Handbook of Forensic Analytical Toxicology AK Jaiswal, Tabin Millo
INDEX
Page numbers followed by f refer to figure, fc refer to flowchart, and t refer to table.
A
Abdominal pain 86
Abortion 568
Abrus precatorius 174, 175
Absorbance accuracy 372
Absorption bands, designation of 346
Absorption burner system, parts of 390
Absorption cell 389
Abuse, drug of 46, 47
Accidents 494
Accreditation 514, 515
benefits of 515
body 515
history of 503
process 516
Acepromazine 106, 274
Acetaldehyde 57, 100, 578
Acetic acid 155, 158, 181, 204, 335, 336
Acetone 57, 101
Acetonitrile 54, 295, 316
Acetophenazine 106, 107
Acetophos 52, 90
Acetylated cellulose 197
Acetylene flame 392
Acidic drug 296, 338
Acidic silica gel plates 197
Acidified aqueous cinchonine 579
Acids 155
and bases
classification of 155t
color tests for 155
attacks, prevent 572
classification of 155
test for 156
Acne 139
Aconitine 120
analysis of 380
Aconitum napellus 174, 178
Acute barbiturate intoxication, symptoms of 65
Acyl benzenes, derivatives of 361
Acylation 257
Adsorption chromatography 186
Adsorptive stripping voltammetry 407, 408
Aerodrome management 498
Agent, preparation of reducing 434
Agglutination test 176
Agitation 335
Agricultural samples, different elements in 398
Air-acetylene
elements 390
flame 391
Alcohol 296, 494
consumption of 494
metabolism 501
peak of 271f
postsampling formation of 499
use of 499
Alcometer testing 496
Aldosteronism, primary 397
Aldrin 97
endosulfan 90
Alicyclic dienes 354
Alizarin 579
reagent 579
test 136
Alkaline
distillation 59
fast blue B salt 204
solution of beta-naphthol 579
Alkaloids 69, 88, 120, 336
color tests for 120
extraction for 69
isolation methods for 69
Alkaly 161
test for 161
Alkyl substituents 354
Allobarbital 117, 271
Allobarbitone 65, 116
Alpha-naphthylamine test 164, 172
Alprazolam 272
Alumina 186, 188
plates 197
Aluminium 128, 136
analysis of 438
Aluminon reagent 579
test 136
Aluminum chloride 204
test 96
Aluminum foil-lined lids 46
Aluminum nitrate, amount of 438
Aluminum phosphide 98
Aluminum silicate 188
Alvarez reaction test 121, 178
Amanita
muscaria 83
phalloides 83
Amethocaine 274
Amino acid 315
Amitriptyline 272, 273, 532
Ammonia 155, 162, 425
Ammonium
acetate 579
buffer, preparation of 426, 431
carbonate 579
chloride 579
hydroxide 162, 336, 579
test 101
mercury thiocyanate 133, 579
oxalate 579
test 162
peroxydisulfate test 138
persulfate solution 578
phosphate 579
sulfate 579
sulfide solution test 139
thiocyanate 134, 579
Ammonium molybdate 204
quinine sulfate 579
test 172
reagent 579
solution 578
test 90, 92, 93, 95, 129, 172
Amobarbital 271
Amobarbitone 65, 116
Amperometric detector 312
functions 312
Amphetamine 147, 151, 273, 333, 532, 540
Ampicillin 140
Analytical column, regeneration of 316
Analytical toxicology, forensic application of 1
Anemia 86
Anesthetic gases 48
Aniline 57
E- and b-bands of 347f
isolation of 87
Anisidine phthalate 204
Anodic stripping voltammetry 405, 407
Antazoline hydrochloride
solution 579
test 157
Antemortem ingestion 540
Anthrax 139
Antiallergens 334
Antibiotics 78
color tests for 139
isolation of 84
Antidepressants 272, 334
identification of 272
quantification of 272
second-generation 334
Antihistamines 274, 334
identification of 274
quantification of 274
Antimony 128, 130
chloride 204
pentachloride test 176
Apiezon grease 234, 240
Apoatropine 69
Appetite, loss of 87
Aprobarbitone 65
Apron 557f
Aprotic solvents 316
Aqueous layer 74
Arecoline 69
Argemone mexicana 174, 181
Argon ionization detector 241, 246, 246f
Arsenic 128, 129
analysis of 433, 435t
bulletin of 420
Ascorbic acid, aqueous solution of 578
Assessor role 518
Asynchronous noise 328
Atomic absorption 311
burner system 390f
instruments, types of 386
process 384, 385f
technique 384
Atomic absorption spectrometry 383, 399, 403
advantages of 384
applications of 396
disadvantages of 384
principle of 383
Atomic emission 311
process 385f
spectroscopy 36
Atomic fluorescence 311
Atomic spectroscopic detector 311
Atrocin 69
Atropa belladonna 147, 153
Atropine 69, 147, 153
Audit 505
criteria 505
evidence 505
findings 505
first-party 509
principles of 509
second-party 509
third-party 509
types 509
Audit program 505, 512
objectives, establishing 511
parts of 512
records, managing and maintaining 513
Automatic thin-layer chromatography sprayer 195f
Autopsy 39
report 554
Auxiliary electrode 411, 412f, 419
Auxochrome 351
increment 358t
Avenin 52, 90
Azacyclonol 61, 107, 274
B
Bacillus anthracis 139
Bacterial infections 139
types of 139
Balanced pressure system 264, 264f
Bam Ford's test 175
Bandwidth, determination of 369f
Barbitone 65, 116
Barbiturate 88, 117, 147, 150, 198, 201, 532
analysis of 221, 222t
color tests for 116
extraction methods for 65
identification of 271
isolation methods for 65
quantification of 271
test for 117
Barium 128, 137, 399
chloride 171, 579
test 158, 167, 173
hydroxide 155, 162
sulfate test 171
Baseline flatness, test for 368f
Basic drugs, analysis of 221, 273
Bauxite 188
B-bands 346
Beer's law 343, 346f
graphical representation of 386f
Beer–Lambert law 343
Benactyzine 61
Benedict's reagent 579
Benedict's test 141, 145
Benzene 57, 102, 199, 335
hexachloride 268
Benzidine 579
solution test 164
Benzocaine 274
Benzoctamine 106, 108
Benzodiazepine 42, 61, 116, 147, 150, 335, 379, 532, 569
analysis of 272
drugs of 379
derivatives, absorption of 379t
Benzoinoxime test 134
Benzphetamine 273
Benzyl alcohol 57
Berberine 69, 120, 122
Beta-naphthol test 102
Bettendorf's test 130
