Post-basic Diploma in Nurse Practitioner in
Midwifery 66
Post-basic Diploma in Oncology Nursing 66
Post-basic Diploma in Operation Room
Nursing 67
Post-basic Diploma in Orthopedic and
Rehabilitation Nursing 67
Post-basic Diploma in Psychiatric/Mental
Health Nursing 66
Post-basic Diploma Programs 66
Posters 240
Posters uses 240
Postgraduate nursing education 49
Post-traumatic stress disorder 400
Practical examination 72
Practical exercises quite 150
Practical life, exercises of 150
Pragmatism 10, 16
and curriculum 18
and methods of teaching 18
and teacher 18
chief exponents 16
forms of 17
in education, strengths of 18
meaning 16
principles 16
weaknesses of 19
Preparation of life, principle of 191
Prepare poster, rules to 240
Preparing concept mapping, steps in 248
Preprimary teacher education 358
Prescriptive counseling 349
Primary teacher education 358
Principles underlying case study method 161
Printers 269f
Problem solution map 250f
Problem solving 176
Problem-situation test 293
Problem-solving method 154
steps in 154
Procedural dimension 105, 120
Process development map 250f
Processing styles 114
Process-recording 157
form of 158
Proctors, use of 136
Profession 28
Professional Acts in Health Field and
Educational Objectives 199f
Professional bodies, role of 223
Professional nursing practice 88
Program construction, dynamics of 132
Program writing, steps in 135
Programmed instruction 131
advantages of 134
in Education, application of 135
model 132f
principles of 132
Programming
styles of 133
types of 133
Progressinists support 4
Progressivism 20, 26
aim of education 20
and curriculum 20
and methods of teaching 21
and school 21
and teacher 21
exponents 20
meaning 20
Project method 159
and practical oriented 18
Projected visual aids 251
Projective techniques 290
Projective tests
advantages of 408
disadvantages of 409
Projector 268f
Projects, types of 159
Providing continuing education 35
Psychiatric mental health 73
Psychodrama 128
Psychological determinants 189
Psychological factors 204
Psychological to logical, proceed from 104
Psychologist's view 104
Psychologists support 4
Psychomotor area 116
Psychomotor learning 109
Public address
large systems 263
small systems 262
system 262
Public discussions 139
Public relations 479
models of 481
officer 480
process 480, 481fc
Publications 246
Pupil's progress 152
Puppet 246
show 167
types 246
Q
Qualitative techniques 289
Quality assurance 86f
Quality of teaching, improvement in 35
Questions
delivery 165
phrasing 165
types of 164
Questioning
functions of 163
levels of 163
purpose of 164
technique of 164
R
Radhakrishnan Commission 45
Radio, effective utilization of 256
Railway concessions, issue of 82
Rajasthan Nursing Council 80
Rajiv Gandhi University of
Health Sciences 92
Rank order scale 297
Rastriya Madyamik Shiksha Abhiyan 44
Rating scales 319
Realism and curriculum 16
Realistic job preview 315
Reciprocal category system 303
defects 303
observation system 303
uses 303
Reconstructionalism 23, 24
elements 23
teaching methods 24
Record keeping performance criteria 54
Recording nurse-patient interaction 158
Recruitment 309
efforts, consolidation of 310
methods, evaluation of 315
process 311
steps/stages 311
purposes 310
Recruitment strategies 311
elements in 310
external recruitment 312
internal recruitment 311
Reform, challenges to 27
Regional languages 41
Registration, types of 79
Reinforcement, theory of 111
Relationship factors and phases 190f
Religious bonds 186
Religious leaders 4
Remedial assignments 153
Research topic 250f
Researcher 29
Resident relations performance criteria 54
Resources
management of 33
vailability of 185
Responsibilities 53
Restricted response test 291
Revolt against traditionalism and
absolutism 17
Rig Veda 3
Right to Education 44
Role playing 128
advantages of 129
helps teacher 129
process of 130
steps in 129
Rorschach ink-blot test 407
S
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 44
Scaling techniques 295
difficulties 295
interval scale 296
nominal scale 295
ordinal scale 295
rating scales 296
ratio scale 296
types 295
uses 295
Scanner 268f
Scanning electron microscope 273
Scholar's view 104
Scholarship, rules for 83
Scholastic potentialities and
educational background 342
School governance 44
School trips 247
Science education and research 42
Seats, enhancement of 77
Secondary education 42
Secondary Education Commission 46
Secondary teacher education 359
Seeking employment, application
forms for 314
Segmented pie diagram 243f
Selected teaching strategies 114
Selecting and discussing skills 143
Selecting and preparing an audio-visual aid,
guides for 233
Selecting audio-visual aid, criteria for 233
Selecting role players 143
Selecting teaching strategies 115
Selectivity, principle of 191
Self-control technique, contingency
management 21
Self-culture 14
Self-education 150
Self-effort, principle of 151
Self-instructional material,
characteristics of 423
Self-knowledge 20