Bhang, test for 180
Bial's reagent 211
Bicarbonate test 134
Bidrin 90
Bifenthrin 90, 269, 333
Biological fluid 39, 55
bile 42
blood 39
body fluids 43
cerebrospinal fluid 43
urine 40
vitreous humor 41
Biological hazard 556
Biological material, waste disposal procedures for 29, 560
Biological tissues 44
Biomedical waste 560
classification of 562t
Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 560, 561
Birlane 90
Bismuth 128, 131
Blank analysis 417
Blood 55, 59, 61, 64
alcohol
concentration 498, 540
level 496
and urine 441
heavy metal in 434
chemicals in 1
during collection, dilution of 500
level, actual 500
microwave digestion of 488
serum, magnesium in 397
Blood-to-breadth ratio 500
Bonded stationary phase 304
Bone
and muscle tissue 46
marrow samples 47
Borate 163, 165
Boric acid 146, 434, 436
Brain tissue 403
Breath alcohol 501
analyzer 494
concentration 500
testing
device 495, 501
principle of 495
Breathalyzer 494, 496f, 501
calibration of 496
operators 497
types of 494
using photocell 497f
Bridged ethylene hybrid 322
Bromate 163, 167
Bromazepam 106, 108, 272
Bromide 163, 165, 205, 212, 312
Bromine solution 580
Bromine water 580
Bromocresol green 204
Bromophenol blue 205
Bromophos 52, 90
Brompheniramine 274
Bronchopneumonia 88
Brown sugar 147
Brucine 120, 121, 174, 179
test 157, 172
Buffer preparation 436, 438, 441, 443
Bulk property detectors 306
Burner heads 390, 401
Burns 564
Butacaine 274
Butaperazine 106, 108
Butobarbitone 65, 116
Butriptyline 272
C
Cadmium 128, 135
acetate 211
Caffeine 273
Calatropis
gigantean 174
procera 174
Calcium
analysis of 397
hydroxide 162, 188
oxalate 188
silicate 188
sulphate 188
Calcium carbonate 188
test 158
Calcium chloride 580
test 160, 166, 172
Calculate column's efficiency 290
Calibration method 397f
Calotropis gigantica 78, 82, 174
isolation of 82
Calotropis procera 78, 82, 174
isolation of 82
Camazepam 272
Cannabis sativa 174, 179
Capillary column 233, 234f, 237
Carbamates 52, 90, 199, 223, 535
pesticides 91, 269, 315, 333
Carbaryl 90
Carbofuran 90
Carbon
disulfide 57, 103
monoxide 46, 532
Carbon tetrachloride 57, 205, 478
carbon disulfide test 93
test 93, 97
Carbowax 240
Cardiac drugs, applied for 337
Cardiac glycosides 85
Cardiotoxic poisons 85
Carfenazine 106, 108, 274
Carrier gas 229
arrangement of 232f
Castiglioni's test 104
Catecholamines 311
Cathodic stripping voltammetry 407
Cause-and-effect relationships 508
Caustic potash test 101
Caustic soda test 138, 157
Cefaloridine 139, 140
Cell, type of 366
Cellulose plates 197
Central drugs laboratory 567
Central nervous system 46, 146
Ceramic materials 478
Cerebera thevetia 85
Cerebrospinal fluid 43
Cetirizine 334
Charas, test for 180
Chelating resins 303
Chelidonine 120, 122
Chemical 23f
criminology 338
hazard 556
interferences 395
list of 17t
substance 381
Chemiluminescent nitrogen detector 307, 313
Chiral detector 314
Chlamydia 139
psittaci 140
trachomatis 140
Chloral hydrate 57, 103, 378
Chloramphenicol 140
Chloranil reagent 206
Chlorate 163, 164
Chlordiazepoxide 106, 109, 380
azacyclonol 106
Chloride 165, 209
Chlorine water 580
test 165, 166
Chlorodiazepoxide 379
Chloroform 57, 102, 199
Chloroform-pyridine test 169
Chloroplatinic acid 580
test 161
Chloroprocaine 274
Chloropromazine hydrochloride 380
Chlorothion 90, 332
Chlorphenamine 334
Chlorpheniramine 273
Chlorpromazine 61, 106, 109, 274, 540
Chlorpyrifos 52, 90, 332
Chlortetracycline 141
Chlorthion 52
Chopper 389
Chromate 173
Chromatogram 251, 251f, 252f, 255f, 256f, 290f
development of 202, 203f, 218
Chromatographic column, types of 302
Chromatography 186
Chromic acid test 149
Chromium 128, 136
Chromophore 350, 351t
Chromosulfuric acid 213
Chromotropic acid 580
test 100, 136
Cinchona succirubra 336
Cinchonine 69
Cis and trans isomers 378
Claviceps purpurea 82, 336
Cleistanthus collinus 78, 81
Clindamycin 141
Clinical toxicology 219
Clobazam 106, 109, 272
Clofenotane 94
Clomipramine 272
Clomocycline 139, 141
Clonazepam 379, 539
Clopenthiol 106, 109
Clorazepate 379
Clorazepic acid 272
Coating efficiency 255
Cobalt acetate test 169
Cobalt acetate-o-toluidine reagent 205
Cobalt nitrate 580
test 138, 168, 169
Cobalt sulfate 580
Cobalt thiocyanate 205
solution 578, 580
test 151
Cobalt-acetate test 117
Cobaltous acetate solution 580
Cocaine 42, 69, 147, 149, 222, 274, 539
Code of criminal procedure 535, 567, 570
Codeine 120, 122, 148
Coiled column, packing of 238f
Cold start 419
Colocynth, isolation of 82
Column chromatography 186, 186f
Column coating 237
Column injection 300
Column lifetime and performance, maintenance of 303
Column packing 237, 305
Coma 86
Combined audit 510
Common biomedical waste treatment facility 561
Common drugs, identification of 333
Common solvents 240t
Complete toxicological analysis 40
Complexing reagent 439
Compressed air 391
Concentrated formic acid 152
Concentrated hydrochloric acid test 174
Concentrated sulfuric acid test 174
Conducting closing meeting, procedure for 523
Conductivity detector 312
Congo red 580
paper test 156
Coniferyl alcohol
reagent 580
test 145
Coniine 69
Conjugated compound 378
Control unit 267
Copper 128, 133
turning test 158
Copper sulfate 206, 580
pyridine test 168
solution 580
test 133, 144, 166, 169
Coramine 69
Corona detector 314, 314f
Corrected retention time 252
Cough syrups 499
Cresol 58
isolation of 86
Crime
examining scene of 547
investigation, field of 35
Croton tiglium 78, 174, 175
isolation of 79
Crotonic acid 79
Crystal test 105, 121, 179
Cupric acetate test 182
Cuprous iodide test 131
Customer focus 506
Cyanate 163, 168
Cyanide 46, 60, 104, 163, 168, 532, 534
analysis of 434, 437t
extraction method for 60
isolation method for 60
sulphide 312
voltammogram of 436
Cyanosis 86
Cyclizine 274
Cyclobarbital 118
Cyclobarbitone 65
Cyclohexane 199
Cyclopentobarbital 118
Cycloserine 142
Cyfluthrin 90, 269, 333
Cyolane 52, 90
Cypermethrin 269
D
Dasanit 52, 90
Datura fastuosa 174, 179
DDQ reagent 206
Delorazepam 272
Deltamethrin 90, 269, 333
Demeclocycline 139, 142
Demeton 52, 90
Denigès–Oliver's test 125, 181
Deoxyribonucleic acid 39
Derivatization 257
techniques 319
types of 319
Desflurane 335
Desipramine 272
Detection limit 394
Detectors, type of 245
Deuterium lamp 363
test 371, 371f
Developing solvent system 199t
Dextromethorphan 540
Diabetes 397
Diacetylmorphine 147
Diamorphine 536, 539
Diarrhea, causes of 84
Diazepam 106, 110, 379
Diazinon 52, 90, 94
Diazotization test 163
Diazotized 215
Dicalcium phosphate 188
Dicapthon 52, 90
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane 95, 268
analysis of 380
Dichlorofluorescein 206
Dichlorovinyl 333
Dichlorvos 90, 332
Dichromate 163, 173
test 98
Dieldrin 90, 97
Dielectric loss factor 478
Diethylene glycol succinate 241
Digestors, closed 486t
Digitalin test 176
Digitalis purpurea 174, 176
Digitoxin 174
test 176
Dille-Koppanyi
reagent 580
test 150
Dilute ferric chloride solution 580
Dilute solutions, preparation of 585
Dimefox 52, 90
Dimethoate 52, 90, 94, 332
Dimethothiazine 274
Dimethyl glyoxime 580
reagent test 136
Dimethylamphetamine 273
Dinitrobenzene 379
potassium hydroxide reagent test 150
reagent 580
Dinitro-p-diphenyl carbazide test 135
Dinitrophenyl hydrazine test 94
Dinitrotoluene 379
Dionine 69
Diphenhydramine 274
Diphenyl
carbazide tests 136
oxalate tablets 540
Diphenylamine 206
solution 580
test 156, 157
Diphenylcarbazide 580
Diphenylcarbazone 206, 580
test 131
Diphenylpyraline 274
Dipole rotation 478
Dipole-dipole interaction 287
Diquinolyl test 134
Direct gas-pressure system 300
Dispatch and forwarding samples 551
Disposables, use of 48
Disyston 52
Dithizone 207, 209
solution 580
test 135
Dizziness 86
loss of 87
Double-beam
atomic absorption spectrophotometer 387f
spectrophotometer 362
ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer, technical specifications of 375
Doxepin 272
Doxycycline 139, 142
Dragendorff's reagent 206, 581
test 177
Dragendorff's test 126
Drinking after offence 499
Driving belt 413, 413f
Dropping mercury electrode 410
Drug
(price control) order 567, 569
abuse, analysis of 316
alcohol interactions 499
analysis of 45
and poisons, laws relating to 566
basic 296
designer 569
identification 47
of abuse, color tests for 146
standard, list of 30t
synergistic effect of 536
Drugs Act 566
Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act 566, 567
Drugs and Cosmetics Rules 567
Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act 567, 568
Drugs Control Act 567, 568
Drugs Technical Advisory Board 567
Drunken driving 498
Dry ashing method 77
Dummy stopper 414, 414f
Duquenois–Levine
reagent 581
test 180
Dursban 52
Dynamic coating 238
E
E-bands 346
Ecgonine 69
Eddy diffusion 292, 293f
Edifenphos 52, 332
Effective theoretical plates 253
Ehrlich's reagent 154, 581
test 153
Ekatin 52
Electrochemical detector 311, 312f
Electrochemical stripping analysis techniques 406
Electrode 410, 436, 439
less discharge lamp 388, 389
test 416
washing of 417
Electrolyte 478
Electromagnetic spectrum 340, 340f
Electron capture detector 241, 243, 243f, 266, 282
Electron spin resonance spectroscopy 341
Electronic energy levels 348f
Electronic transitions, types of 347, 348f
Elixir 499
Emerson reagent 207
Encyclopedia britannica 481f
Endocyclic conjugated 354
Endosulfan 268
Endrin 90, 96
Enzymatic processes, disruptive of 75
Ephedrine 273
HCl 69
Equipment,
list of major 25t
list of minor 27t
Erdmann's reagent 581
Ergometrine 82, 120, 122
Ergot 174, 182
isolation of 82
Ergotamine 82, 120, 123
Ergotoxin 82
Erythromycin 139, 142
Erythroxylum coca 146
Estazolam 272
Ester test 99, 174
Ethanol 48, 204, 211
production 42
test 91
vapors, inhalation of 499
Ethanolic potassium hydroxide solution 578
Ether 335
Ethion 52
Ethomoxane 106, 110
Ethopropazine 61, 274
Ethyl
alcohol 58, 98, 534
benzoate test 149
methyl ketone reagent test 103
Ethylene
diamine nickel test 171
glycol polymer 240f
Ethylenediamine nickel reagent 581
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 441
Ethylmethyl ketone test 97
Euphoria, inducing 334
Evaporative light scattering detector 314
Evidential breath alcohol testing 500
E-waste rules 561
Exocyclic conjugated 354
Explosive 337
analysis of 275, 378
compounds, chromatogram of 275f
Expressing report, ways of 533
Eye 86
accident 564
witnesses, statements of 547
F
Facial paralysis 86
False-negative report, causes of 538
False-positive
breath 500
report, causes of 540
Faraday's law 312
Fast blue B
potassium hydroxide test 175
reagent 581
test 179
Fatigue 86
Feigl's test 133
Femur ring 46
Fenitrothion 52, 90
Fenpropathrin 90, 333
Fenthion 52, 90
Fenvalerate 90, 333
Ferric chloride 207, 581
acid test 183
solution 581
test 145, 158, 159, 169, 170, 176, 177, 182
Ferric salt reagent 581
Ferric salt test 181
Ferric thiocyanate test 168
Ferrous hydroxide
paper test 105
solution 581
Ferrous sulfate 581
test 157, 169, 170
Fertilizer, microwave digestion of 490
Filtration method, coating by 236
First aid box 563, 563f
contents of 563f
First aid emergency treatment 562
Fischer–Morris test 152
Flame 390