Self-realization 2, 14
Self-report techniques 290
Seminar 139
presentation/conferences/seminars 362
Sense training 149
Sensitivity, principle of 191
Sensory training, exercises in 150
Service learning, community
partnerships 27
Simple microscope 271f
Simulated teaching 142, 176
Simulation
activities in 143
mechanism of 142
procedure of 143
Simulation in Teacher Training,
application of 142
Simulation in teacher-education,
advantages of 143
Simulation technique
limitations in 144
values of 143
Simulators 143
Sketching 246
Skill 50, 52, 109
in observation 139
lesson 220
required for effective counseling,
range of 339
types of 220
Slide projector 252, 252f
advantages 252
Small group assignments 153
Social agent 29
Social aims 4
Social and moral value, development of 7
Social and national integration 3, 6
Social bonds 186
Social change
and control 7
education
condition of 33
effect of 33
impact of 33
instrument of 33
Social models 225
Social reconstructionism theory 24
Social reformers 4
Social, moral and spiritual values,
education for 6
Social, political and technological changes
in education, impact of 33
Society of Psychiatric Nurses 84
Sociodrama 128, 130
process 131
Socioeconomic status
classification of 410
scale 409, 410
Socioeconomic welfare for nurses 89
Sociogram 301f
Sociological determinants 188
Sociologist's view 104
Sociometric techniques 290
Sociometry and sociogram 301
Socratic method, liberal studies 26
Sound mind, creation of 1
Speakers 265, 268f
Specialized recruitment managers 310
Specific learning 114
Speed reading 31
Spider concept map client-family
centered 248f
Spiritualists' support 4
Staff conference 171
Staff Development Program 433
Staff Involvement in Curriculum Planning 207
Stakeholder 95
analysis 95, 95fc, 443, 443fc
mapping 95
relationship management 97, 445fc
steps in 96fc
significance of 95
Standardized test 288, 380
Starting nurse practitioner critical care
program, guidelines for 465
State government, role of 223
State Nursing Council 77, 469
functions of 77
State socialism 4
Stated objective, components of 198f
Status, emoluments and education of
teachers 41
Statutory bodies 75
Stereograph 254
advantages 254
Storage 270
Store information, easier to 34
Structured committee approach,
weaknesses of 190
Student assignment 173
Student counseling, process of 344
Student feedback, evaluation of 284
Student opportunity 113
Student preparation 127
Student questions and responses,
teacher reaction to 166
Student's welfare body 87
Students in educational institutions,
evaluation of 324
Students in nursing educational institutions,
role of 448
Study assignments 153
Study day system 207
Subject laboratories 151
Subject teachers 151
Substantive dimension 105
Summated rating scale 321
Supernatural discipline 484
Supervised nursing care practice 169
Supervisor in micro-teaching, role of 146
Supervisory conference 139
Supporters 15
Survival kit 265
Symposium 140
disadvantages 140
techniques 140
Synthesis, analysis to 104
Synthetic approach 155
System interest clusters 383
Systems concept map 249f
T
Talent, identification of 42
Tamil Nadu Nurses and Midwives
Council 78, 470
Tape recorder 257, 257f
Task orientation 113
Tata Memorial Scholarship Fund 82
Teacher
approaches 120
behavior 302
enthusiasm 113
functions of 100, 430
qualities of 28
responsibilities of 102, 151
role of 29
training 23
Teacher education
general drawbacks in 378
importance of 358
Teacher Education Program 358
steps in 361
Teacher Education Training Program 360
Teacher evaluation 302
procedures 376
strategies 376
Teacher guidance 127
advantages 127
disadvantages 127
Teacher preparation 126
programs 359
Teacher/educator, competencies of 374
Teacher's Education Program,
organization of 360
Teacher's education, qualitative
improvement of 361
Teacher's role 157, 160, 212
Teacher-education programs, types of 358
Teacher-made test 289
limitations 289
uses 289
Teachers activities at university level,
computers for 166
Teacher-student
planning 212
relationship 117
Teaching 98, 117
advantages 122
aids, problems in using 231
art 98
block 206
characteristics 121
classification 120
demonstration method 121
disadvantages 122
essential characteristics 121
evaluation of 284
faculty in college of nursing 362
learning process 65
machine and programmed text,
comparison between 134
meaning 120
methods of 21, 23, 120, 361
objectives 120
of language and arithmetic, didactic
apparatus for 150
principles of 103
purposes of 98
reading and writing unique,
method of 150
science 98
sharing 34
strategies 144
system 206
techniques of 21
Teaching and learning
environment 112
process 98
Teaching skill 144, 146
method of 220
steps for 220
Teaching-learning process 113
essential aspects of 113
management of 117
Teaching-learning unit 201
Team assignment 173
Team conference 171
Team teaching 141
advantages 141
characteristics 141
limitations 142
objectives 141
principles 141
Technological explosion 36
Technology on education, impact of 34