function of 390
ionization detector 241, 242f, 266, 282
photometric detector 241, 245, 245f, 266, 282
process 391f
system 401
test 132, 137, 161, 162
Flavone reagent 207
Flaxedil 69
Flow-metering stem 391
Fluanisone 106, 110
Fluorescein sodium salt 206
Fluorescence
index 307
test 183
Fluorescent plates 197
Fluoride 163, 166
Fluorimetric detector 311, 311f
Fluphenazine 61
Flurazepam 272, 379
Forensic application 221
Forensic chemistry 403
Forensic sample 333
barium in 399
lead in 399
tin in 399
Forensic science 398
laboratories 575
Forensic scientists 2
Forensic toxicology 35
laboratory, layout of 36f
reporting 532
Formaldehyde 58, 100, 207
solution 581
Formaldehyde-sulfuric acid 207
reagent 581
test 151, 154
test 108116, 146
Formic acid 155, 158, 336
Formothion 52
Forrest reagent 208, 581
test 154
Forrest test 107, 108, 111, 113, 115, 116
Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy 36
FPN reagent 581
test 154
FPN test 107, 113, 114
Froehde's reagent 581
test 152154, 182
Froehde's test 124, 125, 148, 174, 180
Fuchsin test 170
Fuchsine reagent 581
Fujiwara test 102, 103, 140
Fume hood 191, 192f
Fuming nitric acid 125
Functional group, detection of 376
Functionalized silica materials 303
Furfural acid 207
Furfuraldehyde 111, 112
reagent 581
Furfural-sulfuric acid test 184
G
Ganja, test for 180
Gardona 52, 90, 199
Gas chromatographic conditions
with derivatization 272
without derivatization 272
Gas chromatography 228, 249
derivatization 257
headspace technique 263f
mass spectroscopy 36
troubleshooting in 276
Gas density balance detector 241, 247, 247f
Gas-liquid chromatography 229, 229f, 241, 251, 258, 259f, 262, 265, 270, 276, 276t, 277, 277t, 282, 331
forensic applications of 267
solid support for 235
techniques of 229
Gelsemium 69
General drug screening 533
Generate microwave energy 481
Gentamicin 139, 143
Gentian violet-bromine 208
Gerrard's test 154
Gibb's reagent 208
Glacial acetic acid 183, 211
Glass capillaries 193, 194f
Glass carbon electrodes 406
Glass indicating oxygen traps 261
Glass thin-layer chromatography sprayer 194f
Glasswares 12, 16f
list of 13t
Glassy carbon electrode 411, 412f
Glassy materials 478
Glucuronic acid 42
Glutaraldehyde 539
Glutathione 42
Glycoprotein 311
Glymidine 275
Gold chloride test 149, 178
Gonorrhea 139
Gradient device 299
Gradient separation 295
Graphite furnace
atomic absorption 479
system 401
Griess reagent 208
Group test 133
Guaiacum copper sulfate test 105, 159
Guard column 258, 303
Gum disease 139
Gunzberg's reagent 581
Gunzberg's test 157
Guthion 52
Gutzeit test 129
H
Haemophilus influenzae 140
Hair 403
and nail 47
microwave digestion of 489
Halogen containing pyrethroids 269
Handling microwave digestor 484
Handmade plates 195
Handmade thin-layer chromatography plates 196f
Hanging mercury drop electrode 411, 427, 432, 435, 437, 439, 442
Hard plastics, use of 48
Hazardous chemical 560
Hazardous wastes 561
Headache 86
loss of 87
Headspace
gas chromatography 263
sampler 267
Heart damage 86
Heavy metal 47
monitoring of 405
Helium ionization detector 241, 247, 248f
Henry's law 496
Hepatic metabolism 147
Hepatic portal system 44
Heptabarbitone 65, 116
Herbicides 296
drug 338
Heroin 42, 120, 123, 147, 222, 536, 539
brown 338
Heteroannular diene 354, 356
Heterocyclic compounds 147
Hexacyanoferrate 163, 169, 170
Hexamethyldisilazane 235
Hexane 199
Hexylcaine 274
High capacity oxygen traps 260
High strength silica 322
High-performance liquid chromatography 36, 276t, 287, 288, 295fc, 296f, 297f, 309, 314, 317, 323, 328t
column 301, 301f
detectors 306, 307t
elution techniques in 295
forensic applications of 332
guard column 304f
instrument setup 325fc
normal-phase 294fc
pumps, types of 300
relevance of 331
solvents 29, 34f
list of 33t
system, technical specifications for 317
theory of 288
types of 294
High-pressure liquid chromatography 299
Hollow cathode lamp 388, 388f
process 388f
Holmium perchlorate solution 371f
test 370
Homatropine 69
Homicidal poisoning deaths 547
Homicides 494
Homoannular dienes 354
Human resource 1
Husemann's test 125, 180
Hydrastine 120, 123
Hydrastinine 120, 123
Hydride generation system 400
Hydrobromic acid 155157, 238, 336, 482, 483
Hydrocarbons 495
Hydrochloric acid 155, 215, 336
test 91, 106, 134, 138, 150, 181, 184
Hydrocyanic acid 58, 60, 98, 155, 159, 336, 478, 481, 483
Hydrogen
discharge lamps 363
peroxide 213, 398, 478, 482, 483
test 173
sulfide 581
test 132, 135
Hydroiodic acid 155, 156, 336
Hydrophobic interactions 287
Hydroquinine 120, 124
acid, solution of 578
test 95
Hydroxyamphetamine 273
Hydroxylamine 208
hydrochloride 581
Hydroxylapatite 188
Hydroxyzine 61, 274
Hygroscopic alkaloid 83
Hyoscine 69
Hyoscyamine 69
Hyperchromic effect 352
Hypochlorites 163, 168
Hypochromic effect 352
I
Ibogaine 120, 124
Illicit drug 316
Imidan 52
Imipramine 61, 380
Implementing Audit Program 512
Impotency 568
Indian Evidence Act 567, 571
Indian Penal Code 567, 570
Indigo solution 582
Indigo test 164
Indole 582
test 164
Infertility 568
Infrared
photometric system 496f
radiation 340
Injection port 231
Injection sites 47
Injector septa 258
Insecticides 296
color tests for 90
drug 338
isolation methods for 52
Insomnia 335
Iodate 163, 167
Iodide 163, 166
nitrite 312
Iodine
solution 582
vapor 208
Iodoform test 98, 102
Iodoplatinate solution 209
Ion-exchange chromatography 287
Ionic conductance 478
Ionization 395
nature of 316
Iproniazid 272
Iron 208
Isocratic separation 295
Isoflurane 335
Isoniazid 539
Isopropanol 316
Isopropyl alcohol 58
Isopropylamine solution 578
J
Jamalgota 78, 79
Jumping baseline 331
K
Kaner, isolation of 85
K-bands 346
Keller's test 183
Kerosene 58
oil, isolation of 87
Ketones 495
Kidney 86
Kinetic function 375
Koppanyi–Zwikker
reagent 209, 582
test 117, 118, 143, 146
L
Laboratory accidents, emergency management of 564t
Laced drinks 499
Lambert's law 343
Lambert–Beer law 343, 345
application of 345
Lamp current optimization 396
Lanthanum chloride 399
Lanthanum nitrate solution 582
Lanthanum nitrate test 158
Laser light scattering detector 313
Lead 128, 134, 399
acetate
solution 582
test 103, 166, 173
assessor, role of 519
nitrate test 168, 170
Lead Acid Batteries [Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules 561
Leaves, microwave digestion of 489
Legal defense 498
Legal status 497
Legal's test 101
Levomepromazine 106, 110
Liebermann's reagent 582
Liebermann's test 94, 97, 106, 107, 110115, 119, 123, 124, 126, 128, 140, 141, 152
Light sources 388
Lime water test 160
Lindane 268
Lipophilic drugs 46
Liquid chromatography 228
mass spectroscopy 315
Liquid phase 240
Liquid-liquid chromatography 288
Lisdexamfetamine 333
Litmus
paper test 155, 161
solution 582
Liver 44, 86, 403
Local anesthetics 274
identification of 274
quantification of 274
Longitudinal diffusion 293
Loprazolam 272
Lorazepam 106, 111, 379
Loxapine 106, 111
Lymecycline 139, 143
Lysergic acid diethylamide 147, 338, 569
Lysergide 147, 154
M
Macrolide antibiotic 139
Mafenide 139, 143
Maggots 47
Magnesia 188
Magnesium 128, 138
peroxide test 156
silicate 188
sulfate 582
Magnetron 481
Malaria 139
Malathion 52, 90, 93, 332
Malonic acid 65
Mammalian toxicity 269
Management system 503
Managing audit program 510
Mandelin‘s test 148
Mandelin's reagent 209, 582
test 182
Mandelin's test 107, 110, 114, 116, 124, 128, 140, 143, 148
Mandrax 146
Manganese 128, 137
dioxide test 127
Manganous sulfate test 167
Manganous sulfate-phosphoric acid 582
test 164
Marquis reagent 151, 210, 582
test 151, 154
Marquis test 106116, 122124, 126128, 140143, 147, 148, 152, 153, 175, 180
Mask 557f
Mass detector 250
Mass transfer coefficient 293
Matrix interferences 395
Mayer's reagent 582
test 177
Mayer's test 126
Mebutamate 106, 111
Mecke's reagent 582
test 152, 153, 155
Mecke's test 125, 148
Meconic acid 181
Medazepam 106, 111
Menazon 52
Menstrual disorders 568
Mepazine 61
Meprobamate 106, 112
Mercuric chloride solution 582
Mercuric nitrate test 156
Mercuric oxide 441
Mercuric sulphate
solution 582
test 117, 118, 119
Mercuric sulfate-diphenylcarbazone test 150
Mercurous nitrate
reagent 210, 582
test 117, 119, 145, 162
Mercury 128, 131, 209
analysis of 441
arc lamps 364
drop catcher 414
electrode
capillary for 419
needles for 419
Mescaline 146, 147, 152, 273, 569
Metal in foodstuffs, drinks and beverages, analysis of 398
Metal ions, analysis of 415
Metallic elements, analysis of 396
Metallic poisons 88, 128, 534
color tests for 128
extraction methods for 75
isolation methods for 75
Metallic standard, list of 31t
Metals, analysis of different 416
Methacycline 139, 143
Methadone 539
Methamphetamine 147, 151, 333
Methanol 295, 316, 320, 336
Methanolic potassium hydroxide 582
solution 578
Methaqualone 146, 147, 151, 569
Methenamine 139, 143
Methohexital 118
Methoxyamphetamine 273
Methoxychlor 97
Methoxypromazine 61
Methyl
alcohol 58, 99, 534
chloride 478
orange 582
parathion 52, 90, 332
violet test 158
yellow 210
Methylamine 155
Methylcrotonic acid 79
Methyldemeton 52
Methylene
blue solution 582
blue test 156, 171
chloride 316
Methylenedioxyamphetamine 273
Methylephedrine 273
Methylphenidate 273
Methylphenobarbitone 65
Metrohm trace metal analyzer 409f
Mevinphos 90
Micro test 130
Microargon detector 249
Microbial cells, death of 84
Microdetector 250f
Microscopic test 179
Microwave
characteristics of 477
digester 425, 426t
material behavior of 477
Microwave digestion 476
method 77, 492
system 476
Microwave technology
over thermal convection, advantages of 479
principles of 477
Milk powder, microwave digestion of 490
Millon's reagent 582
Mipafox 52, 90
Miscellaneous poisons, extraction methods for 78
Mix dimethyl sulfoxide 316
Mixture, separation of 256
Mobile phase, miscibility chart of 298f
Modern liquid chromatograph 298f
Modern toxicology laboratory 1
area 3
case opening room 5
document record room 4
engineering specifications 10
equipment and machinery 24
extraction and isolation unit 8
human resource 1
physical facility 3
reference material 25
requirements 12
sample analysis 8
screening test unit 9
security 29
space requirement 3
toxicology museum 5
washing room 10
Modes for quantitative analysis 419
Moisture traps 260
Molar absorptivity 344
Molar extinction coefficient 344
Molybdatophosphoric acid 210
Monitoring audit program 513
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors 334
Monochromator 364, 392, 393f, 401
Monocrotaline 120, 124
Monohydroxy phenol 80
Morphine 69, 120, 124, 146, 147, 222, 336, 539
analysis of 380
Morphothion 52, 90, 332
Motor Vehicle Act 498
Mouth alcohol 501
M-phenylenediamine 212
Multi-mode electrode 410, 410f, 427, 432, 435, 437, 439, 442
Municipal solid wastes 561
Muscle tissue 403
Mushrooms 78
isolation of 83
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 140
N
N-1-naphthyl ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 582
Nails, microwave digestion of 489
Naphthalene 58, 78
isolation of 79
Naphthylethylenediamine
dihydrochloride test 92
hydrochloride test 94
Narceine 120, 126
Narcotic 198, 296
analysis of 222, 222t