Technology teaching aid 34
Technology's impact on education 34
Telephone paging systems 263
Television
functional characteristics of 260
lecture demonstration 122
Term end theory examination 71
Test construction 287
administering test 287
blue print 287
planning test 287
preparing test 287
scoring test 287
Thematic apperception test 407
Thesis submission, guidelines for 65
Thinking skills 31
Three-dimensional materials/aids 238
Three-language formula 41
Towards society 7
Traditional conservative attitude 142
Traditional philosophies 10
Traditional teaching and micro-teaching,
comparison between 147
Trained nurse's association 81
Training, organization of 362
Transmission electron microscope 273
Transpersonal learning 27
Try out and revision 135
Two-sided mirror 272f
U
Udai Pareek Socioeconomic Status
Scale 411
Understanding learning styles 114
Union activities 83
Unique nature of man 14
Unit planning 213
characteristics of 215
purposes of 215
steps in 215
types of 214
Universal access 44
Universal education 14
University authority 92
University education 42
University education commission 40, 45
Report 45
University Grants Commission 85
University of Health Sciences 61
University-level distance education,
models of 426
Unofficial transcripts 447
USB flash drive 267f
Utilitarian curriculum 18
V
Verbal interaction category system 303
Vertical and horizontal articulation 191
Vertical bar graph 244f
Video cassette 260
recorder 260
Video program 261
Videotapes played through television 260
Vision 88
Visual aids 236
Vocational course 49
Vocational development,
help students in 331
Vocational efficiency 2, 6, 7
Vocational guidance 332
Vocational Teachers Training 359
W
Wait time 165
Ward class 173
Ward clinics 173
Ward-Teaching Program 172
Well-delivered lesson, essentials of 220
Wonderful opportunities 108
Word Association Test 408
Work assignment 173
Work experience 42
Work standard approach 322
Working period 127
Workshop 140, 162
outcomes of 163
World's Economy and Society,
globalization of 37
Writing assignment 153
Written nursing care study,
advantages of 162
Written work, importance of 137
×
Chapter Notes

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Textbook of NURSING EDUCATION
Textbook of NURSING EDUCATION
Second Edition
KP Neeraja BSc BPR MSc(N) MA PhD Professor Department of Nursing Channapatna, Karnataka, India
Foreword
CR Shamshad Begum
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
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© 2021, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
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All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission in writing of the publishers.
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Medical knowledge and practice change constantly. This book is designed to provide accurate, authoritative information about the subject matter in question. However, readers are advised to check the most current information available on procedures included and check information from the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose, formula, method and duration of administration, adverse effects and contraindications. It is the responsibility of the practitioner to take all appropriate safety precautions. Neither the publisher nor the author(s)/editor(s) assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from or related to use of material in this book.
This book is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in providing professional medical services. If such advice or services are required, the services of a competent medical professional should be sought.
Every effort has been made where necessary to contact holders of copyright to obtain permission to reproduce copyright material. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publisher will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity. The CD/DVD-ROM (if any) provided in the sealed envelope with this book is complimentary and free of cost. Not meant for sale.
Inquiries for bulk sales may be solicited at: jaypee@jaypeebrothers.com
Textbook of Nursing Education
First Edition: 2003
Second Edition: 2021
9789389188653
Printed at
Dedicated to
My Master Poojya
Sri V V Sridhar Guruji
Foreword
It gives me an immense pleasure to write the Foreword for the second edition of the title Textbook of Nursing Education by Dr KP Neeraja. Right from its first edition, the book has been widely appreciated and acknowledged by a vast nursing fraternity of it's readers comprising students and faculty of nursing discipline.
I know Dr KP Neeraja since her graduate and postgraduate period as a student from government institutions at Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh and Hyderabad, Telangana has lot of enthusiasm, strive to put knowledge and skill into action, that is Neeraja's piece of hardwork has come as a revised edition of Textbook of Nursing Education.