drug 222, 636
identification of 270
quantification of 270
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 567, 569
National AIDS Control Organization 561
Nausea 86
Nealbarbitone 65
Nebulizer 401
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 140
Neopine 120, 126
Nerium odorum 85
Nessler's reagent 583
test 102, 103, 162, 176
Nessler's test 111, 112, 141143
Neurotransmitters 311
Neutral and acid distillation 59
Neutral hexane extract 535
Nickel 128, 136
amine reagent 210
Nicotiana tabacum 174, 177
Nicotine 69, 78, 120, 126
isolation of 83
Ninhydrin 211
reagent 151, 583
test 143
Nitrate 163
Nitrating mixture 584
reagent test 102
Nitrazepam 106, 112, 272, 539
Nitric acid 155, 157, 187, 211, 336, 478, 482, 483
test 121, 125, 148, 181
Nitric oxide 487
Nitrite 163
Nitrobenzene 58, 87
isolation of 86
Nitrofurantoin 144
Nitrofurazone 139, 144
Nitrogen
gas, bubbling of 409
phosphorus detector 266, 282
Nitrohydrochloric acid 482, 483
Nitronaphthalene test 135
Nitroprusside test 104
Nitrous acid 155, 160, 336, 392
Nitroxoline 144
Noisy baseline 328
Nonconformity, classification of 520
Nonoxidizing acid 483
Nonpolar stationary phase 305f
Nonsilanized capillary 413f
Nortriptyline 272
Novocaine 69
Nuclear magnetic resonance detector 313
O
O-cresol test 92
Odihydroxy 80
Oduvan, isolation of 81
Oleander 174
Open digestors 486t
Open tubular column 232
dynamic coating of 238f
O-phenylenediamine-trichloroacetic acid 212
O-phthalaldehyde 315
Opiates and narcotics 532
Opioid 47
Opium alkaloids 174, 180
Optics 375, 401
Optimization, techniques for 396
Orcinol 211
Organic compounds, basis of color in 353
Organic molecules
absorption by 347
electrons present in 347
Organochlorated insecticides 46
Organochlorine
compound 52, 535
insecticides 53, 268
Organochloro compound 90, 200, 223
Organochloro insecticides 91
Organophosphorus 199, 223
compound 52, 90, 535
insecticides 90, 268, 332
pesticides 90
Otitis media 139
O-toluidine 134, 215, 579
Oven and pneumatic control system 265
Oxalate 163, 172
Oxalic acid 99, 155, 160, 336, 578
Oxazepam 272, 379
Oxethazaine 274
Oxidation reaction 495
Oxidizing agents 398
Oxybuprocaine 274
Oxygen traps 260
Oxypertine 106, 112
P
Packed column 232, 233f, 237
Packing samples 550
Palet's reaction test 120, 178
Palladium chloride 583
solution 211
test 92, 93, 120, 141
Panchnama 552
P-anisaldehyde 204
P-anisidine hydrochloride 204
Papaver somniferum linn, capsules of 69
Paraffin oil 211
Paraldehyde 58
Paraoxon 52, 90, 332
Parathion 90, 92, 332
analysis of 380
Particular ion 313
P-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 206, 583
test 122, 178
Pecazine 106, 112
Penicillin 84
Penicillium 84
Pentobarbitone 65, 116
Perchloric acid 155, 156, 187, 487
test 161
Perfluoroalkoxy 476, 478, 482, 487
Pericyazine 106, 113, 274
Periodic table elements, list of 586
Periodontitis 139
Permanganate
crystal test 149
test 172
Permethrin 90, 333
Perphenazine 61, 106, 113
Pertussis 139
Pesticide 198, 296, 332
analysis of 223, 223t
color tests for 90
drug 338
identification of 332
isolation methods for 52
poisoning 332
standard, list of 30t
test for 92
Pethidine 69
Petrabenazine 106
Petroleum ether 199
Petroleum products
analysis of 275
chromatogram of 276f
Pharmacy Act 567, 568
Phenethylamine 146
Pheniramine 274
Phenmetrazine 273
Phenobarbital 119
Phenobarbitone 65
Phenol 58
Phenol-barbitone 116
Phenolphthalein 583
Phenothiazine 147, 274, 335, 380, 532
analysis of 274
drugs 154
Phentermine 273
Phenyl azide-sulfanilic acid test 96
Phenyl hydrazine
hydrochloric reagent 211
hydrochloride, aqueous solution of 578
Phenylhydrazine sulfonate 212
Phenylhydrazine-potassium ferricyanide test 100
Phenylhydrazine-sodium nitroprusside test 100
Phosalone 52, 332
Phosdrin 90
Phosphamidon 90, 332
Phosphate 163, 172
reduction of 540
Phosphide 532, 534
Phosphinon 90
Phosphomolybdic acid 212, 583
test 177
Phosphomolybdic test 126
Phosphoric acid 52, 99, 206, 207, 212, 215, 578
test 184
Phosphotungstic acid 212
Photocathode 392
Photocell 366, 366f
Photodiode array 307
detector 309, 310f, 318
Photoionization detector 241, 248, 249f
Photometric accuracy 372
test of 373f
Photomultiplier tube 365, 365f, 392
Photovoltaic cell 365, 366f
Phthalylsulfacetamide 144
Phthalylsulfathiazole 144
Physical hazard 556
Physostigmine 69
Picric acid 583
paper test 105
test 159
Pinacryptol yellow 212
Piperacetazine 106, 114
Plant poisons
applied for 336
color tests for 174
Plasma 316, 403
inductively coupled 36
Plastic containers 49f
Plasticware 22, 25f
list of 23t
Plates
after coating, treatment of 198
coating of 198
Platinum electrode 411
Pneumatic intensifier pumps 300
Poisoning
accidental 268
case of 1
Poisoning deaths
crime investigation of 547
investigation of 547
Poisons 316, 537, 564
act 566, 567
anions 532
chronic 47, 82
classification of 532
color tests for different 90
common 533
deaths 532
drugs 532
gases 532
isolation methods for 78
metals 532
miscellaneous substances 532
pesticides 532
presence of 1
samples, list of 5t
volatile substances 532
Polar stationary phase 304, 304f
Polarographic trace metal analyser, application of 445t
Polarographic vessel 409
Police investigating officers 552
Polyethylene 478, 481
Polypropylene 48
Polytetrafluoroethylene 46, 48, 250, 476, 478, 481, 487
Polyvinyl chloride 478
Porous layer
beds 305
open tubular 282
columns 234
Porous polymeric beds 305
Porphyroxine test 125
Portable breath analyzer 495f
Positive ion spectra 315
Postmortem 532
drug redistribution 537
Potasan 52, 90
Potassium
chloride 427, 432, 435, 439, 442
ferricyanide 578
fluoride 48
iodate starch reagent 211
oxalate 48
perchlorate 398
thiocyanate 583
Potassium antimonite
solution 583
test 161
Potassium chromate 583
solution test 138
Potassium cyanide 434, 583
test 135, 170
Potassium dichromate 213, 373f, 495, 578
solution test 372
sulfuric acid test 128
test 137
Potassium ferrocyanide
solution 583
test 132, 139
Potassium hydroxide 155, 161, 215, 434, 436
solution 578
test 91, 9496, 102, 144, 183
Potassium iodide 583
cinchonine test 132
sodium sulfite solution 583
starch paper test 168
test 134
Potassium nitrate 137, 373f
solution 583
test 373
Potassium permanganate 99, 171, 213, 495
chromotropic acid test 99
solution 578
test 160
Potentiometric detector 313
P-phenylenediamine test 134
Pramoxine 274
Prazepam 272, 379
Precoated plates 195
Precoated thin-layer chromatography plates 196f
Premixed burner 389
Pressurized loop system 265, 265f
Prilocaine 274
Procaine 69, 274
Prochlorperazine 61
Program for microwave digestion of
blood 488t
dried leaves 490
fertilizer 491t
hair 489t
milk powder 490t
nails 489t
sauce 492t
soil 491t
tissue 488t
urine 489t
Promazine 61, 274
hydrochloride 380
Promethazine 61, 274, 334
Proper biological samples, collection of 39
Propiomazine 274
Propoxycaine 274
Protriptyline 272
Proxymetacaine 274
Prussian blue test 104, 159, 168
Pseudoephedrine 273, 540
Psilocin 147, 153
Psilocybin 153, 569
Psychostimulant drug 333
Psychotropic drugs 272
Psychotropic substances 636
P-toluenesulfonic acid 215
Pulmonary edema 88
Pulse, differential 437
Pump
quaternary gradient 317
types of 295
Pyrazinamide 144
Pyrethroid 52, 90, 91, 200, 224, 269, 333, 535
Pyridine 155, 211
Pyrimidone test 163
Q
Quaaludes 146
Qualitative analysis 320, 377
Quality 504
assurance 504
audit 509
control 504
manager 504
manual 504
planning 504
Quality management
principles 506
system 504, 506
tool for 503
Quantitative analysis 320, 321, 377
Quartz glass 476
Quinine 69
R
Radiation sources 363
Radioactive wastes 560
Radiometric detector 314, 315f
R-bands 346
Readout system 393
Reagents 23f, 425, 482
detection 202
list of 17t
preparation of 578
Reciprocating pumps 300
Reference electrode 411, 412f, 419
Refractive index 307
detector 310, 310f, 318
Reinsch's test 129, 130, 131
Relationship management 508
Reserpine 61
Resins ion exchangers, silica-based 303
Resolution power 369
Resorcinol
reagent 583
test 103, 163
Respiratory expression 88
Retention factor 203
Retention time 251
Retention volume 251
Rheodyne injector 300
Rhodamine B 583
solution 213
test reagent 130
Rifamycin 145
Ring test 150
Rolitetracycline 145
Root cause analysis 517
Rotating disk electrode 411f
Rotation information, sign of 314
Round-the-clock pain 146
Roussin's test 178
Rubeanic acid 583
test 133
S
Safety goggles 557f
Salicylates 532
Salicylic acid 143
Saliva 403
Sample cells 364
Sample injection system 231f, 300
Sample preparation 425
Sample preservation and storage 48
Saturated caustic soda solution 583
Scene of crime 551
Schiff's reagent test 99, 100
Schindel Misser's test 177
Scopolamine 69
Scott test 149
Sealed viscera bottles 49f
Secbutabarbital 119
Secobarbital 271
Secobarbitone 65
Seizures 335
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors 334
Semecarpus anacardium 78
isolation of 80
Sensitivity 393, 394
Septum injectors 300
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors 334
Serum 316
Silanized capillary 413f
Silanizing agent 236f
Silica gel 186, 188, 188f, 189f, 197
G plates 197
testing of 198
plates, basic 197
with starch 197
Silicon
oil 240
polymer 240f
rubber gun 240
Silicotungstic acid test 177
Silver chloride 427, 432, 435, 439, 442, 443
Silver nitrate 92, 94, 213, 583
solution test 129
test 156, 157, 160, 165, 167, 170, 173
Silver sulfate 583
Silyl derivatives 257
Silylation 257
Simon's method 151
Simultaneous analysis, voltammogram of 442f
Single-beam atomic absorption spectrophotometer 386f
Single-beam ultraviolet 363f
Skin 86
disinfection 499
Slurry method, coating by 237
Snakebite 47
Soap bubble meter 231f
Soap solution 584
Sodium 48
acetate 584
azide 213
bicarbonate solution 74
bismuthate test 137
bisulfate test 101
carbonate 137, 584
chloride 441
cobalt nitrite 584
hydrogen
phosphate test 138
tartrate solution 584
tartrate test 162
hydroxide 103, 155, 161, 425
solution 578
test 93, 162, 175
nitrite solution 578
nitroprusside test 93, 101, 141, 142, 144, 171, 578
phosphate 584
test 138
rhodizonate
reagent 584
test 171
Software 402
and data station 375
Soil, microwave digestion of 491
Solanidine 120, 127
Solanine 69, 120, 127
Solid support, treatment of 236f
Solid tissues, scarcity of 46
Solvent 23f, 48, 198
list of 17t
peak, tailing on 330
reservoir 297
Sophisticated analytical instrumental unit 9
Sparteine 69
Special test 176
Spectral bandwidth 345
Spectral interferences 394
Spectroscopy 341, 381
atomic 341
molecular 341
Spectrum bandwidth 369
Spray chamber 401
Spraying reagents, different 204t
Squalane 234
Stained soil 64
Stainless steel unions 259
Standard addition
method 397f
technique 433f, 436f, 438f, 440f, 444f
Standard column hardware 302f
Standard solution, preparation of 434
Stannic chloride 213
Stannous chloride
aniline test 131
solution 584
Starch
iodide test 160, 163
paper test 167
solution 584
test 164
State Forensic Science Laboratories 575
Static coating 239
method 239f
Static mercury drop electrode 410
Stirrer 412f
Stomach
contents 44, 45
infections 140
wash 55, 63, 67, 72
Stop flow injectors 300