In the recent times there has been a lot of changes in the syllabus of Universities and Indian Nursing Council (INC). I am confident that this book will meet the dynamic, academic needs of students and faculty in career opportunities and as academic nurse educators.
Congratulations!
CR Shamshad Begum
Former Principal
Government College of Nursing
Yashoda College of Nursing
Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Preface to the Second Edition
It gives me a great pleasure to bring out second edition of Textbook of Nursing Education. I hope this book will serve as an ideal textbook for both teachers and to the students. A sincere effort is made to cover the present syllabus framed by Indian Nursing Council (INC) and varied universities for undergraduate and postgraduate nursing programs. Lucid and simple language is used which makes easy for the student to understand and comprehend the subject. The core content is drawn from authentic sources and the first edition. The book is revised in view to add additional suitable information as per the syllabus. I am confident that this book will be helpful for nursing students in both programs and to the nurse educators, the book will meet the learners’ and teachers’ needs adequately. I made earnest efforts to fulfil it's need.
It promotes a sensitive and holistic outlook in nursing education. At the end of each chapter, review questions of universities given to facilitate the students to concentrate in exam preparation. Vigorous efforts have been made to acquire knowledge and skills for professional excellence and to make teaching as a lovable profession.
KP Neeraja
Preface to the First Edition
Training is a mean to acquire knowledge and skills for professional excellence. With the increase in demand for training health professionals, particularly nurses, has necessitated to develop a handbook for the teachers in nursing education, to enable them develop academic as well as teaching skills. Even though few books on this subject are available, this book Textbook of Nursing Education is unique in its application to the field of nursing.
Good teaching demands knowledge base of teaching methodology, techniques and ability to assess and adapt in the changing learning situations. This book equips the nursing teachers and students to gain insight into the intricacies of training in nursing, for today as well as tomorrow. This book is of immense value to nurses, who are more oriented to provide nursing care to the patients, to develop good human relations and organize educational sessions to different focus groups.
A sincere effort is made to incorporate the findings of research studies, innovative techniques of teaching applicable to the profession of nurse training in this book. Unit one focuses on the philosophy of education and nursing education, unit two on evolution of education, unit three covers how the education has developed from ancient India to free India and the problems related to education and its remedies, and unit four is the vital part of the text, i.e., curriculum and its development for various groups and situations including the technique of evaluation.
The use of audiovisual aids in the teaching enhances learning and unit five covers in detail the use of audiovisual aids in nursing education. The concepts of teaching, learning methods and the process of communication are widely discussed in the units seven, eight and nine. Chapter on Social Change and Education rightly focuses on the role of teachers for adaptation of teaching to social change in various institutions. Finally, the section on Guidance and Counseling is aimed at moulding the teachers in nursing education to do the role of counselor to guide the nursing students, patients, families and the community as well.
I hope this book will serve as an ideal textbook for the teachers of nursing. I have made sincere effort to make this book understandable and applicable to nursing education, and make teaching a lovable profession. Criticisms and suggestions are solicited. My e-mail address kpn21@indiatimes.com
KP Neeraja
Acknowledgments
I would like to express deep sense of gratitude to the “Almighty” and to my Master, Sri V V Sridhar Guruji, who constantly and continuously providing support to me in all stages of life.
I would like to thank my Master, Sri V V Sridhar Guruji, who gave consent to my request to dedicate this book as token of my love, at his holy feet.
I am indebted to my teacher, Professor CR Shamshad Begum, who agreed instantly to write a foreword for this book.
I would like to acknowledge my sincere thanks to Shri Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman), Mr Ankit Vij (Managing Director), Mr MS Mani (Group President), Dr Madhu Choudhary (Publishing Head–Education), Ms Pooja Bhandari (Production Head), Ms Sunita Katla (Executive Assistant to Group Chairman and Publishing Manager), Ms Samina Khan (Executive Assistant to Publishing Head–Education), Dr Astha Sawhney (Development Editor), Mr Rajesh Sharma (Production Coordinator), Ms Seema Dogra (Cover Visualizer), Ms Geeta Barik (Proofreader), Mr Akshay Thakur (Typesetter), Mr Manoj Pahuja (Graphic Designer) and their team who extended their cooperation to publish the book.
I would also like to thank Mr Venugopal (Associate Director–South) and Mr Ravikumar (Senior Business Manager–Direct Sales) who persistently motivated me and gave me constant support to accomplish this task efficiently and competently.
I would like to express my sincere thanks to my former students Dr M Umapathi and Dr K Sunil Kumari and to my family who gave a lot of support in varied stages of this book from inception to completion.