Stray light interference 372f
test 371
Streptococcus pneumoniae 140
Streptomyces 84
mediterranei 140
Streptomycin 84, 140, 145
Stripping methods 406
Stripping voltammetric
method, types of 407
techniques 405
Strychnine 120, 127, 174, 179, 336
analysis of 380
Substance
dipole moments of 478t
dopamine 147
Suicides 494
Sulfacetamide 275
Sulfadiazine 145, 275
Sulfadimidine 275
Sulfafurazole 275
Sulfamerazine 146, 275
Sulfamethizole 275
Sulfamethoxazole 275
Sulfamethoxydiazine 275
Sulfamethoxypyridazine 275
Sulfamoxole 275
Sulfanilic acid 164, 172, 584
test 161
Sulfaphenazole 275
Sulfapyridine 275
Sulfate 42, 163, 171
Sulfathiazole 275
Sulfide 163, 171
Sulfites 170
Sulfocyanate test 105, 160
Sulfonamide 78, 139
Sulfuric acid 143, 155, 158, 184, 187, 207, 213, 214, 336, 478, 482, 483, 487, 584
test 91, 96, 97, 106, 110, 111, 114, 115, 122, 142, 143, 158, 165, 183
Sulphite 163, 312
Sulphonamides
analysis of 275
isolation of 79
Sumithion 90, 93
Surgical gloves 557f
Suspensions, preparation of 197
Synchronous noise 328
Synthesize heroin 69
Syringe injection system 263, 264f
Syringe-type pumps 300
Systematic errors 476
T
Talbutal 65
Tartaric acid-ammonium molybdate reagent 584
Technical assessor, role of 519
Teflon 46, 48
Temperature, advantages of increase in 317
Tetrabenazine 114
Tetracycline 84, 139, 146
antibiotic 139
Tetrahydrofuran 295
Tetranitrodiphenyl 214
Tetrathion 52, 332
Tetrazolium blue 214
Thalleioquin test 124
Thallium 128, 138
analysis of 432t
determination of 429
Thebaine 120, 128
Theoretical plate 253, 290, 291f, 291t
calculation 291f
Therapeutic drug monitoring 316
Thermal conductivity detector 241, 244, 244f, 266, 282
Thermostated column compartment 317
Thialbarbital 120
Thimet 52
hin layer chromatography 186, 187, 216, 220
advantages of 216
chamber 189, 190f
glass plates 189f
spray cabinet 192
sprayer 194
Thin layer chromatography plate 187, 191f, 218f, 219f
heater 190
holder 190f
preparation of 197, 217f
substance on 201
types of 195
visualization of 219f
Thin-film membrane-polytetrafluoroethylene 482
Thin-layer plates, preparation of 217
Thiocyanate 163, 169
test 104
Thiopental 120
Thiopentone 65
Thiophos ME 52
Thiophosphoric acid 52
Thiopropazate 61
Thioproperazine 106, 116
Thioridazine 61, 106, 115, 274, 380
Thiosulfate 163, 170, 312
Third-party attestation 504
Thymol 214
Tin 128, 132
Tiotixene 106, 115
Tissue 46, 53, 61, 62, 66, 70
microwave digestion of 488
Tollen's reagent 214
test 100, 101
Toluene in hexane, resolution of 370f
Total consumption burner 389
Toxic
anions 163
color tests for 163
drug 316
effects 79
elements
in wine analysis, determination of 398
monitoring of 398
symptoms 83
Toxicological analysis 39, 44
Toxicological emergencies 320
Toxicological examination, steps in 533
Toxicology 398, 403
analysis, sample for 42
museum 5t
report 532, 554
legal standing of 535
objectives of 533
Toxins 320
Trace metal analyser 405
principle of 405
technical specifications of 419
Trace metal analysis 444
Tranquilizers 88, 198, 201
analysis of 221, 222t, 380
color tests for 106
isolation methods for 61
specific absorption of 380t
Treating anxiety 335
Tricalcium phosphate 188
Trichlorfon 332
Tricyclic antidepressants 42
Trifluoperazine 61, 274
Triflupromazine 61
Trimeprazine 61, 274
Trimerazine 274
Trimethoxyamphetamine 273
Trimethylsilyl 257
radical 235
Trimetozim 106, 115
Trimipramine 272
Trinitrobenzene 379
Trinitrotoluene 379
Tropine 69
Tungstophosphoric acid 215
Turmeric paper test 165
Turpentine oil 78, 106
isolation of 78
U
Ultra-performance liquid chromatography 322, 323
Ultrapure water 425, 434, 438, 443
Ultraviolet
absorption spectra 342
detector 308, 308f, 318
Ultraviolet visible
region 383
spectrophotometer 344, 374
calibration of 368
forensic applications of 379
spectroscopy 340, 342, 379
solvents for 376
Unconjugated compound 378
Uranyl acetate 138, 584
Urea 215
Urinary tract infections 139, 140
Urine 55, 59, 63, 67, 72, 403
microwave digestion of 489
specimen 40
Urotropine test 181
V
Vacuum degasser 318
Valve injection 300
Vamidothion 52
van Deemter plot 292f
Vanadium pentoxide 398
reagent 584
Vanadium reagent test 96
Vanillin 215
reagent 578, 584
test 117120
Vanilline-sulfuric acid test 184
Van-Urk's
reagent 584
test 175
Vapour generation accessory system 401
Venereal diseases 568
Vesparex 65
Vibrational spectroscopy 341
Vinylbital 271
Viscera 59, 550
Visualizing chromatogram 218
spraying reagents for 202
Vitali's test 121, 153, 179, 182
Vitamins 410
Vitreous humor 41
and urine 540
disadvantage of 42
Volatile poisons 48, 57, 88
color tests for 98
isolation methods for 57
Voltammetric conditions 432t, 435t, 437t
Voltammetric trace metal analyser
advantages of 418
characteristics of 415
detection limit of 417
limitations of 418
Voltammetric trace metal analysis 415, 419
Voltammetric vessel 409, 436
Voltammogram 437f, 444f
Vomit 55, 63, 67, 72, 86
stained garments 64, 68
Vortman's test 104, 159
W
Wall-coated open tubular columns 234
Warfarin, applied for 337
Water 295
Wavelength accuracy 370
test of 371f
Weakness 86
Whether drug 537
Woodward–Fieser rules 355, 357
Working electrode 410, 419
X
Xanthydrol 578
test 95
Xenobiotics 39
Xenon 335
discharge lamps 364
Y
Yersinia pestis 139
Yohimbine 69, 120, 128
Z
Zinc 128, 132
chloride diphenylamine reagent 215
nitrate 584
phosphide 98
sulfate solution 584
uranyl acetate 584
test 156, 162
Zirconium-alizarin test 166
Zirconyl chloride solution 584
Zwikker's reagent 215
×
Chapter Notes

